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  1. Teatr Zawsze Umiera.Stanley Gontarski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):191-209.
    The Theater Is always Dying traces the resilience of live theatrical performance in the face of competing performative forms like cinema, television and contemporary streaming services on personal, hand-held devices and focuses on theater’s ability to continue as a significant cultural, community and intellectual force in the face of such competition. To echo Beckett, we might suggest, then, that theater may be at its best at its dying since its extended demise seems self-regenerating. Whether or not you “go out of (...)
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  2. O Czym Nam Mówi Milcząca Planeta? Analiza Wybranych Wątków Filozoficznych W Solaris Stanisława Lema.Paweł Grabarczyk - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):69-80.
    The paper analyses selected philosophical aspects of Stanisław Lem’s Solaris. I argue that there is an interesting similarity between the history of “Solarist studies” –the fictional scientific discipline depicted by Lem and cognitive science. I show that both disciplines go through similar stages as they try to describe their main subject. In the further part of the paper, I focus on two problems identified in cognitive science that can be directly related to the themes found in Solaris: the problem of (...)
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  3. Uniwersytet w stanie podejrzenia. Na marginesie Sprawozdania dla Akademii Franza Kafki.Mariusz Jochemczyk - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):9-28.
    The idea of the university was never a significant context for researchers of Franz Kafka work. It was the other social institutions that became the natural source of allusive recognition of literary scholars. In this sketch – written on the margins of Kafka’s famous short story: Report for the Academy – we are trying to change it. The university here becomes a “central object of criticism”, an institution in ruins, a place where one does not practice research and does not (...)
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  4. Dziewczyna Musiała Upaść? Jean-Baptiste Clamence I Literacka Infekcja Złem.Maciej Kałuża - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):81-99.
    The article presents the concept of evil, as developed in the literary as well as philosophical works of Albert Camus. After a short, preliminary notice on the relationship between literature and evil, the article presents two spheres, in which the problem of evil was grasped by the author of The Rebel. In the main part of the article, the complexity of the problem of evil, as represented by Jean-Baptiste Clamence from The Fall is shown. It is seen as a development (...)
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  5. Mową Wiązaną o Losie Człowieka. Filozofia W Poezji Giacoma Leopardiego.Aleksandra Koman - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):101-114.
    Giacomo Leopardi is one of those authors whose texts oscillate on the border between literature and philosophy. It is true that Leopardi does not use traditional forms of philosophical expression, but the fact is that most of the considerations of the Italian thinker are expressed by the simultaneous conduct of two discourses: literary and philosophical. Leopardi experimented almost every form of literary expression, but he went down in history mainly as a poet, who contained a significant part of his highest (...)
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  6. „Dlaczego ja piszę?” Wokół filozofii pisania Sławomira Mrożka.Sara Kurowska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):115-127.
    This article focusses on the meta-literary thread in the correspondence exchanged between Sławomir Mrożek and Wojciech Skalmowski. The latter, wondering about the actual reason why writers create literature, provocatively reduced the metaphysical dimension of a work of art to learn about its contemporary actual value; whether it is was only trade-based. Baudelaire’s work as interpreted by Walter Benjamin became a major context indicating the diversity in the perception of the analysed problem depending on historical time. The article discusses how during (...)
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  7. Poetyckie Krajobrazy Wilhelma Przeczka.Libor Martinek - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):147-157.
    Wilhelm Przeczek is a Polish writer who has lived in Karviná, the Czech Republic, since he was born in 1936. He is a member of a Polish minority and he has aimed his literary output at its members and at readers in Poland. Translations into the Czech language are aimed at readers in the Czech Republic. Having made a protest against the intervention of the Warsaw Pact armies into Czechoslovakia in August 1968, W. Przeczek was not allowed to publish and (...)
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  8.  1
    Odegrać Śmierć: Mariny Abramović 7 Śmierci Marii Callas.Francesco Marzano - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):161-190.
