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  1.  18
    A New Perspective on the Protection of Whistleblowers Under Echr: Halet V Luxembourg.Stelios Andreadakis & Dimitrios Kafteranis - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):611-627.
    The Luxleaks scandal, which had garnered widespread attention in 2014 and implicated A. Deltour and R. Halet, has taken a significant turn with the recent publication of the Grand Chamber’s decision in favour of Mr Halet. Initially, Deltour was officially recognised as a whistleblower by the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in defence of the actions he took, while Halet faced condemnation for lacking whistleblower status. Halet had previously brought his case before the ECtHR, alleging a violation of his (...)
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  2.  13
    The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Salaries in Poland.Paweł Antoszak - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):201-212.
    The aim of the article is to assess the situation in terms of wage inequality and identify factors influencing changes in the levels, dynamics and relations of wages in voivodeships in Poland in 2012–2021. In Poland, during the analyzed period, an economic crisis occurred in 2012 as a consequence of the crisis of 2008–2009 and since 2020. Average monthly gross wages in Poland will be used for this purpose. Based on this data, deviations, relationships, and rates of change will be (...)
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  3.  13
    Expat Vlogs: Bilingual Couples Share their Lives on the Internet.Katarzyna Buczek & Agnieszka Stępkowska - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):169-182.
    As there are more and more bilingual couples who ran vlogs to share their bilingual and intercultural lives on the internet, this paper seeks to delineate the sources of motivation for these couples to disclose their privacy through vlogging. Based on the sample of selected vlogs, a qualitative analysis has been conducted to obtain the sociolinguistic picture of the bilingual couples’ motivations to attract wider audiences via the internet. The analysis of vlogs, informed by a multimodal theoretical framework, focused on (...)
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  4.  11
    Evaluating the Role of Machine Learning in Economics: A Cutting-Edge Addition or Rhetorical Device?Sławomir Czech - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):279-293.
    This paper explores the integration of machine learning into economics and social sciences, assessing its potential impact and limitations. It introduces fundamental machine learning concepts and principles, highlighting the differences between the two disciplines, particularly the focus on causal inference in economics and prediction in machine learning. The paper discusses diverse applications of machine learning, from extracting insights from unstructured data to creating novel indicators and improving predictive accuracy, while also addressing challenges related to data quality, computational efficiency, and data (...)
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  5.  7
    Income and Wealth Inequalities in Thomas Piketty’s Considerations.Barbara Danowska-Prokop - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):295-308.
    (Purpose) The purpose of the study is to present Thomas Piketty’s demand view on the issue of growing income and wealth inequalities in highly industrialized countries. It should be indicated here that in his research, Piketty not only explains the mechanism of growing inequalities, but also defines the tools to tackle inequalities (a combination of theoretical and pragmatic views). (Methodology) The aim of the study is achieved through the literature review method as well as the descriptive methods, complemented by comparative (...)
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  6.  11
    Transitive and Intransitive Selection Processes and Their Effects.Addy D. Donason - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):9-34.
    Karen Neander’s (1991a, b) Selected Effects (SE) theory of biological proper functions argues that the function of a trait is the action for which it was “caused” to be selected by natural selection. Her life’s work has already left a lasting impact, however SE theory has yet to be more properly formalized as a conceptual analysis of biological functions. Although other SE theories have sought to build upon Neander’s work (e.g., Garson, 2017), there remains an ambiguity in the theory’s use (...)
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  7.  12
    Economic Vulnerability and Resilience to Shocks – An Attempt to Measure.Yanrong Guo, Michał Moszyński & Łukasz Topolewski - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):463-477.
    Especially in periods of crises, economists try to explain why some economies suffer negative consequences more strongly than others. In order to explain these differential effects, two economic categories known as economic vulnerability and economic resilience can be used. Hence, the aim of the paper is to undertake a critical reflection on the interrelated categories of economic vulnerability and resilience to shocks. The paper analyses these categories from a theoretical perspective and identifies the factors that shape each of them. It (...)
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  8.  14
    Consequences of Government Bonds Preferential Treatment in Bank’s Balance Statements, Exemplified By the Collapse of Silicon Valley Bank.Ewelina Idziak - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):309-328.
