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  1.  7
    Obstacles to moral articulation in interreligious engagement.Nicholas Adams - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):309-325.
    The purpose of this paper is to confront a well-known problem in interreligious engagement in European institutions, namely the tendency to exclude contributions that do not conform to certain European expectations. It diagnoses problems produced not only by the problem but by certain solutions to it, and to propose in outline an alternative approach. Chief among these problems is the imperative that members of traditions articulate their deepest moral commitments, in order to secure a common moral ground. This imperative has (...)
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  2.  8
    Reply to my respondents.Nicholas Adams - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):360-365.
    I am grateful for the five thoughtful and generous responses by Petruschka Schaafsma, Ariën Voogt, Sophia Höff, Dominique Gosewisch, and Rob Compaijen. I propose to summarise their responses and to...
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  3.  11
    Commitment and reflection in moral life.Rob Compaijen - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):340-346.
    On the view that Nicholas Adams advocates in ‘Alternatives to Moral Common Ground’, ethics is complicit in undermining the commitments that constitute our moral lives, because by forcing us to articulate those commitments they lose their hold on us. In this paper I take Adams’ views as a starting point to explore the idea that ethics might be complicit in undermining our moral lives. Aiming to shed light on the relation between reflection and commitment, I will do two things. First, (...)
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  4.  13
    Perfect imperfection: articulation in moral formation.Dominique A. Gosewisch - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):347-352.
    In response to Adam’s concern that when one tries to articulate a moral commitment, the commitment is ‘falsified,’ I examine the importance of a particular articulation in the process of moral development and look for a way to engage in this articulation, while avoiding the pitfalls Adams identified. Via the example of moral formation, and more specifically, exemplarity, I show the role of articulation in moral growth. Moreover, I attempt to show that partial and imperfect articulation can lead to moral (...)
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  5.  29
    Thinking with Walter Benjamin on language and Scriptural Reasoning.Sophia Höff - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):353-359.
    Nicholas Adams argues that one should not force the articulation of moral common ground as this might lead to a distortion or collapse of what is being articulated. Instead, one should strive for an articulation as practised in Scriptural Reasoning, where the common ground remains implicit and interwoven with contextual understandings. These arguments concern the question of what language can do. Following Walter Benjamin, I would like to link the question of what language can or cannot do more closely to (...)
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  6.  7
    Interruption that liberates to love. On the positive potential of the ‘paradox of ethics’.Petruschka Schaafsma - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):326-332.
    In this contribution, I take Nicholas Adams’ discussion of the paradox of ethics as an occasion to further explore our present moral situation and the possibilities of ethics in it. This situation is characterised by pluralism of moral views, which gives rise to relativist and cynical reactions as well as to strong, polarising expressions. These tendencies feed a suspicion towards ethical reflection. In light of the paradox of ethics as discussed by Adams this may seem justified. I will argue, however, (...)
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  7.  13
    The dialectic of articulation: a Hegelian response to Adams.Ariën Voogt - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):333-339.
    This article responds to Nicholas Adams by exploring the affinities between his account and Hegel, with a particular focus on the dialectic of articulation. They seem to agree on the undermining effect of articulation and reflection on implicit commitments. However, Adams diverges from Hegel by questioning the consequence and supposed inevitability of this dialectical process. Whereas Hegel argues for the desirability of conscious articulation in the progress towards modernity, Adams contends that it is actually a destructive and oppressive process, challenging (...)
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  8.  7
    Should moral commitments be articulated? An introduction.Ariën Voogt & Petruschka Schaafsma - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (5):303-308.
    This Special Issue questions a basic assumption in thinking about morality: the idea that the explicit articulation of moral commitments that usually remain implicit is the basis par excellence for dialogue and rapprochement between people of opposing views. Nicholas Adams shows in the main article of this Special Issue that there is a paradox behind this assumption concerning ethics itself: articulating moral commitments may end up undermining them. It inherently stands in tension with forms of life as people actually inhabit (...)
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  9.  22
    Loving the imageless: Descartes on the sensuous love of God.Zachary Agoff - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):199-215.
    Descartes claims that we can love God sensuously. However, it is prima facie unclear how this is possible, given that he is also committed to the impossibility of sensing or imagining God. In this essay, I show that Descartes has the metaphysical and psychophysical resources necessary to alleviate this tension. First, I discuss Descartes’s account of the intellectual love of God, demonstrating that the intellectual love of God constitutively involves the love of God’s creation. Second, I argue that an image (...)
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  10.  8
    From representation to power: the Bilderverbot reconsidered.Beniamino Fortis - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):275-293.
    When considered in the field of aesthetics, the Bilderverbot (biblical ban on pictures) is received with a variety of attitudes ranging between the extremes of Kant’s praise and Hegel’s criticism. Despite being at odds with each other, Kant’s and Hegel’s interpretations suffer from the same theoretical flaw: both assume that the pictures the Bible talks about are representations related to their objects by way of reference. This assumption is proven wrong in the pars destruens of this essay, in which it (...)
