Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce

ISSNs: 0867-8286, 2451-0602

18 found

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  1.  2
    The interdisciplinary profile of theology—fashion or necessity?Andrzej Anderwald - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:259-267.
    This review pertains to the book _Evolutionary Theology (Teologia ewolucyjna)_ written by Wojciech P. Grygiel and Damian Wąsek. The book presents a distinct and modern viewpoint on theology by offering a comprehensive analysis of the characteristics of theological language and utilizing it to reevaluate certain theological beliefs, such as the concept of original sin, within the framework of the ever-changing understanding of the Universe. This approach contributes significantly to the restoration of theology’s credibility in modern culture by bridging the gap (...)
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  2.  2
    The concept of structural information and possible applications.Andrzej Bielecki & Ryszard Stocki - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:157-183.
    In this paper, the concept of structural information is presented. The mathematical foundation of the concept is put forward, and the nature of information encoded in a structure is studied. A method for calculating the amount of structural information is introduced. An application to the analysis of cognitive maps is also presented and discussed.
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  3.  3
    The applicability of the concept of the field of rationality in the explanation of the fundamental role of symmetries in physics.Wojciech Grygiel - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:185-209.
    The introduction of the concept of the field of rationality and its correlates (the field of potentiality and the formal field) by Józef Życiński and Michał (Michael) Heller opened up space for the philosophical explanation of the unreasonable effectiveness of mathematics in capturing regularities built into the physical reality. The presented study is a response to the clear incentive of these authors towards the development of the understanding and applicability of these concepts. It is argued that identifying symmetries within the (...)
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  4.  4
    Realism, irrationality, and spinor spaces.Adrian Heathcote - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:15-57.
    Mathematics, as Eugene Wigner noted, is unreasonably effective in physics. The argument of this paper is that the disproportionate attention that philosophers have paid to discrete structures such as the natural numbers, for which a nominalist construction may be possible, has deprived us of the best argument for Platonism, which lies in continuous structures—in fields and their derived algebras, such as Clifford algebras. The argument that Wigner was making is best made with respect to such structures—in a loose sense, with (...)
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  5.  1
    At the interface of theory and experience.Michał Heller - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:9-12.
    The founding motto of philosophy in science is “tracking down big philosophical problems in contemporary science.” Knowing the basic history of philosophy and the history of science, we more or less know what “big philosophical topics” mean. The most representative topics of this kind include: time, space, causality, matter, life, consciousness, thinking... The tables of contents of philosophy textbooks could be copied to continue this list. These topics are big not only when they remain at a high level of generality, (...)
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  6.  6
    From philosophy in science to information in nature: Michael Heller’s ideas.Roman Krzanowski - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:83-105.
    This paper discusses the concept of information formulated by Michael (Michał) Heller. Heller—a philosopher, theoretical physicist, cosmologist, and theologian—provided a complex image of information and its role in nature, which is rarely found in studies of information. Heller posited that the laws of nature may be interpreted as information, or as providing information, presenting this as a complementary view to scientific structuralism (not discussed in this paper). According to Heller, the informational content of a structure in nature is inversely proportional (...)
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  7.  2
    Introduction to topo-philosophy.Roman Krzanowski - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:267-276.
    In philosophy, it is always refreshing to introduce unconventional ideas. It requires a certain audacity from the author; he or she may face the wall of silence or be shunned by academia, both treatments being undesirable. However, these are more rewarding than gathering laurels for beating the dead philosophical cats like Humes, Leibnitzs, Wittgensteins, Whiteheads, and others, a practice that for many philosophers is their life's opus. Bartłomiej Skowron’s book _Part and Whole: Towards Topo-Ontology_, published by Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej (...)
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  8.  2
    New experimentalism and computer-aided experiments.Sławomir Grzegorz Leciejewski - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:107-134.
    In the 1980s, computer-aided experimental research became standard in the majority of leading research laboratories. Unfortunately, this shift was not adequately reflected in the professional literature related to the philosophy and methodology of science. A new experimentalism did emerge, aimed at adequately describing experimental practice (to be discussed in the first part of this article); however, in its initial phase, it failed to consider the role of computers in experimental research (discussed in the second part). This oversight by the philosophers (...)
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  9.  3
    Andrzej Fuliński as a representative of the concept of philosophy in science.Kamil Piotr - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:233-256.
