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  1. When Worlds Collide in Legal Discourse. The Accommodation of Indigenous Australians’ Concepts of Land Rights Into Australian Law.Thomas Christiansen - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):21-41.
    The right of Australian Indigenous groups to own traditional lands has been a contentious issue in the recent history of Australia. Indeed, Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders did not consider themselves as full citizens in the country they had inhabited for millennia until the late 1960s, and then only after a long campaign and a national referendum in favour of changes to the Australian Constitution to remove restrictions on the services available to Indigenous Australians. The concept of terra nullius, misapplied (...)
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  2. Interpretation of the Principle of Municipality Self-Reliance in the Context of Constitutional Principles of Law.Agnieszka Daniluk - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):103-119.
    In the science of administrative and constitutional law, administration science and many other sciences, including political science, it is widely accepted that the basic, inherent feature of a municipality, deciding the essence of the territorial self-government unit as an entity of public administration, is the self-reliance it is entitled to. The self-reliance of territorial self-government units is even defined as a constitutional norm.In principle, self-reliance is perceived as a fundamental attribute of a decentralised public authority and constitutes one of the (...)
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  3. The Roles of Women in the Lexicon of the Albanian “Code of Skanderbeg”.Monica Genesin - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):43-56.
    A lexical analysis of the so-called Kanuni i Skanderbegut, an Albanian collection of customary laws, provides an insight to understand women’s social role in traditional communities living in the northern area of Albania. In the use of specific terminology one can notice a clear separation between the two sexes which is reflected in the distribution of roles and in using a structured terminology that designates not only roles and conditions, but also other aspects of social life.
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  4. Planting the Seeds of Artistic Subversiveness in À Bout De Souffle: Godard’s Trailblazing Cinematic Language.James Kendall - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):57-70.
    The following article frames a particular case study: Jean-Luc Godard’s À bout de souffle, referenced in the paper with its American title, Breathless. Foraging through the dense and sophisticated thicket of narrative, visual and textual features, the present study will attempt to untangle the overall intrinsic complexity of Godard’s film, as it exceeds simple commonalities between genre conventions or traditional stylistic approaches.The abrasive dialectical opposition that Breathless enacts against classical storytelling is indeed central to the specific cluster that can be (...)
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  5. Several Remarks on Lex Servilia Caepionis of 106 Bc in the Light of the Fragment of Cic. Pro Balbo 24. 54.Piotr Kołodko - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):83-92.
    This paper includes an analysis of a fragment of Cicero’s address in pro Balbo 24.54, which contains interesting, yet highly laconic information regarding one of the leges de repetundis – i.e. lex Servilia Caepionis. The analysis of the fragment led to the determination that the basic purpose of issuing that act was to cover the issue of changing the personal composition of judges sitting on the de reptundis tribunal. Apart from that, it seems that the genesis of the institution of (...)
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  6.  1
    Interpretation of the Right to Privacy From the Perspective of the Use of New Technologies.Justyna E. Kulikowska-Kulesza - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):93-102.
    Today’s reality, largely based on the development of technology, carries with it many dangers for various spheres of our lives. One of the areas most at risk is our privacyand thus our right to privacy. It is one of the fundamental human rights, but unfortunately today it is exposed to many violations. This article is an attempt to interpret the right to privacy, and it shows selected threats to this right from the perspective of the development of new technologies.
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  7. The Non-Professional Judge as a Component of Civic Culture in Poland.Dariusz Kużelewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):121-132.
    The objective of the paper is to present the role of the non-professional judge in Poland as an important manifestation of civic culture based on citizens’ activity in the sphere of justice among other things. The paper also highlights the importance of an appropriate selection of citizens who are to adjudicate and possibly place restrictions on access to judicial functions using the example of Polish law. The last part addresses the problem of the gradual reduction of the participation of lay (...)
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  8. Summary Strategies for Literary Texts in English.Lavdosh Malaj - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):7-20.
