Scienza E Filosofia

ISSN: 2036-2927

27 found

View year:

  1.  1
    AI e futuro di sapiens tra nuovi orizzonti e antichi timori.Gianluca Giannini, Pescapè Antonio & Luca Lo Sapio - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 28 (42):28-42.
    AI and future of sapiens between new horizons and ancient fears AI in its various forms and articulations represents a range of new opportunities and strategies that our species can use to improve its condition. Often the scenarios presented in association with AI speak of a humanity threatened by machines or, on the contrary, of a utopian future in which man and machine will be completely hybridised in a harmonious manner. In this interview, a moral philosopher, Professor Gianluca Giannini, and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2.  5
    Robotica e filosofia della scienza.Edoardo Datteri - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:197-217.
    Robotics and Philosophy of Science What relationship holds between robotics and philosophy of science? Can robotics research contribute to research in philosophy of science? Conversely, can the results achieved by philosophers of science contribute to the progress of research in robotics? This article will deal with both questions based on the distinction between the so-called philosophy of general science and the philosophy of the particular sciences. It will draw relatively pessimistic conclusions about the possibility that robotics research shed light on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3.  2
    Di automi e persone.Edmondo Grassi - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:12-27.
    On robot and persons The immanence of digital technologies and their function as agents acting in the social context has allowed a new debate on the figure of the person, his value and his relationship with technologies. The intent of this contribution is to theoretically outline the ontological relationship between a person in his relationship with the automaton, whether in the form of a machine or an algorithm, which defines its natural artificiality. This relationship has crossed history and, to date, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4.  4
    Da Matrix a Don’t look up : il realismo come questione etico‐politica.Alfonso Lanzieri - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:218-236.
    From Matrix to Don't look up: realism as an ethical-political issue In recent decades, the topic of “reality” has gradually returned to the forefront of philosophy. On the side of ontology, the discourse around the "New Realism", an expression referring to the return of realism to the specialist debate, has been ongoing for some time. In the field of philosophy of mind, following the same line, the “4E” approach argues that mental does not occur solely in the head, but is (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5.  3
    Intelligenza artificiale e nuove piattaforme per un umanesimo a venire.Luca Lo Sapio & Paolo Amodio - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:7-11.
    Artificial Intelligence and new Platforms for an incoming Humanism Artificial intelligence is a research field of computer science that since 1956, when the expression was coined, has produced countless devices capable of performing complex tasks, in some cases, comparable to human performativity. In 1983, Elaine Rich defined artificial intelligence as «the branch of computer science concerned with the possibility of building computers capable of performing tasks that humans currently perform better». Rich’s definition differs from McCarthy’s more challenging definition of AI (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  8
    From genome editing to human genetic enhancement: a new time for discussing eugenics?Mauro Mandrioli - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:237-250.
    From genome editing to human genetic enhancement: a new time for discussing eugenics? In the last decade several Authors strongly suggested that genome editing technologies are just related to gene therapy rejecting any eugenic discussion about them. Actually, this dispute is mainly influenced by the previous terrific consequences of eugenic measures rather than by the real consequences that genome editing technologies could have on the future societies. Here we discuss genome editing technologies as eugenic approaches in order to assess that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  7.  3
    Spazi hobbesiani?Pierpaolo Marrone - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:137-159.
    Hobbesian spaces? In this article I explore some issues related to cyberwar and its implications for the extension of the Hobbesian paradigm of the state of nature to international relations with particular reference to cyberspace. My conclusion is that there are many reasons to believe that this explanatory paradigm should also apply in this area.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  2
    L’essenziale non è invisibile agli occhi. Divagazioni sul concetto di essenza in architettura.Armando Minopoli - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:337-355.
    What is essential is not invisible to the eye. Reflections on the concept of “essential” in Architecture This work wonders about the concept of “essential” in architecture. In particular, it refers to the architecture of the house conceived as the founding place of the act of living by man. The concept of “essential” is explored both in a strictly architectural key – the space that is constituted only through the fundamental type-morphological elements – and in a conceptual and metaphorical key, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  2
    È davvero necessaria un’etica delle piante?Delio Salottolo - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:251-276.
    Is Plant Ethics really necessary? This article aims at analysing the possibility and the need for a plant ethics within the field of applied ethics. Starting with an analysis of the symbolic and cultural representations of “nature” and with the connection with the material dimension of human relationality, it will move on to a speculative and synthetic analysis of the fundamental categories of environmental ethics (serving as a model for animal ethics and plant ethics), and then to renewed ontological representations (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  4
    Freud e Conan Doyle. Vite parallele.Giacomo Scarpelli - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:278-293.
