6 found

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  1.  34
    Introductory Essay: Metaphysics and Science: A Fickle Relationship.Raoul Gervais - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
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  2.  24
    Metaphysics of the Cognition Debate: A Plurimodel Theory of Cognition.James A. Marcum - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
    Proponents of the dual-process theory claim that two distinct types of mental faculties or minds are responsible for human cognition. The first is evolutionarily old and not unique to humans but shared with other organisms. Type-1’s key feature is autonomy from cognitive capacities; hence, it does not require working memory. Type-2 is evolutionarily recent and thought to be uniquely human. Its key feature is reflective cognitive-decoupling of Type-1 processes, if warranted; and it requires working memory. Critics, however, argue that one (...)
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  3.  37
    The Complementarity of Science and Metaphysics.Cláudia Ribeiro - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
    A renewed interest in the old problem of the relationship between science and metaphysics has been fuelled by the ongoing debate between naturalistic metaphysicians and non-naturalistic metaphysicians. However, I maintain that this debate is missing the mark because it is focused on the problem of the credibility of a metaphysics that is not ‘scientific’, instead of focusing on the presence of metaphysics in science. In order to show that metaphysics pervades all stages of scientific inquiry, and after analysing the distinction (...)
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  4.  37
    The Current State of the Metaphysics of Science Debate.Cristian Soto - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
    I examine the current state of the debate on the metaphysics of science. In 1, I identify some of the main questions belonging to the MS, looking into the relationship between science and metaphysics. In 2, I expound the rise of the old wave in the MS, which endorses the belief that metaphysics is a guide to, or a heuristic for, science and outlines the stronger idea that metaphysics makes science possible. In 3, I examine the maximalist MS. This is (...)
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  5.  22
    Contrastive Causation in Genetics and in Physics.Erik Weber & Inge De Bal - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
    Jonathan Schaffer has argued that a contrastive causal ontology is beneficial in juridical contexts: lawyers and judges should treat the causal relation as a quaternary relation, not as binary one. In this paper we investigate to what extent a contrastive causal ontology is beneficial in genetics and in physics. We conclude that it is beneficial in these scientific domains. We also point out that the nature of the benefit differs in the three context that we discuss. Key words: Contrastive causation, (...)
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  6. Sonicismo Tímbrico e Instrumentalismo: Uma Disputa Ontológica.Hugo Luzio - 2015 - Philosophica (46):135-147.
    Discutimos o «problema das condições de individuação de obras musicais», a partir de duas teses concorrentes: o «sonicismo tímbrico», modulação teórica que procede de uma tese mais ampla, o «sonicismo», defendido (entre outros) por Julian Dodd (2007) em Confissões de um Sonicista Tímbrico Impenitente e o «instrumentalismo», defendido (entre outros) por Stephen Davies (2008) em Obras Musicais e Cor Orquestral. Dividimos a discussão em três momentos. Primeiramente, evidenciamos a centralidade do «problema das propriedades individuadoras de obras musicais» no âmbito próprio (...)
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