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  1.  7
    Coordinated Cooperation and Increasing Competence.Gerard de Zeeuw - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):114-134.
    In 1948 Van Lohuizen emphasized the importance of cooperation among all parties, and the need to establish continuous links between the scientific, aesthetic, and political dimensions of the planning process, so the necessary knowledge, talent, and insight can be accessed as if combined in one individual, to allow high caliber performance. Similar pleas have been made elsewhere, indicating special kinds of obstacles that affect such performance. In this article these obstacles are identified and interpreted as the result of an ill-match (...)
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  2.  5
    Knowledge and Policy—The Next Step.William N. Dunn, Esther K. Hicks, Andrea M. Hegedus & Wouter van Rossum - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):2-2.
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  3. Knowledge and Policy—The Next Step.William N. Dunn, Esther K. Hicks, Andrea M. Hegedus & Wouter van Rossum - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):2-2.
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  4.  5
    Applying Interdisciplinary Models to Design, Planning, and Policy-Making.Julie Thompson Klein - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):29-55.
    The difficulty of handling complex problems has spawned challenges to the traditional paradigm of technical rationality in design, planning, and policy making. One of the most frequently proposed solutions is an interdisciplinary approach, though few writers have described the operational dynamics of such an approach. A global model of interdisciplinary problem-solving is presented based on the premise that the unity of the interdisciplinary approach derives from the creation of an intermediary process that relies on common language, shared information, a mutual (...)
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  5.  8
    Urban Design as a Research Strategy.Erik Pasveer - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):56-71.
    For a long time, large-scale urbanexpansion has dominated the nature of the urban environment. In our times however, planners are often dealing with maintenance, modification, and redevelopment of urban situations that alreadyexist. Which are the implications of this fundamental change for theories and strategies of urban planning and design?
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  6.  4
    Introduction.W. F. Schut & C. W. van Lohuizen - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):3-5.
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  7. Introduction.W. F. Schut & C. W. van Lohuizen - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):3-5.
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  8.  13
    New Models in Research and Design: New Concepts of Unity in Planning and Policy-Making. [REVIEW]Ron van Eck - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):6-28.
    Van Lohuizen’s ideal of unity, must above all be seen as a challenge to attain the necessary integration of planning, research, and design to meet the requirements of a changing society. Though Van Lohuizen's ideas were influenced strongly by the rational and technical principles of the CIAM, he saw technology as a means to an end in an approach that is primarily based on humans and culture. In the ideas of Van Lohuizen, different dimensions can be traced. New developments in (...)
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  9.  4
    New Models in Research and Design: New Concepts of Unity in Planning and Policy-Making.Ron van Eck - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):6-28.
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  10.  3
    Analysis of the Role of Information in Planning: The Case of Town and Country Planning. [REVIEW]Mathieu C. H. Wagemans - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):72-90.
    The role of information in planning is analyzed, taking a phenomenological view: people act on the basis of the meanings they attach to reality. The analysis framework is borrowed from the knowledge systems approach and domain theory. Within the knowledge system a distinction is made between two domains: the formal domain and the field domain. The central view in this article is that the interpretation frameworks of the actors in both domains are different, hampering effective communication between the two domains. (...)
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  11.  2
    Generic Planning: Research Results and Applications. [REVIEW]John N. Warfield - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (4):91-113.
    Older approaches to planning lack the capacity to be responsive to complexity. A new philosophy supporting a new mode of practice could improve significantly the capacity of society to cope with complexity in design, planning, and policy making. The new philosophy and practice must be generic; in other words, it must be divorced in its philosophy and approach from any particular kind of planning activity. It must emphasize the capacity to enhance the work of groups in designing new conceptual structures (...)
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  12.  1
    Agricultural Policy and Strategic Investment in Information Technology.K. Blokker, S. Bruin, J. Bryden, I. Houseman, C. Okkerse, C. Van der Meer & A. P. Verkaik - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):76-83.
