Research Ethics

ISSN: 1747-0161

8 found

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  1.  1
    Ethics review of artistic research: challenging the boundaries and appealing for care.Hugo Boothby - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):112-127.
    In 2019, a new national Ethics Review Authority (Etikprövningsmyndigheten, EPM) was created in Sweden. In 2020, Sweden’s Ethical Review of Research Involving Humans Act was revised, tightening this legislation, and increasing penalties for its infraction. This article draws on empirical material generated by artistic research conducted with a norm-critical contemporary music ensemble. Two of the musicians who collaborated with this research identify as disabled. Consequently, in accordance with EPM, my artistic research was subject to mandatory ethics review. Reflecting critically on (...)
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  2.  4
    Planning a ‘negligible risk’ national health service survey? Counting the cost and strategies for success: a short report.Laura Cooper, Kylie Johnston & Marie Williams - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):128-135.
    Many countries, including Australia, have established a national scheme that supports the recognition of a single ethical review for multi-centre research conducted in publicly funded health services. However, local site-specific governance review processes remain decentralised and highly variable. This short report describes the ethics and governance processes required for a negligible risk national survey of physiotherapy-led airway clearance services in Australia. We detail inconsistencies in research governance document preparation and submission (platforms, processes, forms and signatories) and report the time cost (...)
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  3.  1
    Reconceptualizing participant vulnerability in Scholarship of Teaching and Learning research: exploring the perspectives of health faculty students in Aotearoa New Zealand.Amanda B. Lees, Rosemary Godbold & Simon Walters - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):36-63.
    While the need to protect vulnerable research participants is universal, conceptual challenges with the notion of vulnerability may result in the under or over-protection of participants. Ethics review bodies making assumptions about who is vulnerable and in what circumstance can be viewed as paternalistic if they do not consider participant viewpoints. Our study focuses on participant vulnerability in Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL) research. We aim to illuminate students’ views on participant vulnerability to contribute to critical analysis of the (...)
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  4.  1
    Researchers’ responsibilities in resource-constrained settings: experiences of implementing an ancillary care policy in a vaccine trial in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Gwen Lemey, Trésor Zola, Ynke Larivière, Solange Milolo, Engbu Danoff, Lazarre Bakonga, Emmanuel Esanga, Peter Vermeiren, Vivi Maketa, Junior Matangila, Patrick Mitashi, Pierre Van Damme, Jean-Pierre van Geertruyden, Raffaella Ravinetto & Hypolite Muhindo-Mavoko - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):79-95.
    In this paper, we discuss challenges associated with implementing a policy for Ancillary Care (AC) for related and unrelated (serious) adverse events during an Ebola vaccine trial conducted in a remote area of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Conducting clinical trials in resourceconstrained settings can raise context-related challenges that have implications for study participants’ health and wellbeing. During the Ebola vaccine study, three participants were injured in road traffic accidents, but there were unexpected difficulties when trying to apply the (...)
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  5.  4
    Long-form recordings in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations to achieve respectful research.Mathilde Léon, Shoba S. Meera, Anne-Caroline Fiévet & Alejandrina Cristia - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):96-111.
    The last decade has seen a rise in big data approaches, including in the humanities, whereby large quantities of data are collected and analysed. In this paper, we discuss long-form audio recordings that result from individuals wearing a recording device for many hours. Linguists, psychologists and anthropologists can use them, for example, to study infants’ or adults’ linguistic behaviour. In the past, recorded individuals and communities have resided in high-income countries (HICs) almost exclusively. Recognising the need for better representation of (...)
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  6.  10
    Opinions and attitudes of research ethics committees in Arab countries in the Middle East and North African region toward ethical issues involving biobank research.Zeinab Mohammed, Fatma Abdelgawad, Mamoun Ahram, Maha E. Ibrahim, Alya Elgamri, Ehsan Gamel, Latifa Adarmouch, Karima El Rhazi, Samar Abd ElHafeez & Henry Silverman - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):1-18.
    Members of research ethics committees (RECs) face a number of ethical challenges when reviewing genomic research. These include issues regarding the content and type of consent, the return of individual research results, mechanisms of sharing specimens and health data, and appropriate community engagement efforts. This article presents the findings from a survey that sought to investigate the opinions and attitudes of REC members from four Arab countries in the Middle East and North Africa (Egypt, Morocco, Sudan, and Jordan) toward these (...)
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  7.  5
    Stakeholders’ experiences of ethical challenges in cluster randomized trials in a limited resource setting: a qualitative analysis.Tiwonge K. Mtande, Carl Lombard, Gonasagrie Nair & Stuart Rennie - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):64-78.
    Although the use of the cluster randomized trial (CRT) design to evaluate vaccines, public health interventions or health systems is increasing, the ethical issues posed by the design are not adequately addressed, especially in low- and middle-income country settings (LMICs). To help reveal ethical challenges, qualitative interviews were conducted with key stakeholders experienced in designing and conducting two selected CRTs in Malawi. The 18 interviewed stakeholders included investigators, clinicians, nurses, data management personnel and community workers who were invited to share (...)
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  8.  1
    Defining institutional review board application quality: critical research gaps and future opportunities.Kimberley Serpico - 2024 - Research Ethics 20 (1):19-35.
    The quality of a research study application sends a distinct signal to the institutional review board (IRB) about the skills, capacities, preparation, communication, experience, and resources of its authors. However, efforts to research and define IRB application quality have been insufficient. Inattention to the quality of an IRB application is consequential because the application precedes IRB review, and perceptions of quality between the two may be interrelated and interdependent. Without a clear understanding of quality, IRBs do not know how to (...)
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