    One of the problems when students go to university is that they are faced with insufficient skills. These skills are not just an option for students – they are a necessity. One of these skills is text summarizing. Summarizing strategies may be called the gist of the literary text. Different summarization strategies may be required for different text types and lengths. The ability to summarize well means your reading comprehension and writing skill should be excellent. Summarization is a high-level comprehension (...)
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  9. Implementation of New EU Directives Coordinating the Procedures for Awarding Public Contracts in European Union Member States: The Example of Poland.Joanna Radwanowicz-Wanczewska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):133-154.
    This article concerns the implementation of new EU Directives coordinating the procedures for awarding public contracts in European Union Member States. In a number of countries, including Poland, the process of their implementation was delayed. In most cases, the modernization of EU regulations on public procurement required a thorough modification of national regulations in this respect. As a result of the introduction of the package of new Directives, the European Union public procurement market has undergone substantial changes. The need to (...)
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  10. Interreligious Dialogue in the Renaissance: Cusanus, De Pace Fidei.Luana Rizzo - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 65 (1):71-82.
    The paper examines the Dialogue De pace fidei written by Nicolaus Cusanus in 1453 to settle disputes arising from events that triggered religious unrest, such as the fall of Constantinople in May 1453, the invasion and massacre of the Turks led by Sultan Mehmed II and the defeat of the Christians. Following the disintegration of medieval Christianity, Cusanus, instead of promoting a crusade, as Cardinal Bessarione did, proposed a more suitable way to make the major exponents of different religions interact (...)
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  11.  1
    Communicating with Elderly People in Suicidal Crisis in the Light of Helpline Worker Experience.Ewa Baum & Adam Czabański - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):59-75.
    The increase in suicidal behaviour among elderly people makes it necessary to take action in the field of broadly understood prevention. This includes helplines, which play an essential role in anti-suicidal measures. The aim of this study was to obtain information about the experience of Polish helpline workers in communicating with older people in suicidal crisis. The study was conducted among 106 helpline workers from various helpline centres across Poland. It proved that helpline workers in Poland have considerable experience in (...)
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  12. E-Learning Practice at Medical Universities in Poland in the Perspective of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic.Andrzej A. Kononowicz, Tamara Zacharuk, Anna Charuta, Aleksandra Wilk, Paweł Świniarski, Aneta Binkowska, Magdalena Roszak & Piotr K. Leszczyński - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):35-58.
    The epidemiological situation resulting from the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic caused the Polish universities to fully switch to distance education in March 2020. Medical e-learning has not yet been broadly implemented into the education process. Therefore, examples of successful e-learning implementations or the organization of the process of medical e-learning offer a valuable source of knowledge today, which is needed immediately. The article presents e-learning practices at the Polish medical universities during the SARS-CoV-2 epidemic during the period from March to September 2020, (...)
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  13. Is Cluster Analysis the Appropriate Statistical Method for Planning the Optimal Locations for Automated External Defibrillators?Jolanta Lewko, Marcin Milewski, Beata Kowalewska, Barbara Jankowiak, Gabriela Sokołowska & Rafał Milewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):7-14.
    The Automated External Defibrillator is an intuitive device used by witnesses of an incident without medical training in cases of sudden cardiac arrest. Its operation consists in delivering an electrical pulse to the cardiac conduction system, as a result of which normal heart rate is restored. The lack of awareness in society concerning the usefulness of the device and the inadequate deployment of AEDs result in their too infrequent application by witnesses of incidents. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  14. Using “Text Mining” Analysis for the Assessment of the Health Quality of Dietary Supplements.Anna Justyna Milewska & Kacper Wróbel - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):15-26.
    Techniques of text data analysis have been known for many years and commonly used in many areas of life. Text mining enables, among others, the acquisition of information from the text, its filtering, and studying of similarities and relationships. The aim of this paper is to design a method that would make it possible to assess the health quality of dietary supplements, on the basis of text mining techniques. A fictional plant-based product was used in the study, which was compared (...)
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  15. Correspondence Analysis in the Assessment of the Influence of Lifestyle on Infertility of Various Origins.Robert Milewski, Karolina Milewska & Adrianna Zańko - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):27-34.
