58 found

Year:

  1.  5
    Políticas de comunicación de los gobiernos catalanes en los años del procés independentista.Isabel Fernandez Alonso - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This article systematises and analyses the successive Catalan nationalist governments’ main media policy strategies in the years of the so-called ‘pro-independence process’, which began with a massive separatist demonstration in September 2012 and has since been eclipsed by the COVID-19 pandemic. It highlights four main lines of action: the instrumentalisation of regional public media; the granting of broadcast licences to private firms sympathetic to the cause; clientelism in the transfer of public funds to those private firms; and the mechanisms for (...)
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  2.  3
    ¿Somos tan diferentes? El intervencionismo militar en España, en Reino Unido y Estados Unidos.Roberto Muñoz Bolaños - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The aim of this research is to carry out a comparative study of military interventionism in Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The thesis I defend is that armies intervene when the conditions are created for them to do so. There is no such thing as a dichotomy between interventionist and non-interventionist armies in the political decision-making process.
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  3.  7
    El estado del bienestar español: valoración y perspectivas de futuro.Jorge Calero - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The article aims at describing the Spanish welfare state and assessing its problems and perspectives. The description of its characteristics, based on a comparison with European countries, makes it possible to identify patterns similar to those of other Southern welfare states, with an important subsidiarity with regard to the family and an orientation towards the protection of the older population. Regarding the identification of problems, two technical problems are highlighted in the article. First, those related to sensitivity to economic crises, (...)
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  4.  5
    España ante la Revolución Industrial 4.0: mercado laboral y formación.Alvaro Choi - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The process of robotization and the introduction of artificial intelligence which are linked to the 4.0 Industrial Revolution imply economic and social changes. This article analyzes its implications for the Spanish labor market, discussing the existence of possible imbalances, present or future, between the supply and demand of workers. For this reason this study assesses, on the one hand, the recent evolution of the Spanish productive structure and, on the other, the labor supply. More specifically, special attention is paid to (...)
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  5.  3
    Modernización de las Fuerzas Armadas durante el reinado de Juan Carlos I.Fernando Puell de la Villa - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The main objective of the article will be to consider and analyze the process of modernization of the Armed Forces in the last decades of the twentieth century, as well as to highlight the obligatory interdependence between it and the changing political-social and international environment. To this end, attention will be paid to the four main milestones of this process: reorganization of the Spanish defence superstructure; reform of the organization of the armed forces and review of the functions entrusted to (...)
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  6.  3
    'Los cuatro estadios’, una teoría ilustrada de la evolución social con precedente hispano.Fermín Del Pino Díaz - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The theory of the four stages happens to be a conjectural history with which the evolutionary interpretation of the process of civilization began, especially dynamic in the Scottish Enlightenment. The incidence in England and France of the work of the Jesuit J. de Acosta up to the English and Scottish Enlightenment is addressed, paying special attention first to the English translation by E. Grimstone, based on the French version by R. Regnault. Likewise, the use of Acosta is examined in detail (...)
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  7.  5
    La doble normatividad de la Constitución de 1978: la Transición como momento evolutivo del ser social español.Eloy García - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    In this article there is a criticism of the thesis that defines the Spanish political transition as a successful attempt to put an end to the "law of the pendulum" that had been governing our constitutional history. On the one hand, this thesis underestimates the conditions of the Spanish situation of 1978, marked by the transit between two worlds, the modern one that inherited and the emerging postmodern, which would become an unquestionable reality from 1989. In addition, the Spanish Constitution (...)
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  8.  6
    Natione Hispanus. Sobre la identificación de los hispanos en el Imperio Romano.Pablo Ozcáriz Gil - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The aim of this article is to highlight the fact that Rome was the responsible for naming with the word Hispania the geographical area that has the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean, Atlantic and Cantabrian coasts as its established borders. It was equally responsible for giving the word an identity of its own. This is the same term that evolved over time in so many historical, administrative, political and cultural contexts and ended up denominating present-day Spain. Its local inhabitants assimilated the (...)
