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  1. Freedom and Praxis in Plotinus’s Ennead 6.8.1-6.Bernardo Portilho Andrade - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03031.
    In this paper, I argue that Plotinus does not limit the sphere of free human agency simply to intellectual contemplation, but rather extends it all the way to human praxis. Plotinus’s goal in the first six chapters of Ennead 6.8 is, accordingly, to demarcate the space of freedom within human practical actions. He ultimately concludes that our external actions are free whenever they actualize, in unhindered fashion, the moral principles derived from intellectual contemplation. This raises the question of how the (...)
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  2. A Teoria da Demonstração Científica de Aristóteles em Segundos Analíticos 1.2-9 e 1.13.Davi Bastos - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03021.
    I defend an interpretation of Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics Book I which distinguishes between two projects in different passages of that work: (i) to explain what a given science is and (ii) to explain what properly scientific knowledge is. I present Aristotle’s theory in answer to ii, with special attention to his definition of scientific knowledge in 71b9-12 and showing how this is developed on chapters I.2-9 and I.13 into a solid Theory of Scientific Demonstration. The main point of this theory (...)
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  3. Socrates, Vlastos, Scanlon and the Principle of the Sovereignty of Virtue.Daniel Simão Nascimento - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:1-25.
    Abstract: This article offers a new formulation of the Socratic principle known as the Principle of the Sovereignty of Virtue (PSV). It is divided in three sections. In the first section I criticize Vlastos’ formulation of the PSV. In the second section I present the weighing model of practical deliberation, introduce the concepts of reason for action, simple reason, sufficient reason and conclusive reason that were offered by Thomas Scanlon in Being realistic about reasons (2014), and then I adapt these (...)
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  4.  1
    On Dionysian lysis.Agatha Pitombo Bacelar - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03003-03003.
    This paper is a study of Dionysian _lysis_, “liberation”_._ We begin with the suggestion that in the description of the _mania telestike _in Plato’s _Phaedrus_ 244d-245a, the best candidate among Dionysian ritual practices abstracted by Socrates’ rhetoric is maenadic trance. The maenadic references also accompany the testimonies on Dionysos _Lysios_ in Corinth, Sicyon and Thebes, but here the evidence invites us to widen the scope of Dionysian cult practices and look at the god’s Mystery cults, notably at the evidence provided (...)
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  5.  9
    Sur la lysis dionysiaque.Agatha Pitombo Bacelar - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03003.
    Cet article est une étude sur la lysis, la « libération » dionysiaque. On commence avec la suggestion que dans la description de la mania telestike dans le Phèdre 244d-245a, le meilleur candidat parmi les pratiques cultuelles dionysiaques à l’opération de soustraction résultante de la rhétorique socratique c’est la transe ménadique. Les références ménadiques accompagnent également les témoins sur Dionysos Lysios à Corinthe, Sicyone et Thèbes, mais ici les sources nous invitent à élargir l’horizon des pratiques cultuelles dionysiaques pour regarder (...)
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  6.  9
    A Aristotle’s Theory of Scientific Demonstration in Posterior Analytics 1.2-9 and 1.13.Davi Bastos - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03021-03021.
    I defend an interpretation of Aristotle’s _Posterior Analytics _Book I which distinguishes between two projects in different passages of that work: to explain what a given science is and to explain what properly scientific knowledge is. I present Aristotle’s theory in answer to ii, with special attention to his definition of scientific knowledge in 71b9-12 and showing how this is developed on chapters 1.2-9 and 1.13 into a solid Theory of Scientific Demonstration. The main point of this theory is that (...)
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  7.  2
    Constructing “Classical” Philosophy.Claudia Beltrão - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03012-03012.
    Cicero’s philosophical works put on the scene intellectual debates among members of the Roman élite, displaying a balanced combination of intellectual skills, moral excellence and political expertise. Greek philosophy emerges as an important ally in Cicero's intellectual project, but not _in toto_. This paper deals with ways in which Cicero dismisses a _multitudo _of philosophers who churn out what he considers dangerous and stylistically inferior works. In this way, Cicero contributed to the creation of a “classical” philosophy that still guides (...)
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  8.  5
    Construindo a Filosofia “Clássica”.Claudia Beltrão - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03012.
    A obra filosófica de Cícero põe em cena debates intelectuais entre membros da elite romana, e suas figuras principais exibem uma combinação equilibrada de dotes intelectuais, excelência moral e expertise política. A filosofia grega emerge como um importante aliado no projeto intelectual de Cícero, mas não in toto. Este artigo lida com o modo pelo qual Cícero denigre uma multitudo de filósofos que produziam aquilo que ele considerava obras moralmente perigosas e estilisticamente inferiores, contribuindo para a criação de uma filosofia (...)
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  9.  4
    Homenagem Póstuma Ao Professor José Cavalcante de Souza.Alcides Hector Rodriguez Benoit - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03018.
    Homenagem póstuma ao Professor José Cavalcante de Souza.
