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  1.  6
    Quantum Mechanics, Emergence, and Decisions.Guido Bacciagaluppi - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):299-305.
    I summarise some aspects of the relation between quantum mechanics and the macroscopic world in the context of the multiverse or Everett theory. I do so with particular reference to the results of the theory of decoherence, the notions of reduction and emergence, and agents' decisions.
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  2.  3
    Urbanicity Mental Costs Valuation: A Review and Urban-Societal Planning Consideration.Luca S. D’Acci - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):223-235.
    Living in cities has numerous comparative advantages than living in the countryside or in small villages and towns, most notably better access to education, services and jobs. However, it is also associated with a roughly twofold increase in some mental disorders rate incidence compared with living in rural areas. Economic assessments reported a forecasted loss of more than 19 trillion dollars in global GDP between 2011 and 2030 and of around 7 trillion for the year 2030 alone when measured by (...)
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  3.  1
    Confidence, Power and Distributive Preferences.Yoshio Iida - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):207-222.
    The aims of this study were twofold, to: examine the behavior displayed by participants who expected to be nominated for donor roles in dictator games wherein initial endowments of players are determined by lottery and investigate the conduct of donors who were confident in their good fortune in relation to their power as they redistributed the rewards they had gained. Results from a dictator game in which a donor is accorded the absolute power to redistribute initial income and a random (...)
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  4.  4
    Quantum-Like Modeling: Cognition, Decision Making, and Rationality.Andrei Khrennikov - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):307-310.
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  5.  4
    Digital Signatures: A Tool to Prevent and Predict Dishonesty?Luka Koning, Marianne Junger & Joris van Hoof - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):257-285.
    Dishonesty is prevalent and causes great damage to society. On an individual level, besides reaping rewards, it also carries a psychological cost for those who engage in it. This principle is used to make people more honest with behavioral interventions, one of them being the well-known ‘signature nudge’. Digital transition in society has however led to changes in the way people sign, which may affect the effectiveness of this nudge. In two experiments, the current study investigates the relationship between digital (...)
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  6.  5
    Physics and Decisions: An Inverted Perspective.Shabnam Mousavi & Shyam Sunder - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):293-298.
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  7.  5
    Choice Matters.Saras Sarasvathy - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):311-315.
    The essay is a reflection on my conversations at the Humboldt Kreis connecting my understanding of entrepreneurship with the physics of the multiverse and the philosophy of free will.
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  8.  6
    Free Will in the Clustered-Minds Multiverse, and Some Comments on S. Sarasvathy’s ‘Choice Matters’.Christian D. Schade - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):323-330.
    This paper sketches a new version of the multiverse interpretation of quantum mechanics, the clustered-minds multiverse, that has been presented in detail elsewhere. It briefly shows why it grants us with free will and reflects upon the possibilty of singular-universe explanations of free will. It also critically comments upon S. Sarasvathy's 'choice matters,' one of the other contributions to this mini symposium.
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  9.  3
    Physics and Decisions: An Exploration.Christian D. Schade & Shyam Sunder - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):287-292.
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  10.  3
    Rational Order From ‘Irrational’ Actions.Shyam Sunder - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):317-321.
    Rational outcomes of a social system do not necessarily require its individual participants to be rational. In macro systems, aggregate properties distinct from the behavior of their micro level components can emerge through complex interactions. Caution in building social sciences on assumption of methodological individualism seems appropriate.
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  11.  1
    Human-Mind-Inspired Processing Model for Computing.Chinthanie Weerakoon, Asoka Karunananda & Naomal Dias - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (2):237-256.
    Among various computing models, it is difficult to find a model inspired from the human mind to improve the computational efficiency of the computer. In fact, the human mind becomes competent in responding for the inputs, resourcefully and mindfully acquiring knowledge and experience over continuous processing with the time. Further, as it is possible to find deeper explanation for the human mind in the Buddhism, the introduction of a computing model imitating the human mind based on Buddhist Theory of Mind (...)
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  12.  3
    Conservation of Behavioral Diversity: On Nudging, Paternalism-Induced Monoculture, and the Social Value of Heterogeneous Beliefs and Behavior.Nathan Berg & Yuki Watanabe - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):103-120.
    Heterogeneous beliefs and decision processes generate positive externalities for social and economic systems, analogous to biodiversity in biological systems. Although some aspects of biodiversity can lead to ecological and economic problems, biodiversity provides flows of beneficial ecological services and is widely regarded as a valuable natural resource and informational asset, whose value increases as we learn more and science progresses :700–706, 1985). Heterogeneous beliefs and decision processes similarly provide flows of beneficial economic services. Behavioral diversity should therefore be seen as (...)
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  13.  6
    ‘Zero-Error’ Versus ‘Good-Enough’: Towards a ‘Frugality’ Narrative for Defence Procurement Policy.Saradindu Bhaduri & Kapil Patil - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):43-59.
