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  1.  16
    Kant's Conception of Freedom: A Developmental and Critical Analysis by Henry E. Allison. [REVIEW]Timothy Aylsworth - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):350-351.
    It is difficult to overstate the importance of freedom in Kant's critical philosophy, and there are few scholars whose expertise on this subject could rival Henry E. Allison's. In this magisterial commentary, Allison meticulously chronicles the development of Kant's theory of freedom from his earliest pre-critical works all the way through the Metaphysics of Morals. Great care is taken to explain how and why Kant's views changed over time, and Allison provides compelling, sympathetic interpretations at every turn. The first four (...)
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  2.  10
    The Concept of Motion in Ancient Greek Thought: Foundations in Logic, Method, and Mathematics by Barbara M. Sattler.Sylvia Berryman - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):337-338.
    A large part of the difficulty of writing "conceptual history"—to borrow a term from Reviel Netz —is that once an illuminating new conceptual framework is articulated, it begins to seem self-evident and commonsensical to later thinkers. The historian's task of problematizing the obvious, and showing us the moves by which commonsense came to be created historically, is an arduous and challenging one, requiring resources of imagination, patience, and attention to detail. Sattler displays all those qualities in this dense and demanding (...)
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  3.  3
    Spinoza on Learning to Live Together by Susan James.Hadley Marie Cooney - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):347-348.
    For too long, Spinoza's ethics was misread as an ethics of ideals, in which the most virtuous life possible was said to consist of the life of pure reasoning. The "free man," Spinoza's paragon of virtue, was understood to be the individual who is neither helped nor harmed by anything external. The goal, on this view, was to transcend the life of the body, of the material, and of the political, in order to focus solely on becoming like God by (...)
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  4. La Volonté de Croire au Moyen-Âge. Les Theories de la Foi Dans la Pensée Scolastique du XIIIe Siècle by Nicolas Faucher.Richard Cross - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):338-340.
    This excellent book provides a novel analysis of medieval theories of faith, using as its conceptual basis the notion of doxastic voluntarism: the thought that belief is in some sense in our power to choose. This notion fits very neatly with medieval accounts, since, other than in cases in which the intellect's assent is compelled, the medieval philosophers all maintained that assent to a given proposition—paradigmatically the supernatural claims of Catholic Christianity, the principal interest of the earliest thinkers in Nicolas (...)
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  5.  3
    Methods and Metaphysics of Inquiry in Plato's Statesman.Huw Duffy - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):177-201.
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  6.  3
    Models and Multiplicities.Joshua Eisenthal - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):277-302.
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  7.  28
    One True Cause: Causal Powers, Divine Concurrence, and the Seventeenth-Century Revival of Occasionalism by Andrew R. Platt. [REVIEW]Nabeel Hamid - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):345-347.
    On an old narrative, dating back to Leibniz and developed in nineteenth-century historiography, occasionalism was revived in the early modern period as an ad hoc response to the problems of mind-body union and interaction arising from Descartes's metaphysics. According to Leibniz, Descartes gave up the struggle, leaving his disciples to iron out this most scandalous of wrinkles in his system. A line of followers—Clauberg, Geulincx, La Forge, Le Grand, Arnauld, Cordemoy, and above all, Malebranche—dusted off the discredited doctrine of occasionalism (...)
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  8.  1
    Durand of St.-Pourçain's Theory of Modes.Peter John Hartman - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):203-226.
    Early modern philosophers, such as Descartes and Spinoza, appeal to a theory of modes in their metaphysics. Recent commentators have argued that such a theory of modes has Francesco Suárez as its primary source. In this paper, I explore one explicit source for Suárez’s view: Durand of St.-Pourçain, an early fourteenth-century philosopher. My aim will be mainly expository: I will put forward Durand’s theory of modes, thus correcting the persistent belief that there was no well-defined theory of modes prior to (...)
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  9.  5
    Kant on Lazy Savagery, Racialized.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):253-275.
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  10.  1
    Kant and Religion by Allen Wood.Jacqueline Mariña - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):351-353.