    This essay analyses the opera project 7 Deaths of Maria Callas by Marina Abramović, premiered in Munich in September, 2020. The first section reconstructs the role that the Greek soprano played in the life of the Serbian performer, bringing the latter to a gradual sense of self-identification. Then, the thirty-years-long development of the original concept of the video piece How to Die into the actual project through its various stages is taken into account, and the stage realisation of the work (...)
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  9. Swojskie przestrzenie absurdu.Brygida Pawłowska-Jądrzyk - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):29-44.
    The subject of analysis in the article is The Metamorphosis of Franz Kafka. The author attempts to capture various aspects of the Kafka space phenomenon in the context of the functioning of the wall / ceiling motif in this probably the most famous narrative of world literature. At the same time, the researcher treats Kafka’s work as an unsurpassed pattern of artistic scenery shaping: namely, which plasticity and concrete motifs and spatial relations make a kind of residuum of sublime, symbolic (...)
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  10. Rumory wojny. Szkic do portretu Franza Kafki.Miłosz Piotrowiak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):45-65.
    In current research on the work of Franz Kafka, war issues occur rather incidentally. In the presented article, the Author points out the omission of kafkology and tries to indicate possible directions of belumic interpretation. The sketch for Kafka’s war portrait is inspired by the short story Fratricide. The text, which shows the inspiration of the biblical story of Cain and Abel, is a beginning of Kafka’s thinking about a world determined by violence, controlled by a bloody conflict. The first (...)
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  11.  1
    Emmanuela Lévinasa Pochwała Ateizmu.Jan Słomka - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 59 (4):129-146.
    Lévinas presents atheism as the original good condition of the soul before acknowledging or rejecting God. Such description is closely linked to the notion of separation. Man is a created being, but a separated one, self-contained, though not absolute. Even if not causa sui, he may exist on his own. The description is radically different from that by Augustine, who refers to creation as the participation of man in God. Similarly, there is an almost literal contradiction between the statement by (...)
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  12.  1
    Sens Aktywności W Okolicach Sztuki – Działo Się Na Strychu.Włodzimierz Adamiak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):261-286.
    The text is a commentary to the phenomena in Polish modern art in the final years of the 20th century. It constitutes a “first-hand” account by a participant of the events and the host of the location. The location was the author’s private workshop in the attic of a Łódź tenement house in the very centre of the city, in the circles of artists creating situations, meetings, events and objects, which established Kultura Zrzuty [the Whip-round Culture], a phenomenon which described (...)
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  13.  2
    W Poszukiwaniu Sensu Językowego.Aleksy Awdiejew - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):13-28.
    The aim of the article is to define the relationship between the meaning included in an utterance and its formal shape. The author based his discussion on the study of natural communication. The notion of meaning is in the article associated with that which in communicational grammar is referred to as cognitive configuration. It is expressed through texts, but texts indicate the meaning a sender intends to send in only a conventional manner. The author stressed the mechanism of the emergence (...)
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  14.  1
    Wizerunkowy Sens Energicznej Gestykulacji Youtubera. Przykład Wojtka Drewniaka Z Historii Bez Cenzury.Anna Barańska-Szmitko - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):199-216.
    The aim of the article is to verify the importance of gesticulation on one’s image in the popular science discourse based on YouTube videos by Wojciech Drewniak, a historian. The study employed the formula of an experiment in which subjects watched a video and defined the image-related characteristics of the YouTuber, and then were asked to write on what bases they assigned individual characteristics. Gesticulation became key for the construction of such image-related characteristics as: “energiczny”, “pasjonat”, “charyzmatyczny”, “o wyrazistej mowie (...)
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  15.  1
    Milczący Sens Horyzontu Poznawczo-Performatywnego.Mariusz Bartosiak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):249-259.
    The article presents the discussion which begins with a semantic clarification of the Polish terms of ‘sens’ [meaning] and ‘znaczenie’ [reference] in Polish linguistic usus, starting with the basic dictionary and corpus-based determinations, which indicate the subjective dominant element of ‘sens’ and the objective dominant element of ‘znaczenie’. Next, the author indicated the elements of philosophical discourse, which defined additional conditions of meaning as “the meaning of life” and “meaning of action” and which emphasise the subjective and performative nature of (...)
