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  1.  1
    “Even Though”: On the Different Functions of Discounting Expressions in Pro and Con Arguments.David Botting - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):167-186.
    We often say things like “Even though X, Y” or “In spite of Y, X”. What do we mean when we say things like this? What does it imply about the reasons involved? I will argue that there are at least some cases, namely when they are used in the conclusions of conductive arguments, where it should be seen as modifying our expression of X and indicating a certain kind of affect towards X, and this is characteristic of conductive arguments. (...)
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  2. Warsaw Argumentation Week Organised by the Polish School of Argumentation and Our Colleagues From Germany and the UK, 6th-16th September 2018. [REVIEW]Katarzyna Budzynska, Michał Araszkiewicz, Agnieszka Budzyńska-Daca, Martin Hinton, John Lawrence, Sanjay Modgil, Matthias Thimm, Jacky Visser, Tomasz Żurek, Marcin Koszowy, Katie Atkinson, Kamila Dębowska-Kozłowska, Magdalena Kacprzak, Paweł Łupkowski, Barłomiej Skowron, Mariusz Urbański & Maria Załęska - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):231-239.
    In September 2018, the ArgDiaP association, along with colleagues from Germany and the UK, organised one of the longest and most interdisciplinary series of events ever dedicated to argumentation - Warsaw Argumentation Week, WAW 2018. The eleven-day ‘week’ featured a five day graduate school on computational and linguistic perspectives on argumentation ; five workshops: on systems and algorithms for formal argumentation, argumentation in relation to society, philosophical approaches to argumentation, legal argumentation and argumentation in rhetoric ; and two conferences: on (...)
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  3. Norms in Deliberation: The Role of the Principles of Justice and Universalization in Practical Discourses on the Justice of Norms.Cristina Corredor - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):11-29.
    Discursive theories of justice have been questioned for putting forward high-level principles that should nevertheless play a role in practical discourses in which the justice of a claim is at stake. Here, I will critically examine and systematize the main tenets in Rawls’s and Habermas’s discursive theories, and will suggest that the principles of justice and universalization can and play the role of mandates of optimalization in real deliberations on justice.
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  4. Overcoming Disagreement Through Ordering: Building an Epistemic Hierarchy.Martin Hinton - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):77-91.
    This paper begins with an assessment of the origin of the term ‘deep disagreement’ to reflect fundamental differences in argument procedure and suggests an alternative explanation of such stalemates that may apply in many cases and does lead to a possible resolution strategy, through discussion of the ordering of certain principles, rather than their acceptance or rejection. Similarities are then drawn with disputes which are supported by conflicting expert opinions and I lay out the advantages of seeking to resolve them (...)
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  5.  1
    Introduction to the Issue: The Philosophy of Argumentation.Martin Hinton & Marcin Koszowy - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):7-10.
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  6. Logical Culture as a Common Ground for the Lvov-Warsaw School and the Informal Logic Initiative.Ralph H. Johnson & Marcin Koszowy - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):187-229.
    In this paper, we will explore two initiatives that focus on the importance of employing logical theories in educating people how to think and reason properly, one in Poland: The Lvov-Warsaw School; the other in North America: The Informal Logic Initiative. These two movements differ in the logical means and skills that they focus on. However, we believe that they share a common purpose: to educate students in logic and reasoning so that they may be able to apply their skills (...)
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  7.  1
    Ad Misericordiam Revisited.Miklós Könczöl - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):115-129.
    The paper discusses the nature and functioning of argumentum ad misericordiam, a well-known but less theorised type of argument. A monograph by D. Walton offers an overview of definitions of misericordia, as well as the careful analysis of several cases. Appeals to pity, Walton concludes, are not necessarily fallacious. This view seems to be supported and further refined by the critical remarks of H. V. Hansen, as well as the recent work of R. H. Kimball and A. Aberdein focusing on (...)
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  8.  1
    A New Argument Scheme for Causal Explanations by Analogy? The Case of Galileo’s Explanation of the Tides.Alexander Kremling - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):131-149.
    This paper is a case study. After formulating three norms for critical assessment of argumentation, I give a brief overview of Galileo’s argumentative strategy in his Dialogue and present his argument for the cause of the tides, which appears as an argument by analogy. I then discuss possible reconstructions of this argumentation, with one particular suggestion in detail. These arguments seem to fall short, given the aforementioned set of norms. This leads to my own proposal of Galileo’s argument. I defend (...)
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  9.  1
    Ad Hominem Arguments, Rhetoric, and Science Communication.Carlo Martini - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):151-166.
