Scienza E Filosofia

ISSN: 2036-2927

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  1.  4
    Etica applicata o Etiche applicate? Pluralismo disciplinare e centralità della scienza nei nuovi orizzonti della bioetica.Paolo Amodio & Luca Lo Sapio - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:7-14.
    Applied ethics as singular or plural? Disciplinary Pluralism and the Centrality of Science in the new Horizons of Bioethics The accelerated scientific and technological advancements of the 20th and 21st centuries have, on the one hand, created a gap between Sapiens’ technical abilities and its moral psychology. On the other, it has offered our species unprecedented possibilities for hybridisation with the world outside. The need for a well-structured reflection on the ethical-philosophical aspects of the new scenarios was the driving force (...)
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  2.  3
    Riflessioni Etiche a Partire Dalle Implicazioni Bioetiche Della Rivoluzione Tecnologica in Atto.Rossella Bonito Oliva & Delio Salottolo - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:87-95.
    Ethical Reflections from the bioethical Implications of the Ongoing technological Revolution Bioethics, as applied ethics that reason about the interconnections between the biological and technical dimensions of the human, cannot but evolve extremely rapidly. The constant innovations coming, for example, from the field of artificial intelligence or from the manipulation of the genome, cannot but constantly question the human form of life. In this interview, Rossella Bonito Oliva, a moral philosopher, discusses the complex issues of the unthought and artificial intelligence, (...)
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  3.  3
    Applied Ethics as “The New Ethics”. Toward a new Transformation of The Role of Moral Philosopher as a “Moral Expert”.Matteo Cresti - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:47-64.
    Applied Ethics as “the New Ethics”. Toward a new Transformation of the Role of moral Philosopher as a “Moral Expert” This paper argues that applied ethics represents the new ethics. The first part reconstructs the origin of this new way of doing ethics, examining the theses of Parfit and Toulmin. Parfit argues that ethics is a recent discipline, distinct from religion, while Toulmin asserts that concrete problems have prompted philosophers to take up applied ethics. Subsequently, three levels of applied ethics (...)
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  4.  3
    Epistemologia e Metafisica Nella Teoria Della Selezione Sessuale di Darwin.Salvatore Di Concilio - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:202-218.
    Epistemology and Metaphysic in Darwin’s Theory of sexual Selection The theory of evolution by natural selection appeared for the first time in 1859 and, despite the initial opposition of some scientists and Churches, in a few years it established itself throughout Europe. Darwin's recognized prestige did not prevent him from criticism and open aversion when in 1871 he published The Descent of Man, a book in which he expounded the theory of sexual selection, which was contested and forgotten for over (...)
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  5.  7
    Intelligenza Artificiale, Democrazia e Valori Umanistici.Piergiorgio Donatelli - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:132-149.
    Artificial Intelligence, democracy and humanistic values The article examines various aspects of the technological turn brought about by artificial intelligence from the perspective of the goals that inspire humanistic and democratic ideals. The new technologies directly effect the humanistic ideal that represents individuals as progressive beings whose self realization requires mutual education (J.S. Mill). Cognitive technologies offer extraordinary tools that advance research and intervention capabilities, but the way in which they are spreading also shows their potential for levelling and the (...)
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  6.  4
    La Cella Accanto: Cinque Figure Del Tempo Che Verrà.Marra Emilia - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:190-200.
    The Next Prison Cell: Five Figures Of The Time To Come This contribution takes the famous Prisoner's Dilemma as its starting point in order to think about generational responsibility to futures not yet present. The cell next door, a figure of otherness, is brought back to a temporal figure, defined as the unthought par excellence of the market economy. The movement to move from a thought of spatiality to a reflection on time, thus on duration and sustainability, is articulated in (...)
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  7.  5
    Aristotle’s Material Reductionist Account of History of Philosophy.Virginia M. Giouli - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:151-167.
    Aristotle's Material Reductionist Account of History of Philosophy In his account of the flux of ideas, Aristotle searches the models of his predecessors to find an alternative cause for this; and he finds none. Indeed, no answer is given either by himself or by them as to why nature conforms to order or to no order at all. For this reason Aristotle’s bewildering multi‐variety of causes‐essences is not realisable unless this variety refers to an ideal of unity beyond it. The (...)
