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  1.  3
    Critical Philosophy of Race: Beyond the USA.Albert Atkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):514-518.
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  2.  3
    Excusing Economic Envy: On Injustice and Impotence.Miriam Bankovsky - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    From the Ancient Greeks, through medieval Christian doctrine, and into the modern age, philosophers have long held envy to be irrational, a position that increasingly accompanies the political view that envy is not a justification for redistributing material goods. After defining the features of envy, and considering two arguments in favour of its irrationality, this article opposes the dominant philosophical and political consensus. It does so by deploying Rawls's much-ignored concept of ‘excusable envy’ to identify a form of envy that (...)
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  3.  6
    Against Democracy Jason Brennan, 2016 Princeton, NJ Princeton University Press 296 Pp., £17.25. [REVIEW]Jonathan Benson - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  4.  1
    Theorising and Exposing Institutional Racism in Britain: The Contribution of Ann and Michael Dummett to Critical Philosophy of Race.Robert Bernasconi - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):593-606.
    By helping to introduce the relatively new concept of institutional racism into Britain, Sir Michael and Ann Dummett expanded the concept of racism beyond the limited sense it had been given in the 1940s and 1950s when racism tended to be associated with the scientific concept of race and when the focus tended to fall on the intent to harm or speak harm of a group that was identified as a race by science. They recognised that ‘race’ was primarily a (...)
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  5.  1
    The Transfer and Delegation of Responsibilities for Genetic Offspring in Gamete Provision.Reuven Brandt - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    In this article I reject the claim that the responsibilities acquired by gamete providers can be transferred to their biological children's intending parents. I defend this position by first showing that arguments in defence of the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases fail to distinguish between the transfer and delegation of responsibility. I then provide an argument against the transferability of responsibilities in gamete provision cases that differs from the ones offered by James Lindemann Nelson and Rivka Weinberg. Though (...)
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  6.  36
    The Distinctiveness of Polyamory.Luke Brunning - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Polyamory is a form of consensual non-monogamy. To render it palatable to critics, activists and theorists often accentuate its similarity to monogamy. I argue that this strategy conceals the distinctive character of polyamorous intimacy. A more discriminating account of polyamory helps me answer objections to the lifestyle whilst noting some of its unique pitfalls. I define polyamory, and explain why people pursue this lifestyle. Many think polyamory is an inferior form of intimacy; I describe four of their main objections. I (...)
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  7.  5
    Socratic Questioning in Alien Landscapes?Rachel Cooper - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This commentary considers the role of Socratic questioning in Alien Landscapes? I discuss the three roles that Glover sees Socratic questioning playing in psychiatry: 1. Questioning to clarify problems, 2. Questioning to treat symptoms, 3. Questioning to reconstruct lives. Although I am broadly sympathetic to the idea that philosophical conversations can help us conceptualise, and deal with, mental distress, I raise two concerns. First, is there any way of providing courses of transformative Socratic questioning cheaply? Second, how close is the (...)
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  8.  3
    The Problem of Predation in Zoopolis.Andrée‐Anne Cormier & Mauro Rossi - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    In this article, we argue that the phenomenon of predation is the source of several problems for Donaldson and Kymlicka's account of our duties towards wild and liminal animals. According to them, humans should adopt a general policy of non-intervention with respect to predatory behaviour involving wild and liminal animals. They justify this recommendation by appealing to the status of those animals as, respectively, members of sovereign communities and denizens of human-animal societies. Our goal is not to question their recommendation, (...)
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  9.  4
    Equal Opportunity and the Family: Levelling Up the Brighouse‐Swift Thesis.Daniel Engster - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Although liberal political philosophers have long recognised the tension between equal opportunity and the family, most have assumed there is little society can do to mitigate it. Brighouse and Swift argue, by contrast, that an analysis of the value of the family reveals limits on the rights of parents to benefit their children and hence points to a way to reconcile the family with equal opportunity. Their solution for resolving the tension between equal opportunity and the family, however, leads to (...)
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  10.  3
    Facsimiles of Flesh.Bob Fischer & Burkay Ozturk - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):489-497.
    Ed Gein was a serial killer, grave robber, and body snatcher who made a lampshade from human skin. Now consider the detective who found that lampshade. Let's suppose that he would never want to own it; however, he does find that he wants a synthetic one just like it – a perfect replica. We assume that there is something morally problematic about the detective having such a replica. We then argue that, given as much, we can reach the surprising conclusion (...)
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  11.  7
    Beneficence: Does Agglomeration Matter?Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    When it comes to the duty of beneficence, a formidable class of moderate positions holds that morally significant considerations emerge when one's actions are seen as part of a larger series. Agglomeration, according to these moderates, limits the demands of beneficence, thereby avoiding the extremely demanding view forcefully defended by Peter Singer. This idea has much appeal. What morality can demand of people is, it seems, appropriately modulated by how much they have already done or will do. Here we examine (...)
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  12. Effective Altruism and its Critics.Iason Gabriel - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):457-473.
    Effective altruism is a philosophy and a social movement that aims to revolutionise the way we do philanthropy. It encourages individuals to do as much good as possible, typically by contributing money to the best-performing aid and development organisations. Surprisingly, this approach has met with considerable resistance among activists and aid providers who argue that effective altruism is insensitive to justice insofar as it overlooks the value of equality, urgency and rights. They also hold that the movement suffers from methodological (...)
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  13.  3
    Planting Some New Thoughts on the Landscape.Shaun Gallagher - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    In this comment on Jonathan Glover's Alien Landscapes? I'll focus on two issues: social cognition in autism, and delusions; and I'll introduce a new topic – solitary confinement – as a supplement to Glover's far-ranging analyses.
