12 found

Year:

  1.  1
    The Discussion of Ziben Zhuyi (Capitalism) in China’s Debate on Socialism.Longhu Cao - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):75-86.
    The spread of “capitalism” from West to East not only brought knowledge of an economic model but also offered nations a new path for development. This expansion was met by the rise of the socialist revolutionary movement, which aimed to overthrow the capitalist political and economic system. This article examines the concept of “capitalism” in the context of the debate on socialism. By studying the elaborations of Ziben zhuyi by its proponents and opponents, as well as the debate-related expressions proposed (...)
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  2.  1
    A Study of the Linguistic and Conceptual Development of Diguo Zhuyi.Liwei Chen - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):47-62.
    This article first describes how the classical Chinese word diguo 帝国 was used in Japan as a translation of the Dutch language and thus into English, and then looks at the establishment and use of the term Diguo zhuyi in Japan. Finally, it describes how the Chinese language media in Japan, the Qingyi Bao, was quickly converted into a Chinese concept by translating the Japanese newspaper.
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  3.  1
    On the Term Guominxing (National Character): Its Current Status, Etymology and Related Issues in the History of Modern Chinese and Japanese Thought.Dongmu Li - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):29-45.
    The term guominxing is undoubtedly an important term in both the history of modern thought and the history of modern vocabulary. However, it seems that the term has never been specifically explored as an object of study in the field of lexical history whereas in the field of intellectual history, the emphasis has often been on the ideas represented by the term as opposed to the term itself, which is in fact marginalised. This article focuses on the Chinese word guominxing, (...)
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  4.  1
    From Society to Shehui: The Early Configuration of a Basic Concept in Modern China.Gongzhong Li - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):11-28.
    As a traditional term used in ancient Chinese, shiehwui社會 mainly implied the gatherings and meetings related to folk festivals for the worship of and making offerings to shie社, the gods of soil. The manifestation of shiehwui frequently was the target of condescension or outright condemnation from the government or Confucian elites. During the early dissemination of the western concept of society into China, one factor that facilitated its entry was the Christian missionaries’ knowledge of traditional Chinese shie and hwui會, especially (...)
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  5.  1
    Scholarly Study of Hong (Rainbow) in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.Hongjun Liu - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):87-99.
    This paper focuses on how Chinese intellectuals discussed and researched rainbows in late Ming and early Qing Dynasty. Many of them considered the rainbow as a phenomenon that occurred under certain conditions of sunshine and raindrops, which could be described with terms related to qi of yin/yang. Some of them had the knowledge of duplicating rainbows by “spraying water opposite to the sun”. There were also popular conceptions that rainbow was a sign of salaciousness and rainbow could siphon water, both (...)
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  6. The Co-Construction of Modern Sino-Japanese Knowledge Systems From Eastern Learning.Xi Peng - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):163-178.
    Eastern Learning, which is an important part of modern new learning, refers to the Western natural science and socio-political thought that was assimilated by Japan from the end of 19th century to the beginning of 20th century. From the end of Ming Dynasty to the period before and after the revolution of 1911, China’s intake of new learning went through four stages. In the first three stages, a large number of Western books translated into Chinese were also introduced into Japan, (...)
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  7. Modern Reorganization and Language Contact of the Chinese Vocabulary System.Guowei Shen - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):137-162.
    After entering the 20th century, great changes have taken place in the Chinese language, especially in terms of vocabulary. This change is not a simple increase in the number of words, but reflects a paradigm shift. The change involves not only nouns, but also a large number of verbs and adjectives, which this article calls “modern reconstruction of vocabulary system”. This article argues that the realization of scientific narration based on the consistency of words and texts is the fundamental motivation (...)
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  8.  2
    Conceptual History and History Textbooks.Jiang Sun - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):1-9.
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  9.  1
    The Political Phenomenology of Banbiantian (Half the Sky): Reconstruction of Women’s Status and Role in New China.Haizhou Wang - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):121-136.
    The proclamation Banbiantian, which was proposed during the Mao era, is a vivid and straightforward appellation of women in new China that has gained popularity in national and folk discourses over the past seven decades. This article disassembles this term into three elements — quotation marks, Banbian, and tian — to conduct a political phenomenological analysis. By exploring and sorting reports related to Banbiantian in Renmin ribao, this article reflects on changes in relation to status and role of women in (...)
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  10.  1
    The Latinxua Sin Wenz Movement in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region of China: Centred on Winter Schools in Yan’an County.Jianhua Wang - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):101-120.
    In October 1940, the government of the Shaanxi-Ganjiang-Ningxia Border Region used Yan’an County as the center for trying out the Latinxua Sin Wenz Movement for winter schools. It went through three stages: experimentation, promotion, and reformation. Faced with insurmountable difficulties, the Education Department quietly terminated the project in 1943. The foremost reason why the Communist Party promoted this project was to remove the obstacle posed by Chinese characters for eliminating illiteracy. Despite problems such as ignorance of the officials, uncultured teachers, (...)
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  11. Liu Shipei’s Concept of Class.Tianna Xu - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):63-73.
    This paper aims to discuss the concept of class in the works of Liu Shipei, a Chinese revolutionary intellectual. When discussing the ethnic revolution of Manchuria, Liu first included class in the description of Chinese system, ethics and Chinese society. After he crossed to Japan and accepted the anarchist revolutionary ideas of hardliners, he used class as a broad synonym for hierarchical society and various inequalities. After understanding and recognizing the Marxist class struggle thought, Liu turned his attention to China. (...)
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  12.  1
    The Linguistic Approach in the Study of Modernity: Political Interpretation on the Methodology of Koselleck’s Begriffsgeshichte.Fengyang Zhang - 2022 - Cultura 19 (1):179-190.
    The study of German Begriffsgeschichte by scholars such as Koselleck focuses on historiography, but its basic hypotheses are highly philosophical. One of its tasks is to explore modernity from the perspective of language, hence can be understood as the “linguistic approach” in the study of modernity. As for the origin of the theory, the conceptual evolution of Verzeitlichung, Demokratisierung, Politisierung, and Ideologisierbarkeit proposed by Koselleck was not only largely affected by Gadamer’s hermeneutics and Heidegger’s existential phenomenology but also deeply influenced (...)
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