    The new lesson for banking sector came on March 10th 2023, when the bank, which had $212bn of assets, failed with spectacular speed, making it the biggest lender to collapse since the global financial crisis of 2007–2009. By loading up on long-term bonds, Silicon Valley Bank (SVB) had taken an enormous unhedged bet on interest rates staying low. That bet went wrong, leaving the bank insolvent. The analysis of selected reports, data in conjunction with the analysis of financial documents are (...)
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  9.  10
    Nudge Theory and Legal Protection of Whistleblowers.Marek Jakubiec - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):555-571.
    The issue of whistleblower protection has been gaining more attention in recent years, especially after the passing of Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of October 23, 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law. However, there is a fundamental question as to whether the regulations are sufficient to provide real protection for whistleblowers in organizations. In this regard, it seems crucial that the various actors (legislators, managers, employees) work together to (...)
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  10.  9
    Reporting Offences and Protection of the Public Interest in Moravian Provincial Law in the 16th Century.Jana Janišová - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):527-540.
    The legal institute of whistleblowing as a tool for detecting wrong-doing, especially in large corporations, and at the same time as an institute of whistleblower protection is a matter of modern law and its wider use has been registered only in recent decades. However, some aspects of whistleblowing, in particular the protection of the public interest and the possibility for weaker parties to report offences to an official, can already be found in older law in many different countries. Moravian provincial (...)
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  11.  11
    The Innovation Landscape After the Covid-19 Crisis and During the Energy Crisis.Kinga Karpińska - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):363-378.
    The aim of this paper is finding an answer to a question how the current crises caused by the Covid-19 pandemic and changes in the energy sector have affected research and development and innovation? It seems likely that the COVID-19 crisis caused financial weakness for many actors, having the most significant impact on the willingness or ability of smaller firms to support R&D and innovation. However, where firms are able to sustain these investments, they will be more likely to survive, (...)
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  12.  10
    Paradigm Shift in the Representation of Women in Anglo-American Paremiology – A Cognitive Semantics Perspective.Robert Kiełtyka & Bożena Kochman-Haładyj - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):41-77.
    The present paper, adopting some of the tools offered by Cognitive Linguistics, namely the mechanisms of conceptual metaphor and metonymy, is a qualitative study of a sociolinguistic nature. Its overall purpose is an attempt at exhibiting a paradigm shift in the representation of women in Anglo-American proverbs. Combining the potential of the cross-fertilisation between Cognitive Linguistics and paremiological studies, the study appertains to the sense-threads embedded in the figurative language of proverbs, with the main focus on a cognitive semantic analysis (...)
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  13.  13
    Whistleblowing Procedures as Part of the Compliance System and Culture of the Organization.Magdalena Kun-Buczko - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):541-554.
    The whistleblower system assumes that an element necessary for proper functioning about an organization is to see irregularities occurring in it. For this reason, whistleblowing and follow-up internal investigations occupy a central place in the organization’s compliance management system and an important role in the organization’s culture. These two areas constantly complement each other. However, compliance systems seem to be a broader concept, where the organization’s culture is part of it. The culture of an organization represents the habits, traditions, and (...)
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  14.  14
    The COVID 19 Pandemic as a Moral Test for Society.Rafael Antonio Lopez Martinez, Agata Breczko & Anetta Breczko - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):79-98.
    The COVID-19 pandemic brings up unprecedented challenges. Healthcare practitioners find themselves in an extraordinary, wartime-like situation and are obliged to apply triage on a daily basis. In this context, routine procedures prove insufficient and the redefinition of ethical practice guidelines becomes a necessity – leading not only to a shift in procedures, but also reshaping the very value of human life. This, in turn, triggers an axiological crisis, which exacerbates the tension between paradigms of sanctity and quality of life and (...)
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  15.  8
    Protection of Whistleblowers: Experiences and Perspectives.Michał Ożóg - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):525-526.
