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  1.  1
    Searching for Shalom: Transformation in the Mission of God and the Bible Translation Movement.Kirk J. Franklin - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    The background of this study was to explore the Old Testament vision of shalom and determine how it was relevant to its holistic mission, Bible translation, transformational development and the world’s challenges and trends. The aim of this research was to create a framework to serve practitioners and theorists associated with the Bible translation movement and its intersection with transformational development. The setting for the study was the consideration of factors affecting Bible translation and transformational development in the context of (...)
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  2. Church History is Dead, Long Live Historical Theology!Peter Houston - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4).
    Church history is dead, long live historical theology! This restatement of the monarchical law of le mort saisit le vif is at once a statement of irreparable discontinuity and assumed continuity. The old monarch is no more, yet a new and different monarch ascends to fill the same vacant throne. This is the paradox of church history becoming historical theology. Reviewing the work of W.A Dreyer and J. Pillay on the re-imagining of church history as historical theology, this article explores (...)
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  3.  1
    Faith Envy.Hermen Kroesbergen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-8.
    With this article, I wish to introduce the concept of ‘faith envy’. From time to time, both believers and non-believers envy those who have faith or more faith. People envy, for example, Muslims or Charismatics for the significance and certainty of their convictions in their lives. I propose using ‘faith envy’ as an angle to investigate faith and religious language. This perspective opens up important new questions about faith. If we look at faith from this angle, we see aspects of (...)
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  4. The Matthean Characterisation of Jesus by Angels.Francois P. Viljoen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-7.
    Angels play a significant role in the characterisation of the Matthean Jesus. The Gospel of Matthew displays particular interest in angels. This article focuses on passages in Matthew that relate the role of angels directly to Jesus. Matthew distinguishes between the angel of the Lord and angels in general. This article examines the latter group keeping in view their support of Jesus. It shows that Matthew assumes knowledge of Jewish angelic traditions among his readers. He adds new perspectives to their (...)
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  5. The Trauma of Nineveh’s Demise and Downfall: Nahum 2:2–11.Wilhelm J. Wessels & Elizabeth Esterhuizen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-6.
    Trauma is left, right and centre in the whole book of Nahum. The book reflects the oppression and hardship that Judah had experienced at the hands of the imperial power Assyria. For many a reader, the violent and derogative content of this book is in itself a traumatic experience. In this article, the focus is on Nahum 2:2–11, which depicts the downfall of Nineveh and its traumatic effects on its citizens. Besides the analysis of the text, a reading from trauma (...)
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  6.  2
    The Additional Phrases on a Genizah Fragment of Bavli Eruvin 4b-5a.Uri Zur - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (4):1-3.
    This article deals with the additional phrases found in the Cairo Genizah fragment related to Bavli, Tractate Eruvin 4b-5a, identified as Cambridge UL T-S F1 44. FGP No. C 96446. Some of these additional phrases have not been found in any version of the various manuscripts and printed versions, and some were found in only one version. The purpose of the article was to examine whether these additional phrases preserve an ancient version that was only preserved in this Genizah fragment (...)
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  7. The Holy Communion and African Rituals: An Encounter Between African Religion and Christianity.Themba E. Ngcobo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
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  8. Ritual, Myth and Transnational Giving Within the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa in Johannesburg, South Africa.John Ringson & Admire Chereni - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (3).
    This article interrogates how rituals and myths may reshape Pentecostal ideology and practice in ways that resonate with the practical concerns of born-again congregants in an exclusive foreign labour market. It draws on a series of field observations conducted in Johannesburg, at two congregations of the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa – a born-again movement with roots in Zimbabwe – between 2009 and 2016. The authors critically examine the shifting architecture of the ritual of Working Talents and its contradictory use (...)
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  9. Age Does Not Determine Influence: A Consideration for Children in Ministerial Service.Garth Aziz - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership and areas of influence are often reserved for the adult community. The youth are mostly regarded as developing beings, with insufficient knowledge and experience to take on leadership roles where influence can be exercised. It is often considered – especially in the context of the church – that the youth do not have the capacity to lead, while evidence from society and research studies points to the contrary. The author of this article argues that the ability to influence does (...)
