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  1.  1
    Why the Divine Purpose Theory Fails: A Conversation with Thaddeus Metz.Aribiah D. Attoe - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):323-336.
    ABSTRACT Thaddeus Metz’s new book ‘God, Soul and the Meaning of Life’ presents a brief analysis of supernaturalist views about the meaning of life – my specific concern being the Divine purpose theory. While the view locates meaning in the fulfilment of some divine mandate, I show that this theory is, at best, unattractive. In this essay, I challenge the view that a belief in God is not necessary for the Divine purpose theory to be viable. I show that if (...)
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  2.  2
    Meaning, Desire, and God: An Expansive Naturalist Approach.Fiona Ellis - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):310-322.
    ABSTRACT I offer an approach to the problem of life’s meaning which poses a radical challenge to some of the familiar terms of this debate. First, I defend an expansive form of naturalism which involves a rejection of the common assumption that naturalism and theism are logically incompatible and offers a framework from which to rethink some of the central concepts operative in discussions of life’s meaning. Second, I defend a ‘desire solution’ to the problem of life’s meaning. My initial (...)
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  3. Religion, Patriarchy and the Prospect for Gender Equality in South Africa.Dimpho Takane Maponya - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):337-349.
    ABSTRACT Religion is both valuable and influential to the organization of society. It affects, not only how people relate to God, but also how they relate to each other. In this paper, I examine the relationship between religion and society in relation to gender inequality. I argue that the patriarchal nature and organization of religion influences and perpetuates gender inequality in the broader social context, especially in a country as religious as South Africa. Since, for religion, a meaningful life is (...)
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  4.  22
    The Meanings of God: Reply to Four Critics.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):366-374.
    In this article, I briefly reply to four critics who critically engage with my book God, Soul and the Meaning of Life in a special issue of the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology. I view them mainly as addressing the ‘meaning’ of God in three distinct senses, namely, in terms of how best to understand the word ‘God’ and related terms such as ‘the spiritual’, whether God is central to what gives our lives a particular sort of final value, (...)
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  5. Norms and Divine. A Question to Thaddeus Metz.Paul Slama - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):350-360.
    ABSTRACT This article questions Metz’s purification of the evaluative subject, and wishes to pose the theological question concerning the meaning of life from a normative and social conception of subjectivity. Before asking whether or not God is indispensable to the meaning of life, it is first necessary to identify the ways in which God is hidden in the fundamental evaluations that the contemporary subject makes in the globalized capitalist world.
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  6.  1
    Introduction: Meanings of Gods.Paul Slama & Carien Smith - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):307-309.
    ABSTRACT In this special issue of the International Journal of Philosophy and Theology, we focus on the questions around Meaning and Gods and their connection.
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  7.  6
    Meaning, Metaphysics, and Mystics: Thaddeus Metz’s God, Soul and the Meaning of Life.Charles Taliaferro - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (4-5):361-365.
    ABSTRACT Thaddeus Metz is probably the leading expert on the meaning of life. His latest book admirably displays his intellectual agility and fairness: arguments, counter-arguments, examples and counter-examples come in wave after wave that may compel most of us to slow down the pace of reading. If you have ever had the delight of interacting with Professor Metz at a conference, you know his irrepressible energy and love for debate. In this brief essay, I challenge some of Metz’s terminology, raise (...)
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  8.  4
    Hume’s Dialogues: A Natural Explanation of Natural Religion?Hannah Lingier - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):233-248.
    ABSTRACT Hume’s Dialogues concerning Natural Religion describes a philosophical discussion on the validity of the argument from design. What Hume investigates, however, is not the rational grounds of religion, but human nature and its attraction to the idea of design. I argue that the key to understanding Hume’s Dialogues is his conception of the imagination as described in the Treatise. Hume characterizes the human imagination or mind as self-indulgent, with a strong drive to unite perceptions in relations of resemblance, contiguity (...)
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  9. Nietzsche, D.F. Strauss and the Question of Darwinian Asceticism.Louise Mabille - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):249-267.
    ABSTRACT The article examines Nietzsche’s evaluation of D. F. Strauss’ progressive theology. It argues firstly, that Nietzsche identified a nihilistic strain in Strauss’ vision, a strain which renders his views ultimately untenable and that this strain is detectable in latter-day atheistic activism. This claim is supported by identifying two major contradictions in Strauss’ thought. The first is a misreading of Hegel which renders Strauss’ own reliance on Hegel illegitimate and incoherent. The second is Strauss’ failure to appreciate the full impact (...)
