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  1. «Nessun Dio È Mai Sceso Quaggiù». La Polemica Anticristiana Dei Filosofi Antichi. [REVIEW]Maria Carmen De Vita - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):401-411.
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  2.  1
    The Elusive Third Way: The Pyrrhonian Illumination in Wittgenstein’s On Certainty.Roger E. Eichorn - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):329-362.
    I argue in this paper that, like the Pyrrhonism of Sextus Empiricus, Wittgenstein’s response to negative–dogmatic skepticism in On Certainty turns on the attempt to free us from the demands of traditional philosophy and is therefore not a philosophical position, strictly speaking. Rather, it is a therapeutic metaphilosophy designed to bring into view the relationship between our everyday epistemic practices and those of philosophy such that we simultaneously come to recognize what I call the pragmatic–transcendental self–standingness of the everyday and (...)
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  3.  3
    Der Kosmos Als Schweigender Prophet: Zu Plotin, Enn. II 9 [33],9,39–42.Felix Herkert - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):363-376.
    In Ennead II 9,9,39–42 we find a singular passage in which Plotinus asserts that the cosmos ‘proclaims’ the divine order. It is the only passage in the Enneads where the verb προφητεύειν is used. In this paper the ‘prophetic function’ of the cosmos will be examined. It will be demonstrated how the mentioned passage – despite its unique character in the Enneads – points to the centre of Plotinus’ thought, namely his theory of the causality of intelligible beings. As a (...)
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  4.  7
    Our Atoms, Ourselves: Lucretius on the Psychology of Personal Identity.Maeve Lentricchia - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):297-328.
    In Epicurean cosmology, material reconstitution, or palingenesis is the necessary consequence of the infinity of time and the eternity of atoms. I examine Lucretius’ treatment of this phenomenon and consider the extent to which his view enables us to develop an Epicurean response to the question: what makes a person at two different times one and the same person? I offer a reading of this passage in the light of modern accounts of persistence and identity, and what Lucretius states in (...)
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  5.  1
    Interconnectedness. The Living World of the Early Greek Philosophers. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Perilli - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):385-391.
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  6.  1
    Un Tournant Majeur de l'Acculturation du Cynisme À Rome : Le De Philosophia de Varron.Jordi Pià-Comella - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):269-296.
    In his De philosophia, Varro lists 288 philosophical schools on the highest good before presenting Antiochus’s doctrine as the only true one. One of the particularities of his moral doxography consists in including cynicism which has never been mentioned in the previous moral sources. This paper therefore aims to show that the De philosophia represents a major turning point for the Roman reflection on cynicism. First, Varro defines cynicism as a simple way of life and not a doctrine so that (...)
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  7. Clémence Ramnoux, Œuvres. Tomes I et II. [REVIEW]Carlo Santaniello - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):377-383.
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  8.  5
    Rhetoric Beyond Arguments: Thinking About the Role of Fictional Audiences in Plato’s Gorgias.Dora Suarez - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):217-243.
    In this piece, I propose a reading of Plato’s Gorgias that pays special attention to the role that the fictional audience plays in the unfolding of the dialogue. To this end, I use some of the insights that Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts–Tyteca conveyed in their seminal work, The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation in order to argue that thinking about the way in which Socrates’ arguments are shaped by the different audiences that Gorgias, Polus, and Callicles aim to (...)
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  9.  2
    Aristotle on the Soul as Harmony.Melpomeni Vogiatzi - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):245-268.
    A topic common to both Plato’s and Aristotle’s discussions of theories of the soul is the doctrine of the soul as a harmony of the parts of the body. Plato’s Phaedo as well as Aristotle’s De anima and Eudemus present this theory and argue against the identification of the soul as a harmony. This paper has two focuses, one philosophical and one historical. First, I will focus on the argumentation used by Aristotle in his dialogue Eudemus, which is often associated (...)
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  10.  1
    Von Pflanzen und Pflichten: Zum naturalistischen Ursprung des stoischen kathēkon. [REVIEW]Jula Wildberger - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (2):393-399.
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  11.  1
    A Heraclitean Wordplay in Plotinus.Max Bergamo - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):105-139.
    This paper is devoted to the analysis of Plotinus’ citation of the Heraclitean saying B113 DK in the second treatise On the Presence of Being. I shall argue that the use which the author of the Enneads makes of this fragment has been hitherto misunderstood by scholars and that, for this reason, the significance of the passage and its role within Plotinus’ argument have been missed. Close attention will be paid to the tool through which Plotinus conveys his own reading (...)
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  12.  3
    De la krasis présocratique à la krasis stoïcienne : l’émergence d’un modèle organique de l’individualité.Marion Bourbon - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):165-180.
