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  1.  7
    Ethics of the Corpus Hippocraticum: Philosophical Foundations of a Contemporary Debate.Jonas Ciurlionis - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):42-60.
    The article deals with a contemporary debate on Hippocratic ethics. Both the opponents and proponents of Hippocratic medical ethics seem to ignore the complexity of the said ethical system. The ethics of the Corpus Hippocraticum can be properly understood only in relation to physiological, psychological, and other factors. Therefore, the ongoing debate only partially represents ethical issues, and a number of arguments in it cannot be considered as valid. Moreover, the complexity of Hippocratic ethics reveals that quite a few of (...)
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  2.  3
    Agricultural Biographics V. Agricultural Biographistics: Concepts, Resources of Information, and Reflexive Potential.Inna Demuz & Iryna Borodai - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):61-77.
    The authors of the article explore the concepts ‘agricultural biographics’ and ‘agricultural biographistics’, proposing an interpretation of the terms. ‘Agricultural biographistics’ is defined as a full palette of portraits of agricultural scientists, sectoral bibliographical and biobibliographical reference publications, and the creation of electronic resources of biographical information about eminent figures in the field of agriculture. ‘Agricultural biographics’ is a distinct branch of historiography focusing on biographical research about agricultural scientists, and the theoretical and methodological foundations of biographical research of agricultural (...)
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  3.  6
    Rationality and Universality: A New Historical Assessment of the Predecessor of Kaunas Higher Courses in Lithuania.Romualdas Juzefovičius - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):126-137.
    On January 27, 1920, public higher education courses, known as the Higher Courses, were started in Kaunas, in the hall of the building of the Ministry of Education. The school was founded a century ago and operated on a voluntary basis, and it became the forerunner of higher education in the independent state of Lithuania in the interwar period.
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  4.  3
    A Model-Based Method of Extension and Intension.Miguel López-Astorga - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):26-41.
    The semantic method of extension and intension presented by Rudolf Carnap may have some problems from the current perspective in cognitive science. For example, that method is strongly linked to logic, and it is hard to determine where its state-descriptions come from, how many they are, and what the relation of accessibility between them is. This paper tries to solve difficulties such as those by updating the method resorting to the theses and results of a contemporary reasoning theory: the theory (...)
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  5.  2
    Baltic Conferences on History of Science: Documenting the History of Science of the Baltic Countries in 1958–2019.Giedrė Miknienė & Birutė Railienė - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):5-25.
    The first attempt to bring together the historians of science from the Baltic States took place in Riga in 1958. Prof. Pauls Stradiņš initiated and organised a joint meeting for historians of science from Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania under the supervision of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. A program for future joint activities was developed, and the tradition of joint conferences—the Baltic Conference on History of Science —in each country followed. In 1991, the Baltic Association of the History (...)
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  6.  4
    Science in Eighteenth-Century French Literary Fiction: A Step to Modern Science Fiction and a New Definition of the Human Being?Arnaud Parent - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):78-103.
    In eighteenth-century France, scientific progress and its spreading met a growing interest among public, an enthusiasm that was to be reflected in literature. Fictional works including scientific knowledge in their narrative made their appearance, paving the ground for a genre promised to a growing success in the following centuries—science fiction. The article presents three eighteenth-century French literary works, each one centered on a different domain of science: Voltaire’s Micromégas, Charles-François Tiphaigne’s Amilec, or the Seeds of Mankind and François-Félix Nogaret’s The (...)
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  7.  1
    History of the Scientific School of Z. A. Mansurov at the Institute of Combustion Problems in Almaty.Galymzhan Usenov, Pirimbek Suleimenov & Peeter Müürsepp - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):104-125.
    The article discusses the origins, formation, and development of the scientific school of chemical physics and nanotechnology in Kazakhstan. The authors describe the achievements of a scientific school that is on par with the best of its kind locally and globally, adding new competitive results of practical relevance to the economic development of the country. The article also highlights the special role of the outstanding scientist Zulkhair Aimukhametovich Mansurov in the development of the methodological foundations of the scientific school, the (...)
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  8.  1
    On Stages of Cognition.Rein Vihalemm - 2022 - Acta Baltica Historiae Et Philosophiae Scientiarum 10 (1):138-155.
    In all epistemological studies one has to employ, in one way or another, the concepts of “sensuous and rational knowledge,” “empirical and theoretical knowledge,” “essence and phenomenon.” But, unfortunately, the logical relationships of these concepts are not understood unambiguously, which prevents many epistemological issues from being examined with sufficient theoretical clarity. '.
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