Aufklärung

ISSNs: 2358-8470, 2318-9428

24 found

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  1.  4
    Transumanismo e a questão da liberdade frente ao aprimoramento moral.Leonardo Nunes Camargo - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):125-136.
    Transhumanisms, as cultural, philosophical, and ideological movements that permeate various areas of technical and scientific knowledge, have caused a rupture in Western philosophical praxis by asserting the possibility of genetic enhancement of the human being through biotechnoscientific procedures. However, the biophysical alterations advocated by transhumanists are not limited to the somatic and psychic realms; they encompass humanity as a whole, including moral aspects. In this sense, the aim of this article is to demonstrate the ethical and political impacts concerning human (...)
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  2.  2
    Do sentimento físico da forma.Claudio Cavargere - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):25-36.
    The present essay seeks to investigate the physical-vital sensations and feelings resulting from the contact with the artistic form. For this purpose, and from the main constellations that orbit around Nietzsche and Warburg, the essay seeks to inquire whether the work of art, as we conceive it, is capable of serving as a vital tonic or stimulant to life. Understanding sensation as friction, the mark of the organism's bodily contact with the environment, and feeling as the incorporation of this sensation (...)
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  3.  2
    O bem como momento da ação moral na filosofia do direito de Hegel.Joel Decothé Jr - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):37-52.
    This paper intends to investigate the following problem: what is the meaning of the conception of good in Hegel's moral and juridical philosophy? Thus, aiming at the promotion of a consistent philosophical articulation for the understanding of such a question, I establish as argumentative strategy the tripartite topical structure, being the initial approach made in the introduction, in general lines, the contextualization of the morality problem. Next, I outline the meaning of understanding the conception of rational action of the subjective (...)
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  4.  7
    Un amor superficial. Una aproximación al amor en Gilles Deleuze.Cristóbal Durán - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):11-24.
    In this paper we will reconstruct a hypothesis on love in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. We notice that, at different moments of his philosophical itinerary, the topic of love is the object of a complex treatment, which moves from the discovery of the expression of worlds that the other involves, and which gradually detach themselves from that other, towards a progressive liberation of dehumanized elements that open up in a transformed sexuality. We will try to show that this experimental exercise reveals (...)
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  5.  2
    Ontologia dos valores e o estado fiscal em crise: Fundamentos jurídicos.José Galbio Oliveira Junior - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):199-210.
    From taxation as a common element of the economic and fiscal crises in the COVID-19 pandemic, the work addresses the function of the tax in the Fiscal State and presents considerations from the theory of values that may indicate the solution of the established conflict. At the end, a brief judgment that faces the problem is presented, pointing out the use of the elements worked in the text, concluding that in the clash between the economic crisis suffered by some enterprises (...)
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  6.  8
    Sociedade Aberta: Karl Popper ou Henri Bergson?Catarina Rochamonte - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):53-68.
    The term Open Society was rigorously presented by Bergson in Les Deux Sources de la morale et de la religion (1932), but it was Karl Popper's The Open Society and Its Enemies (1945) that made the expression famous. It was under the influence of this last approach and not Bergson's that the term came to be used practically as a synonym for democracy or a scientific, rational, free, tolerant, inclusive, pluralist and humanist social order. The term has come to encompass (...)
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  7.  2
    Efeitos contraditórios da tecnologia avançada: apontamentos sobre a objetividade tecnológica acelerada.Marcelo Gonçalves Rodrigues - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):147-158.
    This article aims to highlight about representative character of new digital technologies and from their contradictory accelerated effects to society and their constitutive relationships. To this end, reflects concerning state considerations of private and real things in which new technologies deal. Moreover, search highlight the proximity of this advance in knowledge with to the enlightened myths. Finally, signals the actuality of critical to nonconformity and resistance to modern regressions, because the possible fusion of biological and digital results in more control (...)
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  8.  5
    Propiedades de los rizomas como esência de las investigaciones decoloniales planetaria-complejas.Milagros Elena Rodriguez - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):97-108.
    Under the intentionality that leads to promoting the liberation of the oppressed in global coloniality, considering planetary decoloniality as the urgency of complexity as transmethod, in the present investigation from rhizomatic deconstruction as a transmethod, the properties of rhizomes are analyzed as the essence of planetary-complex decolonial investigations; That is the complex objective of the investigation. It is framed in the lines of research: education-transcomplex transepistemologies and transepistemologies of knowledge-knowledge and transcomplex transmethodologies. In the reconstruction, the philosophical significances of the (...)