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  10. Oscar Romero (1917–1980): A Model of Pastoral Leadership for Church Leaders in Africa.Valentine U. Iheanacho - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2):1-8.
    Until 1977, Monsignor Romero was a traditional Catholic bishop trained in traditional Roman theology with a penchant for order and non-involvement in 'politics'. He was also a product of the 1968 Medellin Conference which fashioned a pastoral model for the Latin American church: 'A fundamental option for the poor' on the thrust of the Second Vatican Council. This article seeks to present Oscar Romero within a historical context and proposes him as a servant-leader model for African church leaders, especially Catholic (...)
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  11. Christian Leadership in a South African Township Community: A Reflection on Nepotism and its Impact on Society.Kasebwe T. L. Kabongo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The author reflects on the reality of nepotism in Christian leadership as he has observed in the township of Soshanguve and many other African poverty-stricken communities he has lived in. The leadership of churches in those areas seems to run in the family. This model tends to have a disempowering effect on the other church members in terms of taking responsibility or initiating projects that could expand the impact of the church beyond the borders of its walls. This article recognises (...)
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  12. Performing the Sacred – Aspects of Singing and Contextualisation in South Africa.Elsabé Kloppers - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2):1-9.
    After an introduction and views on inculturation, the focus shifts to ‘incarnation’ and ‘contextualisation’ in a broader sense, to also include the transformation and adaptation of the ‘sacred’ for the secular or political sphere. Practices of performing faith through texts and music within diverse liturgical, spiritual, cultural and political contexts in South Africa are discussed. Aspects taken into account are the possible influence of landscape or seasons on the expression of faith and the possible sacro-soundscapes that could come from different (...)
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  13.  3
    African and Western Approaches to the Moral Formation of Christian Leaders: The Role of Spiritual Disciplines in Counteracting Moral Deficiencies.Louise Kretzschmar - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  14.  3
    Who, Being in the Form of God, Did Not Consider It Robbery to Be Equal with God: Kenosis of Leadership.Hlulani Mdingi - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    Leadership is at the core of Christianity; it operates from the paradigm of God’s revelation to humanity through creation. The creation of the world and the creation of Imago Dei are markers of the service that God has maintained from creation to the fulfilment of soteriology. The early church’s worship of Christ, at least in the Didache, stemmed from the fact that this Hebrew prophet was a servant of God and was YHWH in the flesh. The early teachings of the (...)
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  15.  1
    Developing Pastoral Therapy as a Professional Qualification in South Africa: Rationale and Motivation.Juanita Meyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The professional training of pastoral therapists has been a topic of controversy for many years in South Africa. Up to date, the training of pastoral workers has been limited to the study of ministry and as such is limited by the primary aims and outcomes of this curriculum. In a post-apartheid, post-colonial South Africa, the need for pastoral workers is intensified by the needs of community- and faith-based organisations for trained and registered therapists to alleviate the counselling needs of their (...)
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  16.  1
    The Challenges of Being a Female Pastor: A Case of the Apostolic Faith Mission in Zimbabwe.Terence Mupangwa & Sophia Chirongoma - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
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  17.  4
    Character Education for Public Leadership: The Continuing Relevance of Martin Buber’s ‘Hebrew Humanism’.Bernhard Ott - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (2).
    The need for character education for those in public leadership is of unquestionable importance. Professor Christoph Stückelberger has recently argued that ‘structural ethics’ have their merits, and that ‘there are no virtuous institutions, there are only virtuous people’. Stückelberger calls for the cultivation of virtues, especially the virtue of integrity. In recent decades, character education has received new attention. Those who call for character education most often draw from Greek traditions, especially from Aristotle. This article will explore a different source (...)
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  18.  1
    Paul’s Biblical Patterns of Church Planting: An Effective Method to Achieve the Great Commission.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The mandate to make disciples of all nations remains the churches’ task before the return of Christ. Church planting is the best way to achieve this mandate. Hence, the biblical patterns as exemplified by Paul the apostle and their relevance to achieving the Great Commission have been the focus of this work. Paul shows through his patterns of church planting the relevance and influence of the Holy Spirit in establishing new centres of worship. Thus, contemporary church planters must seek to (...)