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  14.  3
    Introduction: Symposium on The Nature and Value of Childhood.Anca Gheaus - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  15.  2
    Hikers in Flip‐Flops: Luck Egalitarianism, Democratic Equality and the Distribuenda of Justice.Anca Gheaus - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The article has two aims. First, to show that a version of luck egalitarianism that includes relational goods amongst its distribuenda can, as a matter of internal logic, account for one of the core beliefs of relational egalitarianism. Therefore, there will be important extensional overlap, at the level of domestic justice, between luck egalitarianism and relational egalitarianism. This is an important consideration in assessing the merits of and relationship between the two rival views. Second, to provide some support for including (...)
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  16.  3
    Response to Alien Landscapes? Commentaries.Jonathan Glover - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  17.  9
    Selecting Against Disability: The Liberal Eugenic Challenge and the Argument From Cognitive Diversity.Christopher Gyngell & Thomas Douglas - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Selection against embryos that are predisposed to develop disabilities is one of the less controversial uses of embryo selection technologies. Many bio-conservatives argue that while the use of ESTs to select for non-disease-related traits, such as height and eye-colour, should be banned, their use to avoid disease and disability should be permitted. Nevertheless, there remains significant opposition, particularly from the disability rights movement, to the use of ESTs to select against disability. In this article we examine whether and why the (...)
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  18.  4
    The Ethics of Germline Gene Editing.Christopher Gyngell, Thomas Douglas & Julian Savulescu - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):498-513.
    Germline Gene Editing has enormous potential both as a research tool and a therapeutic intervention. While other types of gene editing are relatively uncontroversial, GGE has been strongly resisted. In this article, we analyse the ethical arguments for and against pursuing GGE by allowing and funding its development. We argue there is a strong case for pursuing GGE for the prevention of disease. We then examine objections that have been raised against pursuing GGE and argue that these fail. We conclude (...)
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  19.  3
    Why Childhood is Bad for Children.Sarah Hannan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article asks whether being a child is, all things considered, good or bad for children. I defend a predicament view of childhood, which regards childhood as bad overall for children. I argue that four features of childhood make it regrettable: impaired capacity for practical reasoning, lack of an established practical identity, a need to be dominated, and profound and asymmetric vulnerability. I consider recent claims in the literature that childhood is good for children since it allows them to enjoy (...)
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  20.  3
    Kidnapped: The Ethics of Paying Ransoms.Jeffrey W. Howard - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Should governments pay ransoms to terrorist organisations that unjustly kidnap their citizens? The United Kingdom and the United States refuse to negotiate with terrorist groups that kidnap and threaten to kill their people. In contrast, continental European countries, such as France and Germany, have regularly paid ransoms to rescue hostages. Who is right? This debate has raged in the public domain in recent years, but no sustained attempt has been made to subject the matter to philosophical scrutiny. This article explores (...)
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  21.  1
    Black Consciousness as Overcoming Hermeneutical Injustice.George Hull - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):573-592.
    The ideas of the South African Black Consciousness Movement developed as an intellectual response to the situation of black South Africans under apartheid. Though influential, Black Consciousness ideas about how the injustice of apartheid was to be conceptualised, and what form resistance to it consequently needed to take, have always awoken controversy. Here I defend the original Black Consciousness theorists, Bantu Steve Biko and Nyameko Barney Pityana, against charges of racial inherentism, espousing a prescriptive conception of black identity, and racism. (...)
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  22. Strangers in Our Midst: The Political Philosophy of Immigration D. Miller, 2016 Cambridge MA, Harvard University Press 240 Pp., £27.95. [REVIEW]Kevin K. W. Ip - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  23.  2
    The Challenge of Authenticity: Enhancement and Accurate Self‐Presentation.Adam Kadlac - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article explores the significance of authenticity for debates about the ethics of enhancement. According to the view defended here, what lies at the heart of authenticity is a disdain for phoniness or fakery – two notions which essentially concern the way we present ourselves to others and, in turn, the way we are viewed by those others. Being authentic thus requires that we not pretend to be something or someone we are not or otherwise represent ourselves falsely to the (...)
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  24.  5
    The Taste Question in Animal Ethics.Jean Kazez - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Advocates of veganism often assume that food enjoyment has little moral weight, because it involves mere taste pleasure. Because of the triviality of taste pleasure, they consider it obvious that harming animals to secure particular tastes is ‘unnecessary’. After discussing the elements of taste, defending the importance of taste, exploring what ‘unnecessary harm’ means, and introducing a number of taste related thought experiments, I argue that harm to animals is not always unnecessary, when what's at stake is taste. However, by (...)
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  25.  4
    Morality and Interpretation: Commentary on Jonathan Glover's Alien Landscapes?Jeanette Kennett - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    What is required of the interpreter of disordered minds and what can we learn from the process? Jonathan Glover's book focuses on human interpretation and its role in psychiatry. His hope is that a more careful and sensitive exploration of minds that are very different from our own, will assist us to answer a range of important questions about human agency, identity and responsibility. In this commentary I will focus on the process and purpose of interpretation and expand on some (...)
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  26.  14
    Climate Change, No‐Harm Principle, and Moral Responsibility of Individual Emitters.Simo Kyllönen - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The article defends the no-harm principle as an intuitively plausible and a common-sense way to justify individual emitters’ duties to take more radical steps in the fight against climate change. The appearance of climate change as requiring large-scale collective action should not lead us astray with respect to the fundamental moral nature of the problem: individual emitters who knowingly sustain and foster the carbon intensive ways of acting also bear personal moral responsibility for the foreseeable climate-related harm and acquire in (...)
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  27. Democracy, Epistemology and the Problem of All‐White Juries.Annabelle Lever - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):541-556.
    Does it matter that almost all juries in England and Wales are all-White? Does it matter even if this result is the unintended and undesired result of otherwise acceptable ways of choosing juries? Finally, does it matter that almost all juries are all-White if this has no adverse effect on the treatment of non-White defendants and victims of crime? According to Cheryl Thomas, there is no injustice in a system of jury selection which predictably results in juries with no minority (...)
