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  1.  5
    Al-Farabi’s Philosophy on Education.Saniya Edelbay - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):122-137.
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  2.  2
    On the History of Developing Catalysis in Ukraine (1850s–1980s).Vira Gamaliia, Artem Zabuga & Gennadii Zabuga - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):76-92.
    The article is dedicated to the history of developing highly effective catalysts in the leading scientific institutions of Ukraine and explores the prerequisites for developing theories in physical chemistry, in particular those related to kinetics and catalysis. It highlights the significance of scientific discoveries at the turn of the 19th and 20th century and their application by native scientists to advance theoretical development in the field of chemistry. Special attention is paid to the works of Lev Pisarzhevskii, focusing on his (...)
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  3.  3
    Frontiers in AI Judiciary: A Contribution to Legal Futurology.Tanel Kerikmäe, Ondrej Hamuľák & Tomáš Gábriš - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):55-75.
    The article responds to the recent evolution in AI judiciary, especially as presented in China. The authors compare the basic methodological background of Western and Eastern legal systems, concluding that the West is rather inclined to post-positivist methodology in law, which seems incompatible with the full use of AI in legal decision-making. In China, with its more pragmatic approach, the actual process of decision-making might be closer to a new form of technological legal positivism, distinct from Western trends in jurisprudence. (...)
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  4.  13
    Pseudoscience Charges and the Demarcation Problem.Moreno Paulon - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):3-31.
    Philosophers of science have long tried to identify some demarcation line capable of distinguishing science from pseudoscience. Nonetheless, no ultimate set of requirements has so far been achieved, leaving demarcation uncertain and fluctuating, if not merely rhetorical. The habit of using the word ‘science’ to address a specific kind of knowledge is a modern practice, with ‘science’ having gradually taken over terms like ‘natural philosophy’ and ‘natural history.’ Thereby, the term ‘pseudoscience’ is also a recent one, with its meaning running (...)
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  5.  2
    Mykyta Mandryka’s Scientific Legacy in the Field of International Law: Ukrainian Institute of Sociology in Prague in the 1920s.Lyubov Sukhoterina & Volodymyr Zharkykh - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):111-121.
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  6.  4
    An Analysis of Aristotle’s Principles in Al-Farabi’s Study of Logic in the History and Philosophy of Science.Pirimbek Suleimenov, Yktiyar Paltore, Yesker Moldabek & Galymzhan Usenov - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):93-110.
    The era in which Abū Naṣr al-Fārābī emerged as a canonical scientist significantly contributed to his education and shaped his scientific worldview. The formation of al-Farabi’s spiritual worldview and his ideas is directly associated with embracing the ancient philosophical tradition, more precisely, Aristotle’s philosophy and logic. The focus of the article is alFarabi’s analysis of Aristotle’s principles in the study of logic and their further development. Al-Farabi’s worldwide reputation as the Second Teacher after Aristotle, the First Teacher, in the East (...)
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  7.  3
    Riga Native Johann Christian Weltzien (1767–1829), Author of a Book on “Мedical Рolice”.Kostiantyn K. Vasyliev, Yurii K. Vasyliev & Olena H. Vasylieva - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (2):32-54.
    On the basis of the archival materials, first identified by the authors, and the published historical sources that have not yet come to the attention of historians of science, this article reconstructs the biography of Johann Christian Weltzien (1767–1829), doctor of medicine and surgery. In 1785, Weltzien became a court physician. In 1799, in the retinue of Grand Duke Konstantin Pavlovich, he participated in Italian and Swiss military campaigns. After that, Weltzien was assigned to the Сourt of Grand Duke Konstantin (...)
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  8.  7
    A Resurgence of Cooperation between Scientists and Laypersons.Heidi Campana Piva - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (1):81-107.
    After a long period during which the involvement of laypersons was considered undesirable in the Western tradition of science, we have recently witnessed numerous collaborations which suggest that the desirability of societal involvement in the scientific practice is becoming recognized. This article argues that the historical considerations that once led to this division in cognitive labour have been in transformation, having undergone diverse shifts. In a first instance, the exclusion of laypersons from science is analysed in terms of the key (...)
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  9.  6
    The Scientific Wanderjahr of Vilnius Astronomer Andrew Strzecki in 1777–1778.Veronika Girininkaitė - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (1):52-80.
    In 1777–1778, astronomer Andrew Strzecki (Polish Andrzej Strzecki, Lithuanian Andrius Streckis, 1737–1797) from Vilnius went on a scientific journey to Western Europe, visiting Vienna, Paris, London, and some other cities. This article aims to investigate and describe the motives, chronology, itinerary, and outcomes of this journey, and to evaluate the importance of this event for the science history of Vilnius and Europe. The research is based on an analysis of original correspondence, with some of the letters mentioned in print for (...)
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  10.  2
    Review: Global War-Ming. [REVIEW]Stanislav Južnič - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (1):108-117.
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  11.  21
    Cybernetic Epistemology.Juho Lindholm - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (1):3-51.
    Mainstream analytic epistemology conceives knowledge as representation: as true justified (un-Gettiered) belief. Such representation is conceived as independent of practice, its justification to consist in experience, and experience as mere observation. Such notion of experience is too narrow to take the epistemic value of experimentation into account. But science is emphatically experimental. On the other hand, John Dewey defined experience as organism–environment interaction. Such interaction is bidirectional and hence experimental by nature. It involves feedback. Cybernetics studies feedback systems. Hence, cybernetic (...)
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  12.  3
    The Cognitive Move from Being (Immediate Phaenomena) to Essence in the History of the Study of Chemical Affinity.Rein Vihalemm - 2023 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 11 (1):118-137.
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