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  1. What Prevents Teaching From Becoming a Profession?Zuzana Danišková - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):191-200.
    Teachers have long held the ambition that teaching will be classified as a profession in functionalist sociological terms, since it would bring guaranteed social prestige and recognition. In non-professional discussions, teaching is probably considered a profession, primarily because it carries within it the notion of “mission”. If, however, we consider the strict criteria against which professions are measured, then teaching comes out badly (an impossible profession) or slightly better (a semi-profession). If we choose the more positive pathway and accept that (...)
     
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  2. Development Ethics and Social Problems of the Contemporary World.Marta Gluchmanová & Vasil Gluchman - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):223-226.
     
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  3. Electroconvulsive Therapy as an Ethical Dilemma.Jana Hořínková - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):165-180.
    Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), an efficient psychiatric treatment method, is one of the most controversial and the most stigmatized therapeutic approaches in medicine. ECT uses transcranial electrical impulses to induce artificial epileptiform paroxysm. For the first time it was used in 1938 by Italian neuro-psychiatrists Ugo Cerletti and Lucio Bini in treatment of schizophrenia. Efficacy of the method was proven in clinical practice, clinical studies and meta-analyses. ECT is the most efficient in the treatment of mood disorders and in lesser extent (...)
     
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  4. Search for Boundaries of Psychotherapy in the Czech Republic: Comparative Analysis of Self-Regulatory Norms.Katarína Jablonská - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):181-190.
    This paper addresses the issue of professional ethics in psychoterapeutic practice and tries to contribute to the discussion about psychotherapy and its boundaries in today´s world using the Czech Republic as a case study . Based on current discussions about who can and who can not call themselves by the name psychotherapist, with emphasisis on written norms, this paper examines the compatibility of the ethical norms of the auditing method in Dianetics and scientology centres with the ethical norms of Czech (...)
     
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  5. On the Teacher-Student Relationship (with Focus on Students with Special Needs).Júlia Klembarová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):201-213.
    This article deals with the teacher-student relationship and focuses mainly on students with special needs. It reflects on the situation and problems of these students when studying at university. It emphasizes the importance of the teacher-student relationship and the relevance of trust and mutual respect between the teacher and the student with special needs. It points to the fact that the studies of students with special needs at university present a demanding situation and include various ethical problems not only for (...)
     
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  6. Vasil Gluchman Ed. (2013): Morality: Reasoning on Different Approaches. Amsterdam & New York: Rodopi. [REVIEW]Stefan Konstańczak - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):215-221.
     
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  7. “Not Man for the Sabbath”: Professional Dignity and Ethical Codes.Jan Motal - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):117-122.
    This article argues that professional dignity is based on the moral autonomy of a professional; meaning that ethical codes and norms, including unwritten routines, are mandatory only when they are not contradictory to the conscience of the professional. The argument is based on Immanuel Kant’s practical philosophy and his analysis of human dignity and moral freedom. The article also presents Daryl Koehn’s definition of profession as a public pledge and shows it as inherently connected to the autonomy of human will.
     
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  8. Some Aspects of the Impact of Modern Technology on Ethical and Anthropological Images of Man in the Present Day.Daniela Navrátilová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):131-137.
    The article analyzes the main problems and risks associated with new forms of technology and technological developments and their impact and response to current ethics and the related image of man. The author is interested in particular issues of the transformation of man, machines and machinery in the context of modern technology. Thus, the author’s thoughts on the current debate on Humanism and Posthumanism are expressed. At the beginning of the 21st century, one can speak of a new stage of (...)
     
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  9. Ethical Dimension of Responsible Palliative Care for the Terminally Ill.Alexandra Smatanová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):155-164.
    This paper is focused on the ethical dimension of palliative care for the terminally ill. I agree with other authors that the value of human dignity shall be acknowledged as the most important value in this setting. Recognition of the value of dignity as the central value requires responsible palliative care where the relational aspect between care-givers and care-receivers is of the greatest importance. In order to achieve this, dignity as a concept and the notion of dignity in subjective, objective (...)
     
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  10. The Aspects of Life Quality in the Spectrum of Values of Human Dignity.Zuzana Staňáková - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):123-130.
    The aim of the paper: The Aspects of Life Quality in the Spectrum of Values of Human Dignity is to contribute to the discussion on the impact of life quality on the value systems ultimately forming human dignity. The introductory part of the paper focuses on the clarification of the definition of life quality, based on ethics of social consequences and personalism. The main part of the paper infers the discretion of the impact of quality of human life to individual (...)
     
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  11. Ethics Week, in Košice, 8th – 11th April 2014, Košice, Slovakia.Inocent-Mária V. Szaniszló - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):227-230.
     
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  12. Unde Malum? Marginal Notes on Kozielecki’s Considerations.Marek Tański - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (3-4):139-145.
    The author considers the problem of evil in the transgressive concept often identified with destructive transgressions. He describes possible approaches to the problem of evil asking, at the same time, about its source. He also carries out a discussion with reference to Kozielecki’s concept in comparison with other researchers of this issue in the area of anthropology (Immanuel Kant, Gottfried W. Leibniz, Leszek Kolakowski, Konrad Lorenz, Hannah Arendt, Herbert A. Simon and Philip Zimbardo). Evil is treated by Kozielecki as destructive (...)
     