    Approx. 60–80 million couples globally are affected by the problem of infertility. The issue is important both for the couple trying to conceive and for the whole society in which the couple lives. Lifestyle, including nutrition, may have both a positive and a negative impact on the outcomes of infertility treatment. The aim of this paper is to assess the relationship between knowledge in the area of fertility diet and its actual use, and types of fertility disorders among women undergoing (...)
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  16.  1
    E-Learning During the Coronavirus Pandemic – Creating Educational Resources for Teaching Medical Students.Magdalena Roszak, Marta Jokiel, Kacper Nijakowski, Ewelina Swora-Cwynar, Barbara Zwoździak, Izabela Chudzicka-Strugała & Małgorzata Grześkowiak - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):77-97.
    As a result of the epidemiological situation in Poland that occurred as a consequence of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, all classroom study was suspended in March 2020 and schools were required to deliver online education. There number of teachers who create educational resources for medical e-education, also those including interactive elements, is still insufficient. Teachers’ IT skills must be continuously improved and they have to take part in e-learning course design training programmes, taking into account the characteristics of the teaching process (...)
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  17.  1
    Semantic, Logical, and Ethical Considerations of Patients’ Decisions in the Resolution of Moral Dilemmas.Agnieszka Żok, Ewa Baum & Tomasz Rzepiński - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 64 (1):99-123.
    Decision-making procedures in medical practice are often analysed by both philosophers of science and ethicists, as well as statisticians, clinicians and methodologists. The paper focuses on decisions made by patients in situations of moral dilemma. The main purpose is to analyse the strategies used in resolving such dilemmas. First, the concept of a ‘situation of moral dilemma’ is clarified. Then, two types of strategies for resolving such situations are distinguished. The first strategy requires revising the patient’s belief system or moral (...)
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  18.  1
    Introduction to the Issue: Contemporary Philosophy of Informatics.Marcin Koszowy & Paweł Stacewicz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):17-18.
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  19.  3
    The Intuitive Concept of Information: An Analysis.Zbigniew Król - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):101-119.
    This paper seeks to determine the intuitive meaning of the concept of information by indicating its essential features and relations with other concepts, such as that of knowledge. The term “information” – as with many other concepts, such as “process”, “force”, “energy” and “matter” – has a certain established meaning in natural languages, which allows it to be used, in science as well as in everyday life, without our possessing any somewhat stricter definition of it. The basic aim here is (...)
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  20.  5
    Phronetic Ethics in Social Robotics: A New Approach to Building Ethical Robots.Roman Krzanowski & Paweł Polak - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):165-183.
    Social robotics are autonomous robots or Artificial Moral Agents, that will interact respect and embody human ethical values. However, the conceptual and practical problems of building such systems have not yet been resolved, playing a role of significant challenge for computational modeling. It seems that the lack of success in constructing robots, ceteris paribus, is due to the conceptual and algorithmic limitations of the current design of ethical robots. This paper proposes a new approach for developing ethical capacities in robotic (...)
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  21. What Logic and Grammar Bring to the Issue of Solvability? Meditation in This Journal’s 40th Anniversary.Witold Marciszewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):7-15.
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  22. Is Church’s Thesis Still Relevant?Jerzy Mycka & Adam Olszewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):31-51.
    The article analyses the role of Church’s Thesis in the context of the development of hypercomputation research. The text begins by presenting various views on the essence of computer science and the limitations of its methods. Then CT and its importance in determining the limits of methods used by computer science is presented. Basing on the above explanations, the work goes on to characterize various proposals of hypercomputation showing their relative power in relation to the arithmetic hierarchy. The general theme (...)
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  23.  3
    Value-Sensitive Co-Design for Resilient Information Systems.Giuseppe Primiero, Balbir Barn & Ravinder Barn - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):141-164.
    In Information Systems development, resilience has often been treated as a non-functional requirement and little or no work is aimed at building resilience in end-users through systems development. The question of how values and resilience can be incorporated into the design of systems is an on-going research activity in user-centered design. In this paper we evaluate the relation of values and resilience within the context of an ongoing software development project and contribute a formal model of co-design based on a (...)
