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  1.  1
    Monstrous Body: Between Alienness and Ownness.Anna Alichniewicz - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2):403-414.
    Monstrosity has its recognized place in cultural narratives but in philosophical discourse it remains mostly untouched. In my paper I make an attempt at phenomenological inquiry into the experience of the Other’s monstrous body. I am beginning with some remarks concerning Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault, the philosophers who devoted some attention to the problem of monstrosity and the monstrous, but my analysis is mainly based on the works of Bernhard Waldenfels, Edmund Husserl and Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Waldenfels emphasizes that the (...)
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  2.  1
    Genealogy of Collective Intentionality.Jaromir Brejdak - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    The present paper attempts to look at on the genealogy of both shared intentionality and collective intentionality, comparing Michael Tomasello’s concept with Max Scheler’s threedimensional concept of intentionality: ens amans, ens volens, ens cogitans, as affective, conative, and cognitive intentionality. I focus on various forms of affective collective intentionality — Schelerian forms of sympathy — to show collective subjectivity from the whole spectrum of emotional intentionality, presented by Scheler’s example of parents standing over the corpse of a child. Even though (...)
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  3. Synkretyczne Pouczenie Jogiczne W Ćarakasanhicie.Nina Budziszewska - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    A syncretic yogic instruction in Carakasanhita : Śārīrasthāna 1.137–155, contained in Book 4 of the Ćarakasaṃhitā, is a short treatise on yoga presented for āyurvedic purposes. In its yogic interpretation, the work comprises the Upaniṣads, the Mahābhārata, some Sāṃkhya’s and Vaiśeṣika’s notions as well as the meditative interpretation present in the Buddhist tradition. The ŚS gives a threefold path leading to mokṣa, the state of supreme brahman with which the conscious being, bhūtātman, becomes one : yoga, smṛti, and sāṃkhya. The (...)
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  4. The Political Subject and Hero in Culture in the Light of Juri Lotman’s Theory.Agnieszka Doda-Wyszyńska & Monika Obrębska - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    Politics appears to have a direct impact on the quality of our lives as citizens of states. We outline here the dependence between culture and its inherent mechanism of forgetting, and between a hero and a political subject. We employ the theory of Juri Lotman, who underlines the role of individuals and of single events in culture. The primary illustration given is the figure of Lech Wałęsa, politician, legendary co-founder of the Solidarity trade union, and Nobel Peace Prize winner. He (...)
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  5.  1
    A Revitalisation of Virtue Ethics in Contemporary Education.Anna Drabarek - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    In this article I will discuss employing the classical prescripts of Aristotle’s virtue ethics in education as a guide for youth education. For Aristotle, the practice of virtues was not a goal in itself, since virtues are dispositions which may be revealed in various acts reflecting human perfection. Virtues tell us how to act to achieve a particular goal. The ethics of virtue highlights the love of good and perfection. The attitude of a justly proud man consists, among other things, (...)
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  6. Legal Interpretation in Paul Amselek’s Phenomenology of Law — Between Subjectivism and Objectivism.Maria Gołębiewska - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    The aim of the article is to characterise and analyse Paul Amselek’s research approach to legal hermeneutics. The text provides an outline of Amselek’s assumptions and theses about legal interpretation, considered in the broad context of hermeneutics, and in the narrower context of legal logic and argument. In point of fact, one of the methodological aims of Amselek’s philosophical reflection is to harmonise the two indicated contexts for framing interpretation — the wide context of hermeneutics, and the more narrow context (...)
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  7. Geistlosigkeit. Reflexionen Zur Aktualität von Søren Kierkegaards Konstruktion des Selbst Im Spannungsfeld von Immanenz Und Transzendenz.Sebastian Hüsch - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    Spiritlessness. Reflections on the topicality of Søren Kierkegaard’s construction of the self in the field of tension between immanence and transcendence: One of the most suggestive and provocative concepts developed by the Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard is the concept of “spiritlessness”. Spiritlessness is conceived of as a state of mind which cuts out transcendent possibilities at the benefice of reduced immanent probabilities and thus hinders the individual to become a true Self. The present paper asks for the topicality of Kierkegaard’s (...)
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  8. Podział Kanonu.Anna Maria Laskowska - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2):509-524.
    The Euclidean ‘Division of the canon’ and Pythagorean harmonics: The article presents the first Polish translation of a short Ancient Greek treatise entitled The division of the canon, which is commonly dated to the 3rd century BC, with a doubtful assumption that the author of the treatise is Euclid himself. It is the oldest surviving text derived from the mathematical school of harmonics, which combined the mathematical theory of proportion with the musical laws of harmony. The main purpose of this (...)
