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  1. Dipendenza E Indipendenza Ontologica: La Modernità Della Posizione Peripatetica.Maddalena Bonelli - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):159-175.
    The most recent enquiries into so-called “metaphysical grounding”, which seek to investigate the structure of reality in terms of the concept of non-causal priority, mark at least in part a return to an Aristotelian perspective in a seemingly anti-Quinean key. In controversy with Quine’s position, which limited the study of metaphysics to “what there is”, there has been a recent rediscovery of an Aristotelian approach that, rather than considering what there is, privileges how what there is is, investigating relationships of (...)
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  2.  2
    Presentazione.Riccardo Chiaradonna, Filippo Forcignanò & Franco Trabattoni - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):5-12.
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  3.  3
    Ontology and the Self: Ancient and Contemporary Perspectives.Riccardo Chiaradonna & Massimo Marraffa - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):33-64.
    This article focuses on ancient and contemporary accounts of selfhood and on their ontological background. Among ancient theories, the main focus are Plato’s and Plotinus’ accounts of soul and selfhood. Their ontological framework now appears outdated but, somewhat paradoxically, it also explains why Plato’s and Plotinus’ analyses are closer to a naturalised metaphysics of the self than those of the Cartesian tradition. Accordingly, human beings are not simple subjects essentially characterised by consciousness; consciousness and mental life are not co-extensive; our (...)
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  4.  1
    Substance, Form, and Modality.Gabriele De Anna - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):137-158.
    This essay deals with Simon Evnine’s amorphic hylomorphism, and the bearings that considerations about modality might have on it. It is suggested that the assumption of amorphic hylomorphism makes an account of modality extensionally incorrect in the domain of natural, non-organic objects. It is further argued that, in the case of NNOs, the existence of real forms should be accepted and this conclusion is claimed to be consistent with scientific knowledge, on the basis of substance gradualism.
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  5. “Do the Gods Play Dice?”. Sensible Sequentialism and Fuzzy Logic in Plato’s Timaeus.Francesco Fronterotta - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):13-32.
    In this paper I propose a reconstruction of the onto-cosmological perspective of Plato’s Timaeus and suggest an interpretation of it in the light of some contemporary approaches to ontology and logic, i.e. “ontological sequentialism” and “fuzzy logic”, attempting to use the categories and language of present-day ontology and logic to examine from a different point of view some aspects of the Timaeus onto-cosmology and of its logical scaffolding.
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  6.  4
    Are Matter and Form Parts? Aristotle’s and Neo-Aristotelian Hylomorphism.Gabriele Galluzzo - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):65-87.
    The paper takes issue with Koslicki’s Neo-Aristotelian Mereology and more particularly with her understanding of hylomorphism in mereological terms. NAM centres on two characteristic claims: that Aristotle’s form is a proper part of the composite substance; that there is a univocal notion of part, and a univocal notion of composition, which apply across the board and to matter and form in particular. The paper shows that both assumptions are questionable within an Aristotelian framework. More in general, it is argued that (...)
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  7.  2
    Aristotle’s Hylomorphism and The Contemporary Metaphysics of Artefacts.Marilù Papandreou - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):113-136.
    Despite an infelicitous tradition downgrading their status, technical artefacts are increasingly acquiring their place in contemporary ontology. However, although most metaphysicians currently allow for an ontological consideration of artefacts, they define the class of artefacts differently and disagree on the essence of artificial objects. In this paper, I present a handful of recent accounts of artefacts, with particular regards to the hylomorphic framework. I make an attempt at reconstructing the debate on the spectrum of artefacts and the ways in which (...)
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  8. L’Οὐσία Come Presenza Costante E L’Esser Vero Come Autentico Essere. Heidegger Interprete di Aristotele, Metafisica Θ 10.Matteo Pietropaoli - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):235-256.
    This article aims to read and clarify the Heideggerian interpretation of the Aristotelian chapter Metaphysics Θ 10, as it is mainly expressed in the lecture course of 1930, titled The essence of human freedom. An introduction to philosophy. The purpose of such reading is to show why Heidegger recognizes in the true being, in terms not only Aristotelian but Greek in general, the privilege of “authentic being”. Only from these reasons will it be possible to understand how the Greek question (...)
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  9. Aristotle on the Distribution of Consciousness.Enrico Postiglione - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):177-200.
    Recent discoveries ascribe to some invertebrates highly sophisticated cognitive abilities. This triggered a heated debate about consciousness in animals with radically different neuro-structures. In humans, indeed, the thalamocortical complex is the necessary structural/anatomical condition for consciousness and cognition. If we could determine that animals lacking the T-C system are conscious, we will have found alien neural organisations carrying out analogous complex cognitive functions. This would break the dogma of the human brain and nervous system as the only sufficient conditions for (...)
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  10.  16
    Essence and Cause: Making Something Be What It Is.Riin Sirkel - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):89-112.
    Aristotle frequently describes essence as a “cause” or “explanation”, thus ascribing to essence some sort of causal or explanatory role. This explanatory role is often explicated by scholars in terms of essence “making the thing be what it is” or “making it the very thing that it is”. I argue that this is problematic, at least on the assumption that “making” expresses an explanatory relation, since it violates certain formal features of explanation. I then consider whether Aristotle is vulnerable to (...)
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  11. Neo-Aristotelian Biofunctionalism.Diego Zucca - 2018 - Discipline Filosofiche 28 (1):291-234.
    Current biological sciences standardly ascribe proper functions to biological parts, traits and mechanisms. In addition, realism about proper functions has an important space within the ongoing debate in philosophy of biology. Functional ascriptions are often conceived of as tracking objective, observer-independent higher-level features of the inquired object, rather than merely depending on a methodological, descriptive or epistemic attitude. In this paper, I argue for a realist account of proper bio-functions based on standard causal explanations of an organism’s behaviour: such explanations (...)
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