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  11.  14
    The Baader-Schelling controversy in Schelling’s Das System der Weltalter: Elohim as divine proxies.Aleksandr Gaisin - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):235-254.
    This paper examines the controversy between Franz von Baader and Schelling as it takes place in Schelling’s lecture course Das System der Weltalter. This particular instance of their disagreement involves Schelling criticising Baader for his notion of the biblical Elohim as divine proxies. The paper first provides a background to Baader-Schelling philosophical feud before examining Schelling’s remarks against Baader in the System der Weltalter. Then, Baader’s writings on Elohim are looked into in the light of their connection to Baader’s conception (...)
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  12.  10
    The epistemology of spirit beliefs The epistemology of spirit beliefs, by Hans Van Eyghen, Routledge, New York, 2023, 168 pp., $160 (hardcover), ISBN 978-1032249988. [REVIEW]Shandon L. Guthrie - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):299-302.
    During the heyday of the medieval period of the Scholastics, robust philosophical speculations about spiritual realities apart from God flourished. Since then, discussions by philosophers about thi...
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  13.  10
    Løgstrup, Knud E. Controverting Kierkegaard Løgstrup, Knud E. Controverting Kierkegaard, Edited by Robert Stern and Bjørn Rabjerg, Translated by Kees van Kooten Niekerk and Hans Fink. Selected Works of K. E. Løgstrup. New York, Oxford University Press, 2023, 224 pp., £60 (hardback), ISBN: 978-0-19-887476-8. [REVIEW]Michiel Herman - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):294-299.
    Controverting Kierkegaard is the fourth and final volume in the series Selected Works of K. E. Løgstrup. The other books are Kierkegaard’s and Heidegger’s Analysis of Existence and Its Relation to...
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  14.  16
    Taking God to court: Job’s deconstruction and resistance of dominant ideology.Ilse Swart & Yasir Saleem - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):181-198.
    Using poststructural criticism, we explore how the book of Job deconstructs the deed/consequence nexus that stands at the core of the Hebrew Bible’s theological framework – i.e. the doctrine of reward and punishment. Building on both Derridean deconstruction and Foucauldian resistance, we show that the book of Job refuses to comply with the opposite binary of reward and punishment. First, we demonstrate how the friends in their speeches enforce the binary and, thereby, exercise power over Job. Secondly, we consider Job’s (...)
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  15.  10
    ‘Let’s Bless our father, Let’s adore God’: the nature of God in the prayers and hymns to God of the French Revolutionary deists.Joseph Waligore - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):216-234.
    While many scholars have realized that the Enlightenment period was much more religious than previously thought, the deists are still seen as basically secular figures who believed in a distant and inactive deity. This article shows that the hundred and thirteen French Revolutionary deists who wrote prayers and hymns to God believed in a caring, loving, and active deity. They maintained that God wanted people to be free, and so God actively helped the French Revolution by leading the French armies (...)
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  16.  9
    ‘Comprehended history’: Hegelian and Judaic conceptions of the embodiment of exile.Terrin Winkel - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (3):255-274.
    This paper explores the structural similarities between Hegel’s conception of spirit and the Jewish medieval text, the Zohar’s, figuration of Shekhinah. The formal logic of spirit’s self-actualization is historically exemplified by Shekhinah in her existence as divinity’s indwelling presence in the world and her mythic embodiment of Jewish history. This study reads Shekhinah’s journey towards union with God as analogous to spirit’s passage towards absolute knowledge, a passage which concludes with what is often referred to as spirit’s ‘return to its (...)
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  17.  11
    Faith, science, and the wager for reality: Meillassoux and Ricœur on post-Kantian realism.Barnabas Aspray - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (2):133-156.
    This article compares two attempts to return to realism after Kant’s ‘Copernican Revolution’. Quentin Meillassoux, representing the ‘speculative realism’ school, rejects both Kantian and post-Kantian idealism in favour of a materialism based on the epistemology of the modern sciences. But Meillassoux is unaware of the element of choice in his philosophical position, and he does not solve the essential problem posed by idealism which concerns the place of the subject in being. Ricœur, on the other hand, sublates Kant by a (...)
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  18.  8
    Weizsäcker, Viktor von. Am Anfang Schuf Gott Himmel und Erde. Grundfragen der Naturphilosophie.Michiel Herman - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (2):178-180.
    Genesis – known by many, understood by few. After reading his lectures, there is no doubt that Viktor von Weizsäcker falls under the second category. Weizsäcker was not a philosopher by profession,...
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  19.  15
    To live means to read: Agamben’s messianism as an archaeological inquiry.Georgy Layus - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (2):114-132.
    This article aims to elucidate the relationship between Agamben’s notion of messianism and his project of philosophical archaeology. Whereas the former relates to political and ethical aspects of Agamben’s philosophy, the latter belongs to the domain of methodology of philosophical research itself. The main thesis of the paper argues that these two components rely on each other and constitute one and the same project. The author demonstrates that Agamben’s notion of messianic action and scholarly activity of philosophical archaeology overlap, which (...)