    In this article the perspective shifts to the “upstream” end of the agricultural knowledge and information system (AKIS). Because knowledge policy and strategic decision-making are not the prerogative of the public sector, organizations such as cooperative unions and multinational companies are included. After considering the influence of the changing environment on the nature of the AKIS, the role of knowledge management and policy in the emerging knowledge and information market is examined. Special attention is given to public and private R&D. (...)
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  13.  2
    Agricultural Policy and Strategic Investment in Information Technology.K. Blokker, S. Bruin, J. Bryden, I. Houseman, C. Okkerse, C. Van der Meer & A. P. Verkaik - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):76-83.
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  14.  8
    Knowledge Management in Agriculture: Building Upon Diversity. [REVIEW]Paul G. H. Engel - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):28-35.
    Knowledge increasingly has become a vital resource. Within our communities, institutions, and organizations, practical insights are needed for optimizing its use. Knowledge management needs to become an object of study. This article deals with two issues. First, using both knowledge systems concepts and tools, and insights gained from comparative research, it explores the vital qualities of agricultural knowledge systems. These qualities, like the multiplicity and relative autonomy of the actors, the level of integration reached through linkage mechanisms, and the coordination (...)
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  15.  3
    Moving Forces: External Pressure and the Dynamics of Technology Systems. [REVIEW]David Kaimowitz - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):36-43.
    Knowledge Information Systems (KIS) institutions must receive strong and focused external pressure to function synergetically over sustained periods. This external pressure should be exercised by other elements in the system. Without such pressure, institutions and personnel act to fulfill their own social and political needs more than those of their clients, and their effectiveness is inevitably reduced. This article is concerned with the “moving forces” that instill public agricultural knowledge systems with particular dynamics. The article's objectives are to predict under (...)
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  16.  4
    Knowledge Systems and Public Health.Maria Koelen & Tonny Brouwers - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):50-57.
    The knowledge and information systems (KIS) perspective arose from reflections on agricultural development. In the health sector, it is not quite as common to think in terms of KIS. Yet in this complex field, in which health education and promotion play increasingly important roles, the KIS perspective might be very useful. In this article, the authors attempt to apply ideas about KIS and knowledge management to health, by paying attention to the historical development, especially of public health, and by exploring (...)
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  17.  4
    Improving the Performance of Knowledge and Information Systems.Dick Kuiper - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):3-5.
  18.  4
    Equivocations on Knowledge Systems Theory: An Actor-Oriented Critique. [REVIEW]Cees Leeuwis, Norman Long & Magdalena Villarreal - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):19-27.
    Knowledge systems theory, in our view, tends to obscure rather than illuminate an understanding of the fundamentals of knowledge processes in society. This tendency occurs primarily because both the theory, and the methodologies that are derived from it, fail to recognize that knowledge processes are social processes, and thereby that knowledge itself has to be envisaged as a social construction. As a result of this omission, knowledge systems theory and methodology can only deal poorly with issues of power and social (...)
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  19.  3
    Computers and the Nature of Farm Management.Ulrich Nitsch - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):67-75.
    The introduction of computer-based information systems to be used by farmers, as in many other fields, is preceded mostly by great expectations. Some persons even tend to think that eventually the computer might take over farm management. This article tries to make an assessment of the validity of such expectations. Based upon a study among Swedish farmers, it examines the nature of farmers' decision-making. The latter is based upon an adaptive rationality, as opposed to the normative models of formal rationality (...)
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  20.  4
    Information Technology From a Knowledge System Perspective: Concepts and Issues. [REVIEW]Niels G. Röling & Paul G. H. Engel - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):6-18.
    Studying knowledge utilization and related processes calls for a conceptual framework. We look at the actors that engage in these processes in a specific field of human activity, and the interfaces and linkages between them, as a Knowledge and Information System (KIS). Although this KIS perspective originates from agriculture it also can be applied to other knowledge domains. Evidence gathered shows that for a KIS to be effective the actors (e.g., researchers, extensionalists, and clients) must act synergically. This inspired us (...)
