33 found

Year:

  1. Das Wiener Euchologien-Projekt: Anlassgebete als Quelle zur Sozial- und Alltagsgeschichte. Drei Fallbeispiele.Eirini Afentoulidou, Elisabeth Schiffer & Claudia Rapp - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):337-369.
    This contribution showcases the work of the Vienna Euchologia Project which aims to make accessible the ‘small prayers’ or ‘occasional prayers’ that are preserved in the Byzantine euchologia manuscripts from the late 8th to the mid 17th century as sources for daily life and social history. A brief introduction to the project is followed by three thematically focused studies that juxtapose the prescriptive prayers in the euchologia with descriptive evidence from other sources: exorcism and other prayers in hagiographical narratives, prayers (...)
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  2. Sprechen mit dem Heiligen und Eintauchen in den Text: Zur Wirkungsästhetik eines Passionsgebets aus dem ‚Engelberger Gebetbuch‘.Björn Klaus Buschbeck - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):390-408.
    By means of a close reading of a single prayer on the Passion of Christ from the 14th century ‘Engelberg Prayerbook,’ this article analyzes three characteristic effects of reading medieval written prayers: first, the devotee assumes the role of the I constructed by the text. Secondly, this leads to an effect of immersion into a literarily constructed, imagined environment. Finally, these effects of reading aim at being surpassed by an immediacy of a divine answer that transcends the aesthetic and semantic (...)
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  3. Gebet, Ablass und Heilsaneignung im Mittelalter.Étienne Doublier - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):289-302.
    This article focuses on the connections between prayer and indulgence established in the 13th and 14th centuries. Since the Early Middle Ages, practices of prayer played a significant role in the ecclesiastical system of penance. They were supposed to provide salvation by redeeming the devotee from sins. With the advent of indulgence, the salvific value of prayer became more closely entangled with the authority of the papacy and the bishops. Generally speaking, papal indulgences were very standardized, and thus only few (...)
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  4. Die Apologien – Zur Prägekraft einer christlichen Gebetsform für die mittelalterliche Religiosität.Sebastian Eck - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):319-336.
    The term ‘apologies’ describes prayers offered by Christians during Mass to express their sinfulness and unworthiness. In liturgical scholarship, these prayers have usually been regarded as early medieval priestly prayers, and it has been argued that they largely vanished after their peak of importance in the 11th century Order of Mass. In my article, I show that these prayers did not disappear but are transmitted in late medieval private prayer books. In light of this transmission, I propose to conjoin scholarly (...)
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  5.  1
    Domini est salus. Gebetspraktische Aspekte in Text- und Bildausstattung des Amuletts Ms Princeton 235.Marie Hartmann - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):409-430.
    In medieval Europe, Christian amulets comprised of illuminations and/or script were considered powerful apotropaic shields. This article focuses on a single example, Ms Princeton 235. It is argued that this object primarily functions as a prayer aid rather than as a magical object. Comparable to rosaries or prayer nuts, this amulet conveys its assumed protective powers through specific devotional acts. Its textual program prefigures such pious practices, which include carrying the amulet above one’s heart, folding and unfolding it, reciting a (...)
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  6. Künstliches Licht im Kontext mittelalterlicher Gebetspraxis.Vera Henkelmann - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):431-457.
    Approaching the interplay of medieval prayer and artificial light, my article shows how artificial light had multiple levels of meaning and functions pertaining to the situation, the subject, and the intention of praying. It served practical purposes such as illuminating and highlighting spaces of prayer, thus enabling the devotees to read. What is more, artificial lighting contributed to orchestrating places of prayer, especially in church buildings, as spaces removed from everyday life, thereby emphasizing the sacredness of liturgical prayers and acts. (...)
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  7. Schlachtgebete – das Beispiel der spätmittelalterlichen Eidgenossenschaft.Oliver Landolt - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):303-318.
    In medieval Switzerland, war prayers were an important ritual that was performed both before battle and after a victory. Swiss troops prayed the Lord’s Prayer and the Hail Mary five times each, kneeling down and stretching out their arms in a prescribed posture. This posture, together with the quintuple repetition of the prayers, evokes the Passion of Christ and his five wounds. The Swiss troops thought of the correct performance of this prayer ritual as crucial for their military success. The (...)
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  8.  3
    Gebetsparodien des hohen und späten Mittelalters.Stefan Matter - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):370-389.
    This article addresses the possible conditions under which parodies of prayer could emerge and be transmitted in the High and Late Middle Ages. It aims to offer a systematic overview over the different forms of prayer parody in the German-speaking Middle Ages. After some preliminary remarks on definitions I suggest a typology of German-speaking prayer parodies and conclude with some general observations on the possible contexts in which such texts were used.
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  9. Synagoge Oder Studierzimmer? Ein Jüdischer Gebetsraum des 13. Jahrhunderts in Erfurt.Barbara Perlich - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):458-478.