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  28.  16
    What's So Bad About Killer Robots?Alex Leveringhaus - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Robotic warfare has now become a real prospect. One issue that has generated heated debate concerns the development of ‘Killer Robots’. These are weapons that, once programmed, are capable of finding and engaging a target without supervision by a human operator. From a conceptual perspective, the debate on Killer Robots has been rather confused, not least because it is unclear how central elements of these weapons can be defined. Offering a precise take on the relevant conceptual issues, the article contends (...)
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  29.  3
    Education, Sufficiency, and the Relational Egalitarian Ideal.Macfarlane Kirsty - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    In recent decades political philosophers have increasingly been engaged with the issue of educational equality. However, egalitarians typically focus on achieving equality in the distribution of education, and ignore the relevance of an alternative, relational conception of equality. An exception to this is Elizabeth Anderson, who applies relational egalitarian principles to education in her 2007 article ‘Fair Opportunity in Education: A Democratic Equality Perspective’. Although Anderson remains one of the few relational egalitarians to consider what this ideal requires in education, (...)
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  30.  5
    Fiduciary Duties and the Ethics of Public Apology.Alice MacLachlan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The practice of official apology has a fairly poor reputation. Dismissed as ‘crocodile tears’ or cheap grace, such apologies are often seen by the public as an easy alternative to more punitive or expensive ways of taking real responsibility. I focus on what I call the role-playing criticism: the argument that someone who offers an apology in public cannot be appropriately apologetic precisely because they are only playing a role. I offer a qualified defence of official apologies against this objection, (...)
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  31.  7
    Just Schools and Good Childhoods: Non‐Preparatory Dimensions of Educational Justice.Colin M. Macleod - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article offers an account of at least some of the non-preparatory dimensions of education and their significance for a theory of educational justice. I argue that just schools should play a role in facilitating goods of childhood. I also defend an egalitarian view about the access children should have in school to the resources and opportunities associated with the non-preparatory dimensions of education.
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  32.  22
    Government Surveillance and Why Defining Privacy Matters in a Post‐Snowden World.Kevin Macnish - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    There is a long-running debate as to whether privacy is a matter of control or access. This has become more important following revelations made by Edward Snowden in 2013 regarding the collection of vast swathes of data from the Internet by signals intelligence agencies such as NSA and GCHQ. The nature of this collection is such that if the control account is correct then there has been a significant invasion of people's privacy. If, though, the access account is correct then (...)
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  33.  1
    What Is It Like to Be an Alien?Matt Matravers - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This brief article is concerned with an aspect of Jonathan Glover's book, Alien Landscapes?. After reflecting a little on the book as a whole, the question that is taken up is, ‘Why might a book that seeks to help those without mental disorders understand what they are like “from the inside” be of interest to laymen and practitioners in the criminal law?’. One answer lies in part in the way that ‘what it is like from the inside’ might interact with (...)
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  34.  5
    On the Strength of Children's Right to Bodily Integrity: The Case of Circumcision.Joseph Mazor - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article considers the question of how much weight the infringement of children's right to bodily integrity should be given compared with competing considerations. It utilises the example of circumcision to explore this question, taking as given this practice's opponents' view of circumcision's harmfulness. The article argues that the child's claim against being subjected to circumcision is neither a mere interest nor a right so strong that it trumps all competing interests. Instead, it is a right of moderate strength. Indeed, (...)
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  35.  6
    The War on Cops: How the New Attack on Law and Order Makes Everyone Less Safe Heather Mac Donald, 2016 New York: Encounter Books 248 Pp., $23.99. [REVIEW]McGregor Rafe - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
  36.  1
    Natural Duties of Justice in a World of States.Saladin Meckled‐García - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The agency objection to applying distributive justice globally is that principles of distributive justice need to apply to the behaviour of a special kind of institutional agent of distributive justice because of the special powers of that agent. No such agent exists capable of configuring cooperative arrangements between all persons globally, and so distributive justice does not apply globally. One response to institutional views of this kind is that they do not rule out Natural Duties of Justice that fall on (...)
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  37. On White Ignorance, White Shame, and Other Pitfalls in Critical Philosophy of Race.Marzia Milazzo - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):557-572.
    This article examines Samantha Vice's essay ‘How Do I Live in This Strange Place?’, which sparked a storm of controversy in South Africa, as a starting point for interrogating understandings of whiteness and racism that are dominant in critical philosophy of race. I argue that a significant body of philosophical scholarship on whiteness in general and by white scholars in particular obfuscates the structural dimension of racism. The moralisation of racism that often permeates philosophical scholarship reproduces colourblind logics, which provide (...)
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  38.  4
    Joint Epistemic Action: Some Applications.Seumas Miller - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The notion of a joint action is a familiar one in the philosophical literature. Moreover, the notion of epistemic action has recently been discussed in the literature. Elsewhere I have suggested that these two notions can be brought together to yield the notion of joint epistemic action and provided a relational individualist analysis of joint epistemic actions. In this article I extend this analysis and show how this extended analysis applies to different kinds of important epistemic institutional phenomena: voting in (...)
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  39.  1
    Better Dread Than Red: High‐Brown Passing in John Hearne's Voices Under The Window.Charles W. Mills - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4):519-540.
    In his pioneering Caliban's Reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean Philosophy, Paget Henry points out that because of the region's colonial history, Caribbean philosophy is far more often found ‘embedded’ in other discourses, such as literature, than in explicit theorising. Following Henry's lead, I seek to find the philosophical ‘moral of the story’ of Voices Under the Window, the 1955 first novel of the late Jamaican writer John Hearne, which some critics regard as his best work. In a novel with significant autobiographical elements, (...)
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  40.  2
    Against Pay Secrecy.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Many firms keep pay secret. They do not make information about what their employees are paid available inside or outside of the firm, i.e. to other employees or to the public at large. Indeed, many firms discourage their employees from, or sanction them for, disclosing their pay. Against this, I argue that there are good moral reasons for firms to be transparent about pay. Pay transparency prevents injustice, promotes autonomy, and increases efficiency. After presenting the positive case for pay transparency, (...)
