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  1.  3
    Meritocracy, Heredity and Worthies in Early Daoism.Andrej Fech - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):363-383.
    This study explores the principles of meritocracy and heredity as formulated in the three works of early Daoist philosophy, the Laozi, Zhuangzi and Wenzi. Because Daoist philosophy emerged in critical response to the Confucian worldview, this investigation is placed against the backdrop of pertinent Confucian propositions. To this end, the study begins with a review of Confucian positions on the issue of meritocracy and heredity as expressed in the main transmitted works, as well as newly excavated texts that can be (...)
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  2.  4
    Exemplary Paternalism: A Consideration of Confucian Models of Moral Oversight.Sarah Flavel & Brad Hall - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):220-250.
    In this article we examine Classical Confucian political thinking through the lens of paternalism. We situate Confucianism amid contemporary models of paternalism to show that Confucianism can be understood as a soft form of paternalism regarding its method. Confucianism stresses cultivation of the people by moral exemplars to guide the people to act in ways that are in their own best interests. This is in contrast to use of law and punishment as a deterrent of unwanted behaviours of the people. (...)
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  3.  5
    A Han Feizian Worry with Confucian Meritocracy – and a Non-Moral Alternative.Eirik Lang Harris - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):342-362.
    The political philosophies of Kongzi, Mengzi, and Xunzi can fruitfully be understood as focusing substantially on politically relevant merit – and as having conceptions of politically relevant merit intertwined with their conceptions of morality and virtue. In short, on their account, politically relevant merit finds its necessary foundation in morally relevant merit. In critiquing this position, Han Fei questions four positions that must be true in order for the early Confucian position to succeed: 1) Politically relevant merit is necessarily tied (...)
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  4.  3
    Editorial & Introduction.Eirik Lang Harris & Henrique Schneider - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):183-195.
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  5.  4
    Between Political Meritocracy and Participatory Democracy: Toward Realist Confucian Democracy.Darren Yutang Jin - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):251-279.
    In this article, I examine the textual underpinnings of participatory Confucian democracy and Confucian meritocracy and propose realist Confucian democracy as an alternative following a balanced reading of classic Confucianism. I argue that Confucian plebeian values do not square with the political meritocrats’ advocacy for meritocratic rule while Confucian elitist values undermine participatory democrats’ ardor for justifications of active democratic participation. A shared difficulty with both groups is that they tend to overuse one aspect of Confucianism while leaving the status (...)
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  6.  5
    Pluralism, Confucianism, and Democracy.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):280-294.
    This paper aims to connect the issues of pluralism, Confucianism, and democracy in East Asia. Through engaging with empirical evidence, I will argue that although Confucianism still has a strong yet shallow moral and cultural hold on East Asian societies, it no longer has dominance over how citizens in East Asian societies envision their political future. Then, I will examine the idea of pluralism and argue that neither the Confucian classicists nor the liberal-minded Confucian political theorists take pluralism truly seriously, (...)
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  7.  4
    Make Way for Women: Philosophical Adaptation of Confucian Property Practices.Gordon B. Mower - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):323-341.
    Women struggling for recognition encounter an important difficulty in structural barriers to property ownership. In this paper, I propose to investigate the possibility of a roughly Confucian conception of property that both eschews the liberal property rights conception and provides more space for women than has been allowed in traditional Confucian property schemes. Western property regimes also failed to provide women with adequate access to property, but this was corrected in a manner in keeping with the Western fixation on the (...)
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  8.  2
    Modern New Confucianism and the Challenges of Chinese Modernity: Intercultural Dialogues in Chinese Philosophy.Jana S. Rošker - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):196-219.
    During the last decades of the previous century, the rebirth and the modernization of classical Confucianism gained increasing relevance. These tendencies have manifested themselves in a clearest and most influential way in the current of Modern New Confucianism. The representatives of this stream of thought aimed to elaborate upon a new ethical model of specifically Chinese modernity based upon traditional values that could in a renewed form meet the requirements of the new era. They aimed to preserve Chinese cultural identity (...)
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  9.  3
    Confucianism, Commerce, Capitalism.Henrique Schneider - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (2):295-322.
    This paper discusses commerce in Early Confucianism. It argues that the virtuous Confucian agent engages with the world in different ways, including in commerce – it is another way of acting with virtue. This conception is compared with two roughly contemporary approaches in economics, the thought of Wilhelm Röpke and the Humanomics project by Vernon Smith. In both, virtue is constitutive to commerce. However, they differ substantially in the exact relationship between virtue and commerce. While in Early Confucianism commerce is (...)
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  10.  3
    From Paideia to Humanitas: Template for Cultural Development in Africa.Kenneth Adewole Adesina - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):84-96.
    The movement from Greek paideia to Roman humanitas gives a clue into how the ancients conceived of the goals of the state and the means adopted to prepare citizens for the attainment of such goals. In these two ancient educational practices, evidences of how they conceived of the challenges of their time were found, as the formative ideals proposed to prepare citizens for the challenges and their ambiental peculiarities. The process, understanding and intricacies of this movement cannot but strike the (...)
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  11.  4
    Resolving the Identity Dilemmas of Western Healthcare in Africa: Towards Ethical and Pragmatic Approaches.Michael O. S. Afolabi - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):147-165.
    The introduction of Western healthcare, via colonialism, into Africa facilitated a confrontation of indigenous and exogenous “medical” knowledge as well as the attendant praxis. Although colonialism has been expunged from the shores of Africa, the epistemic and ideological frictions it introduced into the sphere of healthcare linger and raise different dilemmas. Against this background, this paper explores pragmatic and ethical approaches that may help engage these tensions in the context of drug development based on validated traditional phytomedicines.
