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  1.  2
    Agresja W Perspektywie Psychologicznej I Filozoficznej. Przegląd Wybranych Teorii.Ewa Czerwińska-Jakimiuk - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):197-212.
    Aggression in a psychological and philosophical perspectives: Review of selected theories: The article focuses on the phenomenon of aggression. From the philosophical perspective, the views of Jean‐Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes are presented. From the psychological perspective, the definitions of aggression, with particular emphasis on the findings of Erich Fromm, and the main psychological theories: the instinct, libido and social learning are presented.
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  2.  2
    Koncepcja „Demokracji Zakorzenionej” Wolfganga Merkela W Kontekście Współczesnego Populizmu I Kryzysu Demokracji.Katarzyna Guczalska - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):57-82.
    Wolfgang Merkel’s concept of rooted democracy in the context of contemporary populism and the crisis of democracy: The article presents the concept of “rooted democracy” by Wolf‐ gang Merkel, which was presented in the context of the democratic crisis. The German poli‐ tical scientist indicates what democracy is — specifying the proper functioning of the regula‐ tions of the democratic system. Speaking of the weakness or strength of democracy, we must have a well‐described set of system principles that determine the (...)
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  3.  2
    Prawo Siły Jako Polityczna Konsekwencja Naturalizmu — Na Przykładzie Myśli Jeana-Jacques’a Rousseau.Katarzyna Haremska - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):83-94.
    The law of force as a political consequence of naturalism: on the example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Jean‐Jacques Rousseau rejected the Enlightenment ideas of reason, equality and progress. He experienced the charm of physical vigour and male causative power. He preached the apotheosis of primal instincts and the cult of strength. Rousseau’s historiosophy disavowed the optimistic vision of the Enlightenment and became its main competitor. The philosopher questioned the existing civilization; on its debris he wanted to restore the natural order based (...)
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  4.  3
    Power and Force: Rethinking Kojève, Arendt and Camus in the Populist Era.Maciej Kałuża - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):41-55.
    In the presented essay, I would like to focus on the relationship between force and power. The idea that power, without resorting to forceful, even violent solutions, is less problematic, is both deceitful and dangerous. Once accepted, it can cause an oversight of violence‐free but possibly harmful forms of power. My focus in the article will be on the two reinterpretations of Master‐Slave dialectics, as presented by Alexandre Kojève and Albert Camus. This will be presented with reference to the position (...)
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  5.  4
    Siła Filozofii, Filozofia Siły.Janusz Majcherek - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):11-25.
    The power of philosophy, philosophy of power: Selfless search for truth does not only make sense of philosophy and science, but also involves participating in a competition between rival theories and hypotheses. Truth is not an ultimate criterion in this process, especially after Michel Foucault revealed its inclinations towards violence. Questioning the position of truth opens the door to different criteria, among them — power. Using the argument of power in philosophical disputes and scientific controversies has a long tradition and (...)
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  6.  2
    A War in the Head. The New Model of Russian Propaganda as a Hobbesian Time of the Disposition of War.Monika Mazur-Bubak - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):115-132.
    A major part of research into cyber‐propaganda discusses the following components it uses: disinformation, creating fake news and employing so‐called farm trolls. Actions of this kind do not correspond with the classic division of soft and hard power, since neither can their goals nor the means they utilise be unambiguously defined as coercion, payment, or attraction. In my article, I describe the hidden means of propaganda employed by the Russian Federation that are additionally supported by a process of armament which (...)
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  7.  3
    Odrzucenie I Samotność. Joachim Bauer o Źródłach Ludzkiej Agresji.Anastazja Mołodecka - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):213-220.
    Rejection and loneliness. Joachim Bauer on the sources of human aggression: Aggression by other people, in its various manifestations, is a common phenomenon of the modern world. The mass and repetitiveness of aggressive behaviour support the position of anthropological pessimism. This position is dominant in social sciences, including psychology. The author of the paper considers whether the researchers, who show the evil of human nature, are right. While doing so she refers to Joachim Bauer’s counterarguments presented in his book Schmerz­grenze (...)
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  8.  2
    Holistic Model as a Challenge for the Medical Profession.Nina Putała - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):173-194.
    The article presents a doctor–patient relationship model based on the assumptions of a holistic approach to the patient. The author draws attention to selected patients’ needs, ones taken into account in this model. These are the right to autonomy and an individualised approach to the patient. These issues, considered in relation to philosophy, show a conflict between patients’ values and aspirations and doctors’ values and their experience. Nowadays, patients’ needs are protected by consumer rights as well as being strengthened by (...)
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  9.  2
    The Problems with Liberal Consensus. Agonistic Politics According to Chantal Mouffe.Anna Szklarska - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):95-114.
    This article is a critical analysis of the most important assumptions of Chantal Mouffe’s political philosophy, along with its original categories such as agonism, radical democracy and hegemony. The sources of her concept are indicated and certain difficulties that the author falls into are distinguished. The thread that is considered central to this philosophy, with the most profound practical consequences, is an attempt to demonstrate the futility of a liberal doctrine that values consensus and deliberation and proclaims an apology for (...)
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  10.  2
    Zrozumieć Emocje — Pozorna Kontradykcja. Na Marginesie Książki Andrzeja Dąbrowskiego Źródła, Natura I Funkcje Emocji.Justyna Tomczyk - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):221-231.
    Understanding emotions — an apparent contradiction. Comments on Andrzej Dąbrowski’s Origins, nature and functions of emotions: This paper offers some polemical comments on Andrzej Dąbrowski’s recently published book Origins, nature and functions of emotions. The background for reflection is Leon Petrażycki’s theory of emotions. The author aims to evaluate Dąbrowski’s presentation of an influential Polish philosopher Leon Petrażycki, considered an important forerunner of the psychosocial theory of law or legal psychologism, who initiated a long‐lasting debate on the role and meaning (...)
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  11.  2
    Problemy Z Moralnością Zwierząt.Andrzej Waleszczyński - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):151-172.
    Problems with animal morality: The paper aims at discussing the category of animal morality in the light of contemporary scientific findings and theories. First, the issue of moral development is reconsidered in the context of evolutionary anthropology and primatology, then the main positions in this debate are presented. The author proposes a typology which is based on a distinction between various senses of morality, namely a descriptive, neutral, and normative sense. These three aspects of morality are explained in detail and (...)
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  12.  4
    Between the Ethics of Forgiveness and the Unforgivable: Reflections on Arendt’s Idea of Reconciliation in Politics.Rafał Wonicki - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):27-40.
    The aim of the article is to examine the role that memory and oblivion, forgiveness and unforgiveness play in Hannah Arendt’s thought in relation to acts of violence in the political sphere. Political communities do not always decide to remember the crimes they have committed or the wrongs they have suffered, but neither can they always forget their mutual harms, even when there is already peace between them. Without striving to exhaust the entire subject matter of Arendt’s work, I would (...)
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  13.  3
    Świat Czy Wydarzenie? W Stronę Ontologii Wojny.Adam Woźniak - 2020 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 10 (1):133-150.
    The world or an event? Towards an ontology of war: This paper is an attempt to rethink the ontology of war. Its main object is to determine the ontological status of war and the connection between strategies of armed conflict prevention and the way this status is understood. If to overcome metaphysics we need to reconsider its basis then maybe a similar strategy should be applied in order to overcome war. The source of war is understood here not only in (...)
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