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  10. Agamben’s Philosophical Trajectory: By Adam Kotsko, Edinburgh, Edinburgh UP, 2020, 240 Pp., £19.99 (Paperback), ISBN 9781474476010. [REVIEW]Joeri Schrijvers - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):302-305.
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  11.  4
    Rethinking Violence Beyond War and Peace: Anthropo-Ethics From Levinas to Girard.Geert Van Coillie - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):268-279.
    ABSTRACT Starting from a philosophical, literary and historical frame of reference, the paper aims to find a ‘deconstructive’ and anthropo-ethical way out of the binary opposition of war and peace. ‘Apocalyptic reasoning’, inspired by a biblical view of man, gives insight into human violence, and opens up a new perspective on necessary and possible conversion.
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  12.  2
    Space, Time, and the Formation of Love: The Augustinian Self Revisited.Martin Westerholm - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):205-232.
    ABSTRACT This article takes up questions regarding the interrelation of the given and the undetermined in Augustine’s understanding of the self. As a critical point, it argues that debate regarding the Augustinian self has been marked by an emphasis on given structures that has constricted conceptions of human becoming. This emphasis emerges by way of competing narratives of discovery: Augustine is presented as a discoverer either of a constitutive space of the self, or of a determinative temporality. It results in (...)
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  13.  6
    The Affective Need to Belong: Belonging as an Affective Driver of Human Religion.Jack Williams - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (3):280-301.
    ABSTRACT Philosophy of religion has recently made a turn to lived religion, an approach which seeks to understand lived religion as it is experienced concretely by individual practitioners. However, this turn to lived religion has seen limited engagement with the notion of belonging. Belonging here refers to the felt sense of being part of a group – of insidership – along with the development of positive social ties and mutual affective concern. It is my contention in this paper that reflection (...)
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  14.  7
    Unsecularizing History and Politics: Jayne Svenungsson and Karl Löwith on Meaning in History.Torbjörn Gustafsson Chorell - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):176-192.
    ABSTRACT The debate about secularization in recent decades has challenged long-held assumptions about Western modernity and the purported decline of religion in modern societies. However, the impact of this criticism on the idea of history has so far not received as much attention as it deserves. Jayne Svenungsson’s analysis of the influence of biblical motives on contemporary political theology illustrates one way in which the concept of history might be rethought in the wake of the crisis of the secularization thesis. (...)
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  15.  4
    Pedagogical Relevance of the Ignatian Presupposition.Paweł Kaźmierczak & Stanisław Gałkowski - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):193-203.
    ABSTRACT The paper undertakes a critical analysis of the so-called Presupposition of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius Loyola, which prescribes the benevolent interpretation of the other’s words. We aim to identify the anthropological and epistemological background of the pedagogical guidelines contained therein and to explicate the intellectual and moral virtues needed to put them into practice. We argue that practising the Presupposition is both virtuous and mutually beneficial in pedagogical practice.
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  16.  4
    ‘The Snake Biting its Own Tail’: Karl Barth on the Modern Promise of Politics.Liisi Keedus - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):155-175.
    ABSTRACT Barth scholarship, largely theological in focus, has highlighted his lifelong political engagement, emphasising his early socialist activism, his resolute opposition to the Great War and nationalism, and his authorship of the Barmen declaration. This paper focuses on a series of lectures by Barth, published as Protestant Theology in the 19th Century. Its Pre-history and History, and argues that these lectures reveal his more comprehensive interest and approach to the problem of political modernity than has commonly been allowed for. As (...)
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  17.  3
    Analysis of Evil in Schelling’s Freiheitsschrift Through Heidegger’s Account of Dissemblance and Αλήθεια.Marina Marren - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):97-115.
    ABSTRACT In this paper, I offer an analysis of evil in Friedrich W. J. Schelling’s Philosophische Untersuchungen über das Wesen der menschlichen Freiheit. Schelling develops an account of the sui-genesis of God out of the two principles. These principles are 1) the dark ground that belongs to God and 2) the self-revelation of God, who actualizes the dark ground, which grounds God antecedently. These two principles also contain in themselves the possibility and the intelligibility of the human world. In order (...)
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  18.  4
    Giving Birth to the Impossible: Theology and Deconstruction in Johannes Climacus’s Philosophical Fragments.Timothy A. Middleton - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):116-135.
    ABSTRACT According to Roger Poole, theological interpreters of Søren Kierkegaard’s indirect communication privilege content over form, whereas deconstructive interpreters privilege form over content. Here, I offer a reading of Johannes Climacus’s Philosophical Fragments to illustrate how, in this case, the theology/deconstruction and form/content binaries both break down. The form of Fragments is as theological as it is deconstructive: Climacus’s kaleidoscopic quotation of scripture, and his parabolic tropes both attest to this. Similarly, the content of Fragments is as deconstructive as it (...)
