Year:

  1.  6
    Wittgenstein and the Animal Origins of Linguistic Communication.Cash Luke - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):303-328.
    Wittgenstein's notorious sample of a ‘complete primitive language’ is often thought to be closer in kind to animal forms of communication than human language. Indeed, it has been criticised on precisely these grounds. But such debates make little sense if we take seriously Wittgenstein's idea that language is a family resemblance concept. So, rather than argue that the builders’ game ‘really is a language’, I propose to turn the debate on its head and welcome the comparison. By changing our perspective (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  3
    On Reinstating “Part I” and “Part II” to Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations.Hugh A. Knott - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):329-349.
    The Editors’ Preface to the fourth edition of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations is disparaging of the earlier editorial efforts of G. E. M. Anscombe and Rush Rhees and in particular of their inclusion and titling of the material in “Part II”. I argue, on both historical and philosophical grounds, that the Editors have failed to refute the editorial decisions of Rhees and Anscombe – a failure born both of a neglect of the historical circumstances and Wittgenstein's own expressed hopes and intentions (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  6
    The Philosopher's Baedeker: Wittgenstein's Tractatus as Guidebook.Kevin MacNeil - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):350-369.
    The Wittgenstein of the Tractatus is committed to four central and interlocking claims: a limit to sense and nonsense can be drawn in logic; a limit to meaningful and meaningless language – to meaningful and meaningless nonsense – cannot be drawn in logic; whether nonsense is meaningful is shown in its use rather than its form; the Tractatus consists largely of meaningful nonsense. Undergirding these commitments is an account of language-to-world picturing in which shared “mathematical multiplicities” play a key role. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  6
    Meditations on the Origin of Philosophy.Frederick E. Mosedale - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):370-395.
    Wittgenstein in his later writing often remarked on the negative influence of language on philosophy. Here, I call attention to a previously unnoticed but significant way that language has influenced philosophy: we use the very same vocabulary in two different ways, in philosophical talk and in our everyday interactive speaking-situations. Our propensity for using this double talk has prevented us from resolving most philosophical problems. Is our attraction to philosophical talk the result of our learning to use a phonetic alphabet, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5.  2
    Cheryl Misak, Cambridge Pragmatism: From Peirce and James to Ramsey and Wittgenstein . Xviii + 321, Price £30.00 Hb. [REVIEW]John Preston - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):443-448.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  4
    Karol Wojtyła, Considerations on the Essence of Man – Rozważania o Istocie Człowieka . 213, No Price.Maksymilian Roszyk - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):440-443.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7.  1
    Kierkegaard, Repetition and Ethical Constancy.Daniel Watts - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):414-439.