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  41. Aha! The Moments of Insight That Shape Our World W. Irvine, 2015 New York: Oxford University Press, 2015 Xii + 362 Pp. £16.99. [REVIEW]Richard Mullender - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  42.  2
    Against the Political Exclusion of the Incapable.Nicholas John Munn - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Political exclusion on grounds of incapacity is the primary remaining source of exclusion from the franchise. It is appealed to by states and theorists alike to justify excluding young people and many people with cognitive disability from the franchise. Defenders of this exclusion claim that no wrong is done by this exclusion and that states gain some significant benefits from this restricting of the franchise. I have argued elsewhere that political exclusion as currently practiced in modern liberal democratic states in (...)
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  43.  33
    Mandatory Vaccination: An Unqualified Defence.Roland Pierik - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    The 2015 Disneyland outbreak of measles in the US unequivocally brought to light what had been brewing below the surface for a while: a slow but steady decline in vaccination rates resulting in a rising number of outbreaks. This can be traced back to an increasing public questioning of vaccines by an emerging anti-vaccination movement. This article argues that, in the face of diminishing vaccination rates, childhood vaccinations should not be seen as part of the domain of parental choice but, (...)
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  44.  14
    Raising a Child with Respect.Norvin Richards - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Parents whose children will become adults are expected to help them do so, as opposed to only keeping them alive while they manage it on their own. The parental help must respect the child's standing as a separate individual: our children aren't ours to shape to our design, even if our aim is to help them flourish. But then how are we to raise our children with respect for their individuality? According to Matthew Clayton, doing so requires refraining from attempting (...)
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  45.  6
    No Such Thing as Killer Robots.Michael Robillard - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    There have been two recent strands of argument arguing for the pro tanto impermissibility of fully autonomous weapon systems. On Sparrow's view, AWS are impermissible because they generate a morally problematic ‘responsibility gap’. According to Purves et al., AWS are impermissible because moral reasoning is not codifiable and because AWS are incapable of acting for the ‘right’ reasons. I contend that these arguments are flawed and that AWS are not morally problematic in principle. Specifically, I contend that these arguments presuppose (...)
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  46.  5
    The Ethics and Politics of Child Naming.Eldar Sarajlic - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article examines the issue of justification of government's intervention in the parental acts of child naming, a neglected topic in the recent philosophical literature. It questions the ability of some of the current theories in family ethics to respond to this problem, and argues that both permissive and restrictive theories fail to provide a plausible argument about the proper limits of government regulation of child naming practices. The article outlines an alternative solution that focuses on the child's right to (...)
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  47.  13
    Decoupling Marriage and Parenting.Laurie Shrage - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article argues for separating the institutions of marriage and parenting, conceptually and legally. Marriage is neither necessary nor adequate for fostering cooperative and stable co-parenting. Because promoting marriage fails to protect all children, the state should develop a more suitable formal mechanism whereby co-parents can commit to cooperate in good faith in order to best serve the interests of their children. Like civil marriage, many of the terms of these contracts are aspirational and not enforceable, though they can guide (...)
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  48. The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research Katrien Devolder, 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press 167 Pp., £30. [REVIEW]Jeanne Snelling - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
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  49.  12
    Autonomy, Vote Buying, and Constraining Options.James Stacey Taylor - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    A common argument used to defend markets in ‘contested commodities’ is based on the value of personal autonomy. Autonomy is of great moral value; removing options from a person's choice set would compromise her ability to exercise her autonomy; hence, there should be a prima facie presumption against removing options from persons’ choice sets; thus, the burden of proof lies with those who wish to prohibit markets in certain goods. Christopher Freiman has developed a version of this argument to defend (...)
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  50.  17
    Saplings or Caterpillars? Trying to Understand Children's Wellbeing.Patrick Tomlin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Is childhood valuable? And is childhood as, less, or more, valuable than adulthood? In this article I first delineate several different questions that we might be asking when we think about the ‘value of childhood’, and I explore some difficulties of doing so. I then focus on the question of whether childhood is good for the person who experiences it. I argue for two key claims. First, if childhood wellbeing is measured by the same standards as adulthood, then children are (...)
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  51.  12
    Harming Civilians and the Associative Duties of Soldiers.Sara Van Goozen - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    According to International Humanitarian Law and many writing on just war theory, combatants who foresee that their actions will harm or kill innocent non-combatants are required to take some steps to reduce these merely foreseen harms. However, because often reducing merely foreseen harms place burdens on combatants – including risk to their lives – this requirement has been criticised for requiring too much of combatants. One reason why this might be the case is that combatants have duties to each other (...)
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  52.  8
    Epistemic Privilege and Victims’ Duties to Resist Their Oppression.Ashwini Vasanthakumar - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    Victims of injustice are prominent protagonists in efforts to resist injustice. I argue that they have a duty to do so. Extant accounts of victims’ duties primarily cast these duties as self-regarding duties or duties based on collective identities and commitments. I provide an account of victims’ duties to resist injustice that is grounded in the duty to assist. I argue that victims are epistemically privileged with respect to injustice and are therefore uniquely positioned to assist fellow victims. Primarily, they (...)
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  53.  1
    On the Complementarity of the Ages of Life.Daniel Weinstock - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    In a pair of influential papers, Tamar Schapiro argues that childhood is a ‘predicament’, in that children lack stable characters that allow them to be subjects of ascriptions of moral responsibility. Comparing childhood to the political ‘state of nature’, Schapiro holds that childhood is a stage of life from which agents must be liberated. I argue that the comparison to the state of nature gives rise to the implication that ‘instantaneous adulthood’ would be a desirable state. Canvassing the nascent literature (...)
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  54.  1
    The Devout and the Disabled: Religious and Cultural Accommodation‐as‐Human‐Variation.Miklos I. Zala - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (4).