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  13. Ethos and Slovak History.Viera Bilasová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):5-14.
    The paper is focused on a philosophical-ethical analysis of the history of Slovakia in terms of ethos of the European and world history. The methodological basis of the considerations is a reflection of the contribution of Slovakia as a subject of the history of mankind to the development of humanistic values in the fields of science, culture, economy and policy. Such values include human freedom, equality, justice and tolerance. Based on the analysis of the place and role of Slovakia in (...)
     
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  14. Responsibility – Reciprocity or Asymmetry? (Responsibility in Martin Buber’s Thought).Michal Bizoň - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):33-39.
    The submitted contribution is devoted to the controversy in Martin Buber’s conception of responsibility and especially to the question whether its nature is reciprocal or asymmetrical. This controversy arises from a misunderstanding and misinterpretation of his concept of mutuality as a constituent of I-Thou relation. Several refuting arguments are offered against the claim that the mutuality of the I-Thou relationship means equality of responsibility which enables ethical calculus.
     
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  15. Rawlsian Constructivism and the Conception of Human Rights by Ladislav Hejdánek.Matej Cíbik - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):41-48.
    In spite of the iron curtain looming large between western academics and their (often politically persecuted and institutionally detached) colleagues in the eastern bloc, some intellectual developments bear striking similarities. This paper analyses one of them: the conception of human rights by Ladislav Hejdánek as opposed to Kantian constructivism, which was developed in the “west” by John Rawls and others. Both Rawls and Hejdánek, who was one of the philosophical heavyweights of Czech dissent, are moved by very similar concerns: the (...)
     
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  16. Aspects of the Physician’s Relationship to Patient’s Autonomy.Martin Gluchman - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):73-80.
    I will deal with the physician – patient relationship with the focus on the patient’s autonomy in my article. The core of the whole relationship are basic principles and values of common sense morality, such as respect, reverence, tolerance, justice, responsibility, dignity and the humanity of this relationship. If the physician disposes of these values, he will gain confidence in his/her patients and it’s just the positive attitude toward their mutual relationship if they trust each other and have a long-term (...)
     
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  17. Stephen R. Palmquist Ed. (2010): Cultivating Personhood: Kant and Asian Philosophy. Berlin & New York: De Gruyter. [REVIEW]Marta Gluchmanová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):105-107.
  18. The Concept of 3 Rs as a Normative Basis for Professional Codes of Conduct of Scientists Using Animals in Their Research.Katarína Komenská - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):81-87.
    Nowadays, the concept of 3 Rs is considered to be the basis of modern research methods and practices using animals in research. The need to implement it into individual research activities is part of legislations in different countries (e.g. countries of the EU, Australia, New Zealand, USA, etc.). Similarly, it is considered as a basis of professional codes of conducts of scientists using animals in their research, as it emphasizes the ethical obligation of scientists to reduce the suffering of sentient (...)
     
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  19. Jonas’ Contribution to the Notion of Care.Josef Kuře - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):49-65.
    Hans Jonas is well-known for his work published under the title The Imperative of Responsibility: In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age. The idea of care is incorporated in his concept of responsibility which is a prospective caring responsibility in fact. The study, departing from Jonas’ concept of ethics based on one sole principle, investigates the role of notion of care in Jonasien ethics and the place the notion of care takes in his Principle of Responsibility (“Prinzip Verantwortung”). (...)
     
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  20. Mnemonic Paradoxes of Human Dignity.Оresta Losyk - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):5-31.
    The article focuses on an analysis of semantic and culturosophic senses of interrelated processes of remembering and forgetting in human consciousness. It has been proved that conscious memory means the active self-reflection of a person or a community upon the choice of value directives towards acts and actions connected with identification and representation of one’s own authenticity. The research demonstrates that conscious (true) memory is realized only through the prism of ethical coordinates that reflect the dignity of a person/community as (...)
     
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  21. Bioethical Principles in Clinical Medicine.Rudolf Novotný & Zuzana Novotná - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):67-72.
    Bioethical phenomena of current medicine re-evaluate the universal validity of the bioethical principles of autonomy and justice. Individual areas of medicine feature various degrees of inherent paternalism in clinical situations. External paternalism in itself is not ethical. Abstract principles of medical ethics need to be (re)interpreted. From the bioethical point of view, clinical situations require methodological plurality, i.e., a combination of principilism and inductive models (casuistic ethics, ethics of care). At present, the main ethical clinical approach to patients is ethics (...)
     
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  22. Ethical-Economic Dilemmas in Teaching Business Ethics: The Slovak Experience.Anna Remišová, Anna Lašáková & Zuzana Búciová - 2014 - Ethics and Bioethics (in Central Europe) 4 (1-2):89-104.
    The aim of the article is to analyze the interaction of students’ ethical and economic thinking in the process of solving a model ethical-economic dilemma. Dealing with model dilemmas is an integral part of teaching business ethics at the Faculty of Management, Comenius University in Bratislava. Through them, students learn to apply ethics in economic life and managerial decision-making. The main objective of the survey was to determine the differences in ethical thinking between Slovak students and students from Western Europe, (...)
     
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