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  1.  2
    Toxic Funding? Conflicts of Interest and Their Epistemological Significance.Ben Almassi - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):206-220.
    Conflict of interest disclosure has become a routine requirement in communication of scientific information. Its advocates defend COI disclosure as a sensible middle path between the extremes of categorical prohibition on for-profit research and anything-goes acceptance of research regardless of origin. To the extent that COI information is meant to aid reviewer and reader evaluation of research, COIs must be epistemologically significant. While some commentators treat COIs as always relevant to research credibility, others liken the demand for disclosure to an (...)
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  2.  1
    Critical Philosophy of Race: Beyond the USA.Albert Atkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  3. Connecting Applied and Theoretical Bayesian Epistemology: Data Relevance, Pragmatics, and the Legal Case of Sally Clark.J. Barker Matthew - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):242-262.
    In this article applied and theoretical epistemologies benefit each other in a study of the British legal case of R. vs. Clark. Clark's first infant died at 11 weeks of age, in December 1996. About a year later, Clark had a second child. After that child died at eight weeks of age, Clark was tried for murdering both infants. Statisticians and philosophers have disputed how to apply Bayesian analyses to this case, and thereby arrived at different judgments about it. By (...)
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  4.  5
    Against Democracy Jason Brennan, 2016 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press 296 Pp., £17.25. [REVIEW]Jonathan Benson - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  5. The Transfer and Delegation of Responsibilities for Genetic Offspring in Gamete Provision.Reuven Brandt - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    In this article I reject the claim that the responsibilities acquired by gamete providers can be transferred to their biological children's intending parents. I defend this position by first showing that arguments in defence of the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases fail to distinguish between the transfer and delegation of responsibility. I then provide an argument against the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases that differs from the ones offered by James Lindemann Nelson and Rivka Weinberg. Though (...)
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  6.  3
    Autonomy, Respect, and the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Crisis.Burch Matthew - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities guarantees persons with disabilities ‘the right to legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.’ In its General Comment on Article 12, the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities claims that this guarantee necessitates the abolition of the world's dominant approach to mental capacity law. According to this approach, when a person lacks the mental capacity to make a particular legal (...)
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  7.  4
    Introduction to Special Issue on Applied Epistemology.David Coady & Miranda Fricker - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):153-156.
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  8.  2
    Ageing and Terminal Illness: Problems for Rawlsian Justice.Ben Davies - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    This article considers attempts to include the issues of ageing and ill health in a Rawlsian framework. It first considers Norman Daniels’ Prudential Lifespan Account, which reduces intergenerational questions to issues of intrapersonal prudence from behind a Rawslian veil of ignorance. This approach faces several problems of idealisation, including those raised by Hugh Lazenby, because it must assume that everyone will live to the same age, undermining its status as a prudential calculation. I then assess Lazenby's account, which applies Rawls’ (...)
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  9.  38
    In Defence of Reasonable Doubt.Georgi Gardiner - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):221-241.
    In criminal trials the state must establish, to a particular standard of proof, the defendant's guilt. The most widely used and important standard of proof for criminal conviction is the ‘beyond a reasonable doubt' standard. But what legitimates this standard, rather than an alternative? One view holds the standard of proof should be determined or justified – at least in large part – by its consequences. In this spirit, Laudan uses crime statistics to estimate risks the average citizen runs of (...)
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  10.  1
    Why Childhood is Bad for Children.Sarah Hannan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    This article asks whether being a child is, all things considered, good or bad for children. I defend a predicament view of childhood, which regards childhood as bad overall for children. I argue that four features of childhood make it regrettable: impaired capacity for practical reasoning, lack of an established practical identity, a need to be dominated, and profound and asymmetric vulnerability. I consider recent claims in the literature that childhood is good for children since it allows them to enjoy (...)