    This article shows that we can identify a subset of religious and cultural accommodation cases that follow the structure of a particular disability model: the Human Variation Model. According to this model, disadvantageous disability arises because most social arrangements are tailored to the needs of individuals with typical characteristics; people with atypical features are frequently left out from these arrangements. Hence, the latter need personalised resources tailored to them, or their social and/or material environment ought to change according to their (...)
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  55.  8
    Scepticism About Beneficiary Pays: A Critique.Christian Barry & Robert Kirby - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):282-300.
    Some moral theorists argue that being an innocent beneficiary of significant harms inflicted by others may be sufficient to ground special duties to address the hardships suffered by the victims, at least when it is impossible to extract compensation from those who perpetrated the harm. This idea has been applied to climate change in the form of the beneficiary-pays principle. Other philosophers, however, are quite sceptical about beneficiary pays. Our aim in this article is to examine their critiques. We conclude (...)
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  56. Scepticism About Beneficiary Pays: A Critique.Christian Barry & Robert Kirby - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):285-300.
    Some moral theorists argue that being an innocent beneficiary of significant harms inflicted by others may be sufficient to ground special duties to address the hardships suffered by the victims, at least when it is impossible to extract compensation from those who perpetrated the harm. This idea has been applied to climate change in the form of the beneficiary-pays principle. Other philosophers, however, are quite sceptical about beneficiary pays. Our aim in this article is to examine their critiques. We conclude (...)
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  57.  14
    Is Not Doing the Washing Up Like Draft Dodging? The Military Model for Resisting a Gender Based Labour Division.Bergès Sandrine - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):301-314.
    I will examine a version of Bubeck's and Robeyns' proposals for ‘care duty’ which looks at the ways in which care work is analogous to defence work, and what the implications are for the best models in terms both of distributive justice and serving the common good. My own analysis will differ from Bubeck's and Robeyns' in two respects. First I will apply their arguments to all aspects of care including housework. This will mean making a case for housework counting (...)
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  58. Is Not Doing the Washing Up Like Draft Dodging? The Military Model for Resisting a Gender Based Labour Division.Bergès Sandrine - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):301-314.
    I will examine a version of Bubeck's and Robeyns' proposals for ‘care duty’ which looks at the ways in which care work is analogous to defence work, and what the implications are for the best models in terms both of distributive justice and serving the common good. My own analysis will differ from Bubeck's and Robeyns' in two respects. First I will apply their arguments to all aspects of care including housework. This will mean making a case for housework counting (...)
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  59.  1
    The New Philosophy of the Criminal Law Chad Flanders & Zachary Hoskins , 2016 New York, Rowman and Littlefield Vi + 276 Pp, £80 £24.95. [REVIEW]William Bülow - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):449-451.
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  60.  3
    The New Philosophy of the Criminal Law Chad Flanders & Zachary Hoskins , 2016 New York, Rowman and Littlefield Vi + 276 Pp, £80 £24.95. [REVIEW]William Bülow - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):449-451.
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  61.  5
    Autonomy, Respect, and the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in Crisis.Burch Matthew - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):389-402.
    Article 12 of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities guarantees persons with disabilities ‘the right to legal capacity on an equal basis with others in all aspects of life.’ In its General Comment on Article 12, the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities claims that this guarantee necessitates the abolition of the world's dominant approach to mental capacity law. According to this approach, when a person lacks the mental capacity to make a particular legal (...)
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  62.  2
    One Child: Do We Have a Right to More? Sarah Conly, 2016 New York, Oxford University Press 248 Pp., $26.81. [REVIEW]Jason Chen - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):452-453.
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  63. Justice Across Boundaries: Whose Obligations? Onora O'Neill, 2016 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 249 Pp. £21.99/$32.99. [REVIEW]Sven Gerst - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):454-456.
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  64. Justice Across Boundaries: Whose Obligations? Onora O'Neill, 2016 Cambridge Cambridge University Press 249 Pp. £21.99/$32.99. [REVIEW]Sven Gerst - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):454-456.
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  65.  3
    Do Guns Make Us Free? Firmin DeBrabander, 2015 Newhaven, CT Yale University Press, 296 Pp., £20.00. [REVIEW]Adam Organi Henschke - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):446-448.
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  66. Do Guns Make Us Free? Firmin DeBrabander, 2015 Newhaven, CT Yale University Press, 296 Pp., £20.00. [REVIEW]Adam Organi Henschke - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):446-448.
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  67.  3
    On Regretting Things I Didn't Do and Couldn't Have Done.Jules Holroyd - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):403-413.
    One of the lines of investigation opened up by Wallace in The View from Here concerns the notion of regret: what it is, what it is rationally constrained by, and what are the proper objects of regret. A distinctive feature of Wallace's view is that regret is an intention-like state, which, whilst backward-looking, is bound up with our future directed practices of value. In this commentary, I set out Wallace's claims on regret, its rational constraints, and its objects, and raise (...)
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  68.  10
    Regret and Affirmation.Karen Jones - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):414-419.
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  69.  2
    La Révolution Est Un Bloc? Wallace on Affirmation and Regret.James Lenman - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):420-428.
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  70.  17
    Luck, Justice and Systemic Financial Risk.John Linarelli - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):331-352.
    Systemic financial risk is one of the most significant collective action problems facing societies. The Great Recession brought attention to a tragedy of the commons in capital markets, in which market participants, from the first-time homebuyer to Wall Street financiers, acted in ways beneficial to themselves individually, but which together caused substantial collective harm. Two kinds of risk are at play in complex chains of transactions in financial markets: ordinary market risk and systemic risk. Two moral questions are relevant in (...)
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  71. Luck, Justice and Systemic Financial Risk.John Linarelli - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):331-352.