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  16.  2
    Przypadek Beppego Grilla, Czyli o (D)Ewolucji Komunikacji Politycznej We Włoszech.Łukasz Jan Berezowski & Artur Gałkowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):517-528.
    The article aims at analyzing the case of Beppe Grillo and his Five Stars Movement in terms of social, cultural and linguistic phenomenon that – initially as a virtual party without a structured organization – seems to conquer both right-wing and left-wing Italian citizens notwithstanding generational and ideological differences. The success of grillini in the parliamentary election of 2018 as a consequence of Matteo Renzi’s constitutional referendum failure, represents a clear sign of the leadership crisis as well as the drifting (...)
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  17.  1
    Bez Sensu Jako Akt Komunikowania.Wiesław Czechowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):147-169.
    The article presents a communication-based analysis of the function of the ‘bez sensu’ [meaningless/ pointless/makes no sense etc.] phraseme. The author discusses the conversational and discursive opportunities for using it. He applies the methodology of communicational grammar, which enables the analysis of communications at the ideational and interactive levels. Within the semantic level, ‘bez sensu’ removes the value of the trivialised semantic standard. In conversations, it is the reaction to scripts which contradict natural logic and the common-sensical cause-and-effect course of (...)
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  18.  1
    Czy Istnieje Interpretacja Standardowa? Empiryczna Weryfikacja Wybranych Założeń Gramatyki Komunikacyjnej.Anita Filipczak-Białkowska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):171-197.
    The article poses a major study question: “Does standard interpretation exist?” In the methodology of communicational grammar, to which the author refers, standard interpretation is defined as a generalised pattern of the analysis of a communication by a virtual recipient, which consists of constructing basic, mutually cooperating elements of meaning. An empirical test was applied to the assumption that, despite the fact that the reception of a communication is a subjective process, its course is to some extent pre-determined, since a (...)
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  19.  1
    „Płomyczkowy” Podręcznik Dobrych Manier Jako Przejaw Strategii Wychowawczych W Socjalizmie.Anita Grzegorzewska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):335-357.
    The article raises the topic of good manners and upbringing in the People’s Republic of Poland using the example of children’s and young adult press from the period. The author analysed 24 issues of Płomyczek from 1968 considering literature in education, upbringing strategies, and etiquette. Leaving aside the issues of propaganda and ideology, she enriched the analysis by considering the political history of Poland during the period of the “minor stabilisation”.
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  20.  2
    Strategie Retoryczne W Propagandzie Antyalkoholowej Polskiej Kroniki Filmowej.Krzysztof Grzegorzewski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):359-376.
    The core of the text is a rhetorical analysis of the anti-alcohol propaganda in the films by Polska Kronika Filmowa produced by WFDiF. The author selected four reports from the popular series: Propaganda PRL-u. Najzabawniejsze polskie kroniki filmowe and analysed them using three types of textual analysis: metaphorical analysis, neo-rhetorical analysis, and ideological analysis. The article was complemented with facts from the political history of the People’s Republic of Poland in some specific aspects, e.g. the history of drunkenness in that (...)
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  21.  1
    Kategoria Aspektu a Sens.Grażyna Habrajska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):29-54.
    The article offers an analysis of the perfective aspect within the approach of communicational grammar. The author provided an overview of selected verbs with a communication-based analysis of those which consist of recreating predicate-argument systems and their combinations to indicate the impact of aspect on the resulting configuration of meaning. The text also includes examples of the analysis of metaphorical expressions.
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  22.  2
    O Rzetelności Rozumienia Przekazu Komunikacyjnego.Elżbieta Laskowska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):137-145.
    The author assumed that a fair understanding of communication is such a reception which is close to the content, intent and mode assigned to it by the sender. That reception depends on the extent of the knowledge of a recipient, and their axiological attitude and view of the world. The analysed examples indicate various aspects of fairness of understanding and trigger questions regarding the method of studying the phenomenon.