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  19.  8
    The Sacred Fire: Wittgenstein, Pseudo-Denys, and Transparency to the Divine.Ed Watson - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (2):136-154.
    ABSTRACT In order to explore what it means to pursue philosophical investigations for theological reasons, this paper argues that Ludwig Wittgenstein continues and corrects Pseudo-Denys’ project in The Divine Names. I first argue that The Divine Names should be interpreted as attempting to render human thought transparent to the divine by relativizing our concepts. The success of this project is compromised because the concept of ‘unity’ is not relativized. I then develop the claim that Wittgenstein does relativize unity in a (...)
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  20.  10
    The Courage to Be Vulnerable: Philosophical Considerations.Christa Anbeek - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):64-76.
    ABSTRACT The central thesis of this essay is that, in addressing the many disruptive experiences people have in current times, Tillich’s notion of ‘the courage to be’ should be complemented by the notion of the ‘courage to be vulnerable’. In adding this idea, it is argued that courage should focus less on the anxieties of emptiness, guilt and death of the individual, but rather to being carried, becoming and appearing to each other. Philosophical support for this proposed modification has been (...)
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  21.  6
    A Companion to Ricœur’s The Symbolism of Evil : Edited by Scott Davidson, Lanham, Lexington Books, 2020, Xix + 225 Pp., $95 (Hardback), ISBN: 978-1-4985-8714-3.Barnabas Aspray - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):95-96.
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  22.  8
    For the Love of This World: Michel Henry and Jean-Luc Nancy on Theology and Affectivity.Ashok Collins - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):77-94.
    ABSTRACT When read alongside the great command of Deuteronomy, ‘love the Lord your God with all your heart, mind, and strength,’ the Judeo-Christian directive to ‘love your neighbour as yourself’ is perhaps one of the most theologically and ethically charged phrases in the Bible. In these two mutually reliant commandments lies a meeting point between the divine and the human that has important implications for our understanding of the nexus between theological conceptions of love and philosophical engagement with worldly existence. (...)
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  23.  6
    Many as One: Augustine’s Onefold Ecclesiology.Pablo Irizar & Anthony Dupont - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):1-16.
    ABSTRACT Johannes van Oort claims that Augustine has an irreconcilable ‘two-fold ecclesiology,’ which separates the inwardness of unseen individual grace from the external empirical community. Efforts to unify Augustine’s ‘two-fold ecclesiology’ have hitherto focused on emphasizing the continuity between the invisible and the visible, the locus for which is often the manifestation of individual grace in the context of the community. The present article brackets the debate about grace and the power of signs and focuses instead on the relationship between (...)
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  24.  17
    The Idea of the End: Kant’s Philosophical Eschatology.Evan F. Kuehn - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):17-33.
    ABSTRACT Kant’s late essay ‘The End of All Things’ establishes a distinctly modern field of inquiry that has fittingly been called ‘philosophical eschatology’ by asking, ‘why do human beings expect an end of the world at all?’ Interpretation of the essay’s purpose and argument have usually taken one of two routes: Kant is either understood as writing an esoteric political critique under the guise of the philosophy of religion, or as being focused largely on problems related to the immortality of (...)
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  25.  17
    Hart and Sartre on God and Consciousness.King-Ho Leung - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):34-50.
    ABSTRACT This article offers a comparative reading of the ontologies of David Bentley Hart and Jean-Paul Sartre as well as their respective appeals to phenomenology as a philosophical method. While it may seem odd to compare one of the twentieth century’s most celebrated atheists with one of contemporary Christianity’s most highly-acclaimed critics of atheism, this article shows that there are many surprising parallels between the ontological outlooks of Hart and Sartre, namely their conceptions of God as the unity of being (...)
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  26.  26
    Divine Simplicity: Some Recent Defenses and the Prevailing Challenge of Analogical Language.Rory Misiewicz - 2021 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 82 (1):51-63.
    ABSTRACT This essay’s aim is to demonstrate how recent defenses of divine simplicity have failed to address the prevailing challenge of analogical language, and thereby render much of their argumentation for simplicity’s appropriateness in Christian theology null-and-void. For this task, three book-length works published within the last few years are examined: Steven Duby’s Divine Simplicity: A Dogmatic Account, D. Stephen Long’s The Perfectly Simple Triune God: Aquinas and His Legacy, and Jordan Barrett’s Divine Simplicity: A Biblical and Trinitarian Account. The (...)
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