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  9.  4
    Hernán Cortés y su relación epistolar con Carlos V: el fiel vasallo "al servicio de Su Majestad".Guadalupe Gómez-Aguado - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Hernán Cortés, the conquistador of Mexico, conquered Mesoamerican territories between 1519 and 1525. Over the course of those years he maintained an intense epistolary exchange with the Emperor Charles V, to whom he wrote his Cartas de relación and many other letters and memories. In return, the emperor rewarded Cortés with vassals, titles and honors. However, as time passed, when Cortés established his home in the New Spain, the epistolary exchange, which was so fruitful at the beginning, in the end (...)
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  10.  5
    El trienio antisistema (2015-2017) del nacionalismo catalán.David Ortega Gutiérrez - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This article studies the main actions of the three years of the Catalan government and parliament that culminated in the unilateral declaration of independence on October 27th, 2017. We mainly focus on the following issues: the so-called right to decide; the international and European Union support for the Catalan secessionist project; their economic viability ; the legal, social and democratic framework breakdown in Catalonia and some of the informational battle about the secessionist project.
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  11.  4
    El rol de la cultura en la diplomacia iberoamericana. Análisis de las Declaraciones de las Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno.Ian Henríquez - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This work discusses the role of culture in diplomacy. Dialogue is indispensable for diplomacy, which, in order to be fruitful, cannot do without culture. In the case of Ibero-America, culture is shown as a clear opportunity for stable bonding and lasting peace. What has been the role assigned to culture at the Ibero-American Summits of Heads of State and Government? To answer this question, the research method we have followed has been threefold: bibliographic sources, expert interviews and text analysis of (...)
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  12.  4
    Clara Campoamor: una republicana y feminista auténtica.Alberto G. Ibáñez - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Although Clara Campoamor is not a stranger, until very recent times her figure has not begun to receive the attention she deserves. This article analyzes, in an objective and balanced way, the most controversial aspects of her biography, deepening both her personal and doctrinal contribution to feminism, as well as her role as chronicler of the beginning of the Popular Front, the military uprising and the first months of the rearguard on the front lines in Madrid. The last section summarizes (...)
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  13.  5
    De Curia a Cortes bajo el reinado de Fernando III de Castilla y León (1217-1552): el ordenamiento de Sevilla de 1250.Félix Martínez Llorente - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The reign of Ferdinand III of Castile and León constitutes a period of transition between the old royal curiae of the early and high Middle Ages into the Cortes of the late medieval period when the institution will fully develop. Throughout this work we approach the study of the juridical and institutional transformation of the old royal curiae from the second half of the twelfth century, as well as the evidence revealed about this process in the reign of Ferdinand III, (...)
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  14.  4
    Populismo en España: Fundamentos Teóricos y Relatos Dominantes.José Javier Olivas Osuna - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Populism has become one of the most worrying political phenomena, and given its complexity, one of the most controversial and debated today in social sciences. This article deconstructs and compares the discourses of the Spanish parties that are generally classified as populist —the left-leaning Podemos, the right-wing Vox and the Basque and Catalan secessionist parties EH Bildu, Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya and Junts per Catalunya— according to five dimensions of populism: i) antagonism, ii) morality, iii) idealised construction of society, iv) (...)
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  15.  3
    La imagen de España.Stanley G. Payne - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    The image of any country is twofold, the one formed by the natives and the one created and cultivated by foreigners. This essay studies the different visions that have existed of Spain from the Middle Ages to the present day.
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  16.  4
    España y la Nueva España en la obra de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz.Sara Poot-Herrera - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Through a historical and documentary analysis, I investigate the possible perceptions and influences that Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz could have had by her exposure to the incipient cultural and social movements at the time of the viceroyalty in New Spain. Throughout her work, she refers to Spain and New Spain. From the first, she collects the literary tradition and transforms it, dedicates poems to the representatives of the monarchy and recognizes her own Spanish heritage; from the second, she (...)
