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  1.  1
    La Sintassi Del Cosmo: Osservazioni Su Un Volume Recente.Michele Alessandrelli - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):375-396.
    This note does examine a recent volume by Ada Bronowski on the Stoic doctrine of the lekta. The first part summarizes its content, while the second discusses some critical and controversial points, in particular the Platonic tenor of the interpretation of the Stoic lekta offered by the Author. This interpretation gives an extra-linguistic and realistic function to items that the Stoics cautiously left under-determined from the ontological point of view.
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  2. Penser l’individu. Genèse stoïcienne de la subjectivité. [REVIEW]Francesca Alesse - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):401-406.
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  3.  13
    Two Theories of Natural Justice in Plato’s Gorgias.Leo Catana - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):209-228.
    In Plato’s Gorgias 482c4–484c3, Callicles advances a concept of natural justice: the laws of the polis must agree with nature, that is, human nature. Since human nature is characterised by its desire to get a greater share, nature itself makes it legitimate that stronger human beings get a greater share than weaker ones. Socrates objects: Callicles’ theoretical approach to civic life poses a threat to the polis’ community, its citizens, and to the friendship amongst its citizens. However, Socrates accepts Callicles’ (...)
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  4.  4
    Qui capite ipse sua in statuit uestigia sese. Lucrezio e lo scetticismo nel libro IV del De rerum natura.Michele Corradi - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):291-319.
    In his refutation of skepticism in book IV of De rerum natura, Lucretius uses argumentative methods typical of Epicurus: the περιτροπή is in many ways similar to that used by the philosopher in book XXV of Περὶ φύσεως, the same book where, in a passage dedicated to the criticism against determinists, can be found a reference to the criterion of the πρόληψις, that Lucretius exploits in his refutation. Moreover, Lucretius develops a strong demonstration concerning the irrefutability of αἴσθησις as a (...)
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  5.  1
    Dynamis. Sens Et Genèse de la Notion Aristotélicienne de Puissance. [REVIEW]Francesco Fronterotta - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):397-399.
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  6.  3
    Between Truth and Meaning. A Novel Interpretation of the Symploke in Plato’s Sophist.Lorenzo Giovannetti - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):261-290.
    In this paper, I provide an interpretation of the symploke ton eidon at Soph. 259e. My goal is to show that the specific metaphysical view expressed by the interweaving of forms best accounts for Plato’s explanation of truth and falsehood. In the first section, I introduce the fundamentals of the interpretation of the greatest kinds and their functions. After that, I propose an interpretation of the assertion at 259e, the upshot of which is that the interweaving of forms only deals (...)
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  7.  1
    Five Views of Definienda in Alexander’s Quaestiones 1.3 and 2.14.Matyáš Havrda - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):351-374.
    In Quaestiones 1.3 and 2.14, Alexander presents a distinctly realist or essentialist view of the objects of definition, distinguished, on the one hand, from two types of realism rejected by Aristotle, and, on the other, from two types of conceptualism that probably belong within the Peripatetic tradition. The difference between Alexander’s view and essentialist abstractivism lies in his understanding of definienda not as the common concepts of things existing in the particulars, but as the common things conceived of as existing (...)
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  8.  23
    Can the Skeptic Search for Truth?Diego E. Machuca - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):321–349.
    Sextus Empiricus associates the skeptical stance with the activity of inquiry or investigation. My purpose in this paper is to examine the Pyrrhonist's involvement in that activity because getting an accurate understanding of the nature and purpose of skeptical inquiry makes it possible to delineate some of the distinctive traits of Pyrrhonism as a kind of philosophy. I defend the minority view among specialists according to which (i) Sextus describes both the prospective Pyrrhonist and the full-fledged Pyrrhonist as inquirers into (...)
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  9.  11
    The Method of Bifurcatory Division in Plato’s Sophist.Colin C. Smith - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (2):229-260.
    The strange and challenging stretch of dialectic with which Plato’s Sophist begins and ends has confused and frustrated readers for generations, and despite receiving a fair amount of attention, there is no consensus regarding even basic issues concerning this method. Here I offer a new account of bifurcatory division as neither joke nor naïve method, but instead a valuable, propaedeutic method that Plato offers to us readers as a means of embarking upon the kind of mental gymnastics that will stretch (...)
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  10.  3
    Medical Empiricism and Causation.James Allen - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):23-45.
    The Empirical school of medicine, which arose in the third century BCE, defined itself in opposition to rationalist tendencies in medical thought. Causal explanation, which typically appeals to hidden, theoretical entities, is most at home in rationalist physiology and pathology, and much of what the Empiricists had to say about causes belongs to their anti-rationalist polemics. Over the course of the school’s history, however, some members appropriated the language and idea of cause, though always in ways that was consistent with (...)
