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  1. To Be or Not to Be a Name. Tertium Non Datur. Cratylus’ Prophecy in Plato’s Cratylus.Barbara Botter - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    The name tells the thing if it's a name. If it doesn’t tell the thing, it isn’t a name. This is the puzzling and enigmatic theory proposed by Cratilo in the homonymous Plato’s dialogue. The thesis in Hermogenes already sounds hermetic, an "oracle" which requires the presence of an interpreter to clarify what remains hidden in the terms of the sentence. According to the disciple of Heraclitus, the names are by nature guaranteed to impart pure truths, that is, they are (...)
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  2. The Physiology of Pleasure in Hippocratic Medicine: Models and Reverberations.João Gabriel Conque - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    The main aims of this article are to demonstrate the presence of two physiological conceptions of pleasure in the Hippocratic Corpus, pointing out the differences between them and conjecturing about the reverberation of one of them in Plato’s dialogue Gorgias. We can find in texts of Greek medicine a description of pleasure produced during sexual intercourse and another related to the occurrence of pleasure during nourishment. However, the second account, unlike the first one, is strongly marked by the notion of (...)
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  3. Ὑπόκρισις. From the Art of Performing to the Art of Deceiving.Gustavo Bezerra do Nascimento Costa - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    This article aims to investigate the assumptions that lead to a conviction by moral philosophy of the various practices of deceit commonly involved under the name of hypocrisy. The argument is developed around three questions: first, on the assumptions under which the various practices and strategies of deceit – such as: simulation, dissimulation and irony – become a problem to moral philosophy. Secondly, in order to understand how the hypocrisy, originally assigned to the art of the actor, comes to be (...)
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  4. On a Finite and Discrete Algebraic Model for Educing Space and Movement From Prime Matter.Rodolfo Petronio da Costa - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    In this paper we aim at presenting a finite and discrete algebraic model for the Aristotelian concept of substratum or prime matter, based upon further developments on this concept as carried out by Thomas Aquinas. Rather than considering it to be an outdated and obscure concept, it is shown how much profitable and current this Aristotelian insight is, both on the reality of a substratum that would pervade the whole of physical nature and on being the basic matrix for bodily (...)
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  5. The Failure of Philosophical Love. A Reading on Plato’s Symposium.Irley Fernandes Franco - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    In this paper I argue that Socrates' speech in Plato’s Symposium cannot by itself express Plato’s view of love. All the non-philosophical speeches, each standing for a different contemporary view of love, should be taken into serious consideration, for they are not mere pastiches of empty theories. In fact, they seem to have been placed there to have their intellectual strength tested by philosophy, for not only their contents reveal commonsensical accepted wisdom, but their discursive beauty powerfully impresses the audience, (...)
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  6. The Parts for the Whole: Parataxic Mentality in Homer and the Old Testament.Willibaldo Ruppenthal Neto & Renan Frighetto - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    This article aims to demonstrate the existence of a parataxic mentality both in Homeric works and in the Old Testament, establishing a parallel to show that the body, as a living organic unit, which is shown through its parts that express not only the whole but also the individual. Therefore, there is a possible relationship between what Giovanni Reale understood as the “parataxic mentality” of Homeric poems, and what Hans Walter Wolff indicates as the “stereometric-synthetic thinking” of the Old Testament. (...)
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  7. Metamorphoses of Logos: From Non-Predicative to Predicative.José Trindade Santos - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    This paper deals with some philosophical uses of logos prominent in platonic dialogues, namely those associated to contrasting logical and-epistemological contexts. Contraposed to some non-predicative conceptions, the ‘predicative’ theory of logos culminates Plato’s research on the subject. In the “socratic” dialogues it focuses on the request to answer the “What is?” question with a logos, to which corresponds, in the Phaedo and the Republic, the logon didonai requirement as proof of knowledge. As examples of sophistic uses of logos it examines (...)
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  8. The Characterization of the Sphere of Temperance in EN III.10.Bernardo César Diniz Athayde Vasconcelos - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24.
    Our article deals with Aristotle’s account of the sphere of temperance in the Nicomachean Ethics. The goal is to provide a detailed analysis of NE III.10 in order to identify the difficulties this chapter presents us with and to introduce and discuss the interpretations set forth by the secondary literature. Of special interest to us are Aristotle’s intense dialogue with Plato; the difficulty in understanding touch as the most common of the senses and Aristotle’s severe judgment of the pleasures of (...)