    Half a century after his first groundbreaking study on Kant's Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason, Allen Wood has once again produced a singularly important work on the topic. This is a passionate book. Wood strives to look with Kant at the human condition and at what reason demands of us as we confront ultimate questions and think about the place of religion in answering them. The result is a profound and honest engagement with Kant's work, certainly one of (...)
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  11. The Rise of Politics and Morality in Nietzsche's Genealogy: From Chaos to Conscience by Jeffrey Metzger. [REVIEW]Allison Merrick - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):353-354.
    It is commonplace to note that there are distinctive questions to be found in the domain of political philosophy, queries as to how or why the state and society emerge or about how power should be exercised in society. Yet whether Nietzsche has a set of cogent answers to these sorts of questions is, of course, a contested matter. Jeffrey Metzger's The Rise of Politics and Morality in Nietzsche's Genealogy: From Chaos to Conscience answers in the affirmative. In offering a (...)
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  12.  27
    Thinking with the Cartesians and Speaking with the Vulgar: Extrinsic Denomination in the Philosophy of Antoine Arnauld.Kenneth L. Pearce - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):227-252.
    Arnauld follows Descartes in denying that sensible qualities like color are modes of external objects. Yet, unlike Malebranche, he resists the apparent implication that ordinary statements like ‘this marble is white’ are false. Arnauld also follows Descartes in saying that we perceive things by having ideas of them. Yet, unlike Malebranche, he denies that this sort of talk implies the existence of intermediaries standing between the mind and its external objects. How can Arnauld avoid these implications? I argue that the (...)
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  13.  1
    Free Will and the Rebel Angels in Medieval Philosophy by Tobias Hoffmann. [REVIEW]Dominik Perler - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):340-341.
    Human beings quite often choose bad actions because of cognitive deficits: they fail to understand what they ought to do. But what about angels? They are, by definition, perfect in their cognition. How can they choose bad actions or even commit sins? At first sight, this problem seems to be of mere theological significance, for it is only in the context of Christian theology that angels are supposed to exist. However, a closer look reveals that the problem runs deeper, as (...)
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  14.  4
    Kant's Reform of Metaphysics: The Critique of Pure Reason Reconsidered by Karin de Boer.J. Colin Mc Quillan - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):348-350.
    Looking back at the reception of Kant's philosophy in the twentieth century, it is striking to see how many philosophers tried to enlist Kant in their campaigns to "overcome" and "eliminate" metaphysics. Twentieth-century Kant scholars often shared their contemporaries' hostility to metaphysics, especially the "dogmatic" rationalism of Leibniz and Wolff. These attitudes can still be found within the discipline and among Kant scholars, but much has changed in the last thirty years. Metaphysics has been revived as a central part of (...)
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  15.  3
    Potentia: Hobbes and Spinoza on Power and Popular Politics by Sandra Leonie Field.Justin Steinberg - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):343-345.
    The driving question behind Sandra Leonie Field's exciting new book, Potentia, is: what, exactly, constitutes popular power? Field turns to two seventeenth-century political theorists, Thomas Hobbes and Benedict de Spinoza, to try to extract an account that might avoid Joseph Schumpeter's dismal conclusion that we should abandon all pretenses to popular power. In the process, she exposes problems with recent populist interpretations of Hobbes and Spinoza, showing that both of these figures appreciated the problems with identifying plebiscites with popular power (...)
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  16.  2
    L'éthique de la Personne: Liberté, Autonomie Et Conscience Dans la Pensée de Pierre de Jean Olivi by Stève Bobillier. [REVIEW]Juhana Toivanen - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):341-343.
    Peter Olivi was an original and controversial thinker whose philosophical ideas have aroused increasing interest within the scholarly community during the last decades. Stève Bobillier's L'éthique de la personne is the first monograph-length study that focuses explicitly on his ethics. Bobillier's central claim is that Olivi approaches ethics from the point of view of an individual person who chooses her actions freely and with full awareness that the choices are up to her. When someone makes a morally wrong choice, the (...)
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  17.  8
    The Concept of Motivation in Merleau-Ponty: Husserlian Sources, Intentionality, and Institution.Philip J. Walsh - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (2):303-336.