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  11.  2
    On Regretting Things I Didn't Do and Couldn't Have Done.Jules Holroyd - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    One of the lines of investigation opened up by Wallace in The View from Here concerns the notion of regret: what it is, what it is rationally constrained by, and what are the proper objects of regret. A distinctive feature of Wallace's view is that regret is an intention-like state, which, whilst backward-looking, is bound up with our future directed practices of value. In this commentary, I set out Wallace's claims on regret, its rational constraints, and its objects, and raise (...)
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  12.  1
    Rape Myths and Domestic Abuse Myths as Hermeneutical Injustices.Katharine Jenkins - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):191-205.
    This article argues that rape myths and domestic abuse myths constitute hermeneutical injustices. Drawing on empirical research, I show that the prevalence of these myths makes victims of rape and of domestic abuse less likely to apply those terms to their experiences. Using Sally Haslanger's distinction between manifest and operative concepts, I argue that in these cases, myths mean that victims hold a problematic operative concept, or working understanding, which prevents them from identifying their experience as one of rape or (...)
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  13.  1
    From Social Values to P-Values: The Social Epistemology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Stephen John - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):157-171.
    In this article I ask two questions prompted by the phenomenon of ‘politically patterned’ climate change denial. First, can an individual's political commitments provide her with good reasons not to defer to cognitive experts’ testimony? Building on work in philosophy of science on inductive risk, I argue they can. Second, can an individual's political commitments provide her with good reasons not to defer to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's testimony? I argue that they cannot, because of the high epistemic (...)
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  14.  2
    Regret and Affirmation.Karen Jones - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  15.  2
    The Challenge of Authenticity: Enhancement and Accurate Self‐Presentation.Adam Kadlac - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    This article explores the significance of authenticity for debates about the ethics of enhancement. According to the view defended here, what lies at the heart of authenticity is a disdain for phoniness or fakery – two notions which essentially concern the way we present ourselves to others and, in turn, the way we are viewed by those others. Being authentic thus requires that we not pretend to be something or someone we are not or otherwise represent ourselves falsely to the (...)
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  16.  1
    Epistemic Injustice and Illness.Ian James Kidd & Havi Carel - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):172-190.
    This article analyses the phenomenon of epistemic injustice within contemporary healthcare. We begin by detailing the persistent complaints patients make about their testimonial frustration and hermeneutical marginalization, and the negative impact this has on their care. We offer an epistemic analysis of this problem using Miranda Fricker's account of epistemic injustice. We detail two types of epistemic injustice, testimonial and hermeneutical, and identify the negative stereotypes and structural features of modern healthcare practices that generate them. We claim that these stereotypes (...)
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  17.  2
    La Révolution Est Un Bloc? Wallace on Affirmation and Regret.James Lenman - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  18.  1
    Natural Duties of Justice in a World of States.Saladin Meckled‐García - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    The agency objection to applying distributive justice globally is that principles of distributive justice need to apply to the behaviour of a special kind of institutional agent of distributive justice because of the special powers of that agent. No such agent exists capable of configuring cooperative arrangements between all persons globally, and so distributive justice does not apply globally. One response to institutional views of this kind is that they do not rule out Natural Duties of Justice that fall on (...)
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  19. The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research Katrien Devolder, 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press 167 Pp., £30. [REVIEW]Jeanne Snelling - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  20. Doing and Allowing Harm. FionaWoollard, 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press 239 Pp., £40.00. [REVIEW]Fei Song - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):278-280.
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  21. Remorse, Penal Theory and Sentencing Hannah Maslen, 2015 Oxford and Portland, OR, Hart Publishing Xvi 212 Pp. £40.00. [REVIEW]Steven Tudor - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):281-283.
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  22.  4
    Replies.R. Jay Wallace - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
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  23. Expert Testimony, Law and Epistemic Authority.Tony Ward - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):263-277.
