Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy

ISSNs: 0100-512X, 1019-8288

22 found

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  1.  4
    Positivismo Jurídico e Autoridade da Norma Jurídica: Uma Crítica Do Paradigma Normativista.Pablo Biondi - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):625-649.
    ABSTRACT The current article is inserted in the domain of legal theory, having as objective to discuss the concept and the centrality of authority in contemporaneous debate around legal positivism, just as offer an alternative position, sustained by Pashukanis and based on legal subject (a nearly forgotten category, overshadowed by the horizon of legal norm and its authority). The study proceeds with a comparative analysis of the notion of authority in legal positivism’s classical authors (Austin, Kelsen e Hart), pointing out (...)
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  2.  18
    How the Principle of Sufficient Reason Undermines the Cosmological Argument.Sebastián Briceño - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):651-671.
    I show how the Cosmological Argument (CA) is undermined by one of its own premises: the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR). First, I explain the type of CA that I am thinking about. Second, I explain a traditional modal objection against the PSR, which is ultimately based upon our intuitions in favor of contingency. Third, I show how this modal objection begs the question against the necessitarian, and then I reformulate the CA in more neutral terms. Fourth, using this more (...)
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  3.  3
    Hegel y la Muerte: Reflexiones Desde Heidegger, Kojève y Bataille.Gonzalo Ricci Cernadas & Nicolás Di Natale - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):811-834.
    ABSTRACT In this article we propose to study the way in which the conceptualization of death carried out by Hegel has been read by a series of authors. In this way, in a first section we will restore Heidegger’s interpretation of Hegel to, in a second moment, recover Kojève’s decisive reading of the same author, and end with a replacement of the hermeneutics carried out by Bataille of the German idealist philosopher. Thus, in the conclusion to this article, the existence (...)
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  4.  5
    Ciência, Imaginação e Valores Na Virada Energética Alemã: Um Exemplo da Metodologia de Neurath Para a Tecnologia Social.Ivan F. Da Cunha & Alexander Linsbichler - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):673-700.
    ABSTRACT Neurath’s scientific utopianism is the proposal that the social sciences should engage in the elaboration, development, and comparison of counterfactual scenarios, the ‘utopias’. Such scenarios can be understood as centerpieces of scientific thought experiments, that is, in exercises of imagination that not only promote conceptual revision, but also stimulate creativity to deal with experienced problems, as utopias are efforts to imagine what the future could look like. Moreover, utopian thought experiments can offer scientific knowledge to inform political debates and (...)
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  5.  4
    Antropología, Obstinación y Naturaleza: Desarrollos Conceptuales En la Teoría Crítica de Oskar Negt y Alexander Kluge.Ricardo Samaniego de la Fuente - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):857-880.
    ABSTRACT This article reconstructs Oskar Negt and Alexander Kluge’s critical theory by articulating some of the key concepts of History and Obstinacy, their second collaboration. The objective is to detail the grounds of their critical theory and to show how it acquires its normative character. To this aim, in a first step, I reconstruct the basis of the anthropology developed by Negt and Kluge. This anthropology allows them to argue that subjects-insofar as they are creative beings-possess ‘obstinacy’, which they understand (...)
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  6.  1
    Asombro y Tiempo Dirigido En Los Escritos de Juventud de Simone Weil.Juan-Manuel Ruiz Jiménez - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):835-856.
    ABSTRACT In this article we analyze the attempt that young Simone Weil made for thinking time and change, and for deciphering the participation that the world and the mind may have in its configuration. To achieve this, we set out to elucidate two concepts that we believe synthesize her approach: the first one is astonishment, understood both in its quality of incessant intuition that reveals the human impotence to understand the present, and in its quality as a mediating instance between (...)
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  7.  3
    É Possível Ouvir o Tempo-Durée? Uma Crítica Ao Bergsonismo Musical.Ricardo Nachmanowicz - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):701-728.
    ABSTRACT The article analyzes the subject of musical listening of time in Vladimir Jankélévitch philosophy, seeking to assess what is the phenomenal proof alleged by Jankélévitch to support the thesis that musical listening of time carries the same properties as Henri Bergson’s concept of durée. We conclude that (1) Jankélévitch’s temporal descriptions are not sufficient to sustain that listening to music is equivalent to listening to the properties of durée, and that (2) this fact implies a problem both for the (...)