    In this paper, I contend that evidence-focused strategies of science communication may be complemented by possibly more effective rhetorical arguments in current public debates on vaccines. I analyse the case of direct science communication - that is, communication of evidence - and show that it is difficult to effectively communicate evidential standards of science in the presence of well-equipped anti-science movements. Instead, I argue that effective rhetorical tools involve ad hominem strategies, that is, arguments involving claims of expertise. I provide (...)
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  10.  2
    Towards a Model of Argument Strength for Bipolar Argumentation Graphs.Erich Rast - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):31-62.
    Bipolar argument graphs represent the structure of complex pro and contra arguments for one or more standpoints. In this article, ampliative and exclusionary principles of evaluating argument strength in bipolar acyclic argumentation graphs are laid out and compared to each other. Argument chains, linked arguments, link attackers and supporters, and convergent arguments are discussed. The strength of conductive arguments is also addressed but it is argued that more work on this type of argument is needed to properly distinguish argument strength (...)
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  11.  1
    Analogy, Similarity, and the Periodic Table of Arguments.Jean H. M. Wagemans - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):63-75.
    The aim of this paper is to indicate the systematic place of arguments based on the concept of analogy within the theoretical framework of the Periodic Table of Arguments, a new method for describing and classifying arguments that integrates traditional dialectical accounts of arguments and fallacies and rhetorical accounts of the means of persuasion into a comprehensive framework. The paper begins with an inventory of existing approaches to arguments based on analogy, similarity and adjacent concepts. Then, the theoretical framework of (...)
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  12. Witness Impeachment in Cross-Examination Using Ad Hominem Argumentation.Douglas Walton - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):93-114.
    This paper combines methods of argumentation theory and artificial intelligence to extend existing work on the dialectical structure of crossexamination. The existing method used conflict diagrams to search for inconsistent statements in the testimony of a witness. This paper extends the method by using the inconsistency of commitments to draw an inference by the ad hominem argumentation scheme to the conclusion that the testimony is unreliable because of the bad ethical character for veracity of the witness.
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  13.  4
    Negation and Presupposition, Truth and Falsity.Marie Duží - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):15-46.
    There are many kinds of negation and denial. Perhaps the most common is the Boolean negation not that applies to propositions-in-extension, i.e. truth-values. The others are, inter alia, the property of propositions of not being true which applies to propositions; the complement function which applies to sets; privation which applies to properties; negation as failure applied in logic programming; negation as argumentation ad absurdum, and many others. The goal of this paper is neither to provide a complete list, nor to (...)
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  14. I Believe That He Didn’T Do It and I Don’T Believe That He Did It. The Influence of Context on the Semantic-Communicative Relations Between Sentence Negation and Performative Negation.Józef Maciuszek - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):61-76.
    The subject matter of the paper is an analysis of the semantic relations between sentence negation, performative negation, and declarations in reference to utterances which speech acts theory gives the label of representatives. Apart from linguistic-semantic analyses, empirical studies have been conducted on the manner in which sentence negation and performative negation are processed. The results of Study I demonstrate that the semantic relation between sentence negation and performative negation changes depend on the type of comment, and contextual factors. As (...)
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  15.  1
    Logical Analysis of Empirical Expressions. What is Wrong with Empiricism.Pavel Materna - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):77-88.
    The following well-known problem motivated my handling more general problems. As we surely know, our pupils and even students are confronted with much more trouble when learning mathematics than when they learn ‘empirical’ sciences like biology, mineralogy etc. There are many factors that can at least partially explain this phenomenon. I would however mention one factor that is not too frequently adduced: mathematics, logic, and much of physics use concepts that are abstract while the empirical sciences seem to support understanding (...)
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  16.  2
    Logical Rules and the Determinacy of Meaning.Charles McCarty - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):89-98.
    The use of conventional logical connectives either in logic, in mathematics, or in both cannot determine the meanings of those connectives. This is because every model of full conventional set theory can be extended conservatively to a model of intuitionistic set plus class theory, a model in which the meanings of the connectives are decidedly intuitionistic and nonconventional. The reasoning for this conclusion is acceptable to both intuitionistic and classical mathematicians. En route, I take a detour to prove that, given (...)
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  17.  1
    Comments on the Acceptance and Rejection of Sentences in Theology.Adam Olszewski - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):99-113.
    This work is interdisciplinary as it lies at the crossroads of three disciplines: philosophy, theology, and logic. The article attempts to discuss the way in which sentences are accepted and rejected within theology. First, the role of the argument of authority in theology is discussed. Subsequently, the most important types of theorems with certain degrees of theological certainty were identified. Finally, censorship was presented as a means of rejecting theorems in theology. Finally, censorship was indicated as a model for philosophical-logical (...)
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  18.  1
    Introduction with Remarks on the History of Negation.Adam Olszewski & Kazimierz Trzęsicki - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):7-13.