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  17.  6
    La nación española en la transición política a la democracia: recuperemos la memoria y el auténtico relato de la transición.Carlos Vidal Prado - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This paper attempts to combat the false narrative about the Spanish transition to democracy that some sectors are trying to impose. To this end, the role played by Spanish society stands out, which was the one that drove the change, which could materialize thanks to a political class that knew how to channel what the citizens wanted. Two of the main milestones of the transition are analysed in detail: the drafting of the Political Reform Act of 1976 and the configuration (...)
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  18.  3
    La desvinculación de la izquierda española del concepto de Nación.Raúl Ramírez Ruiz - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Today the definition of Spain as a national, historical and sovereign entity is in crisis. This situation has been reached because the Spanish left has assumed as its own many of the ideas about the concept of the Spanish nation of peripheral nationalisms. In this article we try to discover the causes of this identification through the study of the propaganda texts that the opposition to the Franco regime had on the national concept, rescued in the rulings of the Public (...)
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  19.  5
    Nacional-liberalismo: la legitimación del franquismo entre capitalismo tardío y guerra fría.Juan Carlos Sales - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Since at least 1945, the Franco regime conditioned its existence on the ability to adapt to the demands of the postwar Western world, in various political and social aspects. The most visible changes in the Franco regime were both the progressive disappearance of purely fascist elements and the assumption of a Catholic and anti–communist role that made the face of the Regime more affable, which corresponded to a rapprochement with the recent American ally. However, these transformations must be seen in (...)
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  20.  6
    Tres décadas de relaciones entre América Latina y España (1990-2020): Síntesis de las fortalezas y debilidades generadas. Propuestas de acción a futuro. [REVIEW]Iván González Sarro & Pedro Pérez Herrero - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This text analyzes the economic and political relations that existed between Latin America and Spain during the period 1990-2020. It is highlighted that, since the 1990s, once Spain joined the European Economic Community in 1986, economic and political relations between Spain and Latin America intensified and deepened, at the same time as the lines of the actions were changing depending on the imprints of the different Spanish governments and the changes in Latin America and on the international scene. In the (...)
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  21.  6
    Los Naufragios (1542) de Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: España y los albores de la legalidad internacional.Carlos Conde Solares - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    In this article I contextualise Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca’s Shipwrecks within the framework of the moral and political debates that were prevalent in Spain in the late 1530s, when the explorer redacted his chronicle. Cabeza de Vaca’s ideas are not just a product of his extraordinary American experience. Shipwrecks also reflects official ethical policies of the Spanish Empire with which he was familiar. These were being shaped by authors such as Francisco de Vitoria, whose Relectio prior de Indis recenter (...)
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  22.  6
    La “adolescencia” de la España moderna: economía y política.Gabriel Tortella - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    Para España y para varios otros países importantes, como Rusia, China, Italia, Portugal, Grecia y México, el período de adolescencia fue el siglo XX, y vino acompañado de grandes crisis políticas y económicas: una gran depresión, un destronamiento, una guerra civil y dos dictaduras, una de ellas, la de Franco, de 36 años. Pero cosas parecidas ocurrieron en los otros países mencionados, _mutatis mutandis_. El autor de este artículo es de los que piensan que entre los muchos usos de la (...)
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  23.  5
    “Un mismo cuerpo y una misma nación”: lealtad y fidelidad a España. Nueva Granada, 1813-1816.Patricia Cardona Zuluaga - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (47).
    This article explores the situation faced by the so-called royalists during the Independence in New Granada and their language of love and subordination to the king, through which they ratified their membership in the Spanish political community, even having been born in America. The king was not a distant symbol, he was a presence felt and lived by his American vassals. The wars of Independence did not confront, as traditional historiography has argued, Creoles and peninsular people, but members of the (...)