    Merleau-Ponty’s relation to Husserl has been understood along a spectrum running from outright repudiation to deep appreciation. The aim of this paper is to clarify a significant and heretofore largely neglected unifying thread connecting Husserl and Merleau-Ponty, while also demonstrating its general philosophical import for phenomenological philosophy. On this account, the details of a programmatic philosophical continuity between these two phenomenologists can be structured around the concept of motivation. Merleau-Ponty sees in Husserl’s concept of motivation a necessary and innovative concept (...)
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  18.  4
    Pomponazzi on Identity and Individuation.Han Thomas Adriaenssen - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):25-46.
    Aristotle defines growing as a process in which an individual living being persists as it accumulates new matter. This definition raises the question of what enables an individual to persist as its material composition continuously changes over time. This paper provides a systematic account of Pietro Pomponazzi’s answer to this question. In his De nutritione et augmentatione, Pomponazzi argues that individuals persist in virtue of their forms. Forms are individuated in part by their material, causal, and temporal origins, which commits (...)
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  19.  7
    John Rawls: The Path to A Theory of Justice by Andrius Gališanka.Alyssa R. Bernstein - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):171-173.
    Although Andrius Gališanka’s well-written book is interesting as a work of psychological and intellectual history based on archival research as well as speculation, and although it has considerable merits, it appears to overreach the limits of the author’s expertise. Since he has published a book on Wittgenstein and normative inquiry, and also an article on game theory in relation to Rawls, he seems well qualified to write chapters 2, 3, and 4, which I found informative and helpful. However, the shortcomings (...)
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  20.  8
    Hume’s Epistemological Evolution by Hsueh M. Qu.Miren Boehm - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):165-167.
    This is a wonderful book that ambitiously and impressively brings to convergence two parallel, perennial lines of inquiry in Hume’s scholarship. One is the classic Kemp Smith question concerning the relation between Hume’s naturalism and skepticism. The other is about the relation of the first Enquiry to book 1 of the Treatise. Qu observes that the Treatise is most distinctively naturalist or descriptive, while the Enquiry is decidedly normative. His approach is to examine the two questions through a single lens (...)
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  21.  5
    Hegel’s Philosophy of Spirit Ed. By Marina F. Bykova.Luca Corti - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):168-169.
    This new critical guide to Hegel’s Philosophy of Spirit aims to orient readers in the text as well as to “present and assess the state of art in understanding and evaluating” it. This is no easy task. One reason why is the multiple meanings Geist takes on in the text and the variety of topics Hegel addresses, which range from embodiment to the unconscious, from cognitive psychology to bodily expressions, from race, madness, and habit to practical philosophy. Indeed, for Hegel (...)
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  22.  3
    Eckhart, Heidegger, and the Imperative of Releasement by Ian Alexander Moore.Sean Hannan - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):169-171.
    The medieval Dominican Meister Eckhart, who lived at the hinge of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, occupies a curious position in the history of philosophy. To some, he sits proudly alongside Thomas Aquinas as one of the heirs of Albertus Magnus. To others, he is more of a mystic than a scholastic, with obscurantist tendencies that stand in contrast to the linguistic subtleties emerging out of the works of Duns Scotus and Ockham. In this provocative volume, Ian Alexander Moore makes (...)
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  23.  16
    Representation and Mind-Body Identity in Spinoza’s Philosophy.Karolina Hübner - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):47-77.
  24.  6
    In the Shadow of Leviathan: John Locke and the Politics of Conscience by Jeffrey R. Collins.Nicholas Jolley - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):164-165.
    Many years ago, professors used to teach their students that Locke wrote the Two Treatises of Government to refute Hobbes. The demolition of this thesis by Peter Laslett and others had one curious result: scholars ceased to pay much attention to the relationship between the two greatest English philosophers of the seventeenth century. This trend was perhaps reinforced by an understandable suspicion of Leo Strauss’s thesis that Locke was really a closet Hobbesian. It thus came to be accepted that it (...)
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  25.  4
    The Ethics of Joy: Spinoza on the Empowered Life by Andrew Youpa.Julie R. Klein - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):162-163.