    In the introduction to the volume on negation, first the source ways of understanding it from antiquity to modern times are presented, as well as the basic points of contention connected with it. Subsequently, the works contained in this volume are briefly presented in the order in which they appeared.
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  19.  1
    A Contra-Linguistic Study of Negation in Korean and English.Yong-Sok Ri, Yong-Yun Kim & Gwang-Chon Ri - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):191-207.
    Negation is frequently found in every language, and many logicians or linguists have been carrying out research on it. Their investigations are, however, mostly confined to the languages of Europe. Although some of them pay attention to non-European languages, we can hardly find research on negation in Korean. In this paper, we carry out contra-linguistic analysis of four aspects of negation in Korean and English. First, we compare the expressions of negative elements in Korean and English sentences. Second, we contrast (...)
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  20.  2
    Negating as Turning Upside Down.Bartłomiej Skowron & Wiesław Kubiś - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):115-129.
    In order to understand negation as such, at least since Aristotle’s time, there have been many ways of conceptually modelling it. In particular, negation has been studied as inconsistency, contradictoriness, falsity, cancellation, an inversion of arrangements of truth values, etc. In this paper, making substantial use of category theory, we present three more conceptual and abstract models of negation. All of them capture negation as turning upside down the entire structure under consideration. The first proposal turns upside down the structure (...)
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  21. Negation and Infinity.Kazimierz Trzęsicki - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):131-148.
    Infinity and negation are in various relations and interdependencies one to another. The analysis of negation and infinity aims to better understanding them. Semantical, syntactical, and pragmatic issues will be considered.
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  22.  2
    The Logical Challenge of Negative Theology.Piotr Urbańczyk - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):149-174.
    In this paper I present four interpretations of so-called negative theology and provide a number of attempts to model this theory within a formal system. Unfortunately, all of them fail in some manner. Most of them are simply inconsistent, some contradict the usual religious praxis and discourse, and some do not correspond to the key theses of negative theology. I believe that this paper shows how challenging this theory is from a logical perspective.
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  23.  3
    Something, Nothing and Leibniz’s Question. Negation in Logic and Metaphysics.Jan Woleński - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):175-190.
    This paper discusses the concept of nothing from the point of logic and ontology. It is argued that the category of nothing as a denial of being is subjected to various interpretations. In particular, this thesis concerns the concept of negation as used in metaphysics. Since the Leibniz question ‘Why is there something rather than nothing?’ and the principle of sufficient reason is frequently connected with the status of nothing, their analysis is important for the problem in question. Appendix contains (...)
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  24.  1
    Contentual Approach to Negation1.Piotr Ł Łukowski - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 54 (1):47-60.
    Interpretations of logics with only truth-functional connectives create a number of problems regarding the understanding of interpreted sentences. A particular problem is caused by the understanding of a sentence that is the negation of another. What is the meaning of sentence ¬p, for a particular sentence p? Even when we know what the semantic correlate of the sentence p is, we still do not know how to understand the semantic correlate of the sentence ¬p. The standard algebraic approach does not (...)
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  25.  3
    How to Raise Quality Assurance in Legal Translation: The Question of Objectivity?Alireza Akbari - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):7-29.
    The aim of the present study is to propose an approach to legal translation quality so as to address the idiosyncrasies in legal studies and to confront the challenges and flaws of previous paradigms and models of translation quality assessment. The present approach is associated with the micro-macro textual, contextual, and legal components/variables in the pursuit of an adequate strategy through elaborating the decision making process for translation. The elements of the decision making process remain constant between translation relevancy/brief, and (...)
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  26.  1
    Collaborative and Individual Vocabulary Building Using ICT.Štěpánka Bilová - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):31-48.
    Vocabulary knowledge affects any learner’s general language proficiency and the lack of vocabulary is often seen as an obstacle in a student’s progress. This statement becomes even truer when considering languages for specific purposes as the knowledge of technical vocabulary is closely connected to mastering professional skills. The research on vocabulary learning distinguishes two types of learning, incidental and intentional, which should complement each other. One of the most efficient intentional strategies proved to be the use of flashcards. Modern technologies (...)
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  27. Practicing the Skill of Mediation in English for Legal Purposes.Barbora Chovancová - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):49-60.
    This article deals with mediation in language teaching, focusing on how the practice of mediation – as a specific language skill – can be incorporated in the syllabus. The chapter defines the skill of mediation as an emerging concept in language education, and discusses its potential for effective teaching of English for Specific Purposes in general and English for Legal Purposes in particular. The first part of the text seeks to answer several questions, aiming to determine whether mediation is relevant (...)
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  28.  2
    Values and Valuations in Judicial Discourse. A Corpus-Assisted Study of Respect in US Supreme Court Decisions on Same-Sex Marriage.Stanisław Goźdź-Roszkowski - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):61-79.