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  9.  3
    Da possibilidade de responsabilização moral do agente por resultados não desejados no curso de uma ação intencional: Estudo sobre ações intencionais e ações moralmente imprudentes conscientes no 'mbito da filosofia da mente.Antonio Sanches Sólon Rudá - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):177-186.
    In this work, I investigate some questions pertaining to intentional actions and consciously morally reckless actions, seeking to answer the question whether it is possible to morally hold the agent responsible morally for the unwanted results arising from his intentional actions. The first conclusion reached was that the result of an action that was not the object of the agent's intention is a mere consequence of the main action, however, the action that provoked it can be characterized as a consciously (...)
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  10.  77
    Entre Hobbese Foucault: Soberaniae Resistências.Gustavo Ruiz da Silva - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):187-198.
    This article seeks to correlate some topics from Hobbes (especially the sovereignty problem) to reconstruct, in Foucault, the resistance problem. To this end, working with the state of nature example and with several commentators from both authors, an analysis will be carried out whose intersection point is the command­obedience pair, more specifically concerning the voice issue, such as referenced by Veyne. Merging two theoretical approaches, as far as Hobbes is concerned, a structural perspective was chosen, respecting the author's geometric methodology; (...)
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  11.  3
    Apontamentos metodológicos acerca da canção popular: aproximações aos estudos musicais da Estética de Lukács.José Deribaldo Gomes dos Santos - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):69-84.
    The present essay, of theoretical bibliographical nature, debates some fundamentals of the methodology employed in the analysis of Brazilian urban songs. The approach to the scarce debate involving an investigative method for folk songs relies on the chapter 14 of George Lukács’ Aesthetics. In particular, considering the aims of this essay, the item dedicated to music. Authors who investigate the particular scope of Brazilian urban folk song were consulted to approximate the specific elements of that music. The findings suggest that (...)
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  12.  3
    Contra as críticas comunitaristas de Michael Sandel ao pensamento de Rawls.Julio Tomé - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):109-124.
    This paper will investigate one of the main critiques of Rawlsian thought that emerged in the aftermath of the publication of A Theory of Justice in 1971, namely the communitarian critique by Michael Sandel. According to Sandel, Rawls starts from a radically disembodied subject, a unity of the self, from a human subject as a sovereign agent of choice, a creature whose ends are chosen rather than given. In Sandel's view, the original position is not a contract, but the realization (...)
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  13.  2
    O conceito de forças produtivas de Marx e sua evolução nos tempos atuais.Dung Bui Xuan - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (2):85-96.
    Marx, em sua análise da organização da sociedade, afirma que todas as mudanças sociais decorrem, basicamente, de transformações possibilitadas pelas forças de produção. O desenvolvimento de tais forças, por sua vez, decorrem da conquista da natureza pelos homens. As forças produtivas refletem a capacidade dos homens no processo de aquisição de bens para assegurar o desenvolvimento humano. Para adquirir riquezas, em qualquer sociedade, observa-se que são imprescindíveis tanto as forças produtivas quanto os meios de produção. Sem estes, os homens não (...)
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  14.  5
    Dostoiévski e Nietzsche e a superação do ressentimento como assunção do além do homem.Wesley Barbosa - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):127-142.
    The overcoming of man in the beyond of man is glimpsed in Dostoevsky and Nietzsche, from Memoirs of the Underground and its philosophical translation Genealogia da Moral, to The Idiot and the considerations of The Antichrist. The child reverberates a trait of overcoming resentment, incorporating, philosophically literarily, a deal with life intensified with lightness and vigor, completely ready, without pretensions beyond the world or professions of faith. The beatitude of Jesus takes shape when his childishness as surrender to the present (...)
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  15.  3
    O Debate Metodológico das Ciências Sociais na Teoria Crítica: entre Max Horkheimer e Jürgen Habermas.Amaro Xavier Braga Jr - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):29-40.
    Structured in an essayistic manner, the work examines the debate instituted in Critical Theory around the methodology of social sciences and the tension between traditional Theory and the proposal of Critical Theory. It proposes to compare the particularities of this debate in the work of Max Horkheimer and Jürgen Habermas, establishing their tangencies and convergences, mainly in the discourse on the role of the emancipatory structuring of critical theory in the methodology of social sciences. Emphasizing how in the work of (...)
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  16.  6
    Zaratustra: do sujeito da máscara à redenção.Adelino Pereira da Silva - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):143-150.
    Analysis of the work Thus spoke Zarathustra (1883-1885), by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. More specifically, they stop at the second moment of that work, Da redemption. In a sense, Zarathustra - as a kind of mask over Nietzsche's face - presents a good part of Nietzschean doctrine: there is a walk, or a crossing, that will take him to the hero's journey, both in terms of content and in the style of narrating your philosophy. Therefore, Zarathustra, as a mask (...)