    Systemic financial risk is one of the most significant collective action problems facing societies. The Great Recession brought attention to a tragedy of the commons in capital markets, in which market participants, from the first-time homebuyer to Wall Street financiers, acted in ways beneficial to themselves individually, but which together caused substantial collective harm. Two kinds of risk are at play in complex chains of transactions in financial markets: ordinary market risk and systemic risk. Two moral questions are relevant in (...)
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  72.  25
    Is the Requirement of Sexual Exclusivity Consistent with Romantic Love?Natasha McKeever - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):353-369.
    In some cultures, people tend to believe that it is very important to be sexually exclusive in romantic relationships and idealise monogamous romantic relationships; but there is a tension in this ideal. Sex is generally considered to have value, and usually when we love someone we want to increase the amount of value in their lives, not restrict it without good reason. There is thus a call, not yet adequately responded to by philosophers, for greater clarity in the reasons §why (...)
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  73.  2
    Is the Requirement of Sexual Exclusivity Consistent with Romantic Love?Natasha McKeever - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):353-369.
    In some cultures, people tend to believe that it is very important to be sexually exclusive in romantic relationships and idealise monogamous romantic relationships; but there is a tension in this ideal. Sex is generally considered to have value, and usually when we love someone we want to increase the amount of value in their lives, not restrict it without good reason. There is thus a call, not yet adequately responded to by philosophers, for greater clarity in the reasons §why (...)
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  74.  7
    Liability to Deception and Manipulation: The Ethics of Undercover Policing.Christopher Nathan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):370-388.
    Does undercover police work inevitably wrong its targets? Or are undercover activities justified by a general security benefit? In this article I argue that people can make themselves liable to deception and manipulation. The debate on undercover policing will proceed more fruitfully if the tactic can be conceptualised along those lines, rather than as essentially ‘dirty hands’ activity, in which people are wronged in pursuit of a necessary good, or in instrumentalist terms, according to which the harms of undercover work (...)
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  75.  2
    Liability to Deception and Manipulation: The Ethics of Undercover Policing.Christopher Nathan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):370-388.
    Does undercover police work inevitably wrong its targets? Or are undercover activities justified by a general security benefit? In this article I argue that people can make themselves liable to deception and manipulation. The debate on undercover policing will proceed more fruitfully if the tactic can be conceptualised along those lines, rather than as essentially ‘dirty hands’ activity, in which people are wronged in pursuit of a necessary good, or in instrumentalist terms, according to which the harms of undercover work (...)
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  76.  4
    Customary Trade and the Complications of Consent.Shmuel Nili - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):315-330.
    Global justice theorists have given much attention to corporations' purchases of state-owned natural resources controlled by dictators. These resources, the common argument goes, belong to the people rather than to those who exercise effective political power. Dictators who rely on violence to secure their political power and who sell state-owned natural resources without authorisation from their people, or from their people's elected delegates, are therefore violating their peoples' property rights. But many dictatorships also distribute natural resource revenue to the population, (...)
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  77.  1
    Customary Trade and the Complications of Consent.Shmuel Nili - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):315-330.
    Global justice theorists have given much attention to corporations' purchases of state-owned natural resources controlled by dictators. These resources, the common argument goes, belong to the people rather than to those who exercise effective political power. Dictators who rely on violence to secure their political power and who sell state-owned natural resources without authorisation from their people, or from their people's elected delegates, are therefore violating their peoples' property rights. But many dictatorships also distribute natural resource revenue to the population, (...)
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  78. Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights Rowan Cruft, S. Matthew Liao & Massimo Renzo , 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press, Xiii 720 Pp., £39.99. [REVIEW]Laura Valentini - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):443-445.
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  79.  5
    Replies.Wallace R. Jay - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (3):429-442.
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  80.  2
    Toxic Funding? Conflicts of Interest and Their Epistemological Significance.Ben Almassi - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):206-220.
    Conflict of interest disclosure has become a routine requirement in communication of scientific information. Its advocates defend COI disclosure as a sensible middle path between the extremes of categorical prohibition on for-profit research and anything-goes acceptance of research regardless of origin. To the extent that COI information is meant to aid reviewer and reader evaluation of research, COIs must be epistemologically significant. While some commentators treat COIs as always relevant to research credibility, others liken the demand for disclosure to an (...)
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  81. Connecting Applied and Theoretical Bayesian Epistemology: Data Relevance, Pragmatics, and the Legal Case of Sally Clark.J. Barker Matthew - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):242-262.
    In this article applied and theoretical epistemologies benefit each other in a study of the British legal case of R. vs. Clark. Clark's first infant died at 11 weeks of age, in December 1996. About a year later, Clark had a second child. After that child died at eight weeks of age, Clark was tried for murdering both infants. Statisticians and philosophers have disputed how to apply Bayesian analyses to this case, and thereby arrived at different judgments about it. By (...)
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  82.  12
    Introduction to Special Issue on Applied Epistemology.David Coady & Miranda Fricker - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):153-156.
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  83.  3
    Forgetting in Immortality.Ryan Marshall Felder - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    In the philosophical debate about the desirability of immortality it is argued that immortality could never be desirable, since it requires us to either take on a life where none of our projects or interests stimulate us anymore, or else to loosen our connections to our past selves and no longer survive. I argue that both concerns can be met by considering the role that partial forgetting of past experiences would play in the immortal life. One who loses some non-essential (...)
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  84.  43
    In Defence of Reasonable Doubt.Georgi Gardiner - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):221-241.
    In criminal trials the state must establish, to a particular standard of proof, the defendant's guilt. The most widely used and important standard of proof for criminal conviction is the ‘beyond a reasonable doubt' standard. But what legitimates this standard, rather than an alternative? One view holds the standard of proof should be determined or justified – at least in large part – by its consequences. In this spirit, Laudan uses crime statistics to estimate risks the average citizen runs of (...)
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  85.  3
    Rape Myths and Domestic Abuse Myths as Hermeneutical Injustices.Katharine Jenkins - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):191-205.