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  8.  4
    L’etica Creatrice. Dal Dissenso della Scienza al Pluralismo Antropo-Etico.Ignazio Iacone - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:65-78.
    Creative Ethics. From the Dissent of Science to Anthropo_Ethical Pluralism The techno-scientific accelerations have forced moral philosophy out of a certain self-referentiality and to face concrete problems concerning the life of men. Some factual questions of a bioethical nature (think of the redefinition of life or death) have required as many concrete solutions as possible. These solutions, of course, had to be guided and guided by general principles. And the general principles, in turn, had to be applied in various situations. (...)
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  9.  5
    La morte alla luce della tensione vitale. Narrazioni e responsabilità.Francesco Pio Leonardi - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:245-261.
    Death in the Light of Vital Tension. Narratives And Responsibility Death narratives are always within our thoughts, even if this is not always highlighted. Whichever way you look at it, death remains an unsolved question, and the main objective of this work is to reflect on the importance of caring, through the tool of narrative captured in a balanced way. Death will always remain a mystery, but our approach to its idea pursues the goal of respectful adaptation to the irregular (...)
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  10.  15
    L’etica al tempo dell’intelligenza artificiale.Giuseppe Lissa - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:96-131.
    Bioethics at the Time of Artificial Intelligence Against the backdrop of the bioethical question and artificial intelligence, this paper aims to reconstruct the question starting from the ethical-political and social issues that span the twentieth century to reach our days in a way that, in the eye of the philosopher, can only be even more critical and problematic.
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  11.  4
    Bioethics as an Ethics of Extinction.Luca Lo Sapio - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:15-35.
    Bioethics and the Ethics of Extinction This article explores the idea of rethinking bioethics in terms of an Ethics of extinction. After showing the centrality to contemporary ethical debates of extinction, the article shows how bioethics was the first broad disciplinary reflection on the ethical consequences of human actions potentially bringing about extinction. In particular, it will focus on a widely debated issue in bioethics related to our inability as individuals and as a collectivity to deal with current existential risks.
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  12.  5
    Una Teoria in Evoluzione: Rileggere L’opera di Erasmus Darwin tra Lamarckismo e Darwinismo.Mauro Mandrioli - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:169-188.
    An Evolving Theory: The Work of Erasmus Darwin Between Lamarckism and Darwinism The work of the English physician, botanist and poet Erasmus Darwin has repeatedly described as anticipating both Lamarckism and Darwinism. The present analysis is aimed to the analysis of the true contribution of E. Darwin, in order to appreciate its value independently of what has been included in subsequent theories.
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  13.  6
    Il Futuro della Bioetica tra scenari problematici e prospettive future.Adriano Pessina & Luca Lo Sapio - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:79-86.
    The Future of Bioethics between current Scenarios and new Horizons Bioethics is a complex discipline whose contributions have marked a fundamental part of the philosophical and moral debate of the second half of the 20th century and early 2000s. Adriano Pessina, one of the protagonists of this debate, offers his analysis to shed light on some of these aspects and to reflect on the transformations taking place. The contribution examines issues such as the role of ethics committees, the relationship between (...)
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  14.  5
    La simulazione ama nascondersi. La realtà virtuale tra Jean Baudrillard e David Chalmers.Valerio Specchio - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:220-243.
    Simulation loves to hide. Virtual reality between Jean Baudrillard and David Chalmers This essay faces the question of simulation from two different perspectives. The first one is linked to the concept of Hyper-reality conceived by Jean Baudrillard, the second one is elaborated through the concept of Reality+ proposed by David Chalmers. This two concepts can be used to investigate the existenzial phase shift generated by Virtual Reality. The latter, as a risult of the ontological refondation between anthropos and the world, (...)
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  15. From Subjectivity to Objectivity: Bernard Lonergan's Philosophy as a Grounding for Value Sensitive Design.Steven Umbrello - 2023 - Scienza E Filosofia 29:36-44.
    This article explores the potential of Bernard Lonergan’s philosophy of subjectivity as objectivity as a grounding for value sensitive design (VSD) and the design turn in applied ethics. The rapid pace of scientific and technological advancement has created a gap between technical abilities and our moral assessments of those abilities, calling for a reflection on the philosophical tools we have for applying ethics. In particular, applied ethics often presents interconnected problems that require a more general framework for ethical reflection. Lonergan’s (...)
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