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  23.  1
    Komunikacja Polityczna Niemiec Jako Stanu Dojrzałej Demokracji W Kontekście Kryzysu Migracyjnego Drugiej Dekady XXI Wieku.Rafał Leśniczak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):499-515.
    The aim of the article is the media and political analysis of the political discourse of German Chancellor Angela Merkel regarding refugees, launched by the famous slogan Wir schaffen das! The time study covers the period from 31.08.2015 to 28.02.2017. The author uses the system analysis method and the content analysis method. The research material is the texts published on the “Wirtualna Polska” portal.
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  24.  1
    Uniwersytecka Filozoficzna Formacja Dziennikarska W Polskich Uczelniach Wyższych a Poszukiwanie Sensu – Kilka Uwag Do Dyskusji.Rafał Leśniczak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):217-235.
    The article refers to the issue of journalism education at university, in terms of the philosophical categories of meaning and truth. The author analyses the curricula of selected Polish higher education institutions in the majors of journalism and social communication, and refers to studies on education in journalism ethics in Poland conducted in 2015–2016. In his academic reflection, he indicates the inadequacy of university education for the proper preparation of journalists for fulfilling their profession when faced with the challenges of (...)
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  25.  2
    Sens: Czy Narzędzia Retoryki Są Przydatne W Jego Badaniu?Jakub Z. Lichański - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):77-94.
    The discussion centres around two issues: the issue of meaning, and the question whether the tools of rhetoric viewed as the basic tool in interpersonal communication can be helpful in reading and interpreting meaning. The author understands meaning after G. Frege: […] let the following phraseology be established: A proper name expresses its sense, stands for or designates its reference. By means of a sign we express its sense and designate its reference. The purpose of the discussion is also to (...)
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  26.  1
    Negocjacyjne Mistyfikacje – Kreacja Wizji Stanów Pożądanych.Zbigniew Nęcki & Szymon Nęcki - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):113-135.
    The article offers an analysis of the topic of negotiations, from the most concreto area to the most abstract, and then an analysis of the many meanings of the term profit, which in negotiations has three areas: mine, yours, or shared. Yet the estimation of profit requires a comparison with the idealsituation expectations or with other empirically available kinds of goods. In all these, it is possible to modify the vision of a situation through tinkering or even systemic deception via (...)
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  27.  1
    Kultura W Służbie Polityki. Problem Niemiecki a Relacje NRD – PRL.Marek Ostrowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):399-419.
    The politics of memory and culture of the Polish People’s Republic alludes to Ideologiekritik in its idiosyncratic way characterized by Marxist utopianism. In reality, this leads to reversing this theory. The causes of fascism are seen in “German imperialism”. For political and strategic reasons the German Democratic Republic becomes one of the main partners of the Polish People’s Republic, with regard to which it is capable of accomplishing the guidelines of its policy in the cultural dimension. This is accompanied by (...)
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  28.  1
    Narracja Jako Produkcja Sensu Na Przykładzie Teledysku All by Myself Celine Dion.Marek Ostrowski - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):95-111.
    The narration in the music video to Celine Dion’s song All By Myself is a linearly organised construct or composition equipped with features of logicality, which organises specific linguistic or image-based material. It constructs a fiction based on the principles of dramatism. If one assumes that a music video can be analysed as a system which produces meaning, then the production occurs mainly within two dimensions. Firstly, as fiction, and secondly, as narration. The sequential editing adds significance to the entire (...)
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  29.  1
    Introduction.Marek Ostrowski & Anita Filipczak-Białkowska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):9-11.
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  30.  2
    Tajemnice ASMR – perspektywa ogólna i lingwistyczna.Krzysztof Ozga - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):301-334.
    The article presents the concept of ASMR from a general and a linguistic perspective. The definition of the notion and a review on the state of research is followed by a classification of ASMR triggers based on the senses which constitute the source of experiencing the ASMR effect. The author argues that touch and smell be included in the classification of the triggers. The linguistic analysis focuses on the following issues: the phonetic properties of the voice triggers, onomastics – a (...)