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  19. Politics in Christian Missions.Akinyemi O. Alawode - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    For decades, the mobilisation of Christian missions has encountered a number of setbacks and barriers because of several factors and elements that pose severe impediments to the conduct of missionary activities. Amongst these factors and elements, the involvement of politics in the activities of the Christian missions is prominent. The goal of the Christian missions is to expand the kingdom of God, as well as the salvation and restoration of lost souls, while the goal of politics is to secure power (...)
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  20. Mediating God's Relationality? A Trinitarian Perichoretic Critique of the Reliance on Anointed Objects in African Neo-Pentecostalism.Collium Banda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    This article uses the perichoretic nature of the Trinity to evaluate the reliance on anointed objects as instruments of connecting with God amongst African neo-Pentecostal Christians. The article answers the question: from a perspective of the relationality of God, how can we evaluate the African neo-Pentecostal reliance on anointed objects to connect with God? The aim is to show that the perichoretic nature of the Trinity demands that a direct relationship with the Godhead be possible without the intermediary and impersonalising (...)
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  21.  1
    A Survey on Gender-Based Violence – The Paradox of Trust Between Women and Men in South Africa: A Missiological Scrutiny.Zuze J. Banda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    South Africa continues to be plagued by gender-based violence. Recurring incidents of GBV cram news tabloids, social and electronic media, creating the impression of a country at war with itself. Of great concern is that, at the centre of these killings, men are allegedly the main culprits. This then has unleashed national protest campaigns, one notably, by the name #menaretrash, led by activists, mostly women, who angrily voice their disquiet against men. As a response, it was followed by another, namely, (...)
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  22. Mission Studies at South African Higher Education Institutions: An Ethical and Decolonial Perspective in the Quest to ‘Colour’ the Discipline.Eugene Baron - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The recent debate on decolonisation calls for all academic disciplines, including missiology modules, at public universities to reflect on its content, curriculum and pedagogies. However, the danger is always that to ‘de-…’ might lead to an exclusivist and essentialist pattern of a person or institution, and an act that does not take all epistemic communities seriously. The author argues in this article that such tendencies would not be conducive in South Africa, a country with a rich heritage of various cultures. (...)
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  23. A Womanist Theological Engagement of Triple Patriarchy and its Implications on (Ejagham) Women’s Liberation.Tabe J. O. E. Benoni-Wang & Vuyani S. Vellem - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article seeks through Ejagham women’s experience in the ritual dances of Ngbokondem and Moninkim to engage the notion of patriarchal control of African women’s sexuality in ‘female genital mutilation’ discourses as postulated by second-wave feminist theorists such as Daly, Koedt, Hosken and so on. A firmly based patriarchy threatens culture, sexuality and identity; the article shows how women use varied coping mechanisms, including aid schemes, sexual insurgency and even breaking of bodies to define their place and identity in a (...)
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  24.  2
    The Trinitarian and Christological Minnemystik of the Flemish Beguine Hadewijch of Antwerp.Johann Beukes - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
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  25.  2
    Die triomf van ‘n post-skolastieke mistiek oor skolastieke lojalisme: Gersonius versus Ruusbroec (postuum), 1399.Johann Beukes - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The triumph of a post-scholastic mysticism over scholastic loyalism:Gerson versus Ruusbroec, 1399. This article provides an introduction to the thought of the Flemish-Brabant 14th-century mystical thinker, Jan van Ruusbroec, with special attention to the explosion in the niche research from 1981 to 2017. Ruusbroec is presented as a ‘post-scholastic’ thinker, who in an idiosyncratic way, transcended the high-scholastic aspirations of absolute clarity and certainty about God and human existence. His thought is contextualised within a polemical, posthumous context, namely the attempt (...)
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  26.  1
    The Cognitive Biases of Human Mind in Accepting and Transmitting Religious and Theological Beliefs: An Analysis Based on the Cognitive Science of Religion.Sayyed M. Biabanaki - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    The cognitive science of religion is an emerging field of cognitive science that gathers insights from different disciplines to explain how humans acquire and transmit religious beliefs. For the CSR scholars, the human mental tools have specific biases that make them susceptible to acceptance and transmission of religious beliefs. This article examines the characteristics of these biases and how they work, and shows that although our innate cognitive tendencies make our minds generally receptive to religion, they do not explain the (...)