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  9.  1
    Transcendentalism, Social Embeddeddness, and the Problem of Individuality.Anna Michalska - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    It would not be much of an exaggeration to say that the notion of ecological and social embeddedness is one of the most exploited philosophical ideas these days, both in the academia and beyond. The most troublesome about the overall trend is that many proponents of the idea of social embeddedness simplistically consider selfhood as a form of aberration which merely provides vindication for inequality and violence. In this paper, instead of attacking the problem of the individual versus the collective (...)
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  10.  3
    Anil Seth, Being You. A New Science of Consciousness.Magdalena Reuter - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2):549-553.
  11. Dharmarāja and Dhammarāja (II).Przemysław Szczurek - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2).
    The paper offers a close examination of the Mahābhārata’s adhyāya 5,70, one of the more interesting and representative chapters to analyse Yudhiṣṭhira’s attitude on the dharma of the king and warfare. In this long chapter addressing Kṛṣṇa, the king deprived of his kingdom presents two different attitudes. On one hand, he states that even though peaceful conflict resolution would be the best to regain the kingdom, the war must be accepted if it is inevitable. On the other hand, he expresses (...)
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  12.  1
    Dominika Czakon, Zagubienie w interpretacji. Hans-Georg Gadamer wobec kultury i sztuki współczesnej. Jan Pomorski, Rzecz o wyobraźni historycznej. Ćwiczenia z hermeneutyki. [REVIEW]Paweł Sznajder - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (2):545-548.
  13. Ucieleśnione Poznanie — Założenia, Tezy I Wyzwania.Andrzej Dąbrowski - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1).
    Embodied cognition: assumptions, theses and challenges: The paper aims at providing a concise presentation of the concept of embodied cognition that emerged in the cognitive sciences a few decades ago and has gained great popularity among empirically and philosophically informed researchers. The term “embodied cognition” is used by the author in two senses. The narrow sense implies that the body plays an important role in the process of cognition. In the broad sense “embodied cognition” is to characterize the general tendency (...)
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  14. Cognitive-Methodological Functions of Metaphors.Marek Hetmański - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1).
    The paper analyzes the cognitive functions of metaphors present in both colloquial and scientific discourse. First, presented is the history of research into linguistic metaphors, followed by a discussion of the psycholinguistic turn towards metaphors as thought schemas, as well as metaphoricality embodied in gestures, images and behaviors and their socio-cultural contexts. Based on the analysis of metaphors in the natural sciences, mainly in physics as well as in psychology, the heuristic and methodological functions of metaphors in science are discussed. (...)
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  15.  14
    Sex, Love and Somaesthetics Some Reflections on the New Book by Richard Schusterman. [REVIEW]Prasasti Pandit - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1):279–286.
    Richard Schusterman’s book, Ars erotica: sex and somaesthetics in the classical arts of love (Schusterman, 2021) is a path-finding, innovative contribution that breaks the silence around the long-held body-shying academic deprivation to erotic ideas with its free-flowing comprehensive discussion on carnal desire and erotic thoughts. Schusterman provides a panoramic yet vibrantly profound analysis of the aesthetic inclusion into erotic love following the culture of Asian and Western thoughts from the ancient era to the Renaissance. The book’s scope shows the author’s (...)
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  16. Spór o Ciągłość Życia I Umysłu. Argumenty Na Rzecz Kognitywizmu.Michał Piekarski - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1).
    The dispute over the continuity of life and mind. Arguments for cognitivism: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the position of non-cognitivism on the issue of the so-called dispute over the continuity / discontinuity of life and mind. In discussing the views of Michael Kirchhoff and Tom Froese, I will point out some difficulties related to their position. Next, I will formulate three arguments in favor of the cognitive alternative, emphasizing the need to resort to semantic information in (...)
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  17. Podmiot Ucieleśniony W Zaprojektowanym Środowisku. Analiza Wykorzystania Koncepcji Afordancji W Architekturze.Mateusz Tofilski & Filip Stawski - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1).
    The subject embodied in the designed environment. Analysis of the use of the affordance concept in architecture: James Gibson’s ecological psychology is considered as one of the research subtraditions within embodied cognition. Gibson emphasizes the nature of the agent-environment interaction through the development of the theory of affordances. According to this idea, affordances are relational properties of the environment that enable a specific action for the agent. Currently this concept is being applied in many different contexts. This paper considers the (...)
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  18. Ekologia Poznawcza Jako Tradycja Badawcza W Kognitywistyce.Witold Wachowski - 2021 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 11 (1).
    Cognitive ecology as a research tradition in cognitive science: The article presents cognitive ecology as a research tradition in cognitive science, under which studies on embodied cognition and various forms of situated cognition are conducted. At the same time, the basic heuristic of cognitive ecology and its relationship to methodological individualism are identified. The paper includes the history of the concept of “cognitive ecology”, historical approaches preceding this research tradition, as well as an outline of contemporary research related to it. (...)
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