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  24.  1
    Implicit and Explicit Examples of the Phenomenon of Deviant Encodings.Paula Quinon - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):53-67.
    The core of the problem discussed in this paper is the following: the Church-Turing Thesis states that Turing Machines formally explicate the intuitive concept of computability. The description of Turing Machines requires description of the notation used for the input and for the output. Providing a general definition of notations acceptable in the process of computations causes problems. This is because a notation, or an encoding suitable for a computation, has to be computable. Yet, using the concept of computation, in (...)
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  25.  5
    The Philosophy of Expertise in the Age of Medical Informatics: How Healthcare Technology is Transforming Our Understanding of Expertise and Expert Knowledge?Marcin Rządeczka - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):209-225.
    The unprecedented development of medical informatics is constantly transforming the concept of expertise in medical sciences in a way that has far-reaching consequences for both the theory of knowledge and the philosophy of informatics. Deep medicine is based on the assumption that medical diagnosis should take into account the wide array of possible health factors involved in the diagnostic process, such as not only genome analysis alone, but also the metabolome, microbiome or exposome. Deep data analysis is of tantamount importance (...)
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  26.  1
    Analogicity in Computer Science. Methodological Analysis.Paweł Stacewicz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):69-86.
    Analogicity in computer science is understood in two, not mutually exclusive ways: 1) with regard to the continuity feature, 2) with regard to the analogousness feature. Continuous computations are the subject of three methodological questions considered in the paper: 1a) to what extent do their theoretical models go beyond the model of the universal Turing machine, 1b) is their computational power greater than that of the universal Turing machine, 1c) under what conditions are continuous computations realizable in practice? The analogue-analogical (...)
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  27.  1
    Heuristic Potential of Antoni Kępiński’s Information Metabolism Model and Data Smog.Michał Stelmach - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):121-139.
    In this paper I present the explanatory potential of Antoni Kępiński’s model of information metabolism in the question of data smog. Kępiński’s model is not well known and the bibliography concerning the model of information metabolism is still rather poor. In the article I present the model as a good heuristics for explaining information exchange between the system and the environment. The particular aim of my deliberations is to use the model of information metabolism to discuss the pathological, although common (...)
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  28.  1
    Algorithmicity of Evolutionary Algorithms.Mariusz Szynkiewicz & Sławomir Leciejewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):87-100.
    In the first part of our article we will refer the penetration of scientific terms into colloquial language, focusing on the sense in which the concept of an algorithm currently functions outside its original scope. The given examples will refer mostly to disciplines not directly related to computer science and to the colloquial language. In the next part we will also discuss the modifications made to the meaning of the term algorithm and how this concept is now understood in computer (...)
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  29.  3
    Computational Intention.Raymond Turner - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):19-30.
    The core entities of computer science include formal languages, spec-ifications, models, programs, implementations, semantic theories, type inference systems, abstract and physical machines. While there are conceptual questions concerning their nature, and in particular ontological ones, our main focus here will be on the relationships between them. These relationships have an extensional aspect that articulates the propositional connection between the two entities, and an intentional one that fixes the direction of governance. An analysis of these two aspects will drive our investigation; (...)
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  30.  1
    Data-Driven Dialogue Models: Applying Formal and Computational Tools to the Study of Financial And Moral Dialogues.Olena Yaskorska-Shah - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 63 (1):185-208.
    This paper proposes two formal models for understanding real-life dialogues, aimed at capturing argumentative structures performatively enacted during conversations. In the course of the investigation, two types of discourse with a high degree of well-structured argumentation were chosen: moral debate and financial communication. The research project found itself confronted by a need to analyse, structure and formally describe large volumes of textual data, where this called for the application of computational tools. It is expected that the results of the proposed (...)
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  31.  9
    Slurs: Departures From Genuine Uses and Derogation.Delia Belleri - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):9-24.