    This paper analyzes selected issues related to the philosophy of the Krakow physicist Andrzej Fuliński. Since the 1970s, Fuliński has been strongly associated with the interdisciplinary milieu gathered around Heller and Życiński. His activity can therefore be considered within the context of the broader phenomenon known as the Krakow School of Philosophy in Science, which was founded by Heller and Życiński. This paper proposes the thesis that Fuliński’s style of philosophy is connected with the concept of philosophy in science and (...)
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  10.  1
    Philosophy in technology: A research program.Paweł Polak - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:59-81.
    Philosophy in technology is a research program that studies the philosophical roots of engineering and technology. Technologists, by virtue of their education, believe that the limits, goals, possibilities, and effects of technology on society and humankind are exclusively technological problems, hence their solutions must lie exclusively in technology. In contrast, philosophy in technology asserts that the resolutions to these problems need to be rooted in an understanding of their philosophical origins. This program paper defines the objectives of philosophy in technology, (...)
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  11.  2
    Theology of science: Its collocation and critical role for understanding of limits of theological and scientific investigations.Tadeusz Sierotowicz - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:211-231.
    The paper presents a brief outline of Michał Heller’s programme of theology of science, with specific attention to its collocation and critical role with respect to both theology and science. The former consideration is based on a third domain of truths (Hans Urs von Balthasar), while the latter is inspired by Józef Tischner’s presentation of religious thinking. Theology of science as such will be described with reference to Larry Laudan’s approach, considered here as a very useful and pragmatic tool for (...)
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  12.  2
    For the sake of simplicity: Applying software design parsimony to the content of information system ontologies.Timothy Tambassi - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 75:135-155.
    Although many information system ontologies (ISOs) claim to be parsimonious, the notion of parsimony seems to influence the debate on ISOs only at the level of vague and uncritical assumption. To challenge this trend, the paper aims to clarify what it means for ISOs to be parsimonious. Specifically, section 2 shows that parsimony in computer science generally concerns software design and, together with elegance, is one of the two aspects of the broader notion of simplicity. Section 3 transforms the main (...)
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  13.  13
    Exploring the epistemic and ontic conceptions of Models and Idealizations in Science.Kristian Gonzalez Barman - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:295-301.
    Book review: Alejandro Cassini & Juan Redmond (eds.), _Models and Idealizations in Science: Artifactual and Fictional Approaches_, Springer Iternational Publishing, Cham 2021, pp.xv+270.
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  14. The nature and norms of scientific explanation: some preliminaries.Abel Peña & Cory Wright - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:5–17.
    The paper introduces a special issue of the journal Philosophical Problems in Science (ZFN) on the topic of the nature and norms of scientific explanation.
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  15.  7
    Dimensions of explanation.Eric Hochstein - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:57-98.
    Some argue that the term “explanation” in science is ambiguous, referring to at least three distinct concepts: a communicative concept, a representational concept, and an ontic concept. Each is defined in a different way with its own sets of norms and goals, and each of which can apply in contexts where the others do not. In this paper, I argue that such a view is false. Instead, I propose that a scientific explanation is a complex entity that can always be (...)
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  16.  2
    Explanation, representation and information.Panagiotis Karadimas - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:21-55.
    The ontic conception of explanation is predicated on the proposition that “explanation is a relation between real objects in the world” and hence, according to this approach, scientific explanation cannot take place absent such a premise. Despite the fact that critics have emphasized several drawbacks of the ontic conception, as for example its inability to address the so-called “abstract explanations”, the debate is not settled and the ontic view can claim to capture cases of explanation that are non-abstract, such as (...)
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  17.  8
    Mechanisms ‘all the way down’?Ioan Muntean - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:302-316.
    Book review: _Mechanistic Explanations in Physics and Beyond_, Brigitte Falkenburg and Gregor Schiemann, editors, _European Studies in Philosophy of Science_, Vol. 11, Springer International Publishing, Cham 2019, pp.220.
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  18.  18
    Ontic or epistemic conception of explanation: A misleading distinction?Michał Oleksowicz - 2023 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 74:259-291.
    In this paper, I discuss the differences between ontic and epistemic conceptions of scientific explanation, mainly in relation to the so-called new mechanical philosophy. I emphasize that the debate on conceptions of scientific explanation owes much to Salmon’s ontic/epistemic distinction, although much has changed since his formulations. I focus on the interplay between ontic and epistemic norms and constraints in providing mechanistic explanations. My conceptual analysis serves two aims. Firstly, I formulate some suggestions for recognising that both sets of norms (...)
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