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  10.  2
    Posthumous homage to Professor José Cavalcante de Souza.Alcides Hector Rodriguez Benoit - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03018-03018.
    Posthumous homage to Professor José Cavalcante de Souza.
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  11.  3
    Se il corpo fosse una cetra, l’armonia sarebbe la sua anima.Barbara Botter - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03024.
    L’obiettivo del testo è di indagare se sia possibile attribuire a Platone una concezione dualista della natura umana, quindi se il filosofo possa essere inscritto nella linea dei pensatori che si sono posti il cosiddetto “Mind-Body Problem”. In molteplici passi dei dialoghi platonici si rinviene l’affermazione che il corpo e l’anima costituiscono due nature differenti e, in certa misura, incompatibili. D’altro canto, la relazione fra corpo e anima è costitutiva dell’uomo e si rende manifesta nell’atto della percezione. La presente riflessione (...)
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  12.  2
    If the body were a cetra, harmony would be his soul.Barbara Botter - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03024-03024.
    The aim of this text is to investigate if it is possible to attribute to Plato a dualistic conception of human nature, that is, whether the philosopher can be inscribed in the line of thinkers who establish the so-called “Mind-Body Problem”. In various passages of Platonic Dialogues we can see that the body and the soul constitute two different and quite incompatible natures. On the other hand, the relationship between body and soul is constitutive of human being and is unquestionable (...)
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  13.  5
    Demétrio E o Estilo.Henrique Fortuna Cairus & Marina Albuquerque de Almeida - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03025.
    O conceito moderno de ‘estilo’ – dο qual deriva o de ‘estilística’, disciplina que foi testemunha da querela entre a Linguística e os estudos literários no século XX – herdou da Retórica antiga o seu conteúdo e foi largamente usado como tradução direta do conceito latino ‘elocutio’, e como tradução de conceitos gregos, como ἑρμηνεία, λέξις e φράσις. Há ainda outros conceitos que parecem intimamente ligados ao de estilo, como os de ‘ornatum’ e ‘decorum’. Compreendendo que as referências clássicas do (...)
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  14.  3
    Demetrius and style.Henrique Fortuna Cairus & Marina Albuquerque de Almeida - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03025-03025.
    The modern concept of ‘style’ – from which ‘stylistics’ is derived, a discipline that witnessed the quarrel between Linguistics and Literary studies in the 20th century – has inherited from Ancient Rhetoric its substance and was largely used as a direct translation from the Latin concept ‘_elocutio_’ and also as a translation for Greek concepts, such as ἑρμηνεία, λέξις and φράσις. There are still some other concepts that seem intimately connected to ‘style’, for instance ‘_ornatum_’ and ‘_decorum_’. Considering that classical (...)
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  15.  1
    Il ridicolo in Platone.Giovanni Casertano - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03029-03029.
    What is it that produces laughter? Or a smile, since, in fact, the verb γελάω has both meanings? Because for someone to laughs or to smile, it requires to be in the company of others, and involved in a certain situation which somehow sparks in us that kind of reaction. This note will provide a sketch for a research on the various situations in which characters laugh or smile in the Platonic dialogues. There is a ridiculous situation that emerges in (...)
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  16.  6
    The ridiculous in Plato.Giovanni Casertano - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03029-03029.
    What is it that produces laughter? Or a smile, since, in fact, the verb γελάω has both meanings? Because for someone to laughs or to smile, it requires to be in the company of others, and involved in a certain situation which somehow sparks in us that kind of reaction. This note will provide a sketch for a research on the various situations in which characters laugh or smile in the Platonic dialogues. There is a ridiculous situation that emerges in (...)
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  17.  3
    Platão. Menêxeno.Emerson Cerdas - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03019.
    Tradução para o português do diálogo Menêxeno de Platão, com notas culturais, históricas e algumas de elucidação sobre as escolhas tradutórias. Acrescenta-se uma breve introdução ao texto.
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  18.  4
    Plato. Menexenus.Emerson Cerdas - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03019-03019.
    This paper aims to present not only a translation of Plato’s _Menexenus_ into Portuguese but also cultural and historical notes, as well as explanatory ones concerning translation choices. It also contains a brief introduction to the dialogue.
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  19.  5
    Tradução da História Uma Anedota Sua Com Três (Ḫabaruhu Mac Talāta) Do Livro Histórias de Abū-Nuwās (Aḫbār Abī-Nuwās) de Abū-Hiffān Almihzamī.Alexandre Facuri Chareti - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03006.
    Abū-Hiffān cAbd-Allāh Ibn-Aḥmad Almihzamī foi um importante transmissor da literatura árabe do século IX d.C./ III H. A compilação de histórias que registrou sobre Abū-Nuwās tornou-se uma referência autorizada no que diz respeito à produção deste poeta inovador. As Histórias de Abū-Nuwās contribuem com temas de vinho e erotismo para as fabulosas narrativas que se situam à era dos califas abássidas. A seguinte apresentação e tradução do relato Uma anedota sua com três procura transpor ao português brasileiro o fragmento desse (...)
