Griot

ISSN: 2178-1036

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  1.  9
    Embodied intentionality: a convergence between sartrean philosophy and sensorimotor enactivism.Vinícius Francisco Apolinário & Thana Mara de Souza - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):168-181.
    In Sartrean philosophy, the body is a central element in explaining the nature of intentionality, that is, the nature of how our consciousness apprehends reality. His corporeal phenomenology aims to refute the followers of the Cartesian tradition of the mind. At the same time, in the contemporary philosophy of mind and cognition, supporters of the enactivist tradition seek to elucidate the body's central role in the constitution of cognition. Likewise, their opponents are the adherents of cognitivism, who see the locus (...)
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  2.  9
    The hermeneutical grafts of Paul Ricœur.Carlos Bubols - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):15-32.
    This work identifies a recurring element in Paul Ricœur1s thought, namely that of carrying out a hermeneutic graft in specialized areas of knowledge that deal with certain philosophical problems, which will be demonstrated in the following topics, where they will be presented: i) the phenomenological investigation into the privileged access to the cogito, in The Conflict of Interpretations — Essays in Hermeneutics; ii) the epistemological and ontological problems of access to the historical past, as well as the relationship between historiography (...)
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  3.  4
    States, states of nature and the moral law: a comparison between Immanuel Kant’s and Thomas Hobbes’ political and legal theory.Fernando Campos - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):78-93.
    This article delves into the philosophical theses on law and ethics as presented by Thomas Hobbes and Immanuel Kant, with a focus on the notion of resistance in a legal context. It contrasts Hobbes’ advocacy for nearly unrestricted state authority and a morality closely tied to the state, against Kant’s emphasis on moral law and natural rights as the underpinnings of legality. A pivotal discussion point is Kant’s perceived contradiction in supporting a fundamental right to freedom while limiting the right (...)
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  4.  1
    The nation and nationalism in Roger Scruton.Jóni Coelho - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):127-140.
    The article addresses the concepts of nation and nationalism in Roger Scruton's political thought. It is divided into two parts: 1) the critical presentation of the classical arguments about nation and nationalism, in authors such as Ernest Gellner, Benedict Anderson, Eric Hobsbawm, David Miller, Anthony D. Smith and Yoram Hazony; 2) an analysis of Scruton's arguments about the nation and nationalism. Scruton opposes the arguments of Anderson, Gellner, and Hobsbawm, who understood the nation as an artificial construct. In the article, (...)
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  5.  3
    Qual é a Grécia de Heidegger? um diálogo com Hegel e Hölderlin.Marina Coelho - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):162-275.
    The objective of this work is to understand how Heidegger is inserted in the tradition referring to the German philosophy of the resumption of Ancient Greece and how this author differs from this tradition, having a different way of relating to the Greece from its thought of history. For this, we resume some key points of the philosophical relationship between Greece and Germany, with the aim of establishing a dialogue between Heidegger, Hölderlin and Hegel about the way of understanding ancient (...)
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  6.  2
    Maat and the origins of philosophy in Kemet (Egypt).Francisco Jose da Silva - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):114-126.
    The Kemetic or Egyptian civilization is one of the first great cultures of the ancient world, dating back to time immemorial. Kemet (Egypt) is known for its magnificent monuments, the pyramids, as well as for its belief in the immortality of the soul, to which they dedicated an entire cult and a specific book for ceremonies and formulas in the afterlife, the Book of the Dead. In addition to these fundamental references, we must also include his understanding of the cosmic (...)
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  7.  2
    The current violence of versatile surveillance: contributions of the panoptic threat to structural racism from Michel Foucault and Achille Mbembe.Jan Clefferson Costa de Freitas - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):156-167.
    The general purpose of this article is to critically analyze and describe the panoptic threat and structural racism, as well as their intersections, based on the works of Michel Foucault and Achille Mbembe. On the one hand, in Surveillance and Punishment, Foucault argues that panoptism represents a governmental model centered on the State's ability to exercise domination over individuals, by showing the birth of a disciplinary society where visibility and surveillance are indispensable mechanisms for maintaining totalitarian order. On the other (...)