    This paper investigates the role of RESPECT a value premise in two landmark civil rights cases given by the United States Supreme Court. It adopts a corpus-assisted approach whereby a keyword analysis and the analysis of key semantic domains are used to identify potential values relied upon by judges in their justifications. The two categories of NO RESPECT and RESPECTED have been selected and examined as one domain of RESPECT. RESPECT turns out to be the only value marked by strong (...)
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  29. Frame Modeling Method in Teaching and Learning Legal Terminology.Anastasia Ignatkina - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):81-104.
    Law is known to exist only being articulated in a language and discourse, and the students’ ability to comprehend and use its meta-language is one of the main goals for English for Legal Purposes teaching. The knowledge of terminology enables students to fit new information into the framework of the legal system they are studying. The acquisition of terminology in a foreign language implies knowledge of both conceptual content and the means of its verbalization. This article argues for a cognitive (...)
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  30.  1
    Affixed Terms in Cognitive Categorization of the Legal Picture of the World and in LSP Teaching.Sergey Khizhnyak - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):105-117.
    The interdisciplinary notion picture of the world makes research works devoted to this area of studies challenging from the point of view of finding interconnections between linguistic and extra-linguistic factors in the process of structuring categories of words, including those functioning in terminological systems and subsystems. Legal pictures of the world are specific cultural phenomena that may differ in various countries due to the nationally specific features of law and legal culture development. One of the most complicated problems of representing (...)
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  31.  2
    Shall We Teachs Shall: A Systematic Step-By-Step Approach.Ondřej Klabal - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):119-139.
    The paper discusses the status of shall in today’s legal drafting and legal translation, and by presenting typologies by a number of authors briefly addresses the variety of meanings it is used to express, in both legislation and contracts. It introduces the “shall dilemma” faced by non-native legal translators working both from and into English. The dilemma consists in the discrepancy between the promiscuous and abundant use of shall in authentic as well as translated documents, on the one hand, and (...)
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  32.  3
    Chinese Legal Terminology in European and Asian Contexts Analysed on the Example of Freedom of Contract Limits Related to State, Law and Publicity.Paulina Kozanecka - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):141-162.
    The aim of this research was to analyse Chinese legal terminology related to limits of freedom of contract in juxtaposition with other European and Asian legal systems. The study was limited to state, law and publicity. The purpose of the comparison was to add a broader perspective to the research on Chinese legal terminology. The research material included civil codes and contract laws of selected European and Asian countries. Among the European codes the great ones were obviously included – French, (...)
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  33.  4
    Louisiana and Quebec Terminology as a Tool in Polish-English Legal Translation.Przemysław Kusik - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):163-176.
    While in the majority of English-speaking territories the dominant legal tradition is common law, in Louisiana and Quebec the native language is English and the legal system stems from continental civil law. Both the Louisiana Civil Code and the Civil Code of Quebec take root in the European codification movement, following Code Napoleon. Bearing in mind the link between law and language, these jurisdictions provide a unique source of English civil law terminology with well-founded conceptual background. The civil codes of (...)
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  34.  2
    Legal Languages – A Diachronic Perspective.Aleksandra Matulewska - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):195-212.
    The aim of the article is to discuss the legal language transformations from a diachronic perspective taking into account the following factors: spatial and temporal, linguistic norm changes, political, social, and globalization as well as EU-induced. Spatial and temporal factors include legal relations influenced by climate and the cycles of nature. Linguistic factors include spelling reforms and grammatical changes each language undergoes, for example, as a result of usage. As far as the law is concerned, normative changes can be observed (...)
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  35.  1
    Mediation: Framing a Clil Course.Elena Vyushkina - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):213-222.
    Mediation in a legal sense is a means of alternative dispute resolution. Having evolved in the USA in the last half of 20th century the procedure is growing in popularity and proliferation all over the world. Many countries enacted particular legislation, and others included relevant articles into Civil and/or Criminal Procedure Codes. Howbeit, lawyers are to be aware of mediation and roles they may play within the process. Law school curriculum drafters face the challenge of including a new up-to-date course (...)
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  36.  1
    ELP Teachers as Researchers. On the Benefits of Conducting Needs Analysis.Aleksandra Łuczak - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 53 (1):177-193.
    The fact that students’ target language needs analysis is conducted for the benefits of the students is obvious. However, in the tertiary level context the TLN analysis is usually neglected and replaced with the use of the ready-made curricula. The question which inspired the research undertaken for this paper was whether, and if so how, the very fact of conducting the TLN analysis affects teachers’ professional development. Namely, whether teachers choose to develop professionally in order to cater for the target, (...)
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