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  20.  3
    Translation of the story An anecdote of him with three (ḫabaruhu mac talāta) from the book Stories of Abū-Nuwās (Aḫbār Abī-Nuwās) by Abū-Hiffān Almihzamī.Alexandre Facuri Chareti - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03006-03006.
    Abū-Hiffān _ c _Abd-Allāh Ibn-Aḥmad Almihzamī was an important transmitter of the Arabic literature of the ninth century AD / III H. The compilation of stories that he recorded about Abū-Nuwās became an authorized reference regarding to the production of this _innovative_ poet. _The Stories of Abū-Nuwās_ contribute to the fabulous tales that are placed in the era of the Abbasid caliphs with themes of wine and eroticism. The following introduction and translation of the narrative _An anecdote of him with (...)
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  21. Review of Salles, R.; Molina Ayala, J. Alejandro de Afrodisia. De la mixtura y el crecimiento. [REVIEW]Genaro Valencia Constantino - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03022-03022.
    Review of Salles, R.; Molina Ayala, J. Alejandro de Afrodisia. _De la mixtura y el crecimiento_.
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  22.  7
    Parménides y la concepción ante-predicativa de la verdad.Néstor-Luis Cordero - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03017.
    Platón sostiene que, para confirmar que el sofista es un fabricante de ilusiones, hay que refutar la tesis de Parménides que afirma que sólo existe – según Platón lo interpreta – el ser absoluto. Muy probablemente un eco de esta tesis se encuentre en Antístenes, a quien Platón parece aludir en el Sofista, para quien “lo que es, es verdadero”. Esta concepción de la verdad se conoce como “ante-predicativa” u ontológica, y, según Heidegger, sería originaria. No es así. Desde Homero (...)
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  23.  6
    Parmenides and the Ante-Predicative Conception of Truth.Néstor-Luis Cordero - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03017-03017.
    In order to confirm that the sophist is a manufacturer of illusions, Plato argues that it is necessary to refute Parmenides’s thesis which states that there is only – as Plato interprets it – the absolute being. Most likely an echo of this thesis is found in Antisthenes, whom Plato seems to allude to in the _Sophist, _for whom “what is, is true”. This conception of truth is known as “ante-predicative” or ontological, and, according to Heidegger, would be original. It (...)
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  24.  2
    A Archai 30 Inaugura Nova Fase Editorial da Revista Archai.Gabriele Cornelli & Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03000.
    A Archai 30 inaugura uma nova fase editorial da Revista Archai. Saiba mais...
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  25.  4
    A Archai 30 introduces a new editorial phase for Archai Journal.Gabriele Cornelli & Gustavo Laet Gomes - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03000-03000.
    Archai 30 introduces a new editorial phase for Archai Journal. Learne more...
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  26.  4
    Du héros à l’antihéros.Lorena Lopes da Costa - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03002.
    En 1919, la même année où Jean Giraudoux fait son « Adieu à la guerre », il écrit « Les morts d’Elpénor ». En 1926, à côté de trois autres histoires, ce texte intégrera le corps d’Elpénor, déterminant l’ensemble, une collection de quatre textes écrits pendant dix-huit ans, le premier étant « Cyclope », écrit en 1908 ; le deuxième, « Sirènes », en 1912 ; le troisième en 1919 ; et le dernier en 1926, « Les nouvelles morts d’Elpénor (...)
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  27.  3
    From hero to antihero and his glory.Lorena Lopes da Costa - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03002-03002.
    In 1919, the same year that Jean Giraudoux made his “Adieu à la guerre” [“Farewell to the war”], he wrote “Les morts d'Elpénor” [“The deaths of Elpenor”]. In 1926, alongside three other stories, this text would integrate the book _Elpénor _[_Elpenor_], determining this collection of four texts written for eighteen years, the first being “Cyclope” [“Cyclops”], written in 1908; the second “Sirènes” [“Sirens”], in 1912; the third already mentioned in 1919; and the last in 1926, “Les nouvelles morts d'Elpénor” [“The (...)
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  28.  7
    The possibility of reading the Plotinian noetic thought as non-predicative.Robert Brenner Barreto da Silva - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03036-03036.
    The characterization of thought as a subject reflection about a given object is expressed by an enunciation of predicative order. The introduction of the possibility of a type of thought that it is not constituted in virtue of this presupposition brings a lot of difficulties, which is responsible for why Lloyd treats this theme as an enigma of Greek philosophy, i.e, non-discursive thinking. Plotinus seems to make a distinction between rational and intellectual thought, taking as a starting point the _sui (...)
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  29.  3
    Diógenes Laércio. Vitae Philosophorum 5.36-57.Rodrigo Pinto De Brito & Marcos Roberto Santos Pereira - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03033.
    Tradução do quinto livro, passos 36-57 de Vidas, de Diógenes Laércio, tratando da vida de Teofrasto.
