Pro-Fil

ISSN: 1212-9097

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  1.  3
    Jean-François Stoffel: Introduction to the Reading of the Famous Duhemian Articles from the Revue des Questions Scientifiques (1892-1896), 173 p.; Mirella Fortino — Jean-François Stoffel (eds.): Pierre Duhem: Realtà e rappre-sentazione, alla origini della Théorie physique, Scritti 1892–1896, 603 p. [REVIEW]Youri Cabot - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):65-67.
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  2.  8
    Emergence in Ontic Structural Realism.Petr Dvořák - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):1-17.
    The paper outlines the understanding of emergence in Ontic Structural Realism of James Ladyman (and his co-author Ross). First, the notion of emergence is explored, surveying the various distinctions associated with it (ontological vs. epistemological, diachronic vs. synchronic, weak vs. strong). It turns out that Ross and Ladyman’s notion of emergence is that of weak epistemological emergence compatible with ontic reduction. Particular notions of emergence are associated with the objection embodied in the Generalized Causal Exclusion Argument. The latter is sketched (...)
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  3.  56
    Social Imaginary of the Just World: Narrative Ethics and Truth-Telling in Non-Fiction Stories of (In)Justice.Katarzyna Filutowska - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):30-42.
    The paper focuses on the issue of truth-telling in non-fictional narratives of (in)justice. Based on examples of rape narratives, domestic abuse narratives, human trafficking narratives and asylum seeker narratives, I examine the various difficulties in telling the truth in such stories, particularly those related to various culturally conditioned ideas of how the world works, which at the same time form the basis of, among other things, legal discourse and officials’ decision-making processes. I will also demonstrate that such culturally conditioned ideas, (...)
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  4.  4
    Social Ethics Among Slovak Lutherans in the 20th Century: Generational and Periodic Influences.Ján Kalajtzidis - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):55-64.
    This paper explores the dynamics of intergenerational change and its impact on social ethics in Slovakia during the 20th century, with a particular focus on authors of Lutheran background. The methodology selected to achieve the aims of this study is grounded in the 'theory of generations.' The purpose of this analysis is to examine how shifts in political, social, and economic realities influenced the ethical frameworks guiding societal engagements in Slovakia. Through a historical analysis of theological movements and their socio-political (...)
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  5.  5
    Social Structure: A History of the Concept.Josef Menšík - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):18-29.
    The concept of social structure, present in social ontology since the 19th century, hasbeen used in various, not always clearly specified, meanings. The present use of the concepthas been decisively influenced by the elaborations in the hands of the so-called “newstructuralists” of the 1970s: Pierre Bourdieu, Roy Bhaskar and Anthony Giddens. To understandthe contemporary developments, it is necessary to be acquainted with its formative influences.In the paper, we compare the approaches of Bhaskar and Giddens, especially in the context oftheir mutual (...)
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  6.  5
    Mathematization, Movement, and Extension of the World-Soul in Plato's Timaeus (Tim. 35b4-37a2).Jiří Stránský - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (2):43-54.
    The main aim of this study is to explain passage 35b4-37a2 of Plato’s Timaeus which deals with three main topics: the mathematization of the world’s soul, its movement, and its binding to the world’s body. First, it is argued that the mathematical structure of the world-soul allows it to participate in and be sensitive to harmony, which is essential for the correct workings of its cognitive capacities. Second, the division of the world-soul to the circle of the same and the (...)
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  7.  4
    Paco Calvo, Planta Sapiens: O inteligenci rostlin.Patrícia Dudíková - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (1).
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  8.  2
    The Social, Therapeutic and Didactic Dimension of Shame in Seneca’s Thinking.Peter Fraňo & Dominik Novosád - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (1).
    This paper analyses the problem of shame in the thinking of Lucius Annaeus Seneca. The authors examine this problem primarily in two contexts. The first, social meaning, understands shame as an emotion that appears during a conflict between a person’s “self” and social norms. Seneca mainly tackles this question concerning providing “benefits” (beneficia) in his On Benefits and eighty-first letter of Moral Epistles. The second therapeutic and didactic meaning utilises shame as an instrument to manage some illnesses of the mind (...)
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  9. Spinoza's Model of God: Pantheism or Panentheism?Michaela Petrufova Joppova - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (1):1-12.
    The philosophical God of Spinoza is branded as a pantheistic God so often that, regarding at least Western philosophy and philosophical commentaries, Spinozism seems to be practically synonymous with pantheism. Since the times of German idealism, there have also been attempts at a panentheistic reading, which are still alive to this day. The article analyses both theological models in their core claims to adequately qualify Spinoza’s theological system while considering the established levels of philosophical-theological interpretation. By identifying systemic pantheism and (...)
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  10.  3
    “A Crowd of Gorgons and Winged Horses”. A Critique of Socratic Philosophers in Athenaeus’ The Deipnosophists.František Škvrnda - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (1).
    The study analyses the critique of the Socratic philosophers in Athenaeus’ The Deipnosophists. The main goal of the study is to assess its overall quality, argumentative structure, historical relevance and interpretative plausibility. The first part of the study briefly outlines the main characteristics and features of the anti-philosophical literature in antiquity. The second part examines Athenaeus' argumentative methods and techniques of textual criticism. In the following parts of the study, we scrutinise Athenaeus‘s overall critical assessment of Socratic literature and compare (...)
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  11.  2
    The Spectrality of Shame in Plato’s Menexenus.Michal Zvarík - 2023 - Pro-Fil 24 (1).
    The article addresses the theme of spectrality, the givenness of the other who remains here after departure as a ghost. It explores how this spectrality functions in Plato’s funeral oratory in the Menexenus dialogue. In the first part, the article discusses J. Patočka’s account of the specific givenness of the departed, which is experienced as a privation of a former intersubjectively intertwined life. The deceased other causes a twofold crisis. On the one hand, with the death of the other also (...)
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