    This article discusses the concept of epistemic authority in the context of English law relating to expert testimony. It distinguishes between two conceptions of epistemic authority, one strong and one weak, and argues that only the weak conception is appropriate in a legal context, or in any other setting where reliance on experts can be publicly justified. It critically examines Linda Zagzebski's defence of a stronger conception of epistemic authority and questions whether epistemic authority is as closely analogous to practical (...)
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  24. The Devout and the Disabled: Religious and Cultural Accommodation‐as‐Human‐Variation.Miklos I. Zala - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    This article shows that we can identify a subset of religious and cultural accommodation cases that follow the structure of a particular disability model: the Human Variation Model. According to this model, disadvantageous disability arises because most social arrangements are tailored to the needs of individuals with typical characteristics; people with atypical features are frequently left out from these arrangements. Hence, the latter need personalised resources tailored to them, or their social and/or material environment ought to change according to their (...)
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  25.  5
    Good Work.Samuel Clark - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):61-73.
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  26.  2
    Hobbesian Right to Healthcare.Shane D. Courtland - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):99-113.
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  27.  5
    Autonomy's Substance.Fabian Freyenhagen - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):114-129.
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  28.  1
    Democratic Legitimacy and the Paradox of Persisting Opposition.González-Ricoy Iñigo - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):130-146.
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  29. How Propaganda Works Jason Stanley, 2015 Princeton, Princeton University Press XX + 353 Pp, £11.97. [REVIEW]Andrew M. I. Knox - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):149-151.
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  30.  7
    Response: Limiting Defensive Rights.Seth Lazar - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):19-23.
    Arthur Ripstein’s article draws on more resources than I can deploy in this response to it. I will restate what I take to be the central claims of the article, then present a reply. Ripstein does not strictly argue for his view of proportionality in defensive force. Instead he paints a picture of a moral system that one might adopt, and indicates the role of the proportionality constraint therein. So after outlining how I understand that picture, I will draw an (...)
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  31.  1
    Is Corporal Punishment Torturous?Patrick Lenta - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):74-88.
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  32.  1
    Reclaiming Proportionality: A Reply to Arthur Ripstein.George Letsas - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):24-31.
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  33. Striking Beauty: A Philosophical Look at the Asian Martial Arts B. Allen, 2015 New York, Columbia University Press Xiii + 252 Pp., $30. [REVIEW]Ok Gwang - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):147-148.
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  34.  3
    A Comment on Ripstein's Reclamation.Jonathan Quong - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):32-37.
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  35.  7
    Reclaiming Proportionality.Arthur Ripstein - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):1-18.
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  36.  4
    Equality as Comparative Fairness.Larry Temkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):43-60.
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  37.  2
    Remedial Responsibility for Severe Poverty: Justice or Humanity?Jesse Tomalty - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):89-98.
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  38.  1
    The Proportionality Constraint.Suzanne Uniacke - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):38-42.
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  39.  17
    Children's Vulnerability and Legitimate Authority Over Children.Anca Gheaus - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4).
    Children's vulnerability gives rise to duties of justice towards children and determines when authority over them is legitimately exercised. I argue for two claims. First, children's general vulnerability to objectionable dependency on their caregivers entails that they have a right not to be subject to monopolies of care, and therefore determines the structure of legitimate authority over them. Second, children's vulnerability to the loss of some special goods of childhood determines the content of legitimate authority over them. My interest is (...)
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  40.  16
    Why Childhood is Bad for Children.Sarah Hannan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4).
    This article asks whether being a child is, all things considered, good or bad for children. I defend a predicament view of childhood, which regards childhood as bad overall for children. I argue that four features of childhood make it regrettable: impaired capacity for practical reasoning, lack of an established practical identity, a need to be dominated, and profound and asymmetric vulnerability. I consider recent claims in the literature that childhood is good for children since it allows them to enjoy (...)
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  41.  1
    The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research Katrien Devolder, 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press 167 Pp., £30. [REVIEW]Jeanne Snelling - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4).
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