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  17.  8
    Poder, razão e religião em O Alienista.José Francisco de Assis Dias & Daniela Valentini - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):109-126.
    This article has as its theme the relationship between "power", "reason" and "religion" in O alienista, one of the central texts of Machado de Assis, written in 1881 and initially published in eleven chapters, between October 1881 and March 1882. It is intended to identify and analyze the power relations between the State ("Throne") and the Catholic Church ("Altar"); as well as to highlight the relations between "reason" (science) and its "absence" (madness); without neglecting the Machadian denunciations and criticisms of (...)
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  18.  7
    O “a priori” kantiano no pensamento de Jacques Rancière: Uma introdução ao conceito de “partilha do sensível” e suas implicações.Clara Lisboa - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):151-166.
    This article aims to point out the idea of ​​a priori elaborated by Immanuel Kant in his work Critique of Pure Reason (1781), which concerns a conception of knowledge prior to experience, to understand the concept of “aesthetics of politics”, elaborated by Jacques Rancière and who, to explain it, uses a broad concept called “sharing the sensitive”. It is through the analogy made from the Kantian concept that we are willing to develop this first objective, to reach a second objective, (...)
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  19.  5
    Aborto pós-parto e o cuidado do outro em e. Lévinas: impasses éticos?Cássio Eduardo Miranda - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):77-88.
    This essay discusses postpartum abortion from the perspective of E. Lévinas' concepts of alterity and responsibility. It presents a notion of postpartum abortion to then verify if the ethical impasses presented by the theme can be answered in the light of Lévinas.
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  20.  7
    Da Quantidade Pura ao Quantum na Ciência da Lógica de Hegel.Carlo Paim Peralta & Agemir Bavaresco - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):41-52.
    The research “From Pure Quantity to Quantum in Hegel's Science of Logic reconstructs the 1st chapter of this session that poses the problem of passing from Quality to Quantity. The dialectic of being-for-itself led to the quantitative unit that is, initially, pure immediate quantity in relation to itself; the result of this process brings immanent moments of attraction and repulsion that are now continuous and of discrete magnitude; these two moments contain each other reciprocally forming an inseparable unit, that is, (...)
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  21.  8
    O sentido das paixões e emoções: Hume.Frederico Ramalho Romero - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):89-108.
    This article presents a critical bibliographic review of the central characteristics of Hume's Theory of Passions and Emotions, which conceived the philosophy of human nature as an analytical and experimental science. This view is contrary to the ancient and medieval ideas that passions were movements of the lower parts of the soul. For Hume, passions in general are among the perceptions of the mind, although they also serve as motivations to act and even to reason. The apparent dichotomy that existed (...)
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  22.  5
    Notes for an aesthetic theory of justice.Luís Satie - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):11-28.
    A partir de uma análise dialética das forças e fraquezas da teoria da justiça de Rawls, propomos uma teoria estética da justiça, de forte acento civil-republicano, na qual razão e sensibilidade se articulam para preencher o conceito abstrato de cidadania com o conteúdo histórico do cidadão real, que carrega as dores do mundo da vida. Como resultado temos que a ideia de cidadania não se sustenta sem a participação concreta do cidadão na discussão, deliberação e definição dos negócios públicos.
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  23.  9
    A figura do ser-Outro em Merleau-Ponty: uma alternativa à concepção foucaultiana do Outro como “pensamento do Mesmo”.Paulo Thiago Schmitt - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):65-76.
    In this paper, I propose to draw two considerations regarding the ontological notion of the brute being, present in Maurice Merleau-Ponty's late philosophy: (i) that the aforementioned notion can be understood according to the irreducibility of Being to our linguistic instruments and, in this sense, consists of a being-Other that, in a raw and permanently wild state, never allows itself to be enclosed in the domain of the word; (ii) assuming that the "ultimate support of all things" ineluctably becomes the (...)
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  24.  14
    Aristotle's philosophy about happiness is the function of valuing human life.Bui Xuan Thanh - 2023 - Aufklärung 10 (1):53-64.
    Resumo: A revolução tecnológica 4.0 e a cooperação internacional têm feito várias mudanças na sociedade. As pessoas passam a desejar uma vida feliza e pacífica ao perceberem que a felicidade é um alvo ou uma meta necessária na vida. O artigo usa o método dialético materialista do pensamento filosófico de Aristóteles de maneira compreensiva, especificando princípios históricos acerca de seu conceito de felicidade comparado ao que temos hoje para mostrar que o valor da felicidade é o valor da beleza. Além (...)
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