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  31.  1
    Współczesna Komunikacja I Racjomorfizacja Sensu.Jan Pleszczyński - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):55-76.
    In the article, I attempted to indicate that in modern communication, i.e. also in social life, ratiomorphism has been appearing. I define it as an unconscious, innate, genetically determined and teleonomically survival-driven cognitive faculties, skills and patterns of behavior present in all living being, including humans. It cannot be, however, associated only with emotions or irrationalism. In modern communication dominated by the new media, ratiomorphism takes on the form of technoratiomorphism. Therefore, it is obvious that ratiomorphism also appears in the (...)
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  32.  2
    Twórczość Henryka Sienkiewicza a Cenzura Literacka W NRD.Marek Rajch - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):421-434.
    Works by Henryk Sienkiewicz, a Polish writer and the winner of the 1905 Nobel Prize for Literature, were subjected to verification by the DDR’s censorship apparatus several times. Censors considered his novellas which discussed 19th-century social issues as desirable and worth promoting among East German readers. His novel Krzyżacy, which was set in the Middle Ages, was accepted eagerly both by publishing houses and the censorship office as it enabled national socialism in Germany to be viewed in critical terms, as (...)
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  33.  1
    Propaganda W Polskiej Prasie Sportowej Lat 1950–1959.Rafał Siekiera - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):435-457.
    The article describes main forms of socialist propaganda in polish sports press of the 1950’s decade. As the analysis shows, sports magazines, despite their apparent thematic distance from political issues, had become tools of social impact. The main force of influence was concentrated in texts created typically for propaganda purposes, but also texts devoted to sports competitions contained political components. The most important manifestations of propaganda in the sports press were the mixing of sport with politics, promoting Soviet training and (...)
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  34.  1
    Styl Niezależnej Publicystyki Prasowej Z Lat 1979–1980 Wobec Ideologicznego Dyskursu Dominującego.Dorota Suska - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):459-476.
    The goal of the article is to offer a style-focussed description of samizdat press articles from the late-1970s, which were the textual manifestation of the independent discourse at that time. The author analysed representative microstyles and conducted a functional interpretation of identified stylistic devices and phenomena, considering how they were related to the official model of public communication. The discussed texts were stylistically diverse, which was a byproduct which came from structural and genre adaptations, and mainly play on language. On (...)
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  35.  2
    Porównanie Koncepcji Nowomowy W Powieści Rok 1984 George’a Orwella Ze Sposobem Myślenia o Języku W Powieści Ta Ohydna Siła C.S. Lewisa.Andrzej Wicher - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):477-498.
    The aim of the article is to investigate some of the possible sources of inspiration for Orwell’s concept of the artificial language called Newspeak, which, in his novel Nineteen Eighty-Four, is shown as an effective tool of enslavement and thought control in the hands of a totalitarian state. The author discusses, in this context, the putative links between Newspeak and really existing artificial languages, first of all Esperanto, and also between Orwell’s notion of “doublethink”, which is an important feature of (...)
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  36.  2
    Jaki Design Ma Sens? Dwa Wymiary Praktyki Projektowania.Mariusz Wszołek - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):237-248.
    John Thackara emphasised that 80% of the negative impact on the natural environment has its origin in design and the randomness of its application. Considering the entirety of design practices, one would have a hard time disputing this. In contemporary times, design understood as design practices has assumed a servile role in relation to big corporations. One can observe the consequences of such practices in real time: social exclusion, the lack of design consideration or consideration of end users, the failure (...)
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  37.  1
    Ukryty Sens W Sztuce.Zofia Władyka-Łuczak - 2020 - Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Litteraria Polonica 58 (3):287-299.
    The author discusses the notion of the interpretation of a work of art. Starting with the assumption that the expression “Art’s hidden meaning” should be understood as a search for narrative plots that can be detected between the perceived spatial-figurative motifs and the formal notions in works of art, she analyses two sculptures by Zbigniew Władyka, both entitled Matka Ziemia [Mother Earth]. In her interpretation she emphasises the fact that, on the one hand, the meaning layer, i.e. the presentation of (...)
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