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  1. Interest and Meaning.Marco Cruciani - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):24-41.
    The problem of determining intended meaning is a key topic in the study of linguistic processes. This paper attempts to answer the question: how do agents involved in a linguistic controversy determine the intended meaning of a sentence? The main thesis of the paper is that the determination of meaning is driven by agents’ situational interests. The process is analyzed in two phases , and the thesis is respectively declined in two hypotheses. The first is that an agent’s situational interest (...)
     
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    Metaphor Between Embodiment and Imaginative Processes.Tiziana Giudice - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):42-57.
    In this paper I will analyse the relationship between metaphor and imagination. This issue has been recently studied by cognitive linguists who appreciate its importance, while other semantic perspectives neglect it. I will analyse the thesis which affirms that metaphors are based on cognitive components which are not logical-propositional but imaginative: the “image schemata” are recurrent models of corporeal experiences, centres of knowledge organization which structure – in a non-propositional form – an amount of salient information. This information emerges from (...)
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  3.  33
    Language and Embodiment.Claudia Scorolli & Anna Borghi - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):7-23.
    The paper focuses on the embodied view of cognition applied to language. First we discuss what we intend when we say that concepts are “embodied”. Then we briefly explain the notion of simulation, addressing also its neuro-physiological basis. In the main part of the paper we will focus on concepts mediated by language, presenting behavioral and neuro-physiological evidence of the action/perception systems activation during words and sentences comprehension.
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  4. Awareness as Confidence.Erin Shaver, Brian Maniscalco & Hakwan Lau - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):58-65.
    Lesion to the primary visual area in the brain abolishes visual awareness. And yet, patients with such lesions can perform forced-choice visual detection or discrimination tasks better than chance. In performing these tasks, however, they claim that they are only guessing, that is they have little confidence that they are correct. This paper considers whether this reported lack of confidence could help us to characterize the apparent lack of visual awareness. In other words, do confidence and awareness always go together? (...)
     
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  5. The Fictional and the Real: The Dennettian Self.Gary Shipley - 2008 - Anthropology and Philosophy 9 (1-2):66-80.
    Daniel C. Dennett claims that the self is nothing more than a fiction of the brain, an abstraction that has been promoted by evolutionary processes as a result of its biological and social beneficence. While concurring with Dennett with regard to simple selves, I argue for the existence of indeterminate and functional selves, and propose that such selves come about as a direct result of our believing in the reality of simple and thus fictional selves. In addition to this I (...)
     
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