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  8.  3
    O Arcaísmo da Substancialidade No Escrito da Diferença de Hegel.Luiz Filipe da Silva Oliveira - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):729-747.
    ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that one of the reasons for Hegel’s failure in consummating the project of “construct the absolute for consciousness” presented in 1801 in his Writing on Difference consisted in the patent mismatch between the negativity to which the determinations of finitude would be submitted and the conception of the absolute still substantially thought. Precisely, what we call here the archaism of substantiality would set the tone of this mismatch that still entailed the (...)
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  9.  6
    Political Obligation, Civil Disobedience and Resistance Within the Democratic Regime: Alessandro Passerin D’Entrèves’ Notion of the State.Maísa Martorano Suarez Pardo - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):749-770.
    RESUMO O artigo examina a função da noção de obrigação política no pensamento do filósofo italiano da política e do direito Alessandro Passerin d’Entrèves (1902-1985), especialmente em sua relação com o regime democrático e as formas de resistência por parte dos cidadãos. Pela análise dos principais argumentos do autor a esse respeito, o artigo procura demonstrar a flexibilidade do conceito de Estado do autor e a importância da filosofia enquanto ponto de intersecção entre a moral e o direito, constituindo-se como (...)
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  10.  1
    ¿La Física Depende Epistemológicamente de la Ética En El Estoicismo? Una Respuesta Afirmativa a Partir de la Teología Estoica.José Luis Ponce Pérez - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):771-791.
    ABSTRACT This article maintains that in Stoicism physics depends epistemologically on ethics because the theological theses (which are part of stoic physics) about that the gods are beneficial and care about human beings depend on knowledge of the ethical realm of philosophy to be sustained or established forcefully. It is possible appreciate that dependence in the response Stoics would have given to the criticism of other philosophical schools to some of the Stoic theological theses. This is not a minor issue, (...)
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  11.  4
    Complex Collective Duties & Action-Guidance.Cristian Rettig - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (156):793-809.
    RESUMO Em geral, podemos encontrar na literatura (tanto na popular quanto na acadêmica) atribuições de deveres coletivos complexos a coletivos não estruturados extensos de indivíduos. Por “deveres coletivos complexos”, quero dizer deveres coletivos que, de maneira plausível, exigem que os membros individuais de um coletivo não estruturado extenso empreguem tipos diferentes de ações contributivas para alcançarem um objetivo coletivo - por exemplo, o suposto dever coletivo universal de acabar com a pobreza mundial. Neste artigo, defendo que esses deveres não orientam (...)
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  12.  6
    Revisitando o Experimento de Libet: Contribuições Atuais da Neurociência Para o Problema Do Livre-Arbítrio.Otávio Morato de Andrade & Renato César Cardoso - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):437-457.
    ABSTRACT For a long time, the question of the existence of free will has fueled philosophical debate with no definitive solution. Libet’s paradigm (1983) seemed to demonstrate that simple and apparently voluntary movements could be triggered not by consciousness, but by preconscious or random brain processes. Such findings had wide repercussions in the academic and scientific circles, triggering an extensive discussion among neuroscientists, philosophers and jurists. Exploring the interfaces between neuroscience and free will, the present work aims to formulate an (...)
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  13. NAVIGATING THROUGH THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE(S).Pedro Bravo - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):329-348.
    This paper aims to map the different theoretical options related to the Precautionary Principle (PP). Great part of the literature on it can be systematized by answering to three different questions: is there a basic structure in the PP? If so, in which interpretation of the PP does this structure express itself? Finally, are its damage or knowledge conditions fixed or adjustable? The first question separates realist from non-realist approaches. The second question allows us to discriminate monist, dualist, or pluralist (...)
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  14.  8
    A Resposta de Locke Ao Ceticismo.Luiz Eva - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):375-397.
    ABSTRACT In this paper I propose that examining Locke’s response to skepticism requires us to consider at least three distinct senses in which skepticism appears on the horizon of the Essay. Skepticism is addressed, directly or indirectly, (i) as a general outcome of philosophical inquiry, (ii) as a methodical decision to doubt, and also (iii) as the result of a particular problem that challenges the claim to knowledge. I think that by examining how Locke reacts to such issues, we get (...)
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  15.  6
    Agamben e Foucault: Explorando Os Limites Dessa Aproximação a Partir Do Tema Do ‘Destituinte’.Lorena Martoni de Freitas - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):399-416.