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  24.  2
    Introducción a Il Principe.Lord Acton & Montserrat Ginés - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Burd se ha propuesto redimir nuestra tradicional inferioridad en los estudios maquiavélicos, y creo que quedará patente que ha dado una explicación mucho más satisfactoria de El príncipe que la que cualquier país poseyera con anterioridad. Su edición comentada proporciona todas las respuestas a un conocido problema de la historia de Italia y de la literatura política. En realidad, el antiguo problema ha dejado de existir, y ningún lector de este volumen continuará preguntándose cómo un hombre tan inteligente y razonable (...)
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  25.  2
    La CIA y los problemas de la guerrilla urbana.Miguel Madueño Álvarez & José Manuel Azcona Pastor - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The Cold War, extended from the popularization of its name in 1947 to the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, functioned a bipolar order in which the White House and the Kremlin set the pace of events. In accordance with the decentralization of the axis of the shock [1], both superpowers chose to avoid direct confrontation and based their strategy on a kind of tactical movements carried out by third parties. The direct consequence was the creation of a breeding (...)
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  26.  2
    La concepción relacional de la justicia y los límites de las reivindicaciones legítimas: la cooperación, la reciprocidad y la interacción.Francisco Blanco Brotons - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Desde una concepción relacional de la justicia de inspiración rawlsiana, las ideas de la cooperación, la reciprocidad y la interacción han sido propuestas para interpretar el fundamento de las reivindicaciones legítimas de justicia distributiva y para restringir su ámbito de aplicación a sociedades políticas o Estados particulares. En este artículo se analizan los principales intentos de justificar esta restricción y se argumentará en contra de ellos. Se finalizará con la presentación de otra forma de interpretar la concepción relacional de la (...)
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  27.  2
    Deliberación, deferencia y Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos. El caso Gelman vs Uruguay.José María Sauca Cano - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The Gelman case entails the conviction of Uruguay for violation of the rights to recognition of legal personality, to life, to personal integrity and to personal liberty; to the family, to the name, to the rights of children and to nationality, to the protection of the family, to judicial guarantees and judicial protection and has failed to comply with the obligation to adapt its domestic law to the American Convention on Human Rights. Protected by the democratic legitimacy of the referendums (...)
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  28.  4
    Una larga escala de jerarquía y diferencia de valor entre hombre y hombre.Manuel Barrios Casares - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    After reviewing the historical fortune of Nietzsche as a political thinker, it is discussed what aspects of his philosophy can be most useful for the deployment of a pluralist democracy, in the sense of political agonism claimed today by some of his interpreters. But the reasons why an articulation of democracy and aristocratic culture is coagulated in his philosophy are also pointed out. For this, the question of the agon in Nietzsche is approached and its discrepancy with the Schmittian idea (...)
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  29.  2
    Enfermedades priónicas: historia, diversidad e importancia socioeconómica como paradigma de las Enfermedades Raras.Jorge M. Charco, Tomás Barrio & Hasier Eraña - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Rare disease are those pathologies that affect a reduced proportion of the population. For this reason, the research on their causes and mechanisms, which is essential to find a way to treat or prevent them, is insufficient. This causes that the patients report a lack of coverage by the health system and the social discrimination that suffering one of these pathologies entails. Among rare diseases, we find the so-called prion diseases or transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. Although they are relatively well-known due (...)
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  30.  1
    Condicionantes biosociales de las enfermedades no diagnosticadas.Juan R. Coca, Juan Antonio Roche Cárcel & Juan Antonio Rodríguez Sánchez - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    In this research work we approach to the knowledge of undiagnosed diseases. These diseases are framed within the so-called rare diseases, because they are not frequent. They generate a series of conditions in the lives of the affected people and in their social relationships. This is the result of the semiotic break between the biological and the social code. This situation can force people with these diseases to be out of the social structure, and they also can be reduced their (...)