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  27. Hebrews 12:9 Revisited: The Background of the Phrase 'and Live'.Albert J. Coetsee - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-11.
    In this article, the background of the phrase 'and live' in Hebrews 12:9 is investigated. Although most scholars are silent on the matter, the majority of those who venture to propose a possible background vaguely refer to Proverbs 6:23b. Only a handful of scholars propose other backgrounds. This article aims to fill this lacuna. The first part of the article gives an overview of the argument of Hebrews 12:9 in its context to determine a baseline for the interpretation of the (...)
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  28. Lev Karsavin: Theological Path of All-Unity.Oleg Davydov - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-5.
    This article introduces the theological and philosophical thoughts of Lev Karsavin, who was one of the most creative representatives of Russian religious philosophy in the early 20th century. His conception was historically the last amongst the great systems of Russian metaphysics of all-unity. This conception gave an opportunity for developing an understanding of the relations between God and the world, and the act of creation as gift of God.
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  29.  3
    Socio-Religious Implications of the Bond Between Democracy and Theocracy in Nigeria.Benjamin Diara & Favour Uroko - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    Democracy as an administrative system is maintained through party representation and election in which everybody is duly represented, and through a constitution which is prepared in the interest of equity, justice and egalitarianism, and through the rule of law which does not permit any form of preferential or partial treatment and judgement. In Nigeria, democracy came into real existence on 29 May 1999. Coincidentally, sharia, which is the theocratic legal system of Islam, was adopted in Zamfara State followed by some (...)
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  30.  2
    Ethnic Reasoning and Early Christian Identity: A Pauline Theological Perspective.Philip La Grange Du Toit - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    Within the ethnic-reasoning position, which has gained momentum in recent years, it is argued that in the in-Christ identity there exists no dichotomy between natural, physical relationships and constructed, made-up relationships. Ethnicity is viewed as fluid and changeable and as including the category of religion, which is understood as involving a nation's culture and their cultic and ritualistic practices. Yet, it is a question whether these notions are compatible with the way in which the in-Christ identity is portrayed, especially by (...)
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  31. Religio-Cultural Heritage of Libation, Memory and Obang Cultural History, Northwest Cameroon.Felix K. Esoh & Chammah J. Kaunda - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    This article argues that libation, often associated with the ancestors, artefacts, images and pre-Christian religious devotions, constitutes sources for articulating authentic African cultural history of Obang community in the Northwest Region of Cameroon. It highlights that among traditional memory carriers, the ritual of libation remains trust worthy and pervasive, even among communities challenged by globalisation and colonising effects of Christianity. The article demonstrates the immense potentials of libation as an epitome and stabiliser of cultural memory, and a maxim in cultural (...)
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  32.  1
    A Missiology of Progress: Assessing Advancement in the Bible Translation Movement.Kirk J. Franklin - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Statistical analysis has been a common method for determining progress in missional activity. In the case of Bible translation, measurable statistics have been readily available showing progress. However, there have been gaps such as biblical, sociological, theological and missiological factors. The aim of this study is to consider broader factors than just quantifiable measurements that could be used to develop a missiological foundation for missional progress, especially for Bible translation. The setting was to analyse inputs from leaders within the Bible (...)
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  33. New Religions as the Postsecular Epiphenomenon of Globalisation in the Contemporary Ukrainian Society.Irina Grabovska, Tetiana Talko & Tetiana Vlasova - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-6.
    The tendencies of postsecularism in the social life of today's Ukraine are especially significant in their influence on the quasi-religious context of religious worships practiced in the country. These factors erode the modernity basis of the society, and Ukraine appears in the contradictory situation of its intention to complete the modernisation process and oppose the antiglobalistic isolationism. The neo-Protestant teachings and practices are obviouly connected with the principles of liberalism and consumerism. Neo-Oriental and new syncretic religions show that they produce (...)