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  20.  13
    Semantics of divine names: Tabatabai’s principle of ‘focal meaning’ and Burrell’s grammar of God-talk.Javad Taheri - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (2):157-177.
    In the present paper, I investigate the ways in which the grammar of God-talk in David B. Burrell’s philosophical theology comes to meet Muhammad Husiyn-i Tabatabai’s account of divine names, which has been developed in his theory of religious language. I begin the first part of the paper by introducing Tabatabai’s innovative articulation of the concept of Mental Construct and its relevance to his account of language and meaning. I, then, clarify how he proceeds to elucidate his conception of religious (...)
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  21.  25
    Agnosticism and eschatological hope: Allard Pierson and hope beyond the moment of not-knowing.Sabine Wolsink - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (2):99-113.
    Hope beyond certainty is a significant element in contemporary theological discourse after the death of God. This relation between hope and uncertainty is not new. In the nineteenth century, a growing number of intellectuals started to call themselves agnostic, but did not always end up in scepticism and nihilism. On the contrary, new ways to search for meaning and fulfilment in life beyond the traditional answers of institutional religions (i.e. the church) were explored. The Dutch intellectual Allard Pierson (1831–1896) is (...)
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  22.  8
    The European Reception of John D. Caputo’s Thought: Radicalizing Theology.Colby Dickinson - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):97-98.
    Since the work of the late Jacques Derrida often found a more positive reception in the United States than in Europe, it is perhaps fitting that the Derrida-influenced writings of John Caputo have...
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  23.  24
    Are you praying to a videogame God? Some theological and philosophical implications of the simulation hypothesis.Sanford L. Drob - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):77-91.
    The hypothesis that we may be living in a digital simulation is utilized as a ‘thought experiment’ to help clarify important questions in theology and philosophy, including the nature of God, the significance and importance of an afterlife, and the ultimate nature of reality. It is argued that a consideration of the simulation hypothesis renders problematic traditional conceptions of a personal, creator, omnipotent deity, makes the theological significance of a purported afterlife far less significant, and paradoxically undermines the very materialistic (...)
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  24.  7
    Modern Virtue: Mary Wollstonecraft and a Tradition of Dissent.Anne Guillard - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):92-95.
    The book argues for the relevance of Mary Wollstonecraft’s intellectual legacy for the contemporary debate on ethics. The study is based on the whole of Wollstonecraft’s literary corpus and is char...
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  25.  10
    (Im)pure bodies and the Body of Christ: Judith Butler and Bruno Latour on (im)purity and the implications for contemporary Eucharistic participation.Whitney Harper - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):18-34.
    Recent discussions about Eucharistic practice in the United States have received increased public attention with stories of pro-life politicians being excluded from participation. In this practice of exclusion, there is a depiction of protecting the Eucharist from impurity, with the priests citing the pro-life framework as the basis for inclusion. Using this site for reflection, this article seeks to interrogate these representations of (im)purity specifically with reference to the abortion debate and the Eucharist. Taking the concept of impurity found in (...)
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  26.  16
    Can rational choice explain hope and patience? Frustration and bitterness in The Book of Job.Elias L. Khalil - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):55-76.
    Can rational choice theory justify hope and patience in dealing with calamities such as financial collapse or terminal illness? The Book of Job is a good entry-point. Three friends of Job counsel him to avoid hopelessness and bitterness arising from frustration regarding calamities. They do so on non-rational grounds. They argue that Job should ignore the evidence and instead blindly uphold the belief ‘God is just.’ However, such blindness permits magic, superstitions, and cultish beliefs. The specter of such beliefs is (...)
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  27.  13
    Formative encounters with the other: examining the structural differences between Bonhoeffer and Levinas.Christopher J. King - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):35-54.
    In this paper, I offer an account of the structural differences, neglected in the literature, between Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Emmanuel Levinas, showing how Bonhoeffer’s account of persons and responsibility is differentiated through creation, fall, and redemption, whereas Levinas’s account of ethical selfhood offers itself as a kind of transcendental account of persons in which the self is structured by its encounter with the other which commands responsibility. This difference (situationally differentiated vs. transcendental) plays out in two ways – the role (...)
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  28.  13
    Living I Was Your Plague: Martin Luther's World and Legacy.Marietta Kosma - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):95-97.
    Luther, a controversial figure during his lifetime is the subject of Lyndal Roper’s research. She responds to the ongoing fascination with Luther and his constant presence in contemporary self-fash...
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  29.  18
    Hegel’s vanity. Schelling’s early critique of absolute idealism.Juan José Rodríguez - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 84 (1):1-17.
    In this article, we present for the first time Schelling’s early critique of absolute idealism within his middle metaphysics (1804–1820), which has great relevance and influence on the subsequent course of German philosophy, and, more broadly considered, on later systematic thinking about the categories of unity and duality. We aim to show how Schelling defends a form of metaphysical duality, from 1804 onwards, without relapsing into a stronger Kantian dualism. In this sense, our author rejects both the dualism between nature (...)
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