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  12.  2
    Editorial: Of the Philosophies of Africa – Theory and Practice.Gerald Cipriani & Felix O. Olatunji - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):1-4.
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  13.  3
    Thinking as a Dialogue: Phenomenality and Embodied Cognition in Yorùbá Thought System.Fasiku Gbenga - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):116-128.
    A thought is a mental state with a phenomenal aspect; it is essentially subjective. However, in Yorùbá thought system, a thought involves third persons or objective perspectival aspects. This is contrary to the nature of thoughts, hence the need to explain how the distinct properties of subjectivity and objectivity are found in Yorùbá thoughts system. The paper is divided into three parts. The first explores the nature of phenomenality in human mental states. The second explains that the Yorùbá thoughts system (...)
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  14.  2
    Women and the Project of Decolonization in Contemporary Africa: Are Gender Considerations de Rigueur?Abosede Priscilla Ipadeola - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):43-58.
    The continent of Africa has been striving to emancipate itself from the state of irrelevance, poverty, underdevelopment, squalor, infrastructural decay and political and economic fiasco, which it has occupied for many centuries. Colonization is significant among the plethora of problems which are responsible for the pitiable condition which Africa has been since the continent’s colonial experience began. Because of the significant role which colonization plays in keeping the continent of Africa down, many African scholars argue that decolonization is the only (...)
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  15.  1
    Youth Vulnerability and the Challenge of Human Development in Africa.Paul K. Michael - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):129-146.
    This paper offers a philosophical response to an aspect of the youth question in Africa – the question of youth vulnerability and its consequences on the human development outcome. To achieve the desired goal, first, I stretch the concept of pathogenic vulnerability from being more than ordinarily vulnerable to being far more than ordinarily vulnerable. Second, I identify two elements of African cultural structure – primacy of community over the individual and the belief that elders always possess superior knowledge over (...)
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  16.  2
    African Identity, Cultural Knowledge and the Imperative of Endogenous Development for Africa.Felix O. Olatunji - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):5-22.
    The search for knowledge is a fact of any human society in the quest for development, as it is in the nature of human species to do so. This is geared towards humanisation of the society in the attainment of positive social change, which cannot be realised without adequate and informed knowledge from the culture of the people. This form of knowledge is seen from the identity of the people, focusing on the social change of their society. The creation of (...)
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  17.  3
    The Idea of African Philosophy: A Critical Study of the Major Orientations in Contemporary African Philosophy, Written by Olusegun Oladipo.Felix O. Olatunji & Philip Ogochukwu Ujomu - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):177-181.
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  18.  5
    A Moral Insight Into the Culture of Baby Farming and Harvesting for Ritual Sacrifices in Nigeria.Peter F. Omonzejele - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):166-176.
    Human ritual sacrifices are one of the cultural practices that are undertaken in Nigeria and in many West African countries. While such ritual sacrifices are utilized for different purposes, this paper, however, focuses on baby farming for the purpose of human child ritual sacrifice for community and individual utilizations. Recruiting women for the sole purpose of using them for procreation is exploitative as such young women are usually in dire economic situations. Baby farmers identify the economic vulnerabilities of such women (...)
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  19.  3
    Frantz Fanon, penseur de l’humanisme radical et précurseur des études postcoloniales.Mohamed Turki - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):59-83.
    Résumé Frantz Fanon s’est concentré principalement sur la violence comme moyen de résistance et de libération anticoloniale, mais aussi sur l’humanisme et les possibilités de sa réalisation. Il s’agit pour lui de dépasser la conception manichéenne de l’Europe, mais aussi de la Négritude à propos de l’homme et d’inventer comme il dit « l’homme total ». Le silence a régné assez longtemps sur la réception des œuvres de Fanon après sa mort, à l’exception de sa réhabilitation vingt ans après aux (...)
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  20.  2
    Africa’s Crisis of Social and Political Order and the Significance of Ubuntu Human Values for Peace and Development.Philip Ogochukwu Ujomu - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):97-115.
    Social life across the African continent is largely threatened by intolerance, injustice, lack of equal opportunity, inequity in resource distribution, lack of compassion, unfair treatment and disrespect for others’ rights, as well as compromising intrusion of ethnicity, corruption, terrorism and religion into affairs of the state. So, Africans largely struggle with the political problem of building and sustaining societies and institutions that can be civil and compliant to the rule of law. There exists an African problem of political justice and (...)
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  21.  1
    Notes on the Fundamental Unity of Humankind.Wim van Binsbergen - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 8 (1):23-42.
    The argument claims the vital importance of the idea of the fundamental unity of humankind for any intercultural philosophy, and succinctly traces the trajectory of this idea – and its denials – in the Western and the African traditions of philosophical and empirical research. The conclusion considers the present-day challenges towards this idea’s implementation – timely as it is, yet apparently impotent in the face of mounting global violence.
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  22.  1
    Pluralism, Confucianism, and Democracy.Zhuoyao Li - 2020 - Culture and Dialogue 2 (8):280-294.
    This paper aims to connect the issues of pluralism, Confucianism, and democracy in East Asia. Through engaging with empirical evidence, I will argue that although Confucianism still has a strong yet shallow moral and cultural hold on East Asian societies, it no longer has dominance over how citizens in East Asian societies envision their political future. Then, I will examine the idea of pluralism and argue that neither the Confucian classicists nor the liberal-minded Confucian political theorists take pluralism truly seriously, (...)
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