    In the early 12th century, a Jewish community first settled in the medieval city of Erfurt. The synagogue, the mikvah, and several private dwellings of this community are preserved until today. A room in one of the private houses formerly inhabited by Jews has a wooden beam ceiling, dating from 1244, which is colourfully painted with tendrils, leaves and blossoms. This ceiling was added to the room together with other extensive refurbishments: the former door in the eastern wall was replaced (...)
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  10.  3
    Einleitung: Medialität und Praxis des Gebets.Christian Schmidt & Mirko Breitenstein - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (2):275-282.
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  11. Ambraser Heldenbuch: Allographische Transkription und wissenschaftliches Datenset.Hubert Alisade, Aaron Tratter & Mario Klarer - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):3-246.
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  12. Fragmentarium.William O. Duba - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):221-223.
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  13. GIS als Hilfsmittel zur Analyse räumlicher Strukturen im östlichen Sachsen und Thüringen des 10. und frühen 11. Jahrhunderts: Eine Königslandschaft neu betrachtet. [REVIEW]Pierre Fütterer - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):91-111.
    For some time, the use of GIS in the context of medieval studies has been increasing. Aside from providing opportunities to visualise historical data in an uncomplicated way, GIS offers numerous tools such as viewshed, kernel density estimation or georeferencing, allowing new insights into historical contexts, which at the same time can reveal new avenues for research. This paper illustrates both the potential and difficulties of working with GIS on the analysis of spatial structures in early medieval Eastern Saxony and (...)
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  14. Mittelhochdeutsche Lexikographie Und Semantic Web. Die Anbindung der ‚Mittelhochdeutschen Begriffsdatenbank‘ an Linked Open Data.Peter Hinkelmanns - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):129-141.
    The inclusion of Semantic Web technologies into the lexicographic ‘Middle High German Conceptual Database’ is a challenge for this long-term project. Since the 1970 s the Middle High German Concept Database has aimed to provide an onomasiological dictionary for Middle High German. The latest technological revision dates back to 1992, so there is a growing demand for more contemporary infrastructure and usability. The data models themselves, as well as the linking of data sets with authority files, need to be modernised (...)
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  15.  1
    Lesende Algorithmen: Projekt READ.Tobias Hodel - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):224-227.
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  16.  2
    Ikonographie und Interaktion. Computergestützte Analyse von Posen in Bildern der Heilsgeschichte.Leonardo Impett & Peter Bell - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):31-53.
    The last few years have seen an explosion of medieval images in digital form, chiefly as a result of photo-library and manuscript digitisation projects. An entire corpus of images, even selected solely by scene or iconography, becomes an unwieldy object of study by traditional art-historical means. This is even more the case for medieval images, where authorship and dating are often cloudy and unclear, and the image itself is in many cases the first resource for scholarly inquiry.We take the digital (...)
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  17.  2
    Soziale Netzwerkanalysen zum mittelhochdeutschen Artusroman oder: Vorgreiflicher Versuch, Märchenhaftigkeit des Erzählens zu messen.Nora Ketschik & Manuel Braun - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):54-70.
    This article discusses the question of how complex the narrations of Arthurian romances are by comparing them to the ‘simple form’ of fairy tales. In order to achieve this, we identify properties of the European folktale, which we then compare with an Arthurian text corpus consisting of Hartmann von Aue’s ‘Erec’ and ‘Iwein’ as well as Wolfram von Eschenbach’s ‘Parzival’. The typological investigation is carried out using data-driven methods, primarily Social Network Analysis, and focuses on various aspects of characters. By (...)
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  18.  1
    Textmodellierung und Analyse von quasi-hierarchischen und varianten Liturgika des Mittelalters.Robert Klugseder & Christian Steiner - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):205-220.
    The Digital Humanities project ‘CANTUS NETWORK. Libri ordinarii of the Salzburg metropolitan province’ undertakes research around the liturgy and music of the churches and monasteries of the medieval ecclesiastical province of Salzburg. Key sources are the liturgical ‘prompt books’, called libri ordinarii, which include a short form of more or less the entire rite of a diocese or a monastery. The workflow of the project is set in an environment called GAMS, a humanities research data repository built for long-term storage (...)
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  19. Die ‚Regesta Imperii‘ im digitalen Zeitalter. Das Regest als Netzwerk von Entitäten.Andreas Kuczera - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):157-172.
    In the digital historical sciences, research datasets are generally highly connected. Using the example of the digital ‘Regesta Imperii’, this article will show how these networked structures can be modelled and analysed with the help of graph databases. In order to achieve relevant results with these new research perspectives, it is essential to closely dovetail scientific research perspectives and digital methodology. Graph modelling is especially helpful here, allowing to clearly map the structures of the technical problem in the graph in (...)
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  20.  1
    Digitale Erschließung von Stadtbüchern – Der ‚Index Librorum Civitatum‘.Vicky Kühnold, Nasrin Saef & Alexander Schwerdtfeger-Klaus - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):241-243.
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  21.  2
    Grundlagen der Mediävistik digital vermitteln: ‚Ad fontes‘, aber wie?Michael Nadig & Tobias Hodel - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):142-156.