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  9.  8
    Explanation and Essence in Posterior Analytics II 16-17.Breno Andrade Zuppolini - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 24:229-264.
    In Posterior Analytics II 16-17, Aristotle seems to claim that there cannot be more than one explanans of the same scientific explanandum. However, this seems to be true only for “primary-universal” demonstrations, in which the major term belongs to the minor “in itself” and the middle term is coextensive with the extremes. If so, several explananda we would like to admit as truly scientific would be out of the scope of an Aristotelian science. The secondary literature has identified a second (...)
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  10. [Review] BARRIONUEVO, S, J. . An Overview of the Corpus Protagoreum: A Bibliographical Note on Laks and Most’s Early Greek Philosophy.Sergio Javier Barrionuevo - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:343-374.
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  11.  35
    O proêmio da Metafísica de Aristóteles: uma interpretação de Metaph. A1.Guilherme da Costa Assunção Cecílio - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:15-44.
    Based on the notion of proem as exposed in Aristotle’s Rhetoric, we examine in detail Metaph. A1. Our goal is to understand the argument contained in this chapter, as we also endeavour to show how the Stagirite introduces with uttermost caution the theme of wisdom [σοφία], that which is the incarnation of the preeminent science in the first book of the Metaphysics. The attention we devote to the proem of this work is explained by the importance we attribute, unlike much (...)
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  12. Plato. Letters: Letter V.Rodolfo Lopes & Gabriele Cornelli - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:267-273.
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  13. The Proem of Aristotle’s Metaphysics: An Interpretation of Metaph. A1.Guilherme da Costa Assunção Cecílio - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:15-44.
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  14. After Socrates – A Trilogy: Remembering Socrates.Guilherme da Costa Assunção Cecílio & Mariana Machado Rodrigues E. Silva Martins - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:275-340.
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  15. Plato’s Theory of Punishment in Book Ix of Laws.Silvia Regina da Silva Barros da Cunha - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:45-75.
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  16. The Image of Kinaidos in Plato’s Gorgias.Luiz Eduardo Freitas - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:77-107.
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  17.  1
    From Ignorance to Knowledge: A Foucault’s Reading of Oedipus, The King.Fabiano Incerti - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:109-133.
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  18. Who Breathes and Smells According to Empedocles? On the Πάντα of Fr. 96. 1 Gallavotti.Enrico Piergiacomi - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:135-166.
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  19. Plato on the Traditional Definition of Knowledge.José Lourenço Pereira da Silva - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:167-204.
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  20. Plotinus and Augustine on Evil and Matter.Maurizio Filippo Di Silva - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:205-227.
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  21. Therapeutic Tables and Healthy Tables: Platonic Texts in Dialogue with Hippocratic and Gastronomic Literature.Carmen Soares - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 23:229-264.
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  22. Translation and Decolonization: Medea's Case.Tereza Virginia Ribeiro Barbosa - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    This paper works as a metonymy of a wider project about possibilities that Attic tragedy translations offer for overcoming colonization and subalternity. The broader research’s basic concept, which was also the main idea of the 13th International Festival of Theater of Belo Horizonte in 2016, was resilience. The results here presented started back then when a group formed by students, musicians, professional actors, and a professor of Greek language and literature staged a collective translation of Medea as part of the (...)
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  23. Cuncta Quatiam: Medea Shakes the Elements.Renata Cazarini de Freitas - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    The morally aporetic end of Seneca’s Latin Medea puzzles the reader of the play. After having killed her two sons in an act of vengeance against Jason, the mythic female figure is raised to the heavens on a winged chariot toward a triumphal exit. How come that the repudiated and enraged woman turns out to be a kind of heroine for the Stoic playwright? It happens that for him virtus is not measured by good actions in the battlefield, but as (...)
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  24. Introdução: Medeia: entre a filosofia, a retórica e a literatura.Maria Cecilia de Miranda Nogueira Coelho - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
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  25. I Would Rather Die Before or Be Born Afterwards.Nestor Cordero - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    According to the scheme of five ages or races of mankind, Hesiod affirms to live in the Iron Age, and complains: "I would rather die before or be born afterwards". A superficial interpretation of the myth could argued that, given the cyclical nature of time, history will repeat, and in the future there will be a new golden age, in which Hesiod would have preferred to be born. Nothing more wrong: the Earth is no longer the universal mother, woman was (...)