    Freud and Conan Doyle. Parallel lives The investigative methods of Freudian psychoanalysis have long been debated, compared with the investigative methods of Sherlock Holmes. Although Freud was an avid reader of Conan Doyle's works, no one has never considered the existential and methodological concordances between the two authors. Both had medical degrees, were steeped in Darwinian science; moreover, they were the favored sons of brilliant mothers who nurtured their creative tendencies, and they had had as teachers clinicians who had become (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  3
    Scomparire nell’alterità. L’intelligenza artificiale attraverso Jean Baudrillard.Valerio Specchio - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:160-178.
    Disappearing into otherness. Artificial intelligence through Jean Baudrillard This essay face the question of artificial intelligence starting from key concepts of Baudrillard’s thought. The first section will be focused on delimitating the research field on which investigate AI. In the second section, the concept of hyper-reality will be used as passe-partout to access reflections of the French philosopher. Lastly, in the final section, the relationship between intelligence and thought will emerge as nuclear question in the ontological short-circuit caused by digital (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  12.  3
    L’IA tra Katzuo Ishiguro e Federico Faggin.Settimo Termini - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:88-108.
    The themes proposed by the Journal for a critical discussion are crucial for understanding the impact that AI can have in Society (and also in everyday life), as is the case with all “science-based” cutting-edge technologies, i.e. those founded on and closely intertwined with basic frontier research. The questions posed can, in my view, be more satisfactorily addressed if seen from a long-term perspective with a historical reference to the origins and development of AI, its progress over the last few (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13.  4
    Artificial Agency and Moral Agency: Conceptualizing the Relationship and its Ethical Implications on Moral Identity Formation.Simona Tiribelli - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 27:54-68.
    Artificial agency and moral agency. Conceptualizing the relationship and its ethical implication on moral identity formation The paper aims to conceptualize the relationship between artificial agency, that is, the kind of agency connoting artificial intelligence (AI) systems, especially machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) algorithms, and moral agency, that is, the agency characterizing individuals as moral agents (persons), by highlighting its main ethical implications for moral identity formation. To this aim, after having unpacked the different forms of agency into (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  3
    Ciò Che È Morto Non Muoia Mai (?). Rimozione e Risignificazione Della Morte Nel Contemporaneo.Paolo Amodio, Luca Lo Sapio, Delio Salottolo & Viola Carofalo - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:7–10.
    What is dead may never die. Removal and Re-signification of death in the contemporary world What Is Dead May Never Die, the motto of the House of Greyjoy in "Game of Thrones", takes us back to a time when death did not represent the dissolution of human existence, but the fulfillment of a destiny. At least, ritualized and celebrated, it implied the promise of remembrance and allowed one’s placement within a collective narrative. The same cannot be said of today's conception (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  3
    Al di là della medicalizzazione: cosa resta del dolore.Giulia Bergamaschi - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:87-98.
    Beyond medicalization: what’s left of pain With the help of the ethnopsychiatric research led by Tobie Nathan and other fundamental anthropological insights, we want to analyze how the medical and psychological gaze shapes our understanding and narration of pain and death. Specifically, our purpose is to highlight how the medicalization of discourse took away the possibility for the pain to say something crucial for the subject and society, isolating the individuals who suffer, thus preventing the possibility of reflecting and changing (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  3
    Società a morte zero e legittimità sociale. Spunti tra pensiero, tecnica e democrazia a-venire.Vincenzo Costa & Mario Cosenza - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:108–121.
    Zero death’s society and social legitimacy between thought, technology and future of democracy The interview attempts to articulate some of the key points that emerged over the long pandemic months. First, the relationship with the Death of our society, absorbed hiding and concealing its presence. This does not lead philosophy to think about some issues of our time such as trust in the scientific institution, the crisis of its legitimacy and the political fallout of such conceptions.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  2
    Busso alla porta della pietra: a proposito di domande senza risposta.Fabiana Gambardella - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:135-149.
    I knock at the stone’s front door: about unanswered questions This essay intends to investigate the way western philosophical tradition construes the relationship between nature and culture. From Platone to Heidegger, from Baudelaire to Italo Calvino, natural world has been described as mute, unable to signify. The Human being has built his supremacy over the natural environment on the certitude of representation. However this representation turns the other being into an object. And yet, if any question and any answer about (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18.  2
    Ricollocare la morte. Alcuni approcci psicoanalitici.Alfonso Lombardi - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:98–107.
    Restoring Death. Some Psychoanalytical Approaches This short essay opens with the Freudian theoretical speculation about the death drive and the further contributions made by Jacques Lacan. After examining the reading of Hamlet by Ettore Perrella, it will be discussed how these authors have tried to restore the importance it deserves to death. Specifically we will come to consider Lacan’s thoughts on being-for-the-death, Perrella’s rejection of the Lacanian tragical ethics and Freud’s remarks on caducity.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19.  9
    Etica della Crioconservazione.Francesca Minerva - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:48–65.
