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  1.  5
    In Friendship: A Place for the Exploration of Being Human.Claudia Baracchi - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):320-335.
    The ancient Greek philosophical discourse harbors an anthropology radically discontinuous with the framework of modernity. Rather than emphasizing the tension between the individual and community, and far from understanding the political on the ground of instinctual sacrifice, Greek thought illuminates the interdependence of ethics and politics, and situates the human being in a cosmos in which the human is neither central nor prominent. In particular the reflection of philia, most notably in Plato and Aristotle, calls for the exploration of human (...)
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  2.  3
    Oikonomia, Incarnation and Immediacy: The Figure of the Jew in St John of Damascus.Andrew Benjamin - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):407-422.
    This paper investigates the role of oikonomia in the writings of St John of Damascus and how that role is integral to the construction of the figure of the Jew.
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  3.  5
    Special Issue – Rethinking Philosophical Anthropology.Andrew Benjamin & Jeff Malpas - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):317-319.
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  4.  5
    On the Complexity and Wholeness of Human Beings: Husserlian Perspectives.Sara Heinämaa - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):393-406.
    At the beginning of Being and Time, Heidegger rejects Husserl’s classical phenomenology on three grounds: he claims that Husserlian phenomenology is impaired by indeterminate concepts, by naïve personalism, and by obscurities in its account of individuation. The paper studies the validity of this early critique by explicating Husserl’s discourse on human persons as bodily-spiritual beings and by clarifying his account of the principles by which such beings can be individuated. The paper offers three types of considerations. After a summary of (...)
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  5.  3
    Pushing the Monstrous to the Edge of the World; Shaking the Nightmare Off the Chest: Hans Blumenberg and Walter Benjamin’s Philosophies of Myth.James Kent - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):363-377.
    This paper explores the philosophies of myth of Walter Benjamin and Hans Blumenberg. It defends the thesis that both approaches to myth, despite their differences, bring the longer, more ambiguous, legacy of the history of the human species into relation with the more familiar history of logos. They do this by maintaining a distinction between myth as it probably first emerged, namely as a way of controlling human anxieties and vulnerabilities that arose as a consequence of the pragmatic, material conditions (...)
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  6.  5
    In the Vicinity of the Human.Jeff Malpas - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):423-436.
    Beginning with the situated character of the question concerning the human, this paper argues that the problem of the human is itself inextricably bound to the problem of situation or place. Consequently, any genuine philosophical anthropology must take the form of a philosophical topology. This line of argument is developed through the work Abraham Heschel, Martin Heidegger, Martin Buber, and also Helmut Plessner.
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  7.  4
    Between Luxury and Need: The Idea of Distance in Philosophical Anthropology.Ross Alison - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):378-392.
    This paper offers a critical analysis of the use of the idea of distance in philosophical anthropology. Distance is generally presented in works of philosophical anthropology as the ideal coping strategy, which rests in turn on the thesis of the instinct deficiency of the human species. Some of the features of species life, such as its sophisticated use of symbolic forms, come to be seen as necessary parts of this general coping strategy, rather than a merely expressive outlet, incidental to (...)
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  8.  7
    What is Philosophical About Kant’s Anthropology?Sweet Kristi - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):336-347.
    In this essay, I argue that Kant’s Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View is fundamentally about the sphere of civilization, and, with this, a particular kind of philosophical self-understanding. By civilization, Kant means to indicate the process by which human beings transform their inner natures based on pragmatic or prudential considerations born of our living together. Civilization is what we do to ourselves in order to get along with others with whom we share the earth. In the Anthropology, what (...)
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  9.  5
    Rethinking Transcendence: Heidegger, Plessner and the Problem of Anthropology.Thomas Schwarz Wentzer - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (3):348-362.
    In times of the Anthropocene, we are in need of philosophical anthropology, revisiting the question concerning the human condition. I suggest rethinking what one may call ‘human transcendence’ in terms of a responsivist paradigm. Drawing on Heidegger and Plessner, the idea is that we should think of the eccentric or ecstatic position of the human in terms of something we undergo, instead of it being a human capability or something we do. It is a gift, emplacing us to the time-space (...)
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  10.  13
    Social Conceptions of Moral Agency in Hegel and Sellars.David Baumeister - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):249-265.
    This essay contributes to our understanding of the relation between the philosophies of Hegel and Sellars. While most treatments of this relation have focused on metaphysics or epistemology, I focus on ethics, and in particular on the formulation of moral agency. I argue that Hegel and Sellars arrive at a similar metaphilosophical rejection of individual moral agency in favor of conceptions of moral agency as the outcome of social mediation. To demonstrate this, I trace how Hegel and Sellars offer parallel (...)
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  11.  1
    The China Model: Political Meritocracy and the Limits of Democracy. [REVIEW]Paul J. D’Ambrosio - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):299-302.
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  12.  7
    Heidegger and the Myth of a Jewish World Conspiracy. [REVIEW]Eric D. Meyer - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):306-310.
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  13.  4
    Knowing Is Not Enough.Martin Montminy - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):286-295.
    I consider the rule of assertion according to which knowledge is sufficient for epistemically proper assertion. I examine a counterexample to this rule recently proposed by Jennifer Lackey. I present three responses to this counterexample. The first two, I argue, highlight some flaws in the counterexample. But the third response fails. The lessons I draw from examining these three responses allow me to propose two counterexamples to the sufficiency rule that are similar to Lackey’s but avoid its problems.
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  14.  6
    Heidegger’s Transcendental Empiricism.Tristan Moyle - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):227-248.
    Heidegger’s ‘serious idealism’ aims at capturing the realist impulses of our natural consciousness whilst avoiding a collapse into metaphysical realism. This idealism is best conceived as a form of transcendental empiricism. But we need to distinguish two varieties of transcendental empiricism, corresponding to Heidegger’s early and later work. The latter, transcendental empiricism2, is superior. Here, Heidegger’s ontology of gift gives full, conceptual shape to the two-way dependency between man and world characteristic of transcendental empiricism as a whole. In exemplary forms (...)
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  15.  3
    Pretense and Pathology: Philosophical Fictionalism and its Applications. [REVIEW]Peter Olen - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):296-299.
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  16.  1
    In the Shadow of Mount Sinai; Stress and Freedom. [REVIEW]Paul O’Mahoney - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):310-315.
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  17.  3
    Clitophon’s Challenge: Dialectic in Plato’s Meno, Phaedo, and Republic. [REVIEW]Pauline Sabrier - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):302-306.
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  18.  10
    Brandom and the Second Person.Glenda Satne - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):189-209.
    Brandom is one of the main advocators of the idea that meaning is instituted within basic linguistic practices through mutual exchanges. The aim of this paper is to show that such framework cannot do the required job if the dynamics of mutual exchanges is understood in interpretational terms. After arguing that the interpretational framework does not work, the paper presents an alternative second-personal conversational model capable of meeting the challenge.
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  19.  6
    Autonomy and Common Good: Interpreting Rousseau’s General Will.J. Thompson Michael - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):266-285.
    Rousseau’s project in his Social Contract was to construct a conception of human subjectivity and political institutions that would transcend what he saw to be the limits of liberal political theory of his time. I take this as a starting point to put forward an interpretation of his theory of the general will as a kind of social cognition that is able to preserve individual autonomy and freedom alongside concerns with the collective welfare of the community. But whereas many have (...)
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  20.  13
    Radical Scepticism, How-Possible Questions and Modest Transcendental Arguments.Ju Wang - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):210-226.
    According to radical scepticism, knowledge of the external world is impossible. Transcendental arguments are supposed to be anti-sceptical, but can they provide a satisfying response to radical scepticism? Especially, when radical scepticism is cast as posing a how-possible question, there is a concern that transcendental arguments are neither sufficient nor necessary for answering such question. In light of this worry, I argue that we can take a modest transcendental argument as a stepping stone for a diagnostic anti-sceptical proposal, and I (...)
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  21.  13
    Equality, its Basis and Moral Status: Challenging the Principle of Equal Consideration of Interests.Federico Zuolo - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):170-188.
    The principle of equal consideration of interests is a very popular principle in animal ethics. Peter Singer employs it to ground equal treatment and solve the problem of the basis of equality, namely the problem of why we should grant equal treatment despite the variability of people’s features. In this paper, I challenge Singer’s argument because ECOI does not provide plausible grounds to presume that the interests of diverse individuals are actually equal. Analyzing the case of pain and the interest (...)
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  22.  21
    Comments on Danielle Macbeth’s Realizing Reason: A Narrative of Truth and Knowing.Ray Brassier - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):139-145.
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  23.  18
    Defeasibility and Inferential Particularism.González de Prado Salas Javier - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):80-98.
    In this paper I argue that defeasible inferences are occasion-sensitive: the inferential connections of a given claim depend on features of the circumstances surrounding the occasion of inference. More specifically, it is an occasion-sensitive matter which possible defeaters have to be considered explicitly by the premises of an inference and which possible defeaters may remain unconsidered, without making the inference enthymematic. As a result, a largely unexplored form of occasion-sensitivity arises in inferentialist theories of content that appeal to defeasible inferences.
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  24.  10
    Being Articulate: Rede in Heidegger’s Being and Time.Andrew Inkpin - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):99-118.
    Being and Time’s emphasis on practical activities has attracted much attention as an approach to meaning not modelled exclusively on language. However, understanding this emphasis is made more difficult by Heidegger’s notion of Rede, which he routinely characterizes as both language-like and basic to all disclosure. This paper assesses whether this notion can be both interpreted coherently and reconciled with Heidegger’s emphasis on intelligent nonlinguistic behaviours. It begins by identifying two functions of Articulacy – the demonstrative and articulatory – and (...)
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  25.  9
    The Truth-Conduciveness Problem of Coherentism and a Sellarsian Explanatory Coherence Theory.Byeong D. Lee - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):63-79.
    According to the truth-conduciveness problem of coherentism, the coherence theory of justification can hardly show that coherentist justification is truth-conducive. This problem is generally conceived as the most recalcitrant problem with the coherence theory. The purpose of this paper is to show that it does not pose a serious problem for a certain version of coherentism, namely a Sellarsian explanatory coherence theory of justification combined with the deflationary theory of truth. On this version of coherentism, our epistemic goal is to (...)
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  26.  3
    Précis of Realizing Reason: A Narrative of Truth and Knowing.Danielle Macbeth - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):119-121.
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  27.  3
    Responses to Brassier, Redding, and Wolfsdorf.Danielle Macbeth - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):146-156.
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  28.  5
    ‘The Echo of a Thought in Sight’: Property Perception, Universals and Wittgenstein.Michael O’Sullivan - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):1-15.
    Contemporary philosophers of perception, even those with otherwise widely differing beliefs, often hold that universals enter into the content of perceptual experience. This doctrine can even be seen as a trivial inference from the observation that we observe properties – ways that things are – as well as things. I argue that the inference is not trivial but can and should be resisted. Ordinary property perception does not involve awareness of universals. But there are visual experiences which do involve determinate (...)
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  29.  6
    Wittgenstein’s Picture Theory and the Distinction Between Representing and Depicting.Jimmy Plourde - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):16-39.
    In this paper, I draw attention to the often-overlooked Tractarian distinction between representing and depicting, provide a clear account of it and examine how it affects our understanding of the notions of ‘being a picture’, meaningfulness, truth, and falsity in the Tractatus. I also look at the recent debate in the literature on the notion of truth and show that Glock’s claim that the official theory of the Tractatus is to be accounted in terms of obtainment only and deflationary accounts (...)
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  30.  3
    Macbeth and Hegel on the Historical Realization of Reason as a Power of Knowing.Paul Redding - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):122-131.
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  31.  22
    Dewey’s Social Ontology: A Pragmatist Alternative to Searle’s Approach to Social Reality.Italo Testa - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):40-62.
    Dewey’s social ontology could be characterized as a habit ontology, an ontology of habit qua second nature that offers us an account of intentionality, social statuses, institutions, and norms in terms of habituations. Such an account offers us a promising alternative to contemporary intentionalist and deontic approaches to social ontology such as Searle’s. Furthermore, it could be the basis of a social ontology better suited to explain both the maintenance and the transformation of social reality. In the first part I (...)
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  32.  3
    Comments on Danielle Macbeth’s Realizing Reason.David Wolfsdorf - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (1):131-138.
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