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  8.  3
    Digital revolution, disinformation and democracy: the contribution of Karl Jaspers.Nivaldo de Marins - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):210-220.
    The digital revolution is growing at breahnech speed. The basis of this revolution is the techno-economic paradigm, however with new instruments. Instruments reaching a planetary level and influence the relationship of our personality with the world. The disinformacion is a trail of gunpowder for the emergence, increment and dissemination of racist and xenophobic concepts. This change calls into question democratic valves. In this text we will expose, discuss and demonstrate the consequences of this state of affairs that we live in (...)
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  9.  3
    The function of death in the psychoanalysis of meaning from Deleuze and Blanchot.Adriano Ferraz - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):289-300.
    This work seeks to highlight the central role of the concept of death for a theory of non-sense and a psychoanalysis of meaning in Gilles Deleuze. It is important to note that Deleuze summons Blanchotian reflections and gives them centrality, prior to the creation of schizoanalysis with Felix Guattari, in the formation of an idea of psychoanalysis of meaning based on Difference and Repetition and Logic of Meaning. We seek to show how, in this proposal that articulates philosophy and psychoanalysis, (...)
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  10.  2
    Two conceptions of person: John Mill and John Rawls.Henor Hoffmann - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):49-61.
    The objective of the present work is to make a comparison between Mill's and Rawls' conceptions of person. Through this comparison, the convergences and divergences between these views will be analyzed. The first step is to identify the principles of Millian moral psychology, which support his doctrine. He calls these aspects the general laws of the human emotional constitution: [i] taxonomy of pleasures; [ii] human dignity; [iii] sociability; [iv] individuality; [v] Aristotelian principle. In the second step I analyze what Rawls (...)
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  11.  2
    Argumentos de autoridad y testimonios.Jorge Alberto Molina - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):94-113.
    En este texto, exploramos los vínculos entre los argumentos de autoridad y el testimonio como fuente de conocimiento. Después de una introducción, en la segunda parte del trabajo, clarificamos y ejemplificamos los conceptos de argumento de autoridad y de testimonio. Distinguimos entre argumentos teóricos y prácticos y damos sus respectivos esquemas formales. En la tercera parte nos detenemos en el uso de los argumentos de autoridad y del testimonio en el pensamiento de Aristóteles y de San Agustín. En la cuarta (...)
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  12. The Religious Aspect of Confucianism During The Ly-Tran Dynasties, Vietnam.Nhu Nguyen & Quyet Nguyen - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):234-246.
    This article explores the religious dimensions of Confucianism during the Ly-Tran dynasties (1009-1400 AD) in Vietnam, a period marked by significant sociopolitical and cultural transitions. Initially introduced as a moral and ethical philosophy from China, Confucianism underwent a complex process of localization, blending with indigenous Vietnamese beliefs and practices as well as Buddhism and Taoism. Through historical records, literary works, and ritual practices documented in “The Complete Annals of Đại Việt” and other classical texts, this study delves into how Confucianism (...)
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  13. A critical presentation of Thomas Nagel’s view on the mind-body problem.Andre Noara - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):276-288.
    The present study aims to present Thomas Nagel's (1937-) theoretical proposal regarding the mind-body problem, as well as to offer some criticisms of his theory. For this purpose, we will analyze, initially, Nagel's works that are fundamental to the discussion, where the arguments that structure his proposal appear. In a second moment, during the final section of the study, we will observe some criticisms that can be made of the author's view, more specifically regarding the arguments that aim to support (...)
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  14. Observations on the unfolding of the Dichtungsvermögen: its presence and consequence in the first edition of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.André Renato Oliveira - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):182-195.
    This work aims to analyze the action of the poetic or inventive imaginative faculty (Dichtungsvermögen) in the Transcendental Deduction of the Categories, in the first edition of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason (1781), and to examine the emphasis that this author attributes to it in his Anthropology. This work defends the thesis that this capacity of the imaginative faculty would have a fundamental role in the development of the subjective deduction presented by Kant in the first edition of his Critique (...)
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  15. Race and politics: afro-perspectival reflections on this relationship.Lorena Silva Oliveira - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):221-233.
