36 found

Year:

  1.  5
    Unreasonable Cartesian Doubt.David Alexander - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):503-522.
    In this paper I argue that Cartesian skepticism about the external world is self-defeating. The Cartesian skeptic holds that we are not justified in believing claims about the external world on the grounds that we cannot rule out the possibility of our being in a radical skeptical scenario. My argument against this position builds upon a critique of Wilson in Analysis, 72, 668–673. Wilson argues that the Cartesian’s skeptical reasoning commits him to mental state skepticism and that this undermines his (...)
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  2.  2
    Intuition-Talk: Virus or Virtue?James Andow - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):523-531.
    The word ‘intuition’ is used frequently both in philosophy and in discussions about philosophical methods. It has been argued that this intuition-talk makes no semantic contribution and that intuition-talk is thus a bad habit that ought to be abandoned. I urge caution in making this inference. There are many pragmatic roles intuition-talk might play. Moreover, according to one plausible story, there is reason to think intuition-talk is actually a good habit for philosophers to have.
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  3.  4
    Toleration and Pragmatism: Themes From The Work of John Horton.Sorin Baiasu - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):397-413.
    John Horton’s work has been particularly influential in debates on specific topics related to toleration, political obligation, modus vivendi and political realism. More recently, he has synthesised these views in the form of a distinctive position in political philosophy, a position that has the potential to question much of the received wisdom in the field. The papers of this special issue engage with some of the most fundamental issues of Horton’s account, more exactly, the related issues of toleration and modus (...)
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  4.  1
    On the Arguments for Indirect Speech Acts.Rod Bertolet - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):533-540.
    The usual treatment of a dinner table utterance of ‘Can you pass the salt?’ is that it involves an indirect request to pass the salt as well as a direct question about the hearer’s ability to do so: an indirect speech act. These are held to involve two illocutionary forces and two illocutionary acts. Rod Bertolet has raised doubts about whether consideration of such examples warrants the postulation of indirect speech acts and illocutionary forces other than the literal ones. In (...)
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  5.  12
    Time Travel, Double Occupancy, and The Cheshire Cat.John W. Carroll, Daniel Ellis & Brandon Moore - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):541-549.
    The possibility of continuous backwards time travel—time travel for which the traveler follows a continuous path through space between departure and arrival—gives rise to the double-occupancy problem. The trouble is that the time traveler seems bound to have to travel through his or her younger self as the trip begins. Dowe and Le Poidevin agree that this problem is solved by putting the traveler in motion for a gradual trip to the past. Le Poidevin goes on to argue, however, that (...)
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  6.  24
    On Young’s Version of the Principle of Alternate Possibilities.Daniel Coren - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):585-594.
    Harry Frankfurt (1969) famously gave cases in which an agent lacks alternate possibilities and yet seems morally responsible. Such cases purportedly falsify the Principle of Alternate Possibilities, which states that the ability to do otherwise is necessary for moral responsibility. There is an enormous body of literature debating whether or not Frankfurt cases and their variants do in fact falsify PAP. In order to sidestep Frankfurt cases altogether, Garry Young (2016) argues for a different version of PAP, namely, PAP, on (...)
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  7.  8
    What We Really Think About Knowledge: It’s a Mental State.Tess Dewhurst - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):595-605.
    The intuition that knowledge is more valuable than true belief generates the value problem in epistemology. The aim in this paper is to focus on the intuitive notion of knowledge itself, in the context of the value problem, and to attempt to bring out just what it is that we intuitively judge to be valuable. It seems to me that the value problem brings to the fore certain commitments we have to the intuitive notion of knowledge, which, if we take (...)
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  8.  9
    Toleration and its Paradoxes: A Tribute to John Horton.Rainer Forst - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):415-424.
    This paper discusses John Horton’s influential theory of toleration. Starting from his analysis of the paradoxes of toleration, I argue that the avoidance of these paradoxes requires a moral justification of toleration based on practical reason. I cite the conception of toleration that Pierre Bayle developed to support this claim. But Horton is skeptical of such a moral justification, and this creates problems for his account of toleration.
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  9.  51
    On a Loophole in Causal Closure.Johan Gamper - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):631-636.
    Standard definitions of causal closure focus on where the causes in question are. In this paper, the focus is changed to where they are not. Causal closure is linked to the principle that no cause of another universe causes an event in a particular universe. This view permits the one universe to be affected by the other via an interface. An interface between universes can be seen as a domain that violates the suggested account of causal closure, suggesting a view (...)
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  10.  1
    Scheffler’s “Afterlife Conjecture” is Not That Compelling: How His “Doomsday” and “Infertility” Scenarios Might Robustly Preserve Value and Meaning.D. Gray Jason - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):637-646.
    Samuel Scheffler postulates that we derive more value and meaning from our lives because we have confidence in the indefinite continuation of humanity than we do from our own or our loved ones’ continued existence. Scheffler believes that this shows humans to be less egocentric than some believe. He offers two thought experiments to motivate this intuition. The first thought experiment depends on the second to control for certain intuitions that run counter to the intuitions Scheffler wants to elicit. So, (...)