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  26. Commilito Et Vir Militaris: Warlike Aspects on the Exaltation of Roman Emperor in Pliny the Younger.Alex Aparecido da Costa & Renata Lopes Biazotto Venturini - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    In the Early Empire, the image of the Caesars sought to assert itself through models traditionally valued by the Roman society. In the first years of the second century CE, when the empire reached its maximum extent due to the achievements of the Emperor Trajan, the military values served as an important factor to support the image of this ruler. In this context, the speech of Pliny the Younger, entitled Panegyric of Trajan highlights the achievements and the military posture of (...)
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  27. The Law in Euripides’ Medea.Stefania Giombini - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    This paper investigates appeals to law in Euripides’ Medea, dramatic elements which seem to point to two distinct aspects in the development of Greek Law. The text seems to appeal to: a) archaic law when the oath appears adequate to establish wedlock, and b) classical law with respect to other aspects of familial jurisprudence. I argue that Euripides has intentionally contrasted these legal perspectives as part of a larger contrasting narrative. Euripides begins by introducing the essentials features of the myth (...)
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  28. Medea as Slave. On Toni Morrison's Beloved.Imaculada Kangussu - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    The essay proposes a lecture of Toni Morrison’s novel Beloved, keeping the focus on the evident resemblance that exists between the story written by the contemporary author and the classical myth of Medea, and highlighting the distinctions of each one. The comparison between the two protagonists has already been drawn, more than once, and it is not the first time that a novel, whose protagonist is a woman who has killed her own offspring is compared to the mythical Greek personage. (...)
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  29. On Trial with Lonely Medea.Delfim F. Leão - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    This study addresses the legal status of Medea in the light of the Attic law, taking as reference her characterization in the homonymous tragedy of Euripides. Her legal situation, her conflict with Creon and Jason and the way she involves her children in a reprisal with strong personal motivations are analysed in parallel with the version of the same theme by Seneca. Finally, is made a brief evocation of the personal seclusion of the young Esmeralda, at the end of Victor (...)
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  30. Invisible Cities: Utopian Spaces or Imaginary Places?Ana Isabel Correia Martins - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    Like Raphael Hythloday, Marco Polo narrated his journey to Kublai Khan, the Emperor of the Tartars, presenting a catalogue of places and a cartography of 55 cities. The magic realism of Italo Calvino, the lush and synaesthetic descriptions in Invisible Cities construct a symbolic imaginarium of utopian paradigms. The taxonomy of all these cities sheds light on their relationship to man: cities and memory, cities and desire, cities and signs, cities and eyes, cities and names, cities and the dead, cities (...)
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  31. Melissus as a Critic of Parmenides: A Mimetic Rivalry.Massimo Pulpito - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    A long historical tradition has set the survey of Melissus’ thought on the basis of the comparison with Parmenides. In fact, it seems impossible to talk about the first without reference to the second. Thus, it was rarely doubted that Melissus was an Eleatic, at least honoris causa. Classically, the comparison between the two philosophers has taken the form of an analysis of differences between the characters of the objects of their deductions. Recently, more sophisticated analyses focusing on further elements (...)
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  32. Medea's Heroism in Apollonius Rhodius' Argonautica.Fernando Rodrigues Junior - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    This paper intends to discuss the different elements that are combined in order to represent Medea in Apollonius Rhodius’ Argonautica as a naïve virgin and a murderer witch. The harmonization of these elements makes the reader recognize Medea as one of the main allies of the argonauts from the beginning of book 3 onwards. In a discussion of the concept of heroism and of the choice of leadership for the vessel Argo according to the idea of ἄριστος, Jason›s diplomatic behaviour, (...)
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  33.  20
    A Prioridade Ontológica das Substâncias Imóveis segundo o livro Lambda da Metafísica de Aristóteles.Meline Costa Souza - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22:65-97.
  34. Apollonius and the Golden Fleece: A Neo-Mythological Screen Legacy.Martin M. Winkler - 2018 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 22.
    A number of ancient poets and painters described or showed the Golden Fleece, one of the most intriguing supernatural objects in classical myth. But the poets were not as specific as their modern readers may wish. By contrast, cinema and television show the Fleece in all its specific aspects. Moving-image adaptations of classical myths always change their sources, a phenomenon usefully termed “neo-mythologism,” but they display the Fleece to good effect, if often in a variety of recreations. The seven European (...)
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