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  31.  2
    Comprendiendo las enfermedades raras. Educación y humanismo en la sociedad actual.Anabel Paramá Díaz - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The Man is a relational being influenced by the environment and by others. A relationship that can be positive since it allows dialogue, fraternity, affection and care or negative, because it can generate overprotection, destruction and even violence. In this sense, in this work we will delve into the understanding of precisely what is different. For this, we will focus on the case of rare diseases and the mechanisms to minimize the exclusion processes suffered by this group of people, the (...)
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  32.  2
    Olhares feministas sobre o Direito e o TEDH: o caso Carvalho Pinto de Sousa Morais v. Portugal.Madalena Duarte - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Feminist Jurisprudence have challenged the Law in a very relevant way, viewing it as a way of reproducing sexual and gender inequalities. In this paper, starting from the reflection on a specific case and the respective decisions of the portuguese courts and the European Court of Human Rights, I seek to analyse - in a space and time in which the national and international normative legal frameworks claim to be promoters of gender equality - the achievements that Law has effectively (...)
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  33.  2
    Itinerarios lúdicos: del juego medieval al ludocapitalismo digital.Juan Escourido - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    El juego es hoy la forma que explica y hace concebible, entre otros fenómenos, la subjetividad, la economía, la política, el amor, la guerra y el trabajo, reemplazando mediaciones previas como la poesía, el teatro, la fotografía, la novela y el cine. Sin embargo, carecemos de una genealogía. Así como existen historias de juegos particulares y de otras formas artísticas, la historia del juego suele quedar reducida al sumario del libro de Johan Huizinga, Homo Ludens, y de sus epígonos. A (...)
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  34.  3
    Grupos vulnerables y margen de apreciación nacional.Jaime Gajardo Falcón - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Since the judgment of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in the “case of Dominican and Haitian people with the Dominican Republic” it has been discussed with greater intensity if the Inter-American Court should begin to use the doctrine of the margin of appreciation in the inter-American space. At this address writers write about the authority and legitimacy of the Inter-American Court - and international courts in general - to resolve difficult cases and condemn states for violation of human rights (...)
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  35.  3
    Nietzsche: por una política del individuo.Maria Cristina Fornari - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Although Nietzsche never formulated an actual political theory, his critique of modernity and his search for alternative solutions to raise the 'human type' are certainly part of a “große Politik” project, which, however, belongs more to the realm of philosophy and culture than to that of a science of government. In opposition to homologating organisations - political, economic, moral - that have robbed man of his most peculiar energies, Nietzsche works for the promotion of a strong individuality that alone can (...)
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  36.  2
    El sistema iberoamericano y los derechos humanos: una atmósfera favorable en el quehacer de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.Elena C. Díaz Galán - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The Ibero-American Conference is a forum for dialogue, consultation and cooperation in which the observance of human rights is an essential principle. These rights are an area of action of the Ibero-American system. The instruments adopted by the Conference and other Ibero-American instances provide political and legal indications in the field of human rights that must be developed through initiatives, actions, programmes and agendas of cooperation. Social rights deserve special attention at the Ibero-American Summits. All this should have an influence (...)
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  37.  2
    La confrontación partidista española a propósito de América Latina.Joan del Alcázar Garrido & Indira Betancourt López - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    América Latina ha sido desde siempre objeto de controversia en España, aunque últimamente con mayor intensidad se ha convertido en materia de utilización partidista, especialmente por parte de un bloque conservador que se esfuerza en convertir hechos y procesos latinoamericanos en elementos de confrontación política interna española. También las izquierdas hispanas tienen presente a América latina en su acción política, y padecen una elevada desinformación, mientras mantienen clichés de otra época. El artículo atiende a tres casos en la confrontación derecha/izquierda (...)