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  34. Controversial and Paradoxical Theological Approaches to the Issue of ‘Descent of the Qur’Ān’.Hüseyin Halil - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    In Islam, there is a belief that Allah has a ‘throne’ [al-ʿArsh, the highest level of the heavens] in the sky and that Allah sent the Qurʾān directly from that throne or through an angel. According to this belief, the Qurʾān descended from the seventh level of the heavens to the first level and then completed its descent to the earth in pieces over 23 years. Accordingly, the Qurʾān descended from a certain place with determined borders, namely from the throne (...)
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  35.  1
    Worship as Primary Ethical Act: Barth on Romans 12.Marthinus J. Havenga - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Following the centenary year of the publication of the first edition of Karl Barth’s Der Römerbrief, this article attempts to look at what a contemporary South African audience could potentially learn from Barth’s reading of Romans 12. This article begins with a few preliminary remarks on the reading of Barth in both apartheid and post-apartheid South Africa, and asks whether his theology still has any role to play in current theological and ethical discourses. After arguing that Barth might still have (...)
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  36. Spirit Baptism and the Doctrine of Initial Evidence in African Pentecostal Christianity: A Critical Analysis.Mookgo S. Kgatle - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Pentecostalism is known for the belief in Spirit baptism that is accompanied by the doctrine of initial evidence, that is, speaking in tongues. The practice of the doctrine of initial evidence has become a unique feature of Pentecostalism for many years since its beginning. Similarly, Spirit baptism and the doctrine of initial evidence are practised in African Pentecostal Christianity, especially in classical Pentecostal churches and charismatic movements. However, there are challenges with this doctrine: speaking in tongues is perceived as the (...)
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  37.  1
    Socially Just Pedagogies and Social Justice: The Intersection of Teaching Ethics at Higher Education Level and Social Justice.John S. Klaasen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article is part of a longer term project between the Department of Religion and Theology at the University of the Western Cape and Umea University in Sweden. At both the institutions the teaching of ethics as a module within social science curricula has been an important focus area. The critical investigation of the growth of the ethics modules in the Department of Religion and Theology addresses questions of the growth in the number of students taking ethics as a module (...)
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  38. Resistance to Lutheran Missionary Activities Through Antagonism, Traditional Beliefs, Customs and Practices: The Case of the Bapedi Tribe in Limpopo Province, South Africa.Morakeng E. K. Lebaka - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Before the intervention of the missionaries in Bapedi society, the traditional beliefs, customs and practices, such as traditional healing, circumcision, polygamy, indigenous music and rituals, had a vibrant existence. These practices had been prevalent for centuries before the arrival of Christianity. After the missionaries of all church denominations were welcomed in Bapedi society to establish churches and schools as the main vehicles for the dissemination of European culture, confusion started to build. In this article, I will highlight the reaction of (...)
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  39. The Restitution of Roman Catholic Church Land to Indigenous People in Post-Apartheid South Africa: 1994-2014.Mokone B. Lephoto - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-9.
    The political and legal perspectives on and understanding of the process of land reform in South Africa differ from the church's vision and understanding on what land reform entails. Currently, land reform through the restitution of church land to indigenous people is still not solved to all party's satisfaction, although this issue is on the table since 1994. The research focuses on the actions by the Roman Catholic Church that argued that 'society ensures justice when it provides the conditions that (...)
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  40. Ethical Competence Expressed in Students’ Written Texts.Annika Lilja - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Teaching ethics in compulsory school regained urgency some years ago in Sweden when National Tests in ethics were introduced. Students were evaluated as having or not having the ethics knowledge required. The aim of this study is to investigate what aspects of ethical competence students express in texts from National Tests, and to investigate what cultural tools 12- and 15-year-old students use in their texts about a given ethical situation. A qualitative content analysis was performed in three steps. In the (...)
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  41. The Concept of Work in the Theological Teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Kook.Amir Mashiach - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article aims to understand the concept of work in the teachings of Rabbi Avraham Yitzchak Hacohen Kook. As the person who had the maximum impact on the religious Zionist sector, with its guiding principle of Torah va’avodah, meaning Torah and work, it is necessary to clarify his attitude towards work. Did he perceive work as a necessity, a part of one’s duty to support the members of the household, or perhaps also as an ideological value, part of a worldview (...)
