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  1. Escatologia e conoscenza salvifica in Empedocle: una rilettura della metempsicosi alla luce delle teorie fisiologiche sulla mente.Federico Casella - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):265-296.
    The presence of a theory of the transmigration of the soul or, according to Empedocles’ words, of the δαίμων is a controversial issue among scholars. A major difficulty arises when one tries to read the fragments of the Purifications – where this theme is particularly recurrent – in conjunction with those usually attributed to the poem On nature. The aim of this paper is to suggest a ‘method’ to analyse the extant fragments, and to offer a possible interpretation of the (...)
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  2.  1
    Crisippo e l’ἐπελευστικὴ κίνησις: una tappa della polemica anti–accademica?Manuel Mazzetti - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):383-400.
    The purpose of this paper is to identify the upholders of the thesis reported by Plutarch, De Stoicorum repugnantiis 23, aimed to reject Stoic determinism. A brief introduction will be devoted to the relationship between this text and the more general context of the Stoic philosophy. Then, I will take into account the objection against Stoic determinism raised by some anonymous philosophers: according to it, causal determinism would be inconsistent with the choice among indistinguishables. Chrysippus replied that if that choice (...)
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  3. Peut-on Avoir la Vie En Puissance? Sur la Cohérence du Κοινότατος Λόγος de L’'Me.Jorge Mittelmann - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):297-331.
    Aristotle’s broad characterization of the soul has been challenged on account of its reliance on the notion of a “potentially alive body”. J. L. Ackrill famously claimed that no body can meet this description without being already actually alive. By a close inspection of both metaphysical and embryological texts, this paper argues that it is embryos who provide the right kind of potentially alive subjects and that the schematic character of the soul’s common formula accounts for its seemingly intractable features. (...)
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  4.  1
    One Socrates and Many. A Discussion of the Volume Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue.Francesca Pentassuglio - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):431-443.
    The volume Socrates and the Socratic Dialogue, recently edited by Ch. Moore and A. Stavru, favours the pluralistic approach to the sources that has gained increasing acceptance over the last decades, and thus shares the choice not to limit the study of Socrates to the canonical ‘quartet’ Aristophanes, Plato, Xenophon, and Aristotle. Indeed, the volume partly continues an existing trend, but at the same time proves to reinforce it by further refining and scrutinising this field of research. The very welcome (...)
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  5.  2
    Aristotle on the Differences in Material Organisation Between Spoken and Written Language: An Inquiry Into Part-Whole Relations.Diana Quarantotto - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):333-362.
    In this paper I aim at showing that, in Aristotle’s view, spoken and written language differ in their material organisation, in particular in their respective part-whole relations. I argue that, according to Aristotle, written language is an additive system, whereas spoken language is a non-additive system, and that, in his view, spoken language, qua non-additive system, is analogous to organisms. Further, I outline two possible implications of this hypothesis. The first concerns the relevance of Aristotle’s conception of spoken language as (...)
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  6.  1
    Simplicius on the Individuation of Material Substances.Marina Schwark - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):401-429.
    In his commentary on Physics I 9, Simplicius claims that individual forms individuate matter. Given that in the same text he calls the immanent form ‘universal,’ it seems reasonable to conclude that the individual forms are individual instances of one universal species–form. However, Simplicius also mentions accidental properties that are peculiar to form rather than to matter. On the basis of Simplicius’ commentaries on the Categories and on the Physics, I argue that the individuating accidents are not part of the (...)
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  7.  2
    The Compound of Substratum and Essence. On a Puzzling Reference in Aristotle’s Metaphysics Z 13.1038b2–3.Simone G. Seminara - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):363-381.
    In this paper I deal with a puzzling passage, which occurs in Metaphysics Z 13.1038b2 – 3 and where Aristotle mentions four possible meanings of substance: the substratum, the essence, the compound of these and the universal. This list accords only partially with the previous one in Z 3.1028b33–36, where Aristotle mentions the substratum, the essence, the universal and the genus. Thus, Z 13’s list omits Z 3’s genus, but includes τὸ ἐκ τούτων, which is standardly used by Aristotle to (...)
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  8. Scholarship in Process. A Reconstruction of Vlastos’ Method of Research Into the History of Philosophy.Celso Vieira - 2019 - Elenchos: Rivista di Studi Sul Pensiero Antico 40 (2):445-468.
    The paper attempts to reconstruct Vlastos’ method of research into the history of philosophy using his Degrees of Reality as a case study. To do so, I rely on the extensive materials available in the Vlastos Archive. Through the palimpsest of superimposed revisions in his documents as well as the letters exchanged with his colleagues, I will go through the gestation of a whole new perspective in dealing with Plato’s conception of the reality of abstract objects. Furthermore, the focus on (...)
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