    Some non-appropriated uses of slurs seem to be non–derogatory. In this paper, I argue that in a range of cases, the lack of derogation is owed to the term not being genuinely used. I first examine so–called pedagogical uses and show that they can be assimilated to what I call “distancing uses.” I then turn to a range of other apparently non–derogatory, non–appropriated uses of slurs – such as non–weapon uses, comedic uses – and argue that they can depart from (...)
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  32. Linguistic Challenges to International Commercial Arbitration in Poland.Maria Cudowska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):229-244.
    In the realm of Polish law, arbitration is anything but a new concept. In an ever-developing economy, arbitration has become a useful tool in resolving disputes that are commercial in nature. The issue pertinent to the choice of language in an arbitral proceeding has been thoroughly investigated in the doctrine of international arbitration, yet the conclusions are not set in stone and are likely to change and evolve over time. As evidenced by the technological revolution, introduction of mechanical translations, and (...)
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  33.  3
    Descriptive Indexicals, Deferred Reference, and Anaphora.Katarzyna Kijania-Placek - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):25-52.
    The objectives of this paper are twofold. The first is to present a differentiation between two kinds of deferred uses of indexicals: those in which indexical utterances express singular propositions and those where they express general propositions. The second objective is the analysis of the descriptive uses of indexicals. In contrast to Nunberg, who treats descriptive uses as a special case of deferred reference in which a property contributes to the proposition expressed, I argue that examples in which a general (...)
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  34.  1
    Reductions of Consciousness. From Husserl to Churchland.Małgorzata Kowalska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):169-185.
    The author juxtaposes two extreme approaches to the relationship between consciousness and the physical world: phenomenological-idealistic and radically naturalistic. These two positions are interpreted in terms of opposite if symmetrical types of reduction. They emerge as two ways of abstracting from the ambivalence of ordinary experience, in which consciousness and the physical world are both mutually entangled and non-identical with each other. In conclusion, the author argues that contemporary philosophy, which follows both the idealistic and the naturalistic path, fails to (...)
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  35. Economic Mind: From Attribution Error to Self-Fulfilling Prophecy.Bartosz Kuźniarz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):245-264.
    I argue in this text that the economic mind is a culturally hegemonic, naturalistic interpretation of the behavior produced by the revolutionary nature of the economic and technical developments of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Despite persistent criticism, people fulfilled the predictions of the economic model of a human being for so long that they committed an attribution error and took it to be the adequate vision of human nature. Neoclassical economic theory played a significant, even if involuntary, role (...)
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  36.  4
    How Does Ritualized Behavior Lower Anxiety? The Role of Cognitive Load and Conscious Preoccupation in Anxiety Reduction.Aneta Niczyporuk - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):187-205.
    Although rituals are believed to lower anxiety, the underlying mechanism of anxiety reduction has not been explained well enough. According to Boyer and Liénard, ritualized behavior decreases the anxiety levels because it swamps working memory. This blocks anxious thoughts’ access to consciousness. As a result, ritualized behavior lowers anxiety temporarily but maintains it in the long run. In the article, I analyze what processes should be engaged in ritualized behavior to bring the aforementioned outcomes. I propose that ritualized behavior has (...)
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  37. Auditory Perception – Its Functions and Disorders. Towards a Mechanistic Analyses of Auditory Hybrid Systems.Robert Poczobut - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):207-227.
    The aim of the paper is to present and analyze problems associated with the mechanisms of auditory perception, their specific disorders and functions. I discuss research on speech perception in the broader theoretical context of the mechanistic model of scientific explanation and the perspective of cognitive implantology that explores the possibilities for building hybrid auditory systems.
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  38.  2
    Dialetheism and Metaphor.Dorota Rybarkiewicz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):95-111.
    In the paper two seemingly distinct areas of philosophical investigations are brought together: metaphor and dialetheism. They both turn out to be deeply related, which becomes visible against a background, i.e. the hybrid structure of metaphor delineated in the first part. This network elicits three variations of dissonance subsequently called: phantom-contradiction, which is combined with unconventionality of metaphors; indexed-bound contradiction, bearing some cognitive tension but no real truth value gluts and; logical contradiction “spread” between the two layers of metaphorical structure. (...)