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  38.  1
    Teorías de la justicia y tribunales internacionales de derechos humanos: introducción.Carmen Pérez González & Isabel Wences - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    El presente monográfico recoge trabajos en torno al tema que da título al mismo: “Teorías de la justicia y tribunales internacionales de derechos humanos”. Dos son las consideraciones que, de entrada, deben hacerse sobre el mismo.
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  39.  1
    Nietzsche y el posthumanismo.Vanessa Lemm - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    In Beyond Good and Evil, Nietzsche envisages the naturalisation of the human being, its retranslation back into nature, as a liberating experience where the human being rediscovers nature as a creative and transformative force that the human being embodies. For Nietzsche, the question of the future of the human being is contingent on whether the human being is capable of re-embodying nature. Human nature for Nietzsche is not a given of the body, something that belongs to the human being per (...)
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  40.  1
    Auge y Declive de la “Democracia Ateniense” a través del Teatro Griego.Enrique Herrreras Maldonado - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    La idea nuclear de este artículo consiste en la consideración de que el teatro griego tiene una gran importancia para comprender el auge y el declive de la democracia ateniense. La base de esta tesis estriba en que el escenario participa en el discurso democrático mediante el uso del diálogo y el debate, y en él se esbozan conflictos de calado político que tienen un carácter claramente democrático. Son dichos conflictos los que iremos vislumbrando en este trabajo, sin dejar de (...)
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  41.  1
    El gobierno en tiempos tempestuosos. Escenas de la democracia ateniense y su relación con la crisis.Claudia Marsico - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    El presente trabajo está orientado al análisis de la relación entre democracia y crisis prestando atención a los antecedentes ajenos al contexto griego y el desarrollo del caso ateniense. Sobre esa base, se revisan dos tipos de fricción con otros modelos políticos. Por un lado, los elementos de tensión con la aristocracia, a través del testimonio de Tucídides y del Viejo Oligarca, y con los gobiernos unipersonales, a través del Hierón de Jenofonte, a los efectos de evaluar el papel de (...)
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  42.  2
    La importancia de los registros de pacientes con Enfermedades Raras de la visión para la investigación en ciencias sociales.Mª Teresa del Álamo Martín - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The purpose of this article has been to show what social sciences can contribute to advance in the knowledge and understanding of personal and social problems derived from suffering from rare vision diseases. It concludes that the incorporation of data in the National Patient Registries is an opportunity to encourage research into the problems existing in our social and cultural context, in the search for solutions that will lead to improvements in treatment, health care, psycho-social care, education, employment, etc. and (...)
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  43.  2
    La función ético-política de la autobiografía femenina renacentista: el caso del Libro de la vida de santa Teresa de Jesús.Patricia Fernández Martín - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Con el objetivo de demostrar que el sistema de control masculino renacentista tenía grietas de las que algunas mujeres eran plenamente conscientes, efectuamos un análisis del teresiano Libro de la vida a partir de los principales conceptos de la antropología filosófica clásica, asumiendo que una de las herramientas femeninas de expansión política es la publicación de una autobiografía en la que se explica no sólo cómo es el mundo sino también cómo debería ser. Así, se defiende que este libro de (...)
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  44.  2
    Reseña del libro de Carlos Kohn Wacher.Miguel Ángel Martínez-Meucci - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Through the book reviewed, and despite the unique peculiarities of Arendt's thought, Carlos Kohn explains the reasons why it could be considered as a fundamental element of civic republicanism and radical/agonistic democracy. From this position, not only is the presumably superior dignity of the public space proclaimed with respect to the private one, but also a clear opposition to the liberal doctrine would be raised, which appeals to the individual as "subject of instrumental reason" and as "object of social and (...)
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  45.  3
    “Se ha de armar siempre a los fuertes contra los débiles”. La crítica de Nietzsche a la democracia.Scarlett Marton - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Se trata de discutir las críticas que este pensador francamente antidemocrático hace a la democracia, cuestionando y evaluando los argumentos que emplea para ello. Primero se pretende aclarar sus reflexiones sobre la modernidad y la decadencia, para comprender las razones que lo llevan a asociar el movimiento democrático con las llamadas “ideas modernas”. Después, centrando el análisis en la idea de igualdad, se examinan las consecuencias de su posición a favor del aristocratismo.