    This paper focuses on the materialistic account of the blending and the way it shapes an original organism model. I aim to shed light on the threads of connections we can gather between the Presocratic and the Stoic views on the physical krasis of the body. The Stoics share with Parmenides and Empedocles the idea of a single material cosmic continuum in which thought and perception depend on the various blendings of the physical constituents of the body. Both of these (...)
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  13.  2
    Il Teeteto e il suo rapporto con il Cratilo.Aldo Brancacci - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):27-48.
    With the use of a particular metaphor, which appears at the end of the Cratylus and is taken up with perfect symmetry at the beginning of the Theaetetus, Plato certainly wanted to indicate the succession of Cratylus–Theaetetus as an order for reading the two dialogues, which Trasillus faithfully reproduced in structuring the second tetralogy of Platonic dialogues. The claim of the theory of ideas, with which the Cratylus ends, must therefore be considered the background in which to place not only (...)
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  14.  1
    How Did Xenophanes Become an Eleatic Philosopher?Mathilde Brémond - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):1-26.
    In this paper, I investigate how Xenophanes was ‘eleaticised’, i.e. attributed theses and arguments that belong to Parmenides and Melissus. I examine texts of Plato, Aristotle and Theophrastus in order to determine if they considered Xenophanes as a philosopher and a monist. I show that neither Plato nor Aristotle regarded him as a philosopher, but rather as a pantheist poet who claimed, in a vague way, that everything is one. But Theophrastus interpreted too literally Aristotle’s claims and was the first (...)
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  15. Plato’s Persona. Marsilio Ficino, Renaissance Humanism, and Platonic Traditions. [REVIEW]Carlo Delle Donne & Francesco Caruso - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):209-216.
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  16. Una versione progredita della teoria delle idee nel papiro di Ai Khanoum: una scoperta nella scoperta.Silvia Fazzo - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):157-163.
    The paper firstly focuses on a rare vox, that is, the verb μετίσχω, as a new finding in two different sources: the Π text of Methaphysics Lambda 1075b19 and the “Ai Khanoum philosophical papyrus”. Using the verb μετίσχω testifies for a “2.0 version” of the theory of ideas, in a subsequent phase to Plato’s Parmenides. Xenocrates is likely to have played a role. This suggests a deeper connection than previously thought between Aristotelian theories and Plato’s Academy.
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  17.  7
    Pistis, Persuasion, and Logos in Aristotle.Owen Goldin - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):49-70.
    The core sense of pistis as understood in Posterior Analytics, De Anima, and the Rhetoric is not that of a logical relation in which cognitively grasped propositions stand in respect to one another, but the result of an act of socially embedded interpersonal communication, a willing acceptance of guidance offered in respect to action. Even when pistis seems to have an exclusively epistemological sense, this focal meaning of pistis is implicit; to have pistis in a proposition is to willingly accept (...)
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  18. Musonius Rufus, Cleanthes, and the Stoic Community at Rome.Benjamin Harriman - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):71-104.
    Surprisingly little attention has been devoted to Musonius Rufus, a noted teacher and philosopher in first–century CE Rome, despite ample evidence for his impact in the period. This paper attempts to situate Musonius in relation to his philosophical predecessors in order to clarify both the contemporary status of the Stoic tradition and the value of engaging with the central figures of that school’s history. I make the case for seeing Cleanthes as a particularly prominent predecessor for Musonius and reaffirm the (...)
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  19. Critica Dell’Apparente E Critica Apparente. Simplicio Interprete di Parmenide Nel Commentario Al de Caelo di Aristotele, Saggio Introduttivo, Raccolta Dei Testi, Traduzione E Commentario. [REVIEW]Manfred Kraus - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):201-207.
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  20. Pensare Dio. Spunti di riflessione in dialogo con Anca Vasiliu.Angela Longo - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):181-194.
    The following work features elements to ponder and an in-depth explanation taken on the Anca Vasiliu’s study about the possibilities and ways of thinking of God by a rational entity, such as the human being. This is an ever relevant topic that, however, takes place in relation to Platonic authors and texts, especially in Late Antiquity. The common thread is that the human being is a God’s creature who resembles him and who is image of. Nevertheless, this also applies within (...)
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  21.  1
    M. Tullius Cicero. Über das Schicksal/de fato, Leteinisch–deutsch, heraugegeben. [REVIEW]Stefano Maso - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):195-200.
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  22. ΣΤΑΣΙΣ e ΔΙΑΦΘΟΡΑ. Nota a Sofista 228a7-8.Filippo Sirianni - 2020 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 41 (1):141-155.
    Passage 228a7-8 of Plato’s Sophist has been the object of a broad debate by reason of a number of subtle interpretative problems. The present work attempts to take stock of this passage and to put forward a satisfying solution from both a philological and an exegetic perspective. I seek to show that the reading cited by Galen and adopted in the editions of the Sophist cannot be preferred to the variant found in the manuscripts of the dialogue. As for the (...)
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