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  39. Filum Cogitationis. Remarks on Leibnizian Projects of a Universal Language.Halina Święczkowska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):113-136.
    This essay is an attempt to offer at least a partial answer to the question concerning Leibniz's motivation for the need to create a universal language. It is relevant, among other things, due to Leibniz's claim which contradicts the idea of a universal language, in which he clearly stresses that “every language, even the poorest one, can express everything”, as well as owing to Leibniz's historical contribution to the idea of formalization and to the mechanization of the reasoning processes. This (...)
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  40.  4
    The Duhem-Quine Thesis Reconsidered.Piotr K. Szałek - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):73-93.
    The high point of the falsification of physical theories in a standard view of the philosophy of science is the so-called crucial experiment. This experiment is a kind of manipulated empirical test, which provides the criterion for distinguishing between two rival hypotheses, where one is an acceptable theory due to passing the test, and the other turns out to be an unacceptable theory as it does not pass the test. The crucial experiment was supposed to play a significant role because, (...)
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  41.  3
    The Knowability Paradox and Unsuccessful Updates.Arkadiusz Wójcik - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):53-71.
    In this paper we undertake an analysis of the knowability paradox in the light of modal epistemic logics and of the phenomena of unsuccessful updates. The knowability paradox stems from the Church-Fitch observation that the plausible knowability principle, according to which all truths are knowable, yields the unacceptable conclusion that all truths are known. We show that the phenomenon of an unsuccessful update is the reason for the paradox arising. Based on this diagnosis, we propose a restriction on the knowability (...)
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  42.  1
    Epistemic Justification of Testimonial Beliefs and the Categories of Egophoricity and Evidentiality in Natural Languages: An Insoluble Paradox of Thomas Reid's Anti-Reductionism.Elżbieta Łukasiewicz - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 62 (1):137-168.
    The paper is concerned with the epistemological status of testimony and the question of what may confer justification on true testimonial beliefs and enable us to call such beliefs knowledge. In particular, it addresses certain anti-reductionist arguments in the epistemology of testimony and their incompatibility with the grammatical categories of egophoricity and evidentiality present in the architecture of natural languages. First, the tradition of epistemological individualism and its rationale are discussed, as well as certain attempts within this tradition to include (...)
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  43.  3
    Conceptual Blends Across Image Macro Genres.Shala Barczewska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):7-30.
    This paper analyzes image macros via the theoretical framework of conceptual blending on the example of online responses to 2011 and 2012 doomsday predictions. To date, conceptual blending has shown promise in the analysis of a variety of internet memes; however, most studies have been limited to one type of meme or one blending model. This project adds to the discussion in two ways. First, it presents a thematic analysis – image macros responding to end of the world predictions – (...)
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  44.  3
    The Cognitive Motivation Behind the Semantics of Hungarian Co-Verbial Constructions with Össze and Szét.Marcin Grygiel - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):31-47.
    The use of an elaborate system of co-verbial constructions is the hallmark of the Hungarian language and one of the biggest challenges a translator or a learner of this language has to face. Co-verbial constructions consist of verbs, or their derivates, accompanied by a limited number of prefixes or particles that modify their meanings. They not only perform numerous syntactic and lexical functions, which is important in terms of language production, but also are able to change the meaning of the (...)
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  45.  8
    Do All Eagles Fly High? The Generic Overgeneralization Effect: The Impact of Fillers in Truth Value Judgment Tasks.Daniel Karczewski & Edyta Wajda - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):147-162.
    The generic overgeneralization effect is an attested tendency to accept false universal generalizations such as “all eagles fly” or “all snakes lay eggs” as true. In this paper, we discuss the generic overgeneralization effect demonstrated by Polish adult speakers. We asked 313 native speakers of Polish to evaluate universal quantified generalizations such as “all eagles fly” or “all snakes lay eggs” as true or false. The control group of 107 respondents provided data on the acceptance rates of the corresponding generic (...)
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  46.  3
    The Interplay of Syntactic and Lexical Salience and its Effect on Default Figurative Responses.Maria Kiose - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):69-88.