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  30.  5
    Diogenes Laërtius. Vitae Philosophorum 5.36-57.Rodrigo Pinto de Brito & Marcos Roberto Santos Pereira - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03033-03033.
    Translation of Diogenes Laërtius’ _Lives, _book 5, steps 36-57, dealing with the life of Theophrastus.
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  31.  6
    Plato’s Use of the Term Stoicheion.Pia De Simone - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03005.
    The aim of this paper is to examine the implications of Plato’s use of the term stoicheion, since his awareness of stoicheion’s polysemy reveals his view of the origin, the complexity and, at the same time, the order of reality. Moreover, his use of stoicheion allowed him both to inherit and to detach himself from his predecessors. I begin by presenting the history of the notion of stoicheion; then, since one of the meanings of stoicheion is ‘letter of the alphabet’, (...)
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  32.  5
    References to women in Plato’s Timaeus.Pia De Simone - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03035-03035.
    This work aims to investigate the occurrences of the female lexicon, in particular γυνή and μήτηρ, in the Timaeus, to bring out Plato's position regarding women that can be deduced from the hermeneutics of the examined passages. It is necessary to consider all the problems related to Plato's writings, including the argumentative structures used and the complexity of some concepts. The occurrences in the Timaeus, although not numerically conspicuous, are significant in terms of content, given the very nature of this (...)
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  33.  1
    I riferimenti alle donne nel Timeo di Platone.Pia De Simone - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03035.
    Questo lavoro si propone di indagare le occorrenze del lessico femminile, in particolare γυνή e μήτηρ, nel Timeo, per far emergere la posizione di Platone riguardo alle donne che si può evincere dall’ermeneutica dei passi esaminati. Bisogna considerare anche i problemi relativi all’interpretazione degli scritti di Platone, come le strutture argomentative di cui si serve e la complessità di alcuni concetti. Le occorrenze nel Timeo, sebbene non numerose, sono contenutisticamente significative, data la natura di questo dialogo che si propone di (...)
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  34.  3
    Resenha de Quinália, R. O Belo em Platão.Aldo Lopes Dinucci - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03008.
    Resenha de Quinália, R. O Belo em Platão.
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  35.  2
    Review of Quinália, R. O Belo em Platão. [REVIEW]Aldo Lopes Dinucci - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03008-03008.
    Review of Quinália, R. _O Belo em Platão_.
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  36.  8
    Aristotle’s objection against Forms in Metaphysics M.9.Edgar González-Varela - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03030-03030.
    Aristotle formulates in _Metaphysics_ M.9 an aporia about Forms, according to which, those who introduce Forms make them universal substances and, at the same time, separate entities and, hence, particulars. But, he claims, it is not possible that both attributes, being a universal and being a particular, inhere in the same thing. The interpretation that scholars have offered of this objection is external, in that they hold that it derives from Aristotle’s own conception of separation: only what is particular is (...)
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  37.  1
    La objeción de Aristóteles en contra de las Formas en Metafísica M.9.Edgar González-Varela - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03030-03030.
    Aristotle formulates in _Metaphysics_ M.9 an aporia about Forms, according to which, those who introduce Forms make them universal substances and, at the same time, separate entities and, hence, particulars. But, he claims, it is not possible that both attributes, being a universal and being a particular, inhere in the same thing. The interpretation that scholars have offered of this objection is external, in that they hold that it derives from Aristotle’s own conception of separation: only what is particular is (...)
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  38.  6
    Miscegenation and Hybridism in Heliodorus’ Aethiopica.Geruza de Souza Graebin - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03028-03028.
    Amongst all the works within the genre, the novel _Aethiopica_ stands out for its composition techniques. In fact, the author Heliodorus shows the ability of both innovate and astonish readers, by creating scenes and characters, as well as distinguished and completely original situations. Taking the verb μιαίνω as a red string, since it is recurrently used in Heliodorus’ work and also summarizes the idea of miscegenation, some pieces of the romance in which the idea of hybridity, opposition of contraries or, (...)
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  39.  4
    Miscigenação e hibridismo nas Etiópicas de Heliodoro.Geruza De Souza Graebin - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03028-03028.
    Amongst all the works within the genre, the novel _Aethiopica_ stands out for its composition techniques. In fact, the author Heliodorus shows the ability of both innovate and astonish readers, by creating scenes and characters, as well as distinguished and completely original situations. Taking the verb μιαίνω as a red string, since it is recurrently used in Heliodorus’ work and also summarizes the idea of miscegenation, some pieces of the romance in which the idea of hybridity, opposition of contraries or, (...)
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  40.  1
    Reseña de Gutiérrez, D. Sócrates y la Práctica de la Espiritualidad.Francisco Iversen - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03020.
    Reseña de Gutiérrez, D. Sócrates y la práctica de la espiritualidad.
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  41.  1
    Review of Gutiérrez, D. Sócrates y la práctica de la espiritualidad. [REVIEW]Francisco Iversen - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03020-03020.