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  11.  47
    The Ontological Form of Tropes - Refuting Douglas Ehring’s Main Argument Against Standard Trope Nominalism.Jani Hakkarainen & Markku Keinänen - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):647-658.
    According to standard trope nominalism, there are simple tropes that do not have parts or multiply distinct aspects. Douglas Ehring’s reductio ad absurdum against this standard view concludes that there are no simple tropes. In this paper, we provide a response to Ehring defending the standard view. Ehring’s argument may be refuted by (1) distinguishing the ontological form of tropes from their contribution to the ontological content of the world, and (2) construing tropes as having primitive identity. At the same (...)
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  12.  5
    Contingency in Political Philosophy.Mendus Susan - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):477-486.
    The paper examines John Horton’s realist political theory, in particular his critique of John Rawls’s “high” or “liberal moralism”, and seeks to determine the extent to which, together with Horton, we would have reasons to leave Rawls’s and other Rawlsian accounts behind. The paper argues that some of the insights of Horton’s realism are mistaken, whereas many of those which are not mistaken are compatible with liberal moralism correctly understood. The argument is also formulated in terms of contingency, in particular (...)
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  13.  8
    Sensitivity Hasn’T Got a Heterogeneity Problem - a Reply to Melchior.Kevin Wallbridge - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):835-841.
    In a recent paper, Melchior pursues a novel argumentative strategy against the sensitivity condition. His claim is that sensitivity suffers from a ‘heterogeneity problem:’ although some higher-order beliefs are knowable, other, very similar, higher-order beliefs are insensitive and so not knowable. Similarly, the conclusions of some bootstrapping arguments are insensitive, but others are not. In reply, I show that sensitivity does not treat different higher-order beliefs differently in the way that Melchior states and that while genuine bootstrapping arguments have insensitive (...)
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  14.  5
    Replies to Davis, Everett, Jacquette, Nottelmann, and Smith.Jonathan Berg - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):107-124.
    Replies to comments by Wayne Davis, Anthony Everett, Dale Jacquette, Nikolaj Nottelmann, and Tiddy Smith, on my book Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief.
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  15.  51
    Appraising Objections to Practical Apatheism.Trevor Hedberg & Jordan Huzarevich - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):257-276.
    This paper addresses the plausibility of practical apatheism: an attitude of apathy or indifference about philosophical questions pertaining to God’s existence grounded in the belief that they lack practical significance. Since apatheism is rarely discussed, we begin by clarifying the position and explaining how it differs from some of the other positions one may take with regard to the existence of God. Afterward, we examine six distinct objections to practical apatheism. Each of these objections posits a different reason for thinking (...)
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  16.  10
    Kantian Constructivism and the Moral Problem.Bagnoli Carla - 2017 - Philosophia 44 (4):1229-1246.
    According to the standard objection, Kantian constructivism implicitly commits to value realism or fails to warrant objective validity of normative propositions. This paper argues that this objection gains some force from the special case of moral obligations. The case largely rests on the assumption that the moral domain is an eminent domain of special objects. But for constructivism there is no moral domain of objects prior to and independently of reasoning. The argument attempts to make some progress in the debate (...)
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  17. Gender Ontology, Sexual Difference, and Differentiating Sex.Apter Emily - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):109-124.
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  18. Introduction to the Symposium.Tina Chanter - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):63-65.
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  19. Sexual Difference in a Different Religiosity.Das Anirban - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):23-44.
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  20. On Gender Neutrality.Draz Marie - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):91-98.
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  21. The Violence of Curiosity.Guilmette Lauren - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):1-22.
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  22. Introduction to the Roundtable.Lynne Huffer & Shannon Winnubst - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):137-139.
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  23. The Queer Turn in Feminism: Identities, Sexualities, and the Theater of Gender. [REVIEW]Litwack Evan - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):199-203.
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  24. Critique of Continental Feminism.Elaine P. Miller - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):149-156.
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  25. Sophia Is Still White... So Is Knowledge.Mariana Ortega - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):157-164.
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  26. In-Between: Latina Feminist Phenomenology, Multiplicity, and the Self. [REVIEW]Andrea J. Pitts - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):193-198.
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  27. Resilience and Melancholy: Pop Music, Feminism, Neoliberalism. [REVIEW]H. Powell Elliott - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):179-185.
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  28. Unrepressing Philosophy.Summer Renault-Steele - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):45-62.
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  29. For Pleshette.Kas Saghafi - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):133-136.
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  30. Reflections on the Status of Continental Feminism.Kris Sealey - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):165-170.
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  31. Knocking Down the Gates.Falguni A. Sheth - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):141-147.
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  32. Earth and World: Philosophy After the Apollo Missions. [REVIEW]Jenny Strandberg - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):187-191.
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  33. Transgendering Nietzsche.Verkerk Willow - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):99-108.
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  34. Continental Feminism.Jami Weinstein - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):171-177.
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  35. Reframing the Law.Ewa Płonowska Ziarek - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):79-89.
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  36. Inheriting Gratefulness.Perry Zurn - 2017 - Philosophia 7 (1):125-131.
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