    The Ethics of Joy offers reconstructive argument, careful engagement with select literature, and a big-picture presentation of Spinoza’s view of the well-lived human life. Not “convinced that Kantians in ethics are Kantians because of an argument that Kant or Korsgaard makes,” Andrew Youpa urges us to consider Spinoza’s view as “an alternative way of thinking about our lives—an alternative that is illuminating and insightful”. Since “the presentation of an illuminating alternative is arguably the best a philosopher can do”, this is (...)
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  26.  3
    Kant, Hume, and the Interruption of Dogmatic Slumber by Abraham Anderson.David Landy - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):167-168.
    Abraham Anderson’s Kant, Hume, and the Interruption of Dogmatic Slumbers is a book with an ambitious, although well-circumscribed, goal—to settle once and for all what precisely it is in Hume that awoke Kant from his dogmatic slumbers—and an audacious conclusion—that both Hume and Kant are concerned primarily, if not exclusively, with rational theology. Unfortunately, at least to my mind, the methods that Anderson chooses to pursue this end and establish this conclusion prevent him from achieving either. Most strikingly, despite much (...)
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  27.  2
    Necessary Existence and the Doctrine of Being in Avicenna’s Metaphysics of the Healing by Daniel D. De Haan.Jon McGinnis - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):158-160.
    Avicenna scholars know well that Avicenna aspired to present his metaphysics in the form of an Aristotelian science. The mélange of topics that make up Avicenna’s Metaphysics often appears disjointed and rambling, making it difficult to see how successful he was in this aspiration. Daniel D. De Haan’s book provides an aerial view of Avicenna’s Metaphysics, which argues that Avicenna succeeded. More specifically, De Haan suggests how Avicenna’s conception of the “necessary” links the general subject of metaphysics to its ultimate (...)
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  28.  9
    Authenticity, Deliberation, and Perception: On Heidegger’s Reading and Appropriation of Aristotle’s Concept of Phronêsis.Denis McManus - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):125-153.
  29.  28
    Review of D. Henry, Aristotle on Matter, Form, and Moving Causes: The Hylomorphic Theory of Substantial Generation[REVIEW]Samuel Meister - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):157-158.
    Devin Henry offers a comprehensive study of Aristotle’s hylomorphic account of substantial generation. In particular, he argues that, in Generation of Animals, Aristotle defends a view that Henry calls “reproductive hylomorphism” : an application of the hylomorphic model of substantial generation to the central case of the generation of animals. In this review, I explain Henry's view and offer some criticisms of his two-stage model of reproductive hylomorphism that distinguishes embryogenesis from morphogenesis.
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  30.  22
    Hume’s Stoicism: Reflections on Happiness and the Value of Philosophy.Hsueh Qu - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):79-96.
  31.  3
    Magic and the Dignity of Man: Pico Della Mirandola and His Oration in Modern Memory by Brian P. Copenhaver.Denis J.-J. Robichaud - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):160-162.
    “Man is a great miracle”. Nowadays, a student who happens to have studied nothing more than a smattering of Giovanni Pico della Mirandola’s philosophical writings might only remember this one line from the introduction of Pico’s most famous Oration, which Pico originally conceived as an introductory oration to a public disputation over his 900 Conclusions—that is, the 900 Conclusions primarily about philosophy, theology, and magic that he brazenly wished to debate in Rome in 1486, which earned him an excommunication. If (...)
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  32.  4
    Plato’s Philebus: A Philosophical Discussion Ed. By Panos Dimas, Russell E. Jones and Gabriel R. Lear. [REVIEW]Colin C. Smith - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):155-156.
    Plato’s Philebus is motivated by a question concerning the relationships among pleasure, wisdom, knowledge, and the good human life. Something of a philosophical tour de force, it also contains discussions of numerous important Platonic subjects like cosmic intelligence, distinctions among intellectual capacities, and the method of dialectical inquiry through division and collection. But the riches of the dialogue are obscured by its exceptional difficulty, a frequent grievance from commentators beginning at least with Galen. Plato’s Philebus: A Philosophical Discussion is an (...)
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  33.  3
    Later Nineteenth-Century Women Philosophers on Mind and Its Place in the World.Alison Stone - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):97-120.
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  34.  6
    Phronêsis and Kalokagathia in Eudemian Ethics VIII.3.Daniel Wolt - 2022 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 60 (1):1-23.
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