    The text provides an introduction to the issue of articles on whistle-blower protection. The articles included in the separate substantive part of the issue Studies in Grammar, Logic and Rhetoric focus on the idea of whistle-blowing, as well as on the protection of whistleblowers under the Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council (EU) 2019/1937 on the protection of whistleblowers (the so-called Whistleblower Protection Directive). The texts present the issues of protection of whistleblowers from an interdisciplinary perspective, the (...)
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  16.  12
    The Possibility of Establishing the Ombudsman of the Republic of Poland as a Body for the Protection of Whistleblowers Reporting Violations of European Union Law. Constitutional Issues.Michał Ożóg - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):629-640.
    The purpose of this article is to analyze the constitutional considerations of the possibility of establishing the Ombudsman as a body to receive reports of violations of the law under the authority of Directive Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of October 23, 2019 on the protection of whistleblowers. The results of the research lead to the conclusion of the possible admissibility of such a solution, but with the need for appropriate system changes. However, the (...)
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  17.  10
    Fertility Transition in China and its Causes.Renata Pęciak - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):409-426.
    Demographic transition faced by modern economies, including China, are among the most important long-term socio-economic challenges. In 2022, China observed its population decline for the first time since the early 1960s. The low fertility rate was of critical importance. The unprecedented one-child policy is quite commonly indicated as the main reason for the low fertility rate. However, the departure from this restrictive policy and the actions introduced under the two-child policy implemented from 2016, and then the three-child policy from mid-2021, (...)
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  18.  13
    Towards Translational (Neuro)Hermeneutics of Landscape: Theoretical and Methodologial Considerations on Translational Analysis.Beata Piecychna - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):183-197.
    There is a growing sense among translational hermeneuticists that their assumptions pertaining to the act of translation as seen from the hermeneutical perspective should align them more with a cognitive field. Taking the above view into account, the aim of this paper is to introduce the idea of translational (neuro)hermeneutics into the field of translation studies. The first part of the paper is dedicated to the concept of (neuro)hermeneutics as based on Gambino and Pulvirenti (2019) approach to literary studies, which (...)
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  19.  9
    Ordoliberalism – A Research Approach for Today?Piotr Pysz, Michał Moszyński & Anna Jurczuk - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):347-361.
    Research background: To a limited extent, modern researchers are interested in ordoliberalism, as a theory of the socio-economic system, which is confirmed by the results of the bibliometric analysis. In conducted studies, the assumptions of ordoliberalism are used partially, for example, for research on: the role of the state in the economy, the antitrust law, the theoretical assumptions of the SME, the determinants of German economic policy after World War II. Purpose of the article: The aim of this article is (...)
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  20.  7
    The Issue of Selection of Appropriate Methodology and Methods of Graphical Representation of Data in Biomedical Research.Magdalena Roszak & Robert Milewski - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):123-131.
    The development of medicine is based on reliable medical research. This is a process that must be planned in detail and performed in accordance with the accepted study protocol, as any negligence – even a small one – or deviation from the protocol may result in distorted research results and – in consequence – to false conclusions. One of the key stages of research is the selection of the appropriate methodology, particularly in terms of tests that verify the posed hypotheses. (...)
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  21.  10
    Post-Pandemic Business Cycle in Poland and in the United States in the Light of the Austrian Business Cycle Theory.Arkadiusz Sieroń & Mateusz Benedyk - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):229-259.
    The purpose of the article is to examine the post-pandemic business cycle in Poland and in the United States in the light of the Austrian business cycle theory. The study shows that this theory satisfactorily explains the post-pandemic business cycle. Moreover, it seems that the Austrian business cycle theory explains some important facts better than competing theories of business cycle. The analysis also indicates that the post-pandemic business cycle differs significantly in many respects from previous business cycles – and that (...)
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  22.  8
    Eu ETS Market Fundamental Changes.Joanna Sikora-Alicka - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):447-462.
    An organization emits carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases (GHGs) through its daily operations, such as the electricity used to power its offices, manufacture products, and then fossil fuels used in vehicles to distribute them. This is referred to as an organization’s carbon footprint, and there is increasing stakeholder and regulatory pressure on management teams globally to reduce them. On other words, it is increasingly critical that the quantity of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that a company is (...)
