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  1.  10
    Augustine’s Ostia Revisited: A Plotinian or Christian Ascent in Confessiones 9?Anthony Dupont & Mateusz Stróżyński - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):80-104.
    Augustine converted to Christianity in 386 and described his conversion in his Confessiones a decade later. Much ink has been spilled concerning the question of the specific nature of Augustine’s conversion and the ‘historical accuracy’ of his description thereof 10 years later. The Confessiones seem to describe a volte face: he radically embraced Christianity. But to what kind of Christianity did he convert? We will readdress this question, not by investigating his conversion, but by a close exegesis of Confessiones 9, (...)
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  2.  5
    Communitas: Belonging and the Order of Being.James Greenaway - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):194-212.
    Human existence is intrinsically community-oriented. Persons find themselves as responsible in community. This is a classical and Christian insight that is supported by significant contemporary philosophers such as Gabriel Marcel and Emmanuel Levinas. This article makes the claim that to thrive as a person is to belong; indeed, that it is the experience of belonging that satisfies the human need for meaning, value, and purpose. The article proceeds by considering the term ‘community.’ In itself, ‘community’ is a common sense term. (...)
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  3.  7
    Christian Theology Emerged by Way of a Kuhnian Paradigm Shift.Dirk-Martin Grube - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):178-193.
    ABSTRACTThis paper argues that, historically, Christianity emerges out of Judaism by way of a paradigm shift in Thomas Kuhn’s sense of the word and that this emergence has normative consequences regarding the legitimacy of Christianity. Paradigm shifts are characterized by observational anomalies triggering particular kinds of theoretical modifications, e.g. meaning-changes of key terms, leading to a coherent re-disclosure of reality. The first Christians underwent such a paradigm shift: The anomalous experience that the dead Jesus has risen triggered theoretical modifications – (...)
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  4.  6
    Why Die – a Philosophical Apology of Death.Heine A. Holmen - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):136-155.
    In the Insanity Defence Woody Allen claims that when we say humans are mortal we are obviously not complimenting them. It is difficult to contradict great comedy, of course, but if what I argue holds, Allen is wrong on this account. Mortality is a compliment – or at least something for which we should be grateful – since life without it threatens with disaster. To live without death also means living in the universe in its more hostile stages under conditions (...)
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  5.  5
    On Alain Badiou’s ‘Critique of Religion’.Mads Peter Karlsen - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):36-59.
    This paper examines Alain Badiou’s critical engagement with religion. It is argued that there are two central points at which religion enters the scene of Badiou’s philosophy. First, in his critique, the ‘motif of finitude’ Badiou repeatedly refers to religion, claiming that ‘the obsession with finitude is a remnant of the tyranny of the sacred’. Second, Badiou stages his attempt to regenerate philosophy against the proclamation of its end as a confrontation with the religion, through philosophy’s detachment from the poetization (...)
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  6.  5
    Metaphysical Thinking After Metaphysics: A Theological Reading of Jan Patočka’s Negative Platonism.Martin Koci - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):18-35.
    For decades now, the end of metaphysics has been heralded. Engaging with the issue at stake, first, I will present and critically discuss Jan Patočka’s prophetic reflection on the fate of metaphysics after metaphysical philosophy. This will show that the problem is far more complicated and that attempts devoted to overcoming metaphysics often unjustly reduce it. To be able properly address the complexities of the crisis of metaphysics, I will move beyond Patočka and will introduce the agent, which played a (...)
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  7.  3
    A Peculiar Enterprise. The Fate of Metaphysics in a Naturalist Climate.Michiel Meijer - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):1-17.
    In this paper, I examine the divide between ‘analytic’ and ‘continental’ approaches to metaphysics by reconstructing a three-cornered debate between naturalists, hermeneutists, and pragmatists on the issue of how to understand the relationship between ethics and ontology. Taking my cue from the dominant naturalistic debates in Anglo-American ethics, I continue to discuss in more detail the positions of Hilary Putnam and Charles Taylor in the light of these debates. More particularly, I investigate Putnam’s wholesale rejection of Ontology with a capital (...)
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  8.  2
    Reconciling Faith and Reason: T. H. Green’s Theory of Human Agency.Adrian Paylor - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):156-177.
    The Victorian age was a period in which Christian Orthodoxy was undermined by new and emerging forms of reasoned inquiry. The commonly-held view amongst historians is that the intellectual life in the era was composed of two hostile camps; those who defended Christian Orthodoxy and those who championed the new sciences. The received view is that, when faced by the new fields of reasoned inquiry, Christianity’s prominence within British intellectual life and discourse went into terminal decline. The intention of this (...)
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  9.  4
    Image and Kenosis: Assessing Jean-Luc Marion’s Contribution to a Postmetaphysical Theological Aesthetics.Brett David Potter - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):60-79.
    An important influence on Jean-Luc Marion’s phenomenology is the work of Swiss Catholic theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar. Marion is particularly interested in Balthasar’s ‘phenomenological’ approach to the content of Christian revelation, centered on the metaphor of the work of art. Balthasar suggests in his Theo-Logic that the early Marion ‘concede[s] too much to the critique of Heidegger,’ moving too far away from the ‘transcendental’ metaphysics of Aquinas and the classical tradition. Yet Balthasar’s criticism is premature. Rather, Marion’s work, particularly (...)
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  10.  2
    Simon Smith’s Beyond Realism: Seeking the Divine Other: A Study of Applied Metaphysics.Richard Prust - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):213-215.
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  11.  11
    Simon Critchley, John D. Caputo and Radical Political Theology?Calvin Dieter Ullrich - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):122-135.
    In his 2012 work, Faith of the Faithless, the philosopher Simon Critchley presented an ‘atheistic’ formulation of faith as an ‘experiment’ in ‘political theology.’ This work, as part of the so-called ‘turn to religion’ in continental political philosophy, gave an account of what Critchley had formerly articulated as ‘atheistic transcendence.’ Tracing the genesis of the latter and then linking to his notion of the supreme fiction, the paper seeks to account for Critchley’s ‘a/theological’ shift. Through a close reading, the paper (...)
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  12.  11
    In Abandonment of the Parable: An Agambenian Interpretation of Simone Weil’s ‘Hesitations Concerning Baptism’.Arthur Willemse - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):105-121.
    In this essay, I trace the motif of abandonment that runs through the ethics of Simone Weil. In doing so, as a conceptual lens, I make use of Giorgio Agamben’s concept of abandonment. Taking my cue from Weil’s hesitations concerning baptism, I examine her stance as a case of either sacrifice or exception, of ambiguity or indifference. Subsequently, I use Weil’s hesitations to examine an interconnected sequence of soteriology and metaphysics, following Church and potentiality, World and actuality, and The Kingdom (...)
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