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  42.  1
    Investigating the Nature of and Relation Between Masculinity and Religiosity and/or Spirituality in a Postcolonial and Post-Apartheid South Africa.Juanita Meyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    This article narrates the researcher's intention in using a mixed methodology for investigating the correlation between two key research concepts that form part of a larger research study. The larger study aims to reflect on how South African men understand their masculine role from and within their specific religion/spirituality by measuring the nature of the relationship between the constructs of masculine ideology and religious orientation in the development of a male gender identity. Subsequently, the first level of exploration includes the (...)
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  43.  8
    Being Human in the Time of Covid-19.Johann-Albrecht Meylahn - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    The novel coronavirus – officially named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, causing a disease which has flu-like symptoms – seems to be responsible for the current global lockdown or maybe one can even refer to it as a global event. Neither the virus nor the disease that it causes is truly novel, as the virus is part of the SARS virus family and therefore known, and likewise the symptoms of the disease are also well known, even flu-like, and therefore (...)
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  44. Healing History, Healing a Nation: A Prophetic Practical Pastoral Ministry of Care.Mabutho Mkandla & Yolanda Dreyer - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    In the late 19th century, colonial powers sought to destroy the Mthwakazi or Ndebele state in what is now Matabeleland in the south west region of Zimbabwe, to subdue and dominate its people. The people of Matabeleland suffered heavy losses of cattle and land. Paradoxically, these injustices did not end with the collapse of colonialism. Since independence in 1980, the people of Matabeleland have been victims of political violence, which has left thousands dead and many without a livelihood. Nothing came (...)
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  45.  2
    I Believe in God: Content Analysis of the First Article of the Christian Faith Based on a Literature Review.Jonathan A. Rúa Penagos & Iván D. Toro Jaramillo - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-7.
    Today, there are different understandings of the first article on the content of the Christian faith, for which an analysis from a theological perspective is necessary. This research sought to reveal the meaning of the first article on the content of the Christian faith in recent theological works that have been produced, through the use of a hermeneutic exercise, conducting a bibliometric and categorical analysis and using NVivo software to analyse the qualitative data. We concluded that the recent theological literature (...)
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  46. The Grounded Theory Methodology to Conduct Content Analysis of Sermons and Interviews: Critique and Response.Hendrik J. C. Pieterse - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-5.
    The search for a good method to analyse sermon content has been prevailing since the past decades to evaluate current practice so as to construct better theories for practice. I think that we have found it in the methodology of inductive, qualitative research of the Grounded Theory methodology. In this article, I am going to use the Grounded Theory approach to describe the phases of qualitative empirical research, namely, literature study, sampling, open coding of the data, selective coding of additional (...)
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  47. Servant Leadership and Shepherd Leadership: The Missing Dynamic in Pastoral Integrity in South Africa Today.Kelebogile T. Resane - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    This article aims to give a full definition of servant leadership and shepherd leadership by comparing and contrasting the two texts of Jeremiah 23 and John 10. The notion of 'shepherd' or 'shepherding' is analysed and brought into the current debate on servant leadership. The shepherd metaphor used in the two passages is contextualised to the South African pastoral leadership situation, especially with regard to pastoral integrity. The status of pastoral leadership in the South African church community is highlighted as (...)
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  48.  2
    The Quest for Hermeneutics of Appropriation as a Thematic Approach for Critical Biblical Interpretation.Temba Rugwiji - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-11.
    This study attempts to promulgate a method called 'hermeneutics of appropriation' as a thematic approach of a scientific research. 'Hermeneutics' is not the same as 'appropriation'; hermeneutics refers to a science of interpretation, whereas appropriation depicts an idea of adoption. Hermeneutics of appropriation employs themes as opposed to contextual biblical hermeneutics that focuses largely on contemporary interpretation of biblical narratives. Thus, adopting the phrase 'hermeneutics of appropriation' presents the idea of a scientific interpretation of a theme that is applied in (...)