    Review of Gutiérrez, D. _Sócrates y la práctica de la espiritualidad _.
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  42.  6
    A idade bíblica dos juízes sem a letra ‘g’.Cristóvão José dos Santos Júnior - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03023-03023.
    This work consists of the first lipogrammatic translation and the first ever made into the Portuguese language of Book VII of the work _De aetatibus mundi et hominis_, credited to the late and African writer Fulgentius, the Mytographer. _De aetatibus_ is a consecutive lipogram that has a prologue and other 14 Books, with constriction in the initial 14 letters of Fulgentius’ alphabet. In this seventh section of the work, Fulgentius discusses the biblical age of the judges, avoiding the use of (...)
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  43.  5
    L’enfant merveilleux chez Héraclite d’Ephèse.Małgorzata Kwietniewska - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03034.
    Dans la phrase marquée DK22 B52, Héraclite décrit un enfant jouant avec de petits objets. Le garçon a tout un royaume à sa disposition et il est identifié lui-même avec l’éon. Ce célèbre fragment a été interprété de nombreuses manières par les philologues classiques et les philosophes. De nos jours, il est le plus souvent considéré comme une métaphore de la vie humaine. L’enfant, qui ne connaît pas encore les règles de la vie sociale, introduit dans cette vie des éléments (...)
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  44.  6
    The marvelous child in Heraclitus of Ephesus.Małgorzata Kwietniewska - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03034-03034.
    In the sentence marked DK22 B52, Heraclitus describes a boy playing with small objects. The boy has the entire kingdom at his disposal and he himself is identified with the eon. This famous fragment has been interpreted in numerous ways both by classical philologists and philosophers. Its current interpretation is that it is a metaphor for human life. The child, not yet familiar with rules of social life, introduces elements of randomness and careless play into that life. Meanwhile, comparison of (...)
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  45.  3
    ¿Qué es cognitivo en la metáfora según Aristóteles?André Laks - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03032.
    En la Poética, Aristóteles define la metáfora como la transferencia de un nombre de un dominio extraño a otro. Si, como en la doctrina clásica de los tropos, vemos en ella un término figurado, que sustituye al término propio, la metáfora reviste un valor puramente ornamental y el discurso podría en principio prescindir de ella. La metáfora moderna, en cambio, tiene la ambición de ofrecer una redescripción del mundo, es una metáfora viva, y por tanto cognitiva. La cuestión es saber (...)
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  46.  8
    What is cognitive in metaphor according to Aristotle?André Laks - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03032-03032.
    In the _Poetics_, Aristotle, defines metaphor as the transfer of a term from a given, foreign domain to another one. If, as does the classical doctrine of tropes, we consider that it substitutes the ‘proper’ term, the metaphor has a purely ornamental value and we can do without it. Modern theories insist, on the contrary, on the cognitive value of the metaphor: because it offers a re-description of the world, the metaphor is “alive”. The question is to what extent this (...)
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  47.  8
    Resenha de Arruzza, C. A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato’s Republic.Rosane De Almeida Maia - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03013.
    Resenha de Arruzza, C. A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato’s Republic.
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  48.  3
    Review of Arruzza, C. A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato’s Republic. [REVIEW]Rosane de Almeida Maia - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03013-03013.
    Review of Arruzza, C. _A Wolf in the City: Tyranny and the Tyrant in Plato’s Republic_.
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  49.  11
    Argumentation and Counterfactual Reasoning in Parmenides and Melissus.Flavia Marcacci - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03004.
    Parmenides and Melissus employ different deductive styles for their different kinds of argumentation. The former’s poem flows in an interesting sequence of passages: contents foreword, methodological premises, krisis, conclusions and corollaries. The latter, however, organizes an extensive process of deduction to show the characteristics of what is. In both cases, the strength of their argument rests on their deductive form, on the syntactical level of their texts: the formal structure of their reasonings help to identify the features and logical intersections (...)
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  50.  4
    A Poética da Mímesis No Timeu-Crítias de Platão.Nelson De Aguiar Menezes Neto - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03016.
    O presente estudo consiste em uma análise do processo de composição do Timeu-Crítias de Platão, sob o ponto de vista da modelagem do discurso. Pretende-se mostrar que o diálogo é marcado por uma engenhosa articulação de técnicas de composição, que combinam os aspectos pictorial e dramático da mímesis poética. Estabelecendo as Panateneias como referência implícita, a obra apresenta a performance de uma sequência de narrativas, produzidas como verdadeiras imagens discursivas. A originalidade platônica revela-se no Timeu-Crítias, portanto, no desempenho de uma (...)
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  51.  4
    A Consistência Das Teses de Trasímaco Sobre a Justiça No Livro I da República de Platão.Luiz Maurício Bentim da Rocha Menezes - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03001.