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  23.  10
    Food Crises in Post-War Poland (1945–1989).Sylwia Straszak-Chandoha & Adriana Merta-Staszczak - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):479-492.
    Fulfilling the needs of securing the food market was a key problem for the economy of the People’s Republic of Poland. According to the assumptions of the socialist system, all basic means of production were owned by the state and society as a whole, and production: its structure and volume depended on central assumptions. Farmers not only had to face the issue of reconstruction of farms in the post-war period, they were also obliged to make compulsory deliveries, and had the (...)
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  24.  13
    Some Remarks on Leibniz’s Idea of Thinking as Computation.Halina Święczkowska - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):35-40.
    The idea of automation of reasoning in science, which is extremely high-ranking nowadays in connection with the development of computer technology and research into artificial intelligence has been presented in the history of mind since taking up a cohered with the idea of mechanization of reasoning. It is therefore proper to present the greatest enthusiast every of this idea on the threshold of the contemporary science, who treated the idea of mechanization in reasoning very widely, assuming that every mind process (...)
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  25.  13
    Changes in the Nature of Innovation Processes and International Competitiveness of the Region After the Covid-19 Crisis: The Case of Podlaskie Voivodeship.Karolina Trzaska & Robert Ciborowski - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):261-278.
    Technological structure arises as a consequence of innovation processes, encompassing R&D activities, implementations, as well as diffusion. Innovation processes influence technological competitiveness by linking changes in market shares at home and abroad with their technological potential. Increased productivity resulting from higher innovativeness combined with increased technological investments result in changes in relative unit operating costs and higher demand for more technologically advanced products, thus determining the dynamics of economic development. The aim of this study is to analyse the course of (...)
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  26.  9
    The Covid-19 Pandemic as a Catalyst for Income Inequality.Magdalena Tusińska - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):493-509.
    The goal of this paper is to examine COVID-19 potential long-run effects on income inequality, seeking answers in the wider context of inequality sources and foregoing evidence from industrialised countries. Thus, the phenomena that existed prior to the pandemic but, due to its impact, may accelerate the process of growing income inequality in the long term, must be identified. Since left unchecked, growing disparities may lead to long-lasting negative effects and forming a kind of vicious cycle, the article also seeks (...)
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  27.  7
    Protection of the Whistleblowers – Eu Requirements and Hungarian Solutions.Bence Udvarhelyi - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):589-610.
    Whistleblowing can be defined as the internal or external reporting of violations and abuses of law. The protection and promotion of whistleblowing is extremely important both in the level of the European Union and the Member States. It is also well demonstrated by the fact, that the European Union has adopted a Directive in 2019 on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law which the Member States also has to implement to their national legal system. Although whistleblowing (...)
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  28.  14
    Morphology of Business Cycles in Poland in the Period of the World Financial Crisis and Covid-19 Pandemic.Zuzanna Urbanowicz & Ryszard Barczyk - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):213-227.
    The occurrence of business cycles is a feature of every economic system, so they were also observed in Poland. The article is an attempt to assess the structure and most important morphological features of the business cycles in Poland’s economy, taking into account how they were influenced by the consequences of the financial crisis 2007+ and COVID-19 pandemic. In the study the authors used the concept of deviation cycles which makes it possible to characterize the components of the business cycle’s (...)
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  29.  20
    Thou Shalt Not Squander Life – Comparing Five Approaches to Argument Strength.Simon Wells, Marcin Selinger, David Godden, Kamila Dębowska-Kozłowska & Frank Zenker - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):133-167.
    Different approaches analyze the strength of a natural language argument in different ways. This paper contrasts the dialectical, structural, probabilistic (or Bayesian), computational, and empirical approaches by exemplarily applying them to a single argumentative text (Epicureans on Squandering Life; Aikin & Talisse, 2019). Rather than pitching these approaches against one another, our main goal is to show the room for fruitful interaction. Our focus is on a dialectical analysis of the squandering argument as an argumentative response that voids an interlocutor’s (...)