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  49.  2
    'The Fruits Are Very Good and Inexpensive': Natural History and Religious Ideology in the Book Shaarei Yerushalayim.Abraham O. Shemesh - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    The book Shaarei Yerushalayim, written by R. Moshe Reicher, contains contemporary information on 19th-century Eretz Israel. Reicher perceived his compilation as a religious cultural moderator between the Holy Land and the Jews in the Diaspora, in which he reported to the Jews of Galicia on various aspects related to the land. This article discusses his descriptions of local food crops and the messages he attempted to convey to his readers through botanical means. Reicher describes some 70 species of fruits and (...)
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  50. Ethics in Compulsory Education – Human Dignity, Rights and Social Justice in Five Contexts.Karin Sporre - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    What children learn through their ethics and values education in school is of crucial societal relevance and is directed by school curricula. As curricula vary between countries, an international comparison is of interest. The aim of this study was to compare curricula to reveal variations in how matters of social justice were described in curricular texts, with a special focus on class, gender and race. Curricula from five different contexts were compared: Namibia; South Africa; California State, United States of America; (...)
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  51.  2
    Street Homelessness in South Africa: A Perspective From the Methodist Church of Southern Africa.Noah K. Tenai & Gloria N. Mbewu - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-10.
    Homelessness and its various forms of manifestation are a complex phenomenon. Street homelessness, which is the subject of this study, continues to be a challenge for the South African people and government. Different research studies have been undertaken on street homelessness. Various frameworks have been used in an attempt to understand and respond to street homelessness. Churches continue as key role-players in responses to street homelessness. There is a need, however, for churches to continually evaluate the various approaches to street (...)
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  52. Characterisation of Thomas in the Fourth Gospel.Johnson Thomaskutty - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    Thomas appears four times within the narrative framework of the Fourth Gospel. His presence in the Gospel introduces some of the strategic transitions within the macro-narrative structure. The following are some of the crucial moments that are introduced through the entry of Thomas: firstly, Thomas' character is brought to the foreground towards the end of Jesus' public ministry, where a transition is underway through Lazarus' death and raising to Jesus' death and resurrection ; secondly, he appears as a significant interlocutor (...)
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  53.  1
    Rediscovering the Ancient Hermeneutic of Rebekah's Character.Oleg M. Tsymbalyuk & Valery V. Melnik - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1):1-8.
    A careful evaluation of well-documented historical data, along with ancient and modern theological writings, reveals the matriarch Rebekah as one of the most important and controversial individuals of the biblical narrative. Her exceptional beauty, hospitality, morality, faithfulness and sacrificial love were highly admired and praised as iconic by ancient historians, philosophers, the Hebrew community, the Church Fathers and numerous other scholars; yet, some theologians and clerics of the past few 100 years have depicted Rebekah in a negative light. This article (...)
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  54. Cosmogonic or Creation Myths A Mythical, Philosophical and Theological Interpretation of the Diverse Cosmogonic Myths: In Conversation with Charles Long.Johan A. Van Rooyen - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    Cosmogonic myths, also referred to as creation myths, are theological and philosophical explanations of ancient myths of creation within a religious Homo sapien hamlet. In the context of this article, the word myth is attributed to the extravagant quixotic interpretation in anecdote of what is accomplished or ceased as a key or essential phenomenon. The terms or language concepts of cosmogonic or creation invoke the start of things, whether by the desire and action of a surpass Actuality, by emergence from (...)
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  55. Kerkordelike Toleransie En Die Reg van Usansie.Barry J. Van Wyk - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    A tolerant treatment of church order and the law of usance: This article discusses the recent decline of church polity in the Netherdutch Reformed Church which is obvious in different areas of the Church with special reference to the liturgy practised in sermons of some congregations. This decline is also observed in other churches in South Africa and abroad. The article is a reaction to the reason for this situation and indicates that it should not be found in a collegialistic (...)
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  56.  1
    The Pronunciation of Identical Consecutive Letters in the Yemenite Jewish Tradition.Uri Zur - 2020 - Hts Theological Studies 76 (1).
    This article examines the pronunciation of identical consecutive letters in the Yemenite Jewish tradition, with a basic comparison with the pronunciation of identical letters in other present-day traditions. It is notable that in the Yemenite tradition also there are differences of opinion as to the pronunciation of these letters as a result of the effect of their pronunciation in other present-day traditions. In this article, we present the fundamental views with regard to the pronunciation of identical consecutive letters as well (...)
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