    The aim of the paper is to determine how salient and non-salient figurative discourse nouns affect readers’ default response processing and oculo-graphic reactions. Whereas the theories of the Graded Salience and the Defaultness Hypotheses, developed by R. Giora, have stimulated further research in the area of interpretive salience, the resonating influence of syntactic salience on default interpretations has been largely neglected. In this study we provide corpus-based evidence followed by eye-tracking experiment verification, supportive of the synchronized influence of syntactic and (...)
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  47.  4
    English Straight and Tok Pisin Stret: A Case Study From the Perspective of Cognitive Linguistics.Krzysztof Kosecki - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):89-112.
    The framework of cognitive linguistics can be an efficient tool to represent the conceptual scope of meaning extension in reduced lexicons of pidgins and creoles. Image-schema based metaphors underlie the usage of English straight and its Tok Pisin counterpart stret, but the creole employs the concept in more contexts than English. The resultant variation in the scope of metaphor takes the form of a particular source domain being used to conceptualize more target domains than in the lexifier language. Functioning mainly (...)
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  48.  10
    The Logic and Normative Force of Dual-Character Generics: Towards a Theoretical Model for the Study of Normatively Shifted Predications.Aleksandra Kowalewska-Buraczewska - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):113-126.
    This paper investigates the relationship between generic statements and the expression, transmission and persistence of social norms. The author presents the concept of normativity and its importance in the decision-making process in the context of social reality and social norms that comprise it. The paper analyses the idea of “what is normal” to show how social norms are triggered by particular generic constructions relating to “social kinds”, represented by noun phrases denoting “dual character concepts”. DCCs are shown as effectively serving (...)
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  49.  4
    A Multimodal View of Late Medieval Rhetoric: The Case of the White Rose of York.Marcin Kudła - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):127-145.
    The aim of the present paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the role of heraldry, in particular of para-heraldic devices known as “badges”, in 15th-century England. The case chosen for examination is that of the white rose, one of the major badges of Edward IV. The data consists of four contemporary texts in which Edward is referred to as the “rose”, analysed against the background of the use of the white rose of York as a heraldic device. (...)
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  50.  7
    Normative Generics and Norm Breaching – A Questionnaire-Based Study of Parent-Child Interactions in English.Marcin Trojszczak & Daniel Karczewski - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):49-68.
    The present paper focuses on the phenomenon of normativity and genericity in language and cognition. More specifically, it investigates the use of normative generics, which are generalizations that state an ideal norm for a given category, in the context of norm breaching in parent-child interactions in English. This issue is researched by means of a specially designed questionnaire including 8 norm breaching parent-child interactions, which has been completed online by ca. 70 English-speaking female respondents. The paper uses qualitative and quantitative (...)
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  51.  3
    Inconsistencies in Temporal Metaphors: Is Time a Phenomenon of the Third Kind?Jacek Tadeusz Waliński - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):163-181.
    This paper discusses the problem of inconsistencies in the metaphorical conceptualizations of time that involve motion within the framework of conceptual metaphor theory. It demonstrates that the TIME AS A PURSUER metaphor contrasts with the reverse variant TIME AS AN OBJECT OF PURSUIT, just as the MOVING TIME metaphor contrasts with the MOVING OBSERVER variant. Such metaphorical conceptualizations of time functioning as pairs of minimally differing variants based on Figure-Ground reversal are, strictly speaking, inconsistent with one another. Looking at these (...)
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  52.  2
    “That’s the Metaphor You’Re Going For?” Deliberate Metaphor and Humor.Justyna Wawrzyniuk - 2020 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 61 (1):183-204.
    This paper aims at discussing the function of deliberate metaphors in humorous narratives due to the similarities in mechanisms underlying both elements of language. This corpus-based analysis has shown the relation between deliberate metaphors and elements of the knowledge resources of the General Theory of Verbal Humor. The study has revealed that if deliberate metaphors are part of humorous narratives, they are more likely to be the source of the funniness rather than the transit system which conveys the metaphors themselves. (...)
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