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  1.  7
    Faint Impressions, Forceful Ideas: Hume's Impression/Idea Distinction.Alexander Bozzo - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (2):326-350.
    A natural reading of Hume’s distinction between impressions and ideas is that impressions are forceful perceptions whereas ideas are faint. A problem emerges, however, when Hume countenances the possibility of faint impressions and forceful ideas. In this paper, I attempt a resolution to the problem. I argue that Hume characterizes impressions and ideas intensionally and extensionally, and sometimes uses the term in only one of the two senses. I argue that Hume intensionally defines impressions and ideas as forceful perceptions and (...)
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  2.  3
    Deduction and Common Notions in Alexander’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Metaphysics A 1–2.Frans A. J. de Haas - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):71-102.
    In this paper I explore the ways in which Alexander of Aphrodisias employs and develops so-called ‘common notions’ as reliable starting points of deductive arguments. He combines contemporary developments in the Stoic and Epicurean use of common notions with Aristotelian dialectic, and axioms. This more comprehensive concept of common notions can be extracted from Alexander’s commentary on Metaphysics A 1–2. Alexander puts Aristotle’s claim that ‘all human beings by nature desire to know’ in a larger deductive framework, and adds weight (...)
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  3.  7
    Parmenides’ First Attack on the Forms.Pieter D’Hoine - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):103-121.
    This paper provides a case study for the use of syllogistic reconstructions in the commentaries on Plato by the fifth-century commentator Proclus. The paper discusses Proclus’ reconstruction of the argument about the range of the Forms in Plato’s Parmenides. In his commentary on this dialogue, Proclus reports a syllogistic reconstruction of the argument proposed by some of his predecessors. In this reconstruction, the argument as a whole is interpreted as a straightforward attack on the existence of Forms, while the different (...)
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  4.  4
    Logic and Exegesis: The Logical Reconstruction of Arguments in the Greek Commentary Tradition.Pieter D’Hoine, Jan Opsomer & Irini-Fotini Viltanioti - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):1-2.
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  5. Ammonius and Philoponus on the Activity of Syllogizing.Luca Gili - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):140-160.
    According to Philoponus, the activity of drawing syllogisms is a dynamic operation. Following the classical idea that actions are specified by their objects and habitual powers by their actions, Philoponus concludes that only a dynamic power can elicit the act of syllogizing. This power is identified with discursive reasoning. Imagination, on the contrary, is a static power, that cannot elicit that particular motion of drawing a syllogistic inference. The issue, however, is not entirely uncontroversial, because Ammonius maintains that sophistical syllogisms (...)
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  6. The Aporetic Method of Aristotle’s Metaphysics B in Damascius’ De Principiis: A Case Study of the First Aporia.Jonathan Greig - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):161-209.
    Damascius has become well-known in recent scholarship for his unique, radical use of the aporetic method, both to highlight the inherent limits of human thought and to reveal crucial tensions in Neoplatonic metaphysics. Though much attention has been paid to the subjective or skeptical aspects of Damascius’ aporiai, little has been noted of the parallels between Damascius’ aporetic strategy in the De Principiis and Aristotle’s own in Metaphysics B. This article analyzes the parallel by looking at Aristotle’s aim for aporiai (...)
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  7.  3
    Logic and Interpretation: Syllogistic Reconstructions in Simplicius’ Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics.Orna Harari - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):122-139.
    In this article I explain three puzzling features of Simplicius’ use of syllogistic reconstructions in his commentary on Aristotle’s Physics: Why does he reconstruct Aristotle’s non-argumentative remarks? Why does he identify the syllogistic figure of an argument but does not explicitly present its reconstruction? Why in certain lemmata does he present several reconstructions of the same argument? Addressing these questions, I argue that these puzzling features are an expression of Simplicius’ assumption that formal reasoning underlies Aristotle’s prose, hence they reflect (...)
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  8.  1
    Aristotelian and Stoic Syllogistic in the Anonymous Commentary on Plato’s Theaetetus.Bernd Hene - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):44-70.
    The present paper investigates the question as to how and for what purposes the Middle Platonic author of the Anonymous Commentary on Plato’s Theaetetus uses Aristotelian and Stoic syllogistic in his interpretation of the Platonic text. This investigation shows that the commentator employs Aristotelian categorical syllogistic as an exegetical tool for reconstructing arguments in the Platonic text, enabling him not only to uncover doctrinal statements that are in his view hidden in the Platonic text, but also to dissociate Plato from (...)
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  9.  3
    If, Then, Therefore? Neoplatonic Exegetical Logic Between the Categorical and the Hypothetical.Marije Martijn - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):3-43.
    In late antiquity, logic developed into what Ebbesen calls the LAS, the Late Ancient Standard. This paper discusses the Neoplatonic use of LAS, as informed by epistemological and metaphysical concerns. It demonstrates this through an analysis of the late ancient debate about hypothetical and categorical logic as manifest in the practice of syllogizing Platonic dialogues. After an introduction of the Middle Platonist view on Platonic syllogistic as present in Alcinous, this paper presents an overview of its application in the syllogizing (...)
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  10.  2
    Formal Argument and Olympiodorus’ Development as a Plato-Commentator.Harold Tarrant - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24 (1):210-241.
    Olympiodorus led the Platonist school of philosophy at Alexandria for several decades in the sixth century, and both Platonic and Aristotelian commentaries ascribed to him survive. During this time the school’s attitude to the teaching of Aristotelian syllogistic, originally owing something to Ammonius, changed markedly, with an early tendency to reinforce the teaching of syllogistic even in Platonist lectures giving way to a greater awareness of its limitations. The vocabulary for arguments and their construction becomes far commoner than the language (...)
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  11. Can the Berkeleyan Idealist Resist Spinozist Panpsychism?Graham Clay & Michael Rauschenbach - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 24:296-325.
    We argue that prevailing definitions of Berkeley’s idealism fail to rule out a nearby Spinozist rival view that we call ‘mind-body identity panpsychism.’ Since Berkeley certainly does not agree with Spinoza on this issue, we call for more care in defining Berkeley’s view. After we propose our own definition of Berkeley’s idealism, we survey two Berkeleyan strategies to block the mind-body identity panpsychist and establish his idealism. We argue that Berkeley should follow Leibniz and further develop his account of the (...)
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  12. The Pittsburgh Kantians: Brandom, Conant, Haugeland, and McDowell on Kant.Jacob Browning - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis:1-32.
    Over the last thirty years, a group of philosophers associated with the University of Pittsburgh—Robert Brandom, James Conant, John Haugeland, and John McDowell—have developed a novel reading of Kant. Their interest turns on Kant’s problem of objective purport: how can my thoughts be about the world? This paper summarizes the shared reading of Kant’s Transcendental Deduction by these four philosophers and how it solves the problem of objective purport. But I also show these philosophers radically diverge in how they view (...)
     
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  13.  11
    Kant on the Necessity of Necessity.Jessica Leech - 2021 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis:1-29.
    One of Kant’s categories—a priori concepts the possession and applicability of which are necessary conditions of possible experience—is a concept of necessity. But it is unclear why the concept of necessity, as Kant defines it, should be a category thus understood. My aim is to offer a reading of Kant that fills this lacuna: the category of necessity is required to make necessity as it features in the world of experience understandable: a concept that the understanding can grasp and employ (...)
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