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  11.  1
    Aition et prophasis chez Hippocrate et Galien : deux mots pour une même cause?Véronique Boudon-Millot - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):47-66.
    This paper deals with the two notions of aition or aitia and prophasis in the Greek medical texts and asks the question of whether these words are synonymous or not. Therefore, it explores their different meanings in different contexts both in the Hippocratic and in the Galenic corpus. It also investigates how Galen understands these two notions when he reads them in the Hippocratic treatises and how he explains them in his commentaries to Hippocrates, and in particular, if he gives (...)
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  12. Galen and the Formal Cause.Riccardo Chiaradonna - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):95-116.
    This paper focuses on Galen’s views about the formal cause against the wider background of his account of causation. In his works on the pulse, Galen provides an in-depth discussion of issues such as the theory of causes and the problem of definition. While Galen is inclined to incorporate Peripatetic doctrines and vocabulary, he neglects Aristotle’s formal cause both in his account of causes and in that of definition. Further parallels outside the corpus on the pulse confirm Galen’s reserved attitude (...)
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  13.  1
    Medical and Philosophical Causality of Nutrition. About Some Hippocratic Issues.Catherine Darbo-Peschanski - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):67-93.
    After a quick overview on the specification of the causal role of the powers or faculties in nutrition, from the Hippocratic physicians to Galen, via Aristotle, the article defines the set of questions about this process that the Hippocratic physicians leave open. It then examines how Aristotle provides some sort of indirect physical and ethical answers, while Galen openly takes the side of reappropriating the central Stoic concept of oikeiôsis in a Platonist way.
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  14.  1
    Aux limites de l’explication : le rôle de la sympathie chez Galien.Julien Devinant - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):117-142.
    This paper aims to assess the epistemological value of the notion of sympathy in Galen’s thought. It first shows that Galen makes use of two different concepts of sympathy: the ambient concept, according to which the human body manifests a harmonious part-whole relationship, and the technical concept, with which one connects two pathologies on the basis of the fact that the cause of the ailment is elsewhere than where it surfaces. Neither of these sympathies constitutes in itself a causal explanation (...)
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  15.  1
    Ricordo di Pierluigi Donini.Franco Ferrari - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):5-9.
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  16.  7
    The Structure of Courage in the Laches, Meno and Protagoras.Jakub Jirsa - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):143-164.
    The following article provides an interpretation of the structure of courage in Plato’s Laches, Meno and Protagoras. I argue that these dialogues present courage in the soul according to the same scheme: that there is a normatively neutral psychic state which is informed by the knowledge of good and evil. The knowledge which informs this normatively neutral psychic state is called practical wisdom. This interpretation seems to negate the claim that virtue is knowledge. I will show, however, that this is (...)
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  17.  2
    In Memoriam Anna Maria Ioppolo.Carlos Lévy - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):1-3.
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  18.  1
    Posidonius et le traité d’Albinus Sur les incorporels.Marwan Rashed - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):165-198.
    The reference to Albinus in a refutation of Bardesanes by Ephrem the Syrian is not unknown to modern commentators. This text, edited and translated into English since the beginning of the twentieth century, is regularly mentioned, albeit rather cursorily, by scholars of Middle Platonism. Although much has been clarified between the first publication of the book just over a century ago and the present day, the following pages aim to continue the exploration. The aim will be to better understand what (...)
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  19. Filone di Larissa e l’Assioco.Francesco Verde - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):199-208.
    This short paper is a critical note of the recent volume on the pseudo-Platonic dialogue Axiochus edited by A. Beghini. This scholar assumes the possibility of attributing the dialogue to Philo of Larissa or his circle. This hypothesis, although well argued in the book, faces some exegetical difficulties concerning the content of the dialogue and the hardly reconstructible philosophy of Philo himself. In this note I will critically discuss the conclusions reached by Beghini in his prestigious book starting from the (...)
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  20. Introduction. La Technê Et la Connaissance des Causes : Aristote Et le Modèle de la Médecine.Cristina Viano - 2021 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 42 (1):13-22.
    The theme of the specificity of medical causes in the Greco-Roman world is part of a wider research project on the notion of causality, the starting point of which is Aristotle and his seminal theorisation of the four causes. It therefore seemed useful to introduce this collection with a synthetic presentation of the Aristotelian conception of medicine, which is characterised by the knowledge of causes and represents a paradigm for the other arts and practical knowledge.
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