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  1.  6
    The Disconnect Problem, Scientific Authority, and Climate Policy.Matthew J. Brown & Joyce C. Havstad - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (1):67-94.
    In this paper, we diagnose and explore one instance of a general phenomenon that we hereby dub “the disconnect problem.” Instances of the disconnect problem arise wherever there is ongoing and severe discordance between the scientific assessment of a politically relevant issue, and the politics and legislation of said issue. Because the disconnect problem involves significant conceptual, epistemic, and ethical discord, it is an especially relevant problem for socially responsible philosophers of science. Here, we focus on the disconnect problem as (...)
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  2. Trust Without Shared Belief: Pluralist Realism and Polar Bear Conservation.Jennifer Jill Fellows - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (1):36-66.
    Trust in an epistemic context is often understood in terms of shared beliefs. That is, if I trust you with regards to the knowledge claims you are making, then I accept and believe your knowledge claims as true. This model of trust building appears problematic for those who hold pluralist realism1 to be a conceptual possibility because the strength of pluralist accounts is often thought to be in the divergence of opinion, not the convergence on a shared belief. Thus, if (...)
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  3.  1
    A Social Epistemological Inquiry Into Biases in Journal Peer Review.Jukola Saana - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (1):124-148.
    Journal peer review is an essential part of academic practices.1 But how well does it serve its purpose and which factors have an influence on how close it comes to achieving its aims? Peer review has been widely discussed in empirical literature: it has been studied both qualitatively and quantitatively (e.g., by Cole, who in his 1992 book uses data on how grant applications submitted to National Science Foundation were...
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  4.  2
    Rethinking Sylva Sylvarum: Francis Bacon’s Use of Giambattista Della Porta’s Magia Naturalis.Doina-Cristina Rusu - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (1):1-35.
    The study of vegetables represents one of the main topics in Bacon’s Sylva sylvarum. Not only in quantitative terms, because plants occupy about a third of the entire book, but the centuries on plants are among the most structured, and this reveals Bacon’s particular interest for the topic. The key to understanding Bacon’s interest can be found in both his Sylva sylvarum and the Historia vitae et mortis, where Bacon explains how the results of studying certain processes in plants can (...)
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  5. An Internal Answer to the Experimenters’ Regress Through the Analysis of the Semantics of Experimental Results and Their Representational Content.Romina Zuppone - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (1):95-123.
    Despite the fact that reproduction of experiments by peers has traditionally been regarded as of the utmost importance in enabling the intersubjectivity of scientific practice, reproductions may yield discordant results and deciding which result should be favored may not be an easy task. According to Harry Collins, experimental disagreement is resolved by the action of social, political and economic factors, but not by means of epistemic and scientific, or so-called internal reasons. His motivation for such a claim is the presence (...)
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