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  30.  15
    Support for Contribution Payers in the Field of Social Security in Connection with the Covid-19 Pandemic – Selected Legal and Economic Issues.Katarzyna Wierzbicka, Marcin Zieleniecki & Sylwia Pangsy-Kania - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):393-407.
    The presented study raises the issue of contribution payers in the field of social insurance, in particular based on the Covid-19 pandemic. Searching for ways of supporting was determined by the deterioration of the financial condition of entrepreneurs as payers of contributions. In 2020, there were no instruments or mechanisms to support entrepreneurs in a lockdown situation, which implied the need to build such tools and the legal environment for SMEs practically from the beginning. The Social Insurance Institution (ZUS) was (...)
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  31.  8
    Export of the Agri-Food Sector in the Conditions of Recent Crises.Henryk Wnorowski - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):511-522.
    Crises come and go, but it is good if, from the perspective of the past, we can point to some positives of the crisis that has just passed. Indeed, in the article we first find a snapshot of the export activity of the Polish economy in recent years, a picture which is positive, despite the very serious crises in the global economy. This picture may not be complete due to the scope of the study, but it shows what is most (...)
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  32.  13
    Reflexive Understanding of the Concept of a Spouse – Comments on the Impact of the Decision of the Court of Justice of the European Union in Coman and Others on the Rulings of Administrative Courts.Bartosz Wojciechowski & Anna Chmielarz-Grochal - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):99-121.
    This article relates to the CJEU’s understanding of the concept of the spouse in Case C-673/16 and its effect on the process of law application by Polish administrative courts. The authors considerations are based on the assumption that the CJEU’s interpretation of EU law in Coman and Others is of a dynamic-deliberative nature, based on functional rules, and that at the same it time takes into account a specific legal and socio-cultural context in which one of the fundamental freedoms guaranteed (...)
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  33.  13
    The Covid-19 Pandemic Crisis and the Technological Revolution.Elżbieta Zalesko & Anna Protasiewicz - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):427-445.
    The aim of this article is to present the changes referred to as the “fourth industrial revolution” and the role of the crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in accelerating the technological revolution in relation to Polish companies. The ongoing economic downturn has different causes and much broader effects than previous crises. Hence the need to analyze trends (megatrends) in the emergence of innovations initiated or significantly accelerated by the pandemic crisis, and consequently, among other things, the intensification of the (...)
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  34.  13
    Rationality of the Tax System and Taxation Principles in the Context of Contemporary Fiscal Crisis (Analysis from the Perspective of the New Institutional Economics).Marian Zalesko, Mariusz Mak, Aneta Kargol-Wasiluk & Emilia Jankowska-Ambroziak - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):329-345.
    The paper presents, in the synthetic way, the issue of the rationality of the tax system and taxation principles in relation to the clearly visible fiscal crisis in the 21st century caused by, among others, COVID-19 pandemic. The analysis which is theoretical (descriptive, comparative) was carried out by using tools indicated in the area of New Institutional Economics (NIE). Attention was devoted primarily to the importance of specific institutional arrangements, broadly understood as the “rules of the game” applicable in the (...)
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  35.  9
    The Socio-Economic Situation During the Crises in Poland After 1989, with Particular Reference to the Covid-19 Pandemic.Joanna Zimmer, Adriana Merta-Staszczak & Mirosława Krzyścin - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):379-392.
    The Polish economy has been transformed for more than three decades by diverse crises. The beginning of the changes was brought by the political transformation, which modified the model of the functioning of the State in almost all areas. To some extent, its continuation was the accession to the European Union, which opened not only markets for sales, labor, but also new sources of technological and scientific development. Economic development did not protect the economy from the negative effects of change, (...)
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  36.  7
    The (Legal) Status of a Whistleblower in Poland. Selected Issues.Krystyna Ziółkowska - 2023 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 68 (1):573-588.
    The Republic of Poland is one of the European Union countries that have not yet implemented Directive (EU) 2019/1937 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2019 on the protection of persons reporting breaches of EU law (Journal of Laws EC L 305/17 of November 26, 2019). Even though signalling illegal acts is a more and more common occurrence and the social perception of such behaviours is also changing, the “whistleblowers” are not under any legal protection (...)
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