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  21.  5
    Farm-Related Information Use and Users: A Discussion of Some European Videotex Experiences.G. Schiefer, M. Harkin, L.-N. Netter, Q. Scally & M. Wilkinson - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):58-66.
    Current discussions on the utilization of information technologies for agriculture, place emphasis on the collection and processing of information on the farm, through the introduction and use of computers as management support in process control and database management. However, because of farm management's dependency on outside information support for the production control and market engagement, the communication of information and the improvement of its efficiency is of similar, if not greater, importance. This article, therefore, places its main focus on the (...)
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  22.  8
    Knowledge Management and Information Technology in Hendrix Voeders Holland.A. Swinkels & H. J. Veerkamp - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):84-90.
    Turbulent and fast moving markets demand flexible organizations capable of accurate and effective handling of knowledge and information. This article describes some essential parts of this knowledge and information management in Hendrix Voeders Holland, a Dutch feed factory. It concentrates on the Support System, an information technology (IT) application that allows the agricultural advisors to store and retrieve market information in a structured and uniform way, facilitates the information exchange with “headquarters” (e.g., gives the managers access to this information), and (...)
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  23.  8
    Information Technology in Municipal Environmental Policy: Automated Registration, Sure, but What About Expert Systems? [REVIEW]Kris van Koppen & David Goldsborough - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):91-98.
    Dutch municipalities are confronted with an increased number of prescribed environmental tasks and also with a growing demand, both from the central government and environmental pressure groups, to undertake environmental activities on their own initiative. This development over-taxed the information management of most municipalities. In the past few years, computer technology was introduced to relieve part of this pressure (e.g., by automation of registration systems). In this article we present a classification of computer applications for environmental management, investigate their possible (...)
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  24.  1
    Information Technology in Municipal Environmental Policy: Automated Registration, Sure, but What About Expert Systems?Kris van Koppen & David Goldsborough - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):91-98.
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  25.  1
    Environmental Problems and the Use of Information: The Importance of the Policy Context. [REVIEW]Cees van Woerkum & Puk van Meegeren - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):44-49.
    Factual information plays a vital role in public awareness of environmental problems, and in governmental interventions that this awareness provokes. There is a growing need for new information to define and explore these problems, and to allow consequent political decision-making. This article examines the policy process, making a distinction between knowing and deciding. It will become clear that information and policy, both of which arise when a minimal level of problem-consciousness is reached, are the two important prime movers toward a (...)
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  26.  2
    Environmental Problems and the Use of Information: The Importance of the Policy Context.Cees van Woerkum & Puk van Meegeren - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (3):44-49.
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  27.  5
    What Are the Possibilities for Coordinating Education Information Databases?Ted Brandhorst - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):45-57.
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  28.  4
    How Can Studies of Information Consumers Be Used to Improve the Educational Communication System?Paul D. Hood - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):8-25.
  29.  8
    Federal Approaches to Coping with the Knowledge Explosion in Education.Susan S. Klein - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):3-7.
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  30.  7
    How Can the Federal Government Help Education-Related Clearinghouses?Susan S. Klein - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):26-44.
  31.  11
    What is the Appropriate Level of Redundancy in Federally Sponsored Education Dissemination Programs?Barbara Lieb - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):58-68.
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  32.  4
    The Educational Resources Information Center : A System Faces its Future.Robert M. Stonehill - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (2):69-80.
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  33.  4
    Artificial Intelligence and Metaphor Making: Some Philosophic Considerations.Harold D. Carrier - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (1):46-61.
  34.  6
    A Framework for the Conceptualization, Design, and Strategic Management of Planned Change Systems.Christine Moorman, Brian Dondiego Uzzi & Karen Russo France - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (1):21-45.
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  35.  8
    Sociotechnics: Basic Concepts and Issues.Adam Podgorecki - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (1):62-84.
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  36.  4
    Science and Technology Development in the Third World: Competing Policy Perspectives.Muhammad Shahidullah - 1990 - Knowledge in Society 3 (1):3-20.
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