    This article argues that rape myths and domestic abuse myths constitute hermeneutical injustices. Drawing on empirical research, I show that the prevalence of these myths makes victims of rape and of domestic abuse less likely to apply those terms to their experiences. Using Sally Haslanger's distinction between manifest and operative concepts, I argue that in these cases, myths mean that victims hold a problematic operative concept, or working understanding, which prevents them from identifying their experience as one of rape or (...)
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  86.  6
    From Social Values to P-Values: The Social Epistemology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.Stephen John - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):157-171.
    In this article I ask two questions prompted by the phenomenon of ‘politically patterned’ climate change denial. First, can an individual's political commitments provide her with good reasons not to defer to cognitive experts’ testimony? Building on work in philosophy of science on inductive risk, I argue they can. Second, can an individual's political commitments provide her with good reasons not to defer to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's testimony? I argue that they cannot, because of the high epistemic (...)
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  87.  6
    Fiduciary Duties and Moral Blackmail.Simon Keller - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    In meeting legal or professional fiduciary obligations, a fiduciary can sometimes come to share a special moral relationship with her beneficiary. Special moral relationships produce special moral obligations. Sometimes the obligations faced by a fiduciary as a result of her moral relationship with her beneficiary go beyond the obligations involved in the initial fiduciary relationship. How such moral obligations develop is sometimes under the control of the beneficiary, or of an outside party. As a result, the fiduciary can be the (...)
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  88.  1
    Epistemic Injustice and Illness.Ian James Kidd & Havi Carel - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):172-190.
    This article analyses the phenomenon of epistemic injustice within contemporary healthcare. We begin by detailing the persistent complaints patients make about their testimonial frustration and hermeneutical marginalization, and the negative impact this has on their care. We offer an epistemic analysis of this problem using Miranda Fricker's account of epistemic injustice. We detail two types of epistemic injustice, testimonial and hermeneutical, and identify the negative stereotypes and structural features of modern healthcare practices that generate them. We claim that these stereotypes (...)
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  89.  30
    Answering to Future People: Responsibility for Climate Change in a Breaking World.Tim Mulgan - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    Our everyday notions of responsibility are often driven by our need to justify ourselves to specific others – especially those we harm, wrong, or otherwise affect. One challenge for contemporary ethics is to extend this interpersonal urgency to our relations with those future people who are harmed or affected by our actions. In this article, I explore our responsibility for climate change by imagining a possible ‘broken future’, damaged by the carbon emissions of previous generations, and then asking what its (...)
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  90.  12
    Pessimism About Motivating Modal Personism.Adam James Roberts - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    In ‘What's Wrong with Speciesism?’, Shelly Kagan sketches an account on which both actually being a person and possibly being a person are relevant to one's moral status, labelling this view ‘modal personism’ and supporting its conclusions with appeals to intuitions about a range of marginal cases. I tender a pessimistic response to Kagan's concern about motivating modal personism: that is, of being able to ‘go beyond the mere appeal to brute intuition, eventually offering an account of why modal personhood (...)
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  91.  6
    Justice, Injustice, and Critical Potential Beyond Borders: A Multi‐Dimensional Affair.Miriam Ronzoni - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    Until fairly recently, positions within the global justice debate have been quite polarised along the statism/cosmopolitanism dichotomy. Recently, the dichotomy has been challenged, but the idea that the proximity of a view to cosmopolitanism also tracks its critical potential in political terms has not. This article rejects this premise. In order to do so, it also provides a novel, more systematic challenge to the statism/cosmopolitanism dichotomy. The main suggestion is that we should consider two aspects simultaneously, and identify positions within (...)
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  92.  8
    Overall Lifelong Fortune: A Critique of the Intrinsic Potential Account.Doran Smolkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2).
    It seems clear that a fortunate life for a human being is very different from a fortunate life for a dog. But it is not clear what the appropriate measure is for determining whether a life is fortunate or not. Jeff McMahan rejects the Species Norm Account and defends the Intrinsic Potential Account of overall lifelong fortune. In this article, I argue that the Intrinsic Potential Account fails. More specifically, I will argue that it is vulnerable to numerous counterexamples; fails (...)
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  93. Doing and Allowing Harm. FionaWoollard, 2015 Oxford, Oxford University Press 239 Pp., £40.00. [REVIEW]Fei Song - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):278-280.
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  94. Remorse, Penal Theory and Sentencing Hannah Maslen, 2015 Oxford and Portland, OR, Hart Publishing Xvi 212 Pp. £40.00. [REVIEW]Steven Tudor - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):281-283.
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  95. Expert Testimony, Law and Epistemic Authority.Tony Ward - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (2):263-277.
    This article discusses the concept of epistemic authority in the context of English law relating to expert testimony. It distinguishes between two conceptions of epistemic authority, one strong and one weak, and argues that only the weak conception is appropriate in a legal context, or in any other setting where reliance on experts can be publicly justified. It critically examines Linda Zagzebski's defence of a stronger conception of epistemic authority and questions whether epistemic authority is as closely analogous to practical (...)
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  96.  16
    Good Work.Samuel Clark - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1).
    Work is on one side a central arena of self-making, self-understanding, and self-development, and on the other a deep threat to our flourishing. My question is: what kind of work is good for human beings, and what kind bad? I first characterise work as necessary productive activity. My answer to my question then develops a perfectionist account of the human good: the good is the full development and expression of human potentials and capacities; this development and expression happens over a (...)
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  97.  5
    Good Work.Samuel Clark - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):61-73.
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  98.  14
    Hobbesian Right to Healthcare.Shane D. Courtland - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1).
    Over the last few years we have had a debate regarding the role of government in providing healthcare. There has been a question as to whether or not the state's proper role requires protection of its subjects from the calamities associated with a lack of healthcare. In this article, I will argue that straightforward Hobbesian principles require the state to provide healthcare. It might seem odd that such a positive right can be justified by a philosopher who famously conceives of (...)
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  99.  3
    Hobbesian Right to Healthcare.Shane D. Courtland - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):99-113.
