13 found

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  1. Virtuality and the Problem of Agency in Object-Oriented Ontology.Ruslanas Baranovas - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):233-241.
    In his Prince of Networks, Graham Harman reconstructs Latourian critique of concepts of potentiality and virtuality with which he claims to agree. This seems striking because Latour’s arguments seem to be exactly those Harman rejects in his other writings as overmining. Furthermore, this critique of potentiality and virtuality creates a dividing line between Harman and Bryant’s Democracy of Objects, where the concept of virtual plays a central role. In this article, I will explore this debate, focusing on how the concept (...)
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  2.  4
    Two Conceptions of Second Nature.Georg W. Bertram - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):68-80.
    The concept of second nature promises to provide an explanation of how nature and reason can be reconciled. But the concept is laden with ambiguity. On the one hand, second nature is understood as that which binds together all cognitive activities. On the other hand, second nature is conceived of as a kind of nature that can be changed by cognitive activities. The paper tries to investigate this ambiguity by distinguishing a Kantian conception of second nature from a Hegelian conception. (...)
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  3. We Make Up the Rules as We Go Along: Improvisation as an Essential Aspect of Human Practices?Georg W. Bertram & Alessandro Bertinetto - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):202-221.
    The article presents the conceptual groundwork for an understanding of the essentially improvisational dimension of human rationality. It aims to clarify how we should think about important concepts pertinent to central aspects of human practices, namely, the concepts of improvisation, normativity, habit, and freedom. In order to understand the sense in which human practices are essentially improvisational, it is first necessary to criticize misconceptions about improvisation as lack of preparation and creatio ex nihilo. Second, it is necessary to solve the (...)
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  4.  6
    Design Research and Object-Oriented Ontology.Paul Coulton, Haider Ali Akmal & Joseph Lindley - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):11-41.
    In this paper we recount several research projects conducted at ImaginationLancaster a Design-led research laboratory, all of which consider Object-Oriented Ontology. The role OOO plays in these projects is varied: as a generative mechanism contributing to ideation; as a framework for analysis; and as a constituent in developing new design theory. Each project’s focus is quite unique—an app, a board game, a set of Tarot cards, a kettle and a living room—however they are all concerned with developing new understandings relating (...)
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  5.  12
    The Only Exit From Modern Philosophy.Graham Harman - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):132-146.
    This article contends that the central principle of modern philosophy is obscured by a side-debate between two opposed camps that are united in accepting a deeper flawed premise. Consider the powerful critiques of Kantian philosophy offered by Quentin Meillassoux and Bruno Latour, respectively. These two thinkers criticize Kant for opposite reasons: Meillassoux because Kant collapses thought and world into a permanent “correlate” without isolated terms, and Latour because Kant tries to purify thought and world from each other rather than realizing (...)
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  6.  2
    The Essences of Objects: Explicating a Theory of Essence in Object-Oriented Ontology.Stanford Howdyshell - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):01-10.
    In this paper, I will discuss the need for a theory of essences within Object-Oriented Ontology and then formulate one. I will do so by drawing on Graham Harman’s work on OOO and Martin Heidegger’s thought on the essence of being, presented in his Introduction to Metaphysics. Harman touches on essences, describing them as the tension between a withdrawn object and its withdrawn qualities, but fails to distinguish between essential and inessential qualities within this framework. To fill in the gaps, (...)
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  7.  2
    Objects, Relations, Potential and Change.Bart Nooteboom - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):53-67.
    This article attempts to develop further the conception of dynamics in Object-Oriented Ontology : its model of how objects develop and change. Objects are affected by relations between them, and have the potential both to produce and undergo effects, as realised in interaction with other objects. To elaborate on the change of objects in OOO, an idea is adopted from transcendental ontology. A key Hegelian question in this article is how the realisation of existing potential can produce new potential. Stated (...)
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  8. Negative Dialectics Before Object-Oriented Philosophy: Negation and Event.Kenneth Novis - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):222-232.
    An important question in Object-Oriented Ontology and its associated literature is how OOO relates to its competitor theories. This article is a meta-philosophical investigation into OOO and its grounding, which hopes to fully theorise this relation, deriving ultimately a “negative dialectic” that emphasises the irreducible differences between OOO and non-OOO. Beginning by analysing the use of OOO as a “starting point”, I consider Althusser’s various contributions to meta-philosophical debates. This leads me to focus on Harman’s notion of “hyperbolic reading”, and (...)
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  9.  1
    A Syntactic Approach to Meillassoux’s Concept of Hyper-Chaos.Martin Orensanz - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):119-131.
    Axiomatic systems can be understood as subsets of syntactic systems. By a process of increasing abstraction, the notion of a syntactic system can become useful for understanding Meillassoux’s concept of hyper-Chaos.
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  10.  1
    Walter Benjamin’s First Philosophy: Towards a Constellational Definition of Experience.Nathan Ross - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):81-101.
    This essay argues for the philosophical standing of Walter Benjamin’s early work and posits a deeper continuity between this early work as a philosopher and the subsequent development of his work as a writer. When these fragments are read in proper relation to each other, they reveal for the first time many of the key innovations of Benjamin as a philosopher, as well as his points of influence on Horkheimer and Adorno. His early ‘Program’ critiques the Enlightenment conception of experience (...)
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  11.  2
    Where is the Great Outdoors of Meillassoux’s Speculative Materialism?Ignas Šatkauskas - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):102-118.
    Quentin Meillassoux’s speculative materialism aims to define access to reality of the natural world apart from its giveness to sentient subjects. This world apart is designated by Meillassoux as the “Great Outdoors” which was marginalized as a topic of philosophy after Kant’s critiques. The question of the incommensurability of human subjects and physical objects is taken up by Meillassoux and addressed by allowing mathematizable properties of physical objects to be referred to objectively in mathematical statements. In this paper we follow (...)
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  12. Living and Nonliving Occasionalism.Simon Weir - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):147-160.
    Graham Harman’s Object-Oriented Ontology has employed a variant of occasionalist causation since 2002, with sensual objects acting as the mediators of causation between real objects. While the mechanism for living beings creating sensual objects is clear, how nonliving objects generate sensual objects is not. This essay sets out an interpretation of occasionalism where the mediating agency of nonliving contact is the virtual particles of nominally empty space. Since living, conscious, real objects need to hold sensual objects as sub-components, but nonliving (...)
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  13.  1
    On Correlationism and the Philosophy of (Human) Access: Meillassoux and Harman.Niki Young - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):42-52.
    Speculative Realism has often been characterised as a heterogeneous group of thinkers, united almost exclusively in their commitment to the critique of what Quentin Meillassoux terms ‘correlationism’ or what Graham Harman calls the ‘philosophy of access.’ The terms ‘correlationism’ and ‘philosophy of access’ are in turn often treated – at times even by Meillassoux and Harman themselves – as synonymous. In this paper, I seek to analyse these terms to evaluate their similarities, but also possible differences. I shall argue that (...)
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