    The procurement decision-making process for complex military product systems has significant implications for military end-users, suppliers, and exchequers. This study examines the usefulness of adopting a fast and frugal decision-making approach for the acquisition of military CoPS. Defence procurement environment is complex. On the one hand, there are uncertainties and severe resource constraints due to regularly changing threat perceptions, limited flow of information about new technologies, and the growing demand to reduce defence related expenses. On the other hand, several stakeholders (...)
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  14.  1
    On the Category Adjustment Model: Another Look at Huttenlocher, Hedges, and Vevea.Sean Duffy & John Smith - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):163-193.
    Huttenlocher et al. introduce the category adjustment model. Given that participants imperfectly remember stimuli, CAM holds that participants maximize accuracy by using information about the distribution of the targets to improve their judgments. CAM predicts that judgments will be a weighted average of the imperfect memory of the target and the mean of the distribution of targets. Huttenlocher et al. report on three experiments and conclude that CAM is “verified”. We attempt to replicate the conditions in Experiment 3 from Huttenlocher (...)
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  15.  1
    Relations Between Type of Army Service, Incidental Emotions and Risk Perceptions.Sharon Garyn-Tal & Shosh Shahrabani - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):61-76.
    Military service in general and combat service in particular can be physically and psychologically stressful. Previous studies have focused on risk propensity and risky behavior among soldiers. Yet knowledge is still lacking regarding the impact of type of army service on soldiers’ risk perceptions. The current study examines how type of army service and negative incidental emotions affect risk perceptions. Results of a survey conducted among 153 combat and non-combat Israeli soldiers indicate that respondents serving in combat units on average (...)
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  16.  2
    Agreement by Conduct as a Coordination Device.Arnald J. Kanning - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):77-90.
    In distributive bargaining, bargainers may have an impulse to bluff and thereby risk an impasse. The current paper does not explain bargaining impasses. For our purposes, it suffices to recognize that bargaining impasses may occur without assuming irrationality. The design problem is to ensure that impasses are avoided as often as possible. One possible solution is to allow for the formation of an agreement by “conduct”. The ‘agreement by conduct’ outcome as a commercial norm may coordinate bargainers’ expectations so as (...)
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  17.  2
    Triple Trouble.Steven Jon Kaplan - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):11-14.
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  18.  2
    Heuristics in Fantasy Sports: Is It Profitable to Strategize Based on Favourite of the Match?Vojtěch Kotrba - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):195-206.
    In fantasy sports, the goal is to gain as many points as possible. To get there, users have to choose players with the optimal price-to-performance ratio. However, finding these optimal players requires a great amount of time and effort, in which the users might not be willing to invest. Instead, they can use heuristic strategies. This paper investigates one such strategy for choosing squads based on the assumption that athletes starting for the favourite team of the match would bring users (...)
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  19.  6
    Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem as a Special Case of Nash Equilibrium: A Cognitive Approach to the Theory of Collective Decision-Making.Andrea Oliva & Edgardo Bucciarelli - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):15-41.
    Metalogic is an open-ended cognitive, formal methodology pertaining to semantics and information processing. The language that mathematizes metalogic is known as metalanguage and deals with metafunctions purely by extension on patterns. A metalogical process involves an effective enrichment in knowledge as logical statements, and, since human cognition is an inherently logic–based representation of knowledge, a metalogical process will always be aimed at developing the scope of cognition by exploring possible cognitive implications reflected on successive levels of abstraction. Indeed, it is (...)
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  20.  1
    The New Frontiers of AI in the Arena of Behavioral Economics.Mario Rasetti - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):5-9.
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  21.  4
    From Pan to Homo Sapiens: Evolution From Individual Based to Group Based Forms of Social Cognition.Dwight Read - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):121-161.
    The evolution from pre-human primates to modern Homo sapiens is a complex one involving many domains, ranging from the material to the social to the cognitive, both at the individual and the community levels. This article focuses on a critical qualitative transition that took place during this evolution involving both the social and the cognitive domains. For the social domain, the transition is from the face-to-face forms of social interaction and organization that characterize the non-human primates that reached, with Pan, (...)
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  22.  3
    Problems and Solutions: An Ecological View.Warren Thorngate - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):91-102.
    A problem is a difference between what a person has and wants. A solution is anything that reduces the difference. These two simple definitions form the foundation of an ecological perspective on the often-complex, reciprocal relationships among people, their environments and their behaviours—a perspective that mixes causal ideas from psychology with consequential ideas from economics. The present article offers a brief introduction to this perspective and suggests how it might be instantiated by naturalistic observations and content analyses of narratives.
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  23.  6
    The Story of the Pandemic: Navigating Our Way Between Optimism and Pessimism.Rona Unrau - 2020 - Mind and Society 19 (1):1-3.
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