    The aim of this article is to reflect on how, from a philosophical point of view, race and politics are codependent categories. Based on reflections inspired by Michel Foucault, the article shows how this philosopher helps us to understand this interrelationship. As an example and an exercise in connecting thought with reality, it reflects on the difficulties historically undertaken by whiteness to prevent the black population from occupying spaces in the political arena. However, the reflections show that the strategies to (...)
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  16.  1
    Alternative modernity in Martin Heidegger’s works.João Gabriel Paixão - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):141-155.
    This article intends not only to comment on Heidegger’s question of technology, but also to designate technics as the sign of the rationalization of the world. A confrontation is then required against the technical world, in which it is inscribed the whole history of western metaphysics. This tradition, with the arrival of the technology age, proves to be nihilist, and, as such, demands from Heidegger, especially in his Contributions to philosophy (of the Event), to overcome the whole western tradition into (...)
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  17. Discourse and democracy in Habermas and their implications on law from legal post-positivism.Oneide Perius & Aloísio Bolwerk - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):196-209.
    This research brought approaches regarding habermasian democratic thought, taking into account the social critical theory aligned with the post-positivist current of interpretation and application of Law. Thus, from a dialectical perspective, the essay made brief digressions on language and communication present in the discourse of communicative action. A debate had been held on the impact of the discourse principle and its evaluative dimension in the busy and dynamic public sphere of communicative action. From the passage of the discourse principle to (...)
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  18.  2
    Cinema and truth: foundations for a phenomenological hermeneutics of films.Luan Alves dos Santos Ribeiro - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):301-320.
    This philosophical investigation aims to raise questions for a rationale of a phenomenological hermeneutics of films that conceive them in the sense of an event of ontological truth, that is, of Aletheia: truth as a hidden concomitant appearance of meanings. To achieve this objective, we will first oppose the conception of truth as founded by Heidegger to the Aristotelian notion of correspondence truth in order to make explicit the expansion of philosophy beyond the limits of apophantic discourse. Additionally, we aim (...)
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  19. On the natural right to private property: Rousseau’s reading of Locke.Lucas Mello Carvalho Ribeiro - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):1-14.
    The emergence of private property is an inflexion point in the hypothetical history conceived by Rousseau. Social relations, recently constituted, are completely restructured by this event. More specifically, it is only due to the accentuated economic inequality that stems from the partition of land between proprietors and supernumeraries that an exacerbated conflict arises between men, thus demanding the celebration of a contract able to stabilize social interactions via the erection of a sovereign political power. Given the importance of the matter, (...)
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  20. El arkhé del transparadigma complejo.Milagros Elena Rodríguez - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):62-77.
    Arkhé pronunciado Arjé o Arché es un concepto originario entre los filósofos pré-socráticos, connotados como fundamento principio o causa. En la complejidad como transparadigma, ese fundamento se ancla en primer lugar a la significancia Dulseniana del prefijo trans que inmersiona en una indagación transmetódica decolonial planetaria-compleja para sustentar el arkhé del transparadigma complejo; con alta relevación de la obra Moríniana. Recorremos los momentos analíticos, empíricos y propositivos de la hermenéutica comprensiva, ecosófica y diatópica como transmétodo. La subjetividad y empírea de (...)
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  21. The role of liberty in smith's critique of feudal economy.Matheus de Mesquita Silveira - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):33-48.
    Smith's contribution to the discussion on market economics and its relationship with moral and politics is discussed in this article. It is argued that the author's economic approach is incorporated into the concept of natural liberty and that free trade represents his response to the feudal system to prevent corruption and inequality. The text focuses on reconstructing the Scottish philosopher's economic defense of market economics, including his criticisms of regulatory wage policies, guild systems, and grain provision. It is argued that (...)
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  22.  1
    Everyday life and the question of the human in Humberto Giannini.Íris Uribe - 2024 - Griot 24 (2):247-261.
    This text brings to light a discussion that returns to philosophy the task of thinking about everyday life; centered on the question of the human in the reflections of today's world. This exercise in reflection is based on the book: La "Reflexión" Cotidiana. Hacia una arqueología de la experiencia by Chile an philosopher Humberto Giannini. La "reflexión" cotidiana delves into the depths of the nexus through which life intersects the state of philosophical problematization and thus challenges us in many ways, (...)