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  46.  2
    Renters Rising! Extending the Analysis of Housing Activism in Europe to the UK.Andrew Mathers - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The material effects of austerity in the UK have generated a resurgence of activist initiatives in the field of housing central to which is ACORN that has developed into a federated organisation contesting housing practices and policies at both local and national levels. ACORN is used to expand the examination of housing activism in Europe beyond the cases in Spain and Germany to the United Kingdom. This article also utilises the qualitative methodology of a comparative case study and the framework (...)
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  47.  2
    Política del poder y política de la grandeza: el antiigualitarismo de Nietzsche.Diego Sanchez Meca - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The peculiarity of the Nietschean notion of the will to power is his definition as an activity of continuous opposition of forces by which the living organizes itself in relations of dominance and obedience, trying not only to preserve itself but, above all, to overcome itself. This is the very politics of life that governs the processes of individuation, the conquest of freedom and cultural creativity that makes us advance and rise to higher forms of existence. This article tries to (...)
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  48.  1
    Perspectivas de Liberdade e Igualdade na “Revolução” Baiana de 1798.Ricardo Antonio Souza Mendes - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Um dos movimentos sociais antimetropolitanos de maior pluralidade social ao longo do período colonial, a Conjuração Baiana de 1798 caracterizou-se pela diversidade de concepções em torno das ideias de Liberdade e Igualdade. A abordagem do movimento aponta para a eficácia com que as elites coloniais canalizaram as contradições internas à sociedade baiana na direção de um antagonismo que colocava as causas de todos os males no domínio português. Analisando documentos elaborados ou difundidos pelos participantes - tais como as Décimas à (...)
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  49.  1
    Islamismo, yihadismo y extrema izquierda en América Latina. ¿Hacia una teoría y una práctica islamizadas de la revolución?Pedro Rivas Nieto & Pablo Rey García - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Este artículo estudia la hipotética penetración del islamismo –vertiente degradada del Islam- en algunos sectores de la extrema izquierda en Latinoamérica y reflexiona sobre su habilidad para desarrollar tanto una teoría como una práctica islamizadas de la revolución. El objetivo de esto es indagar en un aspecto inusual de la seguridad, el factor ideológico, habitualmente soslayado por preferirse los elementos estratégicos y tácticos. Para ello primero se investigan someramente algunos cambios del terrorismo ligados al islamismo en Latinoamérica. Después se analiza (...)
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  50.  2
    Las ideas políticas en el Renacimiento.Alejo Perino - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    James Hankins is one of the most important specialists in the history of Renaissance humanists' political thought. His book on Renaissance Platonism is a mandatory reference for studies on the time, as well as his articles on Leonardo Bruni and “civic humanism.” In this recent book, he brings together the work of many years. It consists of twenty-one chapters and three appendices. The first two are translations of Latin texts into English. The first of these is a passage from Petrarch's (...)
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  51.  2
    Fraternidad política y enfermedades raras.Angel Puyol - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Rare diseases generally receive less funding for their medical research and treatments than other diseases. Apart from well-known scientific and economic explanations, there are two major ethical positions regarding this fact, the one that approves it for reasons of utilitarian ethics, and the one that condemns it by insisting on egalitarian and individual rights reasons. In this article, I analyse the problems of both types of moral justification, and propose an ethical alternative based on the idea of political fraternity that, (...)
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  52.  1
    El derecho a la libertad religiosa en los sistemas regionales de protección de derechos humanos de Europa y América.Ruth Martinón Quintero - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The right to religious freedom has been approached with different intensity by the European Court of Human Rights and by the protective institutions of the Inter-American System, the Commission and the Court. However, the differences between the two protective spheres of human rights are not only quantitative, because they respond to different historical, political and social realities. Even so, there are also meeting points in the titular and obligated subjects, in the outline of their content and in their limits. The (...)