    The digital teaching of medieval, and especially auxiliary, scientific skills has been going on for more than a decade. Nevertheless, the breadth and depth of the auxiliary sciences is making them difficult to present in their entirety. With ‘Ad fontes’, basic knowledge of skills needed to study the Middle Ages is imparted through interactive exercises. The e-learning platform was completely revised in 2018, allowing new technical possibilities to be realised while maintaining the strengths of its intuitive exercises. Additionally, crowdsourcing enterprises (...)
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  22.  1
    Das ‚Referenzkorpus Altdeutsch‘ als Lesekorpus. Grammatisch annotierte und mit Wörterbüchern verknüpfte Texte für Lehre und Selbststudium.Ralf Plate & Roland Mittmann - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):173-187.
    Working with Old High German and Old Saxon texts has become rare in German language and literature studies. Nowadays, the brief introductions to historical linguistics and philology do not suffice to enable students to explore the oldest German texts in significant depth. A new tool could at least help move closer to this dept of textual exploration: an on-line publication of all Old High German and Old Saxon texts with a morphological word-by-word annotation. The data has been collected by the (...)
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  23.  1
    Das Forschungsportal ‚Germania Sacra Online‘.Christian Popp & Bärbel Kröger - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):228-230.
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  24. Die MGH im dritten Jahrhundert: Digitale Editionen und Forschungsdaten.Bernd Posselt & Clemens Radl - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):237-240.
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  25.  1
    „Schaffen und Nachahmen. Kreative Prozesse im Mittelalter“. 18. Symposium des Mediävistenverbandes, Tübingen, 17.–20. März 2019. [REVIEW]Jonathan Reinert - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):257-261.
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  26.  1
    Der Streit um die Birne. Autorschafts-Attributionstest mit Burrows’ Delta und dessen Optimierung für Kurztexte am Beispiel der ‚Halben Birne‘ des Konrad von Würzburg.Daniel Schlager, Katharina Zeppezauer-Wachauer & Friedrich Michael Dimpel - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):71-90.
    Short epics in Middle High German are a challenge for author attribution procedures as they involve dealing with short texts, incomplete normalisation, and generic tests. Firstly, the paper discusses optimisation methods using basic form and grammar tags extracted from the ‘Mittelhochdeutsche Begriffsdatenbank’. As part of this, an evaluation test with normalised Middle High German texts is carried out where 20 texts with known authorship are used as ‘guessing texts’ and a further 19 works of the same authors as ‘comparison texts’. (...)
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  27.  1
    Digitale Quellensammlungen an der Akademie der Wissenschaften und Literatur | Mainz am Beispiel mediävistischer Grundlagenforschung: Die ‚Deutschen Inschriften Online‘ und das ‚Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi‘.Torsten Schrade, Sarah Pittroff, Anna Neovesky, Dominik Kasper & Max Grüntgens - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):231-236.
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  28. Vom lokalen Bestand zur weltweiten Vernetzung. Mittelalterliche Handschriften im Netz.Timo Steyer & Torsten Schaßan - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):188-204.
    Using the example of the Herzog August Bibliothek, the paper shows how manuscripts are currently catalogued in the digital environment and how the data is published and shared with other relevant communities. The paper focuses both on the process of data production as well as the exchange and re-use of data. In particular, the paper will discuss the challenges of distributing the data into non-specialised databases. Two elements are crucial here: firstly, the standardised modelling of manuscript-related information, including semantic enrichment. (...)
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  29.  3
    Sprachwissenschaftliche Erschließungsmethoden für digitale Editionen mittelhochdeutscher Texte.Michael Stolz & Christian Griesinger - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):112-128.
    This paper sheds light on the possibilities and perspectives of linking digital editions of Medieval German texts to each other and to other digital resources. Furthermore, it discusses some of the internal and technical conditions necessary to render this linkage meaningful, like lemmatisation, part-of-speech-tagging, and using standardised mark-up languages. Finally, the sustainability and reusability of digital editions are considered. While in the past, editions of medieval texts were conceived as rather isolated scholarly works of individual editors, nowadays the collaboration and (...)
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  30. ‚Monasterium.net‘ – eine Infrastruktur für diplomatische Forschung.Georg Vogeler - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):247-252.
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  31.  1
    Digitale Mediävistik Und der Deutschsprachige Raum.Georg Vogeler, Gabriel Viehhauser, Torsten Hiltmann, Franz Fischer & Roman Bleier - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):1-12.
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  32. Überlegungen Zur Digitalen Edition Mystischer Mosaiktraktate des Spätmittelalters.Lydia Wegener & Nadine Arndt - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):15-30.
    The article presents the concept of a digital edition of late-medieval mystical mosaic treatises. These widespread publication, which are usually labelled as ‘pseudo-Eckhart’, are characterised by an almost unfathomable fluctuation between the manuscripts. Until today, this variance has prevented the publication of any traditional book editions and complicated any critical evaluation. The intended edition focusses on Pfeiffer’s treatise XI/2 as a test case. It will provide access to divergent versions of this treatise and enable modern readers to compare them on (...)
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  33. E-Codices.Maria Widmer - 2019 - Das Mittelalter 24 (1):253-255.
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