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  100.  6
    Autonomy's Substance.Fabian Freyenhagen - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):114-129.
    © 2015 The Authors. Journal of Applied Philosophy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society for Applied Philosophy. In this article, I argue that autonomy has to be conceived substantively in order to serve as the qualifying condition for receiving the full set of individual liberal rights. I show that the common distinction between content-neutral and substantive accounts of autonomy is riddled with confusion and ambiguities, and provide a clear alternative taxonomy. At least insofar as we (...)
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  101.  3
    Democratic Legitimacy and the Paradox of Persisting Opposition.González-Ricoy Iñigo - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):130-146.
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  102.  6
    Democratic Legitimacy and the Paradox of Persisting Opposition.Iñigo González‐Ricoy - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):130-146.
    The paradox of persisting opposition raises a puzzle for normative accounts of democratic legitimacy. It involves an outvoted democrat who opposes a given policy while supporting it. The article makes a threefold contribution to the existing literature. First, it considers pure proceduralist and pure instrumentalist alternatives to solve the paradox and finds them wanting — on normative, conceptual, and empirical grounds. Second, it presents a solution based on a two-level distinction between substantive and procedural legitimacy that shows that citizens are (...)
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  103. How Propaganda Works Jason Stanley, 2015 Princeton, Princeton University Press XX + 353 Pp, £11.97. [REVIEW]Andrew M. I. Knox - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):149-151.
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  104.  11
    Response: Limiting Defensive Rights.Seth Lazar - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):19-23.
    Arthur Ripstein’s article draws on more resources than I can deploy in this response to it. I will restate what I take to be the central claims of the article, then present a reply. Ripstein does not strictly argue for his view of proportionality in defensive force. Instead he paints a picture of a moral system that one might adopt, and indicates the role of the proportionality constraint therein. So after outlining how I understand that picture, I will draw an (...)
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  105.  9
    Is Corporal Punishment Torturous?Patrick Lenta - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1).
    The aim of this article is to determine whether fixed courses of judicial corporal punishment and non-abusive corporal punishment of children amount to torture. I assess the reasons that have been offered for distinguishing fixed courses of JCP from torture and argue that none is successful. I argue that non-consensual JCP that inflicts severe pain is appropriately classifiable as torture, but that JCP that inflicts mild pain and entirely consensual JCP are not torturous. I consider whether any of the reasons (...)
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  106.  1
    Is Corporal Punishment Torturous?Patrick Lenta - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):74-88.
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  107.  1
    Reclaiming Proportionality: A Reply to Arthur Ripstein.George Letsas - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):24-31.
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  108.  1
    Striking Beauty: A Philosophical Look at the Asian Martial Arts B. Allen, 2015 New York, Columbia University Press Xiii + 252 Pp., $30. [REVIEW]Ok Gwang - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):147-148.
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  109.  4
    A Comment on Ripstein's Reclamation.Jonathan Quong - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):32-37.
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  110.  8
    Reclaiming Proportionality.Arthur Ripstein - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):1-18.
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  111.  32
    Equality as Comparative Fairness.Larry Temkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):43-60.
    The goal of this article is modest. It is simply to help illuminate the nature of egalitarianism. More particularly, I aim to show what certain egalitarians are committed to, and to suggest that equality, as these egalitarians understand it, is an important normative ideal that cannot simply be ignored in moral deliberations. In doing this, I distinguish between equality as universality, equality as impartiality, and equality as comparability, and also between instrumental and non-instrumental egalitarianism. I then characterise the version of (...)
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  112.  5
    Equality as Comparative Fairness.Larry Temkin - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):43-60.
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  113.  2
    Remedial Responsibility for Severe Poverty: Justice or Humanity?Jesse Tomalty - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):89-98.
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  114.  3
    The Proportionality Constraint.Suzanne Uniacke - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34 (1):38-42.
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  115.  10
    Better to Exploit Than to Neglect? International Clinical Research and the Non‐Worseness Claim.Erik Malmqvist - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34:474-488.
    Clinical research is increasingly ‘offshored’ to developing countries, a practice that has generated considerable controversy. It has recently been argued that the prevailing ethical norms governing such research are deeply puzzling. On the one hand, sponsors are not required to offshore trials, even when participants in developing countries would benefit considerably from these trials. On the other hand, if sponsors do offshore, they are required not to exploit participants, even when the latter would benefit from and consent to exploitation. How, (...)
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  116.  80
    Prioritarianism for Global Health Investments: Identifying the Worst Off.Daniel Sharp & Joseph Millum - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 34.
    The available resources for global health assistance are far outstripped by need. In the face of such scarcity, many people endorse a principle according to which highest priority should be given to the worst off. However, in order for this prioritarian principle to be useful for allocation decisions, policy-makers need to know what it means to be badly off. In this article, we outline a conception of disadvantage suitable for identifying the worst off for the purpose of making health resource (...)
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  117.  4
    Parental Education and Expensive Consumption Habits.Danielle Zwarthoed - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy (2).
    The aim of this article is to investigate the general and special obligations of parents with respect to the shaping of consumption habits, from a liberal egalitarian perspective. The article argues that, in virtue of them being well placed to shape the next generation's consumption habits, parents have a duty of justice to prevent their children from developing expensive consumption habits in order to enable them to leave their fair share to others. In virtue of the special relationship they have (...)
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  118.  6
    Ageing and Terminal Illness: Problems for Rawlsian Justice.Ben Davies - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    This article considers attempts to include the issues of ageing and ill health in a Rawlsian framework. It first considers Norman Daniels’ Prudential Lifespan Account, which reduces intergenerational questions to issues of intrapersonal prudence from behind a Rawslian veil of ignorance. This approach faces several problems of idealisation, including those raised by Hugh Lazenby, because it must assume that everyone will live to the same age, undermining its status as a prudential calculation. I then assess Lazenby's account, which applies Rawls’ (...)
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