    The Ethics of Cryonics In this paper I discuss the ethics of cryopreservation (understood as a treatment and as a long term project) of individuals declared legally dead. I consider various objections to this practice based on concerns about its selfishness, low chances of succeeding, and wastefulness. I also discuss objections against indefinite life extension and immortality.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20.  5
    Il discorso prometeico sull’Antropocene e i suoi limiti.Paolo Missiroli - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:150-161.
    The promethean discourse on the Anthropocene and its limits In this text, I intend to analyze the Promethean discourse on the Anthropocene, at least with regard to its anthropological presupposition. After a section on the method of reading the texts and this part of the Anthropocene debate, I demonstrate through textual examples in what sense this Promethean discourse has a negativist anthropology at its core. In a final section, I analyze the limitations that make this discourse unserviceable for a real (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  21.  2
    Che fare delle pulsioni di morte? Ecologia, Fascismo e Soggettività.Frederic Neyrat - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:10–22.
    What to do with death drives? Ecology, fascism and subjectivity In this article I argue that we are undergoing an unprecedented unleashing of death drives on three levels simultaneously: 1) There is the release of death drives at the level of global ecology (climate change, the general ecocide; 2) There are the death drives at work on the political level, which must be understood as fascist function; 3) And finally the death drives that, through communication technologies and social networks give (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  22.  9
    The theoretical strenghts of Charles Darwin’s argument in the Origin of Species.Francesco Piccardi - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:177-198.
    The theoretical strenghts of Charles Darwin’s argument in the Origin of Species In the last 160 years, evolutionary biology has witnessed a considerable expansion in its theoretical structure and the wealth of empirical evidence to its support. In this paper I analyse the evidence presented in The origin of species (1859), with the aim of arguing for some specific theses in the philosophy of science, namely: (1) that the employment of a diverse array of methods, as well as of (2) (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  4
    Desiderio e godimento tra morte e lutto in Jaques Lacan.Ivana Porpora - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:162–176.
    Desire and jouissance between death and mourning in Jacques Lacan The aim of the essay is to show how the dimensions of death and mourning are fundamental to understanding the concepts of desire and jouissance in Lacanian theory. In the first paragraph, the focus is on Antigone's desire, which shows a tendency towards an impossible jouissance, attainable only through transgression. The intermediate paragraph deals with the dimension of loss in the pisco-analytic experience through the analysis of an essential moment in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24.  2
    Pornografia della catastrofe. Morte individuale e morte collettiva nell’era dell’Antropocene.Delio Salottolo - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:23–47.
    Pornography of Catastrophe. Individual death and collective death in the age of the Anthropocene This article aims at analysing how a particular representation of (individual and collective) death is symptom of a particular organization of culture and symbolic representations. Starting from the reflections of Jankélévitch, Bauman and Gorer, I analyse the characteristics of what could be called “pornography of catastrophe”, i.e. the condition of human being in the Anthropocene faced with the possibility of individual and collective death. The “deconstruction of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  3
    The border between man and animal: on Heidegger’s interpretation of Rilke’s eight elegy.Danilo Serra - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:199–214.
    The Border between man and animal: On Heidegger’s interpretation of Rilke’s Eight Elegy The following contribution aims to analyse the main elements and motives underlying Heidegger’s critique of Rilke's Eighth Elegy, elements and motifs which appear in their own right in the 1942/43 course that Heidegger gave in Freiburg and which resulted in the volume entitled Parmenides. Here, in fact, the philosopher confronts, among other things, one of Rilke's most famous works and, going well beyond the exegesis of the text, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  7
    Creativity by coping. Imitating life as a work of imagination.Riccardo Tarantino - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 26:123-134.
    Creativity by coping: imitating life as a work of imagination Engineering biological systems is easily interpretable as a process of mere and cold replication, or even distortion, of the natural domain, since it is often linked to industry and built on the Cartesian assumption of human rationality’s control over a submissive nature. In this article, I approach living systems design from an alternative perspective, supporting its similarities with activities which are traditionally associated with creativity, like arts. I show that different (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27.  3
    Solo una catastrofe ci potrà salvare. L’essere per la morte nell’epoca della crisi ecologica.Lorenzo de Stefano - 2022 - Scienza E Filosofia 25:66–86.
    Only a catastrophe could save us. Being-towards-death in the era of the ecological crisis The aim of this essay is to develop a theoretical background to approach the problem of climate change, starting from the question of death as theorized by Heidegger in his masterpiece Being and Time. In order to do that, I start from the concept of the Anthropocene in relation with the problem of human and natural history and introducing the Heideggerian concept of history as epiphenomenon of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues