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  1.  2
    Prioritizing Practice in the Study of Religion: Normative and Descriptive Orientations.Mikel Burley - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):437-450.
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  2.  1
    Lived Religion: Rethinking Human Nature in a Neoliberal Age.Beverley Clack - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):355-369.
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  3.  1
    Sense, Mystery and Practice.David E. Cooper - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):425-436.
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  4. Using Multiple Religious Belonging to Test Analogies for Religion.Rhiannon Grant - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):370-382.
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  5.  3
    Philosophy and Living Religion: An Introduction.Simon Hewitt & Anastasia Philippa Scrutton - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):349-354.
  6.  44
    Spiritual Exemplars.Ian James Kidd - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):410-424.
    This paper proposes that spiritual persons are an excellent focus for the study of 'living religion' and offers a methodology for doing so. By ‘spiritual persons’, I have in mind both exemplary figures – like Jesus or the Buddha – and the multitude of ‘ordinary’ spiritual persons whose lives are led in aspiration to the spiritual goods the exemplars manifest (enlightenment, say, or holiness). I start with Linda Zagzebski's recent argument that moral persuasion primarily occurs through encounters with exemplars of (...)
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  7.  2
    Living Religion: The Fluidity of Practice.Esther McIntosh - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):383-396.
    This article highlights the contemporary relevance of Macmurray’s work for the turn in philosophy of religion towards living religion. The traditional academic focus on belief analyses cognitive dissonance from a distance, and misses the experience of being religious. Alternatively, in an astute move ahead of his time, Macmurray emphasized emotion and action over theory and cognition; he examined religion as the creation and sustenance of community, over and above doctrinal division and incompatible beliefs. From an understanding of humans as embodied (...)
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  8.  2
    Finding Meaning in the Curriculum: Orienting Philosophy Majors to a Meaningful Life as a Primary Learning Outcome.John F. Whitmire - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):451-457.
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  9.  3
    Aesthetic Experience and Spiritual Well-Being: Locating the Role of Theological Commitments.Mark Wynn - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (4):397-409.
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  10.  6
    An Augustinian Response to Jean-Louis Chrétien’s Phenomenology of Prayer.Silvianne Aspray - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):311-322.
    ABSTRACTThis article interrogates Jean-Louis Chrétien’s phenomenological appreciation of prayer as a call to the transcendent other, by juxtaposing it with the style and content of Augustine’s Confessions. In the Confessions, prayer is less the contradiction of presence than it is the paradox of simultaneous presence-and-absence, God being both the most intimate and the most remote at the same time. It is concluded that Chrétien’s phenomenology fails to understand prayer as the reciprocity it claims to articulate because, despite affirming both the (...)
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  11.  1
    The Logic of Representation in Political Rituals.Ragnar M. Bergem - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):251-260.
    ABSTRACTPolitical rituals, like the sovereign acclamation described in Rousseau’s social contract, exhibit a logic of representation that seem to oscillate between presence and absence, and enact a problematic identification of the people as a multitude of individuals and as a whole. This article explores this logic of rituals by comparing problems of political representation in Rousseau and Agamben with the highest principle of Aristotle’s philosophy. It thus elucidates the problem of representation in rituals of political power.
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  12.  2
    Ritual as Erotic Anagogy in Pseudo-Dionysius: A Reformed Critique.Alan Philip Darley - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):261-278.
    ABSTRACTMartin Luther famously denounced Pseudo-Dionysius as ‘downright dangerous; he Platonizes more than he Christianizes.’ In this 500th year of the Reformation I critically examine Luther’s judgement firstly by exploring the Neoplatonic background to ritual in Dionysius, secondly by presenting a Reformed critique of this background and finally by arguing for a distinctively Christian Dionysius who survives this critique.
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  13.  1
    One Question on Ritual and Religion.Simone Kotva - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):337-340.
    ABSTRACTAs a postscript to this special issue, the author reflects on the difference between religion and ritual by drawing a comparison with culture and nature. In the same way that culture and nature are entangled yet distinct, so too religion and ritual are best understood as a paradoxical configuration of spiritual deliberation and unconscious desire. It is argued that religion and ritual exceed and depend on each other in equal measure as the organism explores new modes of living.
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  14.  2
    Ritual Without Belief? Kierkegaard Against Rappaport on Personal Belief and Ritual Action, with Particular Reference to Jonathan Lear’s ‘A Case for Irony’.Tommaso Manzon - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):222-234.
    ABSTRACTThis paper presents a Kierkegaardian critique of Roy A. Rappaport’s classic treatment of religious rituals. It discusses Rappaport’s claim that public and outward acceptance of a religious ritual is sufficient for successfully enacting it – even where such acceptance is devoid of any personal commitment on the participants’ part. To interrogate Rappaport, the paper develops Jonathan Lear’s reading of Kierkegaard and builds on the Danish theologian’s remarks on the Christian sacraments to argue that, pace Rappaport, personal engagement is necessary to (...)
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  15.  1
    Ritual. An Introduction.Catherine Pickstock - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):217-221.
    ABSTRACTThis introduction gives an overview of the present volume and suggests that it is possible to speak of an emerging ‘ritual’ or ‘liturgical’ turn within theology. This turn seems able to mediate between four different dualities, and to open out new perspectives that are at once traditional and innovative.
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  16.  1
    What Does It Feel Like to Be Post-Secular? Ritual Expressions of Religious Affects in Contemporary Renewal Movements.Naomi Irit Richman - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):295-310.
    ABSTRACTThis paper seeks to problematise and complexify scholarly accounts of contemporary emotional repression in Western contexts by presenting counterevidence in the form of two examples of post-secular collective affectivity and their ritual expressions. It argues that both narratives of emotional repression and expression fail to capture the non-linear complexity of processes of cultural transformation, which have resulted in the simultaneous expression and repression of ritualistic affects that are products of our evolutionary embodied history. Drawing on insights from affect theory, this (...)
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  17.  4
    Postscript: A New Ritual Turn?Jacob Sherman - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):341-347.
    ABSTRACTAs a postscript to this special issue, the author offers a set of concluding thoughts about the prospect of a new ritual turn within philosophy and theology and the relationship of this contemporary development to the previous ‘ritual turn’ of the early twentieth century. Where early twentieth-century scholars tended to treat ritual as repetitive symbolic behavior, and thus as something that needed to be decoded in order to be understood, the author suggests that a contemporary ritual turn involves not only (...)
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  18.  6
    Rituals of Knowing: Rejection and Relation in Disability Theology and Meister Eckhart.Daniel G. W. Smith - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):279-294.
    ABSTRACTOne of the most powerful claims of disability theology is that the rejection of persons with disabilities somehow correlates with a rejection of God. This ‘correlative rejection’ is, however, frequently just stated rather than explored in detail, something this article therefore seeks to remedy by examining one example of the correlative rejection that draws together the ethical concerns of theologians writing on intellectual disability with Meister Eckhart’s teaching on the human relationship with God. Here, the correlative rejection is exposed as (...)
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  19.  1
    Playing Church: Understanding Ritual and Religious Experience Resourced by Gadamer’s Concept of Play.Jack Williams - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):323-336.
    ABSTRACTThis article uses Gadamer’s concept of play as a common lens through which both traditional church liturgy and imaginative evangelical practices of engaging with God can be understood. The category of play encompasses processes which exhibit a back-and-forth motion and functions in Gadamer’s aesthetics to describe the relationship between artwork and viewer. Through an aesthetics of play, Gadamer accounts for the presence of truth in art. As I demonstrate in this paper, liturgy displays the playful characteristics of artwork, allowing for (...)
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  20.  2
    Cyprian Krause’s ‘Justification of Rituality in the Face of the Absurd’ – its Potential for Negative Hermeneutics of Liturgy and Their Methodological Consequences.Edda Wolff - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (3):235-250.
    ABSTRACTThe essay analyses the potential for a negative hermeneutic in liturgical studies, taking as its basis Cyprian Krause’s ‘justification of the ritual in the face of the absurd’. It then examines consequent challenges for other theological subjects. The method of negative hermeneutics focusses on the limits of and gaps within the process of sense. This article explores how different aspects of negativity of sense can help to study otherwise ignored and liminal aspects of liturgy. A negative hermeneutics of ritual can (...)
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  21.  12
    Augustine’s Ostia Revisited: A Plotinian or Christian Ascent in Confessiones 9?Anthony Dupont & Mateusz Stróżyński - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):80-104.
    Augustine converted to Christianity in 386 and described his conversion in his Confessiones a decade later. Much ink has been spilled concerning the question of the specific nature of Augustine’s conversion and the ‘historical accuracy’ of his description thereof 10 years later. The Confessiones seem to describe a volte face: he radically embraced Christianity. But to what kind of Christianity did he convert? We will readdress this question, not by investigating his conversion, but by a close exegesis of Confessiones 9, (...)
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  22.  6
    Communitas: Belonging and the Order of Being.James Greenaway - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):194-212.
    Human existence is intrinsically community-oriented. Persons find themselves as responsible in community. This is a classical and Christian insight that is supported by significant contemporary philosophers such as Gabriel Marcel and Emmanuel Levinas. This article makes the claim that to thrive as a person is to belong; indeed, that it is the experience of belonging that satisfies the human need for meaning, value, and purpose. The article proceeds by considering the term ‘community.’ In itself, ‘community’ is a common sense term. (...)
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  23.  10
    Christian Theology Emerged by Way of a Kuhnian Paradigm Shift.Dirk-Martin Grube - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):178-193.
    ABSTRACTThis paper argues that, historically, Christianity emerges out of Judaism by way of a paradigm shift in Thomas Kuhn’s sense of the word and that this emergence has normative consequences regarding the legitimacy of Christianity. Paradigm shifts are characterized by observational anomalies triggering particular kinds of theoretical modifications, e.g. meaning-changes of key terms, leading to a coherent re-disclosure of reality. The first Christians underwent such a paradigm shift: The anomalous experience that the dead Jesus has risen triggered theoretical modifications – (...)
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  24.  7
    Why Die – a Philosophical Apology of Death.Heine A. Holmen - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):136-155.
    In the Insanity Defence Woody Allen claims that when we say humans are mortal we are obviously not complimenting them. It is difficult to contradict great comedy, of course, but if what I argue holds, Allen is wrong on this account. Mortality is a compliment – or at least something for which we should be grateful – since life without it threatens with disaster. To live without death also means living in the universe in its more hostile stages under conditions (...)
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  25.  6
    On Alain Badiou’s ‘Critique of Religion’.Mads Peter Karlsen - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):36-59.
    This paper examines Alain Badiou’s critical engagement with religion. It is argued that there are two central points at which religion enters the scene of Badiou’s philosophy. First, in his critique, the ‘motif of finitude’ Badiou repeatedly refers to religion, claiming that ‘the obsession with finitude is a remnant of the tyranny of the sacred’. Second, Badiou stages his attempt to regenerate philosophy against the proclamation of its end as a confrontation with the religion, through philosophy’s detachment from the poetization (...)
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  26.  14
    Metaphysical Thinking After Metaphysics: A Theological Reading of Jan Patočka’s Negative Platonism.Martin Koci - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):18-35.
    For decades now, the end of metaphysics has been heralded. Engaging with the issue at stake, first, I will present and critically discuss Jan Patočka’s prophetic reflection on the fate of metaphysics after metaphysical philosophy. This will show that the problem is far more complicated and that attempts devoted to overcoming metaphysics often unjustly reduce it. To be able properly address the complexities of the crisis of metaphysics, I will move beyond Patočka and will introduce the agent, which played a (...)
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  27.  4
    A Peculiar Enterprise. The Fate of Metaphysics in a Naturalist Climate.Michiel Meijer - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):1-17.
    In this paper, I examine the divide between ‘analytic’ and ‘continental’ approaches to metaphysics by reconstructing a three-cornered debate between naturalists, hermeneutists, and pragmatists on the issue of how to understand the relationship between ethics and ontology. Taking my cue from the dominant naturalistic debates in Anglo-American ethics, I continue to discuss in more detail the positions of Hilary Putnam and Charles Taylor in the light of these debates. More particularly, I investigate Putnam’s wholesale rejection of Ontology with a capital (...)
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  28.  6
    Reconciling Faith and Reason: T. H. Green’s Theory of Human Agency.Adrian Paylor - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):156-177.
    The Victorian age was a period in which Christian Orthodoxy was undermined by new and emerging forms of reasoned inquiry. The commonly-held view amongst historians is that the intellectual life in the era was composed of two hostile camps; those who defended Christian Orthodoxy and those who championed the new sciences. The received view is that, when faced by the new fields of reasoned inquiry, Christianity’s prominence within British intellectual life and discourse went into terminal decline. The intention of this (...)
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  29.  11
    Image and Kenosis: Assessing Jean-Luc Marion’s Contribution to a Postmetaphysical Theological Aesthetics.Brett David Potter - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):60-79.
    An important influence on Jean-Luc Marion’s phenomenology is the work of Swiss Catholic theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar. Marion is particularly interested in Balthasar’s ‘phenomenological’ approach to the content of Christian revelation, centered on the metaphor of the work of art. Balthasar suggests in his Theo-Logic that the early Marion ‘concede[s] too much to the critique of Heidegger,’ moving too far away from the ‘transcendental’ metaphysics of Aquinas and the classical tradition. Yet Balthasar’s criticism is premature. Rather, Marion’s work, particularly (...)
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  30.  4
    Simon Smith’s Beyond Realism: Seeking the Divine Other: A Study of Applied Metaphysics.Richard Prust - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):213-215.
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  31.  15
    Simon Critchley, John D. Caputo and Radical Political Theology?Calvin Dieter Ullrich - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):122-135.
    In his 2012 work, Faith of the Faithless, the philosopher Simon Critchley presented an ‘atheistic’ formulation of faith as an ‘experiment’ in ‘political theology.’ This work, as part of the so-called ‘turn to religion’ in continental political philosophy, gave an account of what Critchley had formerly articulated as ‘atheistic transcendence.’ Tracing the genesis of the latter and then linking to his notion of the supreme fiction, the paper seeks to account for Critchley’s ‘a/theological’ shift. Through a close reading, the paper (...)
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  32.  11
    In Abandonment of the Parable: An Agambenian Interpretation of Simone Weil’s ‘Hesitations Concerning Baptism’.Arthur Willemse - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):105-121.
    In this essay, I trace the motif of abandonment that runs through the ethics of Simone Weil. In doing so, as a conceptual lens, I make use of Giorgio Agamben’s concept of abandonment. Taking my cue from Weil’s hesitations concerning baptism, I examine her stance as a case of either sacrifice or exception, of ambiguity or indifference. Subsequently, I use Weil’s hesitations to examine an interconnected sequence of soteriology and metaphysics, following Church and potentiality, World and actuality, and The Kingdom (...)
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