    A discussão entre Trasímaco e Sócrates no Livro I da República de Platão dá vigor à questão da justiça iniciada com Céfalo. Trasímaco é um personagem importante da obra, pois vai relacionar a justiça ao governo da cidade. Isso faz com que a justiça saia da esfera individual e entre na esfera pública. Em nosso artigo, pretendemos verificar as teses de Trasímaco sobre a justiça e se estas são consistentes entre si. O problema da consistência das teses é antigo entre (...)
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  52.  9
    The consistency of Thrasymachus’ theses on justice in Plato’s Republic I.Luiz Maurício Bentim da Rocha Menezes - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03001-03001.
    The discussion between Thrasymachus and Socrates in Book I of Plato's Republic instead the question about justice started with Cephalus. Thrasymachus is an important character, who relates justice to the city government. This causes justice to leave individual sphere and enter public sphere. In our article, we want to verify how Thrasymachus' theses on justice and whether they are consistent with each other. The problem of consistency of theses is old among commentators and presents different solutions. Our intention is to (...)
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  53.  2
    Recensione di Rossetti, L. Parmenide e Zenone sophoi ad Elea.Marco Montagnino - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03027.
    Recensione di Rossetti, L. Parmenide e Zenone sophoi ad Elea.
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  54.  2
    Review of Rossetti, L. Parmenide e Zenone sophoi ad Elea. [REVIEW]Marco Montagnino - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03027-03027.
    Review of Rossetti, L. _Parmenide e Zenone sophoi ad Elea_.
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  55.  5
    O Corpo Como Evidência da Alma No Górgias de Platão.Maria Aparecida De Paiva Montenegro & Pedro Henrique Araújo Santiago - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03010.
    Pretendemos mostrar que, no Górgias, diálogo dedicado à crítica da retórica, as frequentes alusões de Sócrates à compleição do corpo, bem como o uso recorrente de metáforas corpóreas para referir-se ao que, por analogia, passa-se com a alma servem de ferramenta retórica para fazer frente à retórica de Górgias. Desse modo, ao mesmo tempo em que chamamos atenção para a maneira como Platão se vale das armas do adversário justamente para atacá-lo, ressaltamos o papel imprescindível do corpo como evidência da (...)
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  56.  5
    The body as evidence of the soul in Plato’s Gorgias.Maria Aparecida de Paiva Montenegro & Pedro Henrique Araújo Santiago - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03010-03010.
    We intend to point out that in the Gorgias, dialogue devoted to the critique of rhetoric, Socrates' frequent allusions to the body's complexion, and the recurrent use of corporeal metaphors to refer to what, by analogy, happens to the soul, function as a rhetoric tool in order to oppose Gorgias' own rhetoric. Thus, while drawing attention to the way Plato uses the weapons of the adversary precisely to attack him, we emphasize the indispensable role of the body as evidence of (...)
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  57.  4
    Socrates, Vlastos, Scanlon and the Principle of the Sovereignty of Virtue.Daniel Simão Nascimento - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03009.
    This article offers a new formulation of the Socratic principle known as the Principle of the Sovereignty of Virtue. It is divided in three sections. In the first section I criticize Vlastos’ formulation of the PSV. In the second section I present the weighing model of practical deliberation, introduce the concepts of reason for action, simple reason, sufficient reason and conclusive reason that were offered by Thomas Scanlon in Being realistic about reasons, and then I adapt these concepts so as (...)
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  58.  5
    The Poetics of Mimesis in Plato’s Timaeus-Critias.Nelson de Aguiar Menezes Neto - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03016-03016.
    The present study is an analysis of Plato’s _Timaeus-Critias_ composition process, from the point of view of discourse modeling. It intends to show that the dialogue is distinguished by an insightful articulation of composition techniques, which combine the pictorial and dramatic aspects of poetic _mimesis_. Establishing the Panateneias as an implicit reference, the work presents the performance of a sequence of narratives, produced as true discursive images. Platonic originality is revealed in _Timaeus-Critias_, therefore, as the accomplishment of a formal construction (...)
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  59.  2
    A Poética da Mímesis no Timeu-Crítias de Platão.Nelson de Aguiar Menezes Neto - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03016-03016.
    The present study is an analysis of Plato’s _Timaeus-Critias_ composition process, from the point of view of discourse modeling. It intends to show that the dialogue is distinguished by an insightful articulation of composition techniques, which combine the pictorial and dramatic aspects of poetic _mimesis_. Establishing the Panateneias as an implicit reference, the work presents the performance of a sequence of narratives, produced as true discursive images. Platonic originality is revealed in _Timaeus-Critias_, therefore, as the accomplishment of a formal construction (...)
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  60.  4
    Paideutikos Eros.Francesca Pentassuglio - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03015.
    This paper focuses on the figure and the role of Aspasia in Aeschines’ eponymous dialogue, with special regard to the Milesian’s ‘paideutic’ activity and the double bond connecting it to Socrates’ teaching, namely the elenctic method and a particular application of Σωκρατικὸς ἔρως. The study aims to highlight some crucial traits of Aeschines’ Aspasia by examining three key texts, all numbered among the testimonies on the Aspasia: Cicero’s account in De inventione 1.31.51-53 and two fundamental passages from Xenophon’s Memorabilia and (...)