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  53.  6
    Democracia y Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos: participación, oposición y acceso a la justicia.Alejandro Sahuí - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The paper proposes a guide to understand the idea of democracy that underlies the Inter-American Human Rights System. Based on the notion of polyarchy from Robert Dahl it highlights the principles of participation and opposition. Both reveal the egalitarian and liberal ascendancy of democracy that should orient the interpretive activity of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, independently it refers to cases related with political rights. The main purpose is to make visible the inescapable public-political role of the courts. This (...)
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  54.  1
    El Ecuador después de Correa (d.C.). Una lectura mesiánica del correísmo.Carlos De Domingo Soler - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    El presente texto plantea la lectura del gobierno de Rafael Correa a partir del concepto de “mesianismo” de Giorgio Agamben, aludiendo a su significación en el contexto de la democracia ecuatoriana y la configuración política de la última década. Partiendo de la teología política y la representación cristológica de la teología de la liberación, estableceremos sucintamente la relación entre ciertos hechos transcurridos durante el correísmo y determinados episodios bíblicos. Para ello, nos serviremos de lo que aquí denomino “juego de identificaciones”, (...)
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  55.  5
    Antropocentrismo y ecocentrismo en la jurisprudencia de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.Digno Montalván Zambrano - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    The article analyzes the presence of the anthropocentric and ecocentric argument in the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights related to environmental issues. To this effect, at first, it presents the content of these two approaches, explaining their contributions and limitations. With this theoretical framework, identifies four stages in the Court's jurisprudence, which show the gradual transition from anthropocentrism to ecocentrism within its reflections on human rights. Finally, the results of the analysis offer light on the possible development (...)
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  56.  2
    El laberinto discursivo nacionalista: bandos e identidades, ideas y creencias.Martín Alonso Zarza - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    “El Árbol de Gernika es símbolo del bienestar de nuestro pueblo: no de ningún otro. Ni dentro de nuestro solar puede coexistir con ningún otro árbol”, escribía Sabino Arana en Euzkadi en septiembre de 1901. Esta concepción aranista del “nosaltres sols!” es el suelo interpretativo de la cosmovisión vasca, también de su historia negra de violencia. “No hay lugar en el mismo espacio geográfico para dos violencias legítimas, para dos soberanías, y el espacio geográfico de Euskal Herria es vasco por (...)
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  57.  3
    La invención de los dioses en el ateísmo ilustrado: la Lettre de Thrasybule à Leucippe.Natalia Lorena Zorrilla - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    Este artículo tiene como objetivo examinar la problemática del surgimiento del culto a los dioses en la Lettre de Thrasybule à Leucippe, manuscrito clandestino atribuido a Nicolás Fréret. Analizamos los distintos estratos del ateísmo que expresa allí Trasíbulo, el ficticio autor de la carta. Reconstruimos y examinamos el proceso mediante el cual, según Trasíbulo, la humanidad originaria habría creado las deidades e instituido rituales de adoración de estas. Nos proponemos mostrar que si bien tal proceso comporta cierto pesimismo acerca del (...)
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  58.  4
    The Image of The Inter-American Court of Human Rights as an Agent of Democratic Transformation: A Tool of Self-Validation.Natalia Torres Zúñiga - 2021 - Araucaria 23 (46).
    This paper provides a critical analysis of the premises and arguments put forward by the Ius Constitutionale Commune en America Latina project to ground the image of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights as an agent of democratic transformation. It highlights three critical aspects: 1. the profile of the Court is constructed by legal scholars relying on self-validation and self-referentiality, 2. that image validates the idea that lawyers and the judiciary are agents of transformation ruling over local spaces from above, (...)
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