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  23.  21
    The problem of atheism in Nietzsche and Feuerbach: from the death of God to humanism.Wesley Barbosa - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):84-95.
    the present article intends to outline feuerbach's humanism in his the essence of christianity in dialogue with the nietzschean notion of the death of god. for it is with the death of god and the fall of all idols that it is possible to glimpse god, not as the absolute transcendent, but as a human creation, all too human. a projection of the self into a safe and magnanimous outside, anchorage of all human desires, from magical and miraculous powers to (...)
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  24.  22
    Narration, art and politics of just memory: Paul Ricoeur read from a brazilian perspective.Leonardo Barros - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):182-193.
    It is about analyzing the connection between just memory, narration and art, using an approach that mixes philosophy and visual arts. We will start from the perspective of the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur on fair memory, presented in his work Memory, History, Oblivion (2000), according to which there is an institutionalized ideologization of memory in which narrations are silenced or distorted by the so-called official history. In the process of recovering fair memory, these narratives need to be heard, recognized and (...)
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  25.  27
    I'm mortal, therefore i am: the mourning memory and the politics of mourning in Jacques Derrida.Martha Bernardo - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):106-123.
    Our objective is to present a reading of the issue of mourning in the work of Jacques Derrida. This question intervenes from his first writings, in a clash with Edmund Husserl, to his later work, in which we highlight the dialogue with Martin Heidegger. Without intending to exhaust the issue, we seek to investigate: 1) how mourning intimately constitutes, for Derrida, what is called “human”, contributing to the formation of his subjectivity, the mark of a stage in the history of (...)
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  26.  14
    On poverty and wealth: study of reflections on poverty and wealth in the sermons of Saint Augustine.Ricardo Evangelista Brandão - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):1-15.
    Aurélio Agostinho, when he was consecrated bishop in Hippo, had contact with a community in a situation of extreme social inequality, and adding to his understanding of bidirectional love (to God and neighbor), translated into nonconformity with the suffering of others, in the function as a bishop he had the opportunity to fight with the weapons at his disposal for a less undignified life for the poorest. Therefore, the concept of poverty that appears between the lines of his texts and (...)
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  27.  20
    Hobbesian pessimism or Schopenhauerian mechanism: the construction of the individual in Thomas Hobbes and Arthur Schopenhauer.Patricia Costa da Silva Baehr - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):62-70.
    It is rare that we have Arthur Schopenhauer and Thomas Hobbes in the same publication, and when this occurs, it is usually aimed at exploring their dissenting political views. However, this study is based on the belief that both philosophers have significant similarities in their theories about the creation of the individual as a human being. Schopenhauer and Hobbes have, in their constructions, the pessimistic view of human nature and, furthermore, there are prominent similarities in the construction of the human (...)
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  28.  9
    Einstein and the search for the logical unity of the world: principle of relativity and generalisation of lorentz transformations.Vinícius Carvalho Da Silva - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):194-204.
    In this article we analyse the role of the principle of relativity and the generalisation of Lorentz transformations in Einstein's relativistic physics, whose philosophical ideal was the construction of an image of nature endowed with maximum unity and logical simplicity. In his critical-rationalist realism, Einstein aimed to develop a "conception of the world" that expressed the logical unity of nature. Throughout his scientific career, this philosophical programme led him to produce "great syntheses", seeking compatibility between different physical systems.
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  29.  13
    Le rôle du corps dans la théorie de la mémoire de Bergson.João Loureiro - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):170-181.
    Matière et Memóire is, in the words of the great mentor and founder of the Portuguese Renaissance, “one of the most opulent, rich and penetrating books that philosophical thought has produced” (COIMBRA, 1994, p. 89) - and it is so on several levels. Here we will try to bring to light one of the most luminous innovations that were introduced by Bergson in the history of human thought, not only in its purely philosophical aspect, but also in its scientific importance. (...)
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  30.  11
    For a self-suppression of the method: genealogy as a genealogical program and the dimension of power in Nietzsche.Fernando da Silva Machado - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):138-153.
    Our objective will be to argue in favor of the idea that in Nietzsche there is no genealogical method, stricto sensu, with universalist and systemic-substantivist epistemic claims (traditionally conceived by justificationist and foundationalist philosophies from Plato to Hegel). However, there is a characteristic genealogical program, which opposes the majority genealogies and philosophies insofar as a self-suppression of the method is imposed as the primary and heterodox register of its reflection. We start from the hypothesis that Nietzsche’s genealogy, understood programmatically, became (...)
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  31.  9
    Explanatory Phenomenal naïve realism must be non-objectivist.Ícaro Miguel Ibiapina Machado - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):29-49.
    This study focuses on a particular type of Naïve Realism known as objectivism, which suggests that the explanation of perceptual phenomenology is based on environmental things that the subject becomes acquainted with. Section 2 introduces a subtype of objectivism, “selectivism”, which aims to overcome a traditional kind of objection. However, this section highlights that the cases these objections invoke may still posit challenges (demands for explanations) to selectivism. Section 3 discusses a recent objection to objectivism and demonstrates how it can (...)
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  32.  18
    Leo Strauss and the reopening of the “quarrel between ancients and moderns”: the problem of a historicist social science.Elvis de Oliveira Mendes - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):154-169.
    The aim of this study is to show that the reopening of the “quarrel between the ancients and the moderns” proposed by Strauss is an invitation to rethink the format of social science of his time. In his interpretation, the triumph of positivism and historicism in the contemporary era directly influenced the consolidation of a kind of social science that was too technical and scientistic, far from its main object of research, the human life in society. As a result, it (...)
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  33.  4
    The human, the language, the world and the book in Heidegger and Calvin: a brief understand.Eric Ewans Mendes - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):16-28.
    Dasein is an entity that can be understood as being-in-the-world, in which the "world" refers to the referential context of meanings. In this context are the environments where the human being as historically constituted relates to other entities, among them the entity called "book" which can mean more than a mere instrument in its instrumentality (Zuhandenheit), but be this entity "the book of my childhood", "of adolescence", etc., unveiling his deliverance in the "for what it is read". The book speaks (...)
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  34.  7
    Compréhension de la folie par Condillac.Kayk Oliveira Santos - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):50-61.
    In this article, I propose to examine and explain Condillac's understanding of madness and the relationship between this phenomenon and the concept of the association of ideas and elements of physiology. To this end, I focus the scope of the investigation on two works by the French philosopher: the Essay on the Origin of Human Knowledge (1746) and the Dictionary of Synonyms (1951). In the aforementioned texts, the philosopher mobilizes a conception of madness that is identified with the unruliness of (...)
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  35.  10
    Deleuze and philosphy as experimentation.Christian Fernando Ribeiro Guimarães Vinci - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):96-105.
    Returning to the famous prologue to the book Difference and Repetition, in which Gilles Deleuze points out that the time is approaching when it would not be possible to write a philosophy book as before, we will try to think about the deleuzian evocation of the need to adopt a new tone and new rules for the exercise philosophical. We believe that resuming this philosopher's appeal would launch us into the heart of deleuzian and deleuze-guattarian conception of philosophy as experimentation. (...)
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  36.  10
    The importance of existential feelings for the understanding of illness.Brenda Rossi Anhanha - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):71-83.
    Unlike emotions, existential feelings are not directed towards an object or specific situation, but are the affective background through which experience as a whole is structured. Furthermore, existential feelings are bodily feelings. In that vein, this paper aims to present the theory of existential feelings developed by Matthew Ratcliffe in Feelings of Being: Phenomenology, psychiatry and the sense of reality (2008) and its link to the concept of bodily doubt developed by Havi Carel in Phenomenology of illness (2016) in order (...)
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  37.  14
    Niilism and technology: an exploration from Leo Strauss and Andrew Feenberg.Itamar Soares Veiga - 2024 - Griot 24 (1):124-137.
    This article deals with the topics of nihilism and technology within the horizon of Western societies. More precisely, we research what is the most determining element in the relationship between nihilism and technology. To develop this research, we seek a concept of nihilism that is integrated into the scenario that emerged after the modern era, therefore integrating not only the 20th century, but also the 21st century. This concept is achieved through consideration of the effects of historicism according to Leo (...)
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