    ABSTRACT The work of Giorgio Agamben is punctuated by constant references to Michel Foucault’s work, so that the latter appears as an important theoretical framework for the former. However, an effort to bring the two authors together proves to be quite problematic as it is perceived that the Italian philosopher operates certain methodological and conceptual categories fundamental to Foucauldian thought in a radically different way from the French philosopher. Such incompatibility is presented with greater clarity when we propose to explore (...)
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  16.  7
    La Infinitud de la Modernidad. Necesidad y Acumulación En la Filosofía Hegeliana Del Derecho.Angelo Narváez León - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):459-482.
    ABSTRACT In the following pages we will address the internal and external dimensions of the Hegelian conceptualization of political economy in the analytical context of the Rechstphilosophie of 1820. We will understand by internal dimensions the moments proper to the Hegelian argument in its logical coherence and consistency and, by external dimensions, the validity and representativeness of that same argument in relation to the problems of political economy in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. To this end, we will (...)
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  17.  7
    A Relação Entre a Água e a Loucura Em Histoire de la Folie.Daniela Lima - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):417-435.
    ABSTRACT In “L’Eau et la folie”, Michel Foucault points towards a possible relation between water and madness in the “Western imaginary landscapes” – a relation that already made herself present in Histoire de la folie. Through the analysis of some of the key points of that work, such as the emergence of the Ship of Fools between the 15th and 16th centuries, and the therapeutic-punitive uses of the water in the 17th and 19th centuries, we intend to examine the triad (...)
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  18.  5
    Albert Camus: Gnosticismo, Existencialismo e Niilismo.Jelson Roberto de Oliveira - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):483-499.
    ABSTRACT This article aims to analyze the theses of Albert Camus on the Gnostic movements that had a great influence on early Christianity. Therefore, it starts with an examination of the relationship between Gnosticism and modernity, and then demonstrates how, according to the French-Algerian thinker, the Gnostic sects represent the fil rouge that links the Greek tradition (of rationality) to Christian perspectives (mainly the idea of redemption). In addition, the analysis intends to demonstrate how, for Camus, Gnosticism and modernity maintain (...)
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  19.  2
    Kant, Liberdade e a Hermenêutica Do Fracasso.Pedro Rego - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):501-521.
    ABSTRACT In this paper I attempt to show how an important traditional line of interpretation of Kantian philosophy went astray by the fact that Kant works in its practical philosophy with two distinct and apparently conflicting conceptions of the freedom of human will, namely, freedom as noumenal causality and freedom as the power of choice between alternative possibilities. Firstly, I argue that no conception of freedom in Kant`s philosophy can possibly conflict with that asserted in his most foundational works on (...)
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  20.  4
    Um Estudo Sobre a Linguagem da Categoria da Obra.Daniel Soares - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):523-544.
    ABSTRACT In Eric Weil’s Logic of Philosophy, the work appears as a rupture with the absolute, an attitude of pure violence, whose opposition is realized by acting, therefore, it is mute. And yet, this attitude has a language. This paper seeks to understand how this contradiction is possible, characterizing the language that the work makes use of. To this end, we have divided this paper into three sections. In the first section, we present the distinction between language and discourse as (...)
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  21.  5
    Diferença e Distribuição Nômade Na Filosofia Política de Deleuze e Guattari.Yasmin de Oliveira Alves Teixeira - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):567-588.
    ABSTRACT The aim of this article was to develop an interpretation of the relation between Deleuzian transcendental empiricism and Deleuze-Guattarian political philosophy in the “Treatise on Nomadology,” which focuses on the concept of the nomadic war machine. To understand this concept, it is necessary to keep in mind that this is a transcendental Idea or virtual multiplicity, correlated of an effondement (‘ungrounding’), which sustains a difference by right in relation to the State apparatus and the military institution. On the basis (...)
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  22.  5
    A Ontologia Especulativa de Gilles Deleuze: A Diferença Em Si Mesma.Ádamo Bouças Escossia da Veiga - 2023 - Kriterion: Journal of Philosophy 64 (155):589-609.
    ABSTRACT This paper offers an interpretation of Deleuze’s concept of difference. Deleuze has sought to think difference without its traditional subordination to identity, trying to think difference for itself. In this regard, Deleuze concludes that difference is being itself in the famous thesis of the univocity of being. What would be the status of this claim? What elements make possible such a sounding ontological statement? In this paper, we shall answer these questions by interpretating the concept of difference as a (...)
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