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  61.  1
    O Deus Pai junto à mesa.Pedro Luís De Toledo Piza - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03026-03026.
    The development of a kind of authority concentrated in one person is surely one of the main social processes in the first two centuries CE Christianity and also one of those which left the most perennial and influent legacies in the Christian Church of posterior centuries. In this sense, Ignatius of Antioch is not only an historical witness of the dynamics around such a process in Proconsular Asia of his time. He is also, and most of all, an historical agent (...)
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  62.  3
    O God the Father at the Table.Pedro Luís de Toledo Piza - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03026-03026.
    The development of a kind of authority concentrated in one person is surely one of the main social processes in the first two centuries CE Christianity and also one of those which left the most perennial and influent legacies in the Christian Church of posterior centuries. In this sense, Ignatius of Antioch is not only an historical witness of the dynamics around such a process in Proconsular Asia of his time. He is also, and most of all, an historical agent (...)
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  63.  4
    A idade bíblica dos juízes sem a letra ‘g’.Cristóvão José Dos Santos Júnior - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03023.
    Este trabalho consiste na primeira tradução lipogramática e na primeira já realizada para a língua portuguesa do Livro VII da obra De aetatibus mundi et hominis, creditada ao escritor tardio e africano Fulgêncio, o Mitógrafo. A De aetatibus se trata de um lipograma consecutivo que possui um prólogo e outros 14 Livros, com constrição nas 14 letras iniciais do alfabeto fulgenciano. Nesta sétima seção da obra, Fulgêncio discute a idade bíblica dos juízes, evitando o emprego de unidades lexicais que contenham (...)
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  64.  8
    Resenha de Casertano, G. Venticinque studi sui preplatonici.José Gabriel Trindade Santos - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03007.
    Resenha de Casertano, G. Venticinque studi sui preplatonici.
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  65.  3
    Review of Casertano, G. Venticinque studi sui preplatonici. [REVIEW]José Gabriel Trindade Santos - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03007-03007.
    Review of Casertano, G. _Venticinque studi sui preplatonici_.
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  66.  3
    Possibilidade de Uma Leitura Antepredicativa Do Pensamento Noético de Plotino.Robert Brenner Barreto da Silva - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03036.
    A caracterização do pensamento como a reflexão de um sujeito sobre um dado objeto se expressa através de um enunciado de ordem predicativa. A introdução da possibilidade de um tipo de pensamento que não se constitua a partir desse pressuposto traz dificuldades, motivo pelo qual Lloyd tratou esse tema, a saber, o pensamento não discursivo, como um enigma da filosofia grega. Plotino parece estabelecer uma distinção entre pensamento racional e intelectual tendo como ponto de partida a definição sui generis de (...)
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  67.  4
    La relación entre los paradigmas poéticos platónico y tradicional en la anécdota del sueño de Sócrates en el Fedón.Lucas Soares - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03011.
    Platón procura establecer en el Fedro una estrecha vinculación entre la poesía y el ámbito eidético propio del saber filosófico, o al que accede el filósofo mediante una ejercitada captación sinóptico-dialéctica. Tal tipo de poesía filosófica aparece ilustrada a la perfección en la propia palinodia socrática, la cual erige a Sócrates – y en última instancia a Platón – como paradigma de filósofo poeta, palinodia que ha sido obligada a pronunciarse “con ciertos términos poéticos”. Partiendo de esa palinodia como modelo, (...)
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  68.  1
    The relationship between Platonic and traditional poetic paradigms in Socrates’ dream anecdote in the Phaedo.Lucas Soares - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:03011-03011.
    Plato seeks to establish in _Phaedrus_ a close link between poetry and the eidetic sphere to which philosophical knowledge belongs, or which the philosopher accesses through a practiced synoptic-dialectic understanding. This type of philosophical poetry is perfectly illustrated in the Socratic palinode itself, which Socrates –and ultimately Plato – establishes as a paradigm of the poet philosopher, a palinode by necessity must be uttered “with certain poetic terms”. Working from that palinode as a model, Plato seeks to approach the subject (...)
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  69.  2
    An Unexplained Overlap Between Sophist 232b1-236d4 and Republic X.Nicholas Zucchetti - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 30:e03014.
    Although most scholars agree that the lexicon of Sophist 232b1-236d4 is similar to that of Republic X, they leave undetermined whether they are theoretically compatible. Notably, both dialogues elucidate the art of imitation through the metaphor of the painter who deceives his pupils through φαντάσματα. I argue that Plato’s conception of imitation of the Republic is not only consistent with that presented in the Sophist, but also importantly integrates it.
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  70.  5
    Architectural Technologies and the Origins of Greek Philosophy.Robert Hahn - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:1-29.
    In this essay on ancient architectural technologies, I propose to challenge the largely conventional idea of the transcendent origins of philosophy, that philosophy dawned only when the mind turned inside, away from the world grasped by the body and senses. By focusing on one premier episode in the history of western thinking – the emergence of Greek philosophical thought in the cosmic architecture of Anaximander of Miletus – I am arguing that the abstract, speculative, rationalising thinking characteristic of philosophy, is (...)
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  71.  4
    Platone e il mare.Giovanni Casertano - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02909.
    Come si pone Platone di fronte al mare? Dalla lettura dei suoi dialoghi emerge una visione complessa, e che tocca vari campi delle sue riflessioni. Platone ne sente il fascino e allo stesso tempo ne avverte i pericoli, non solo quelli connessi alla navigazione, ma anche quelli morali, che derivano dalla presenza nei porti di uomini di varie provenienze, per lo più con atteggiamenti volgari e sboccati; e poi quelli legati alla ricchezza dei beni in essi accumulati, con la necessaria (...)
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  72.  5
    The End of Love?Philip Krinks - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02906.
    Plato’s Symposium contains two accounts of eros which explicitly aim to reach a telos. The first is the technocratic account of the doctor Eryximachus, who seeks an exhaustive account of eros, common to all things with a physical nature. For him medical techne can create an orderly erotic harmony; while religion is defined as the curing of disorderly eros. Against this Socrates recounts the priestess Diotima finding a telos, not in technical exhaustiveness, but in a dialectical definition of eros in (...)
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  73.  5
    Towards an Artistic Account of Nature: Morphology, Hylology, Hylomorphism.Pier Alberto Porceddu Cilione - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02907.
    A long philosophical tradition has claimed the fact that the concepts of physis and techne should remain radically distinct. But an equally important tradition has instead considered the question in less abstract terms. What can encourage us to rethink the question of hylomorphism is the radical rethinking of the terms at stake. How should the relationship between matter and form be thought? How should the distinction between natural form and artificial form be considered? The attempt that is proposed here is (...)
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  74.  3
    Ancient Perspectives on Technology.Enrico Postiglione - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02901.
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  75.  5
    The Demon of Technology.Enrico Postiglione - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02902.
    Contemporary advanced technology seems to raise new and fundamental questions as it apparently provides a human subject with an infinite range of incoming possibilities. Accordingly, research on the implications of technology is massive and splits into hard critics and faithful supporters. Yet, technological activities cannot be defined in terms of their products alone. Indeed, every technological behaviour unfolds the very same tension against what would have been naturally impossible, in absence of that same behaviour. Thus, the debate on technology appears (...)
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  76.  2
    The Techne of Nutrition in Ancient Greek Philosophy.Anthony Preus - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02904.
    The preparation of food and nutrition is a pervasive techne in the classical Greek world. Indeed, food technology may be a defining characteristic of humanity. We begin with a glimpse of a tension in the use of the word techne in relation to the preparation of food in Plato’s Gorgias 462d-e. Turning to the Presocratics, we discern three distinct perspectives on food, those of Empedocles, Anaxagoras, and the treatise Regimen. In Regimen, we find an anticipation of the distinctions made by (...)
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  77.  3
    Review of Calenda, G. Un Universo Aperto. La cosmologia di Parmenide e la struttura della Terra. [REVIEW]Lucio Angelo Privitello - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02910.
    Review of Calenda, G. Un Universo Aperto. La cosmologia di Parmenide e la struttura della Terra.
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  78.  1
    Plato’s Theory of the Arts in the Gorgias and in the Republic.Walter Thomas Schmid - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02908.
    This paper examines Socrates’ theory of the arts in the Gorgias and in the Republic. It shows how that theory changes, as the discussion takes focus first in relation to moderation, then to justice, where it is tied to the idea of a techne of rule, to notions of virtuous work and civic health, and to five levels of ‘art’ represented in the cave. It argues that both Socrates’ vision of a scientific and benevolent political art and Thrasymachus’ sophistic theory (...)
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  79. Resenha de Chaisemartin, N.; Theodorescu, D. Le Thé'tre D’Aphrodisias : Les Structures Scéniques. Aphrodisias 8.Adriane Da Silva Duarte - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02911.
    Resenha de Chaisemartin, N.; Theodorescu, D. Le théâtre d’Aphrodisias : les structures scéniques. Aphrodisias 8.
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  80.  12
    Theurgy and Transhumanism.Eric Steinhart - 2020 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 29:e02905.
    Theurgy was a system of magical practices in the late Roman Empire. It was applied Neoplatonism. The theurgists aimed to enable human bodies to assume divine attributes, that is, to become deities. I aim to show that much of the structure of theurgical Neoplatonism appears in transhumanism. Theurgists and transhumanists share a core Platonic-Pythagorean metaphysics. They share goals and methods. The theurgists practiced astrology, the reading of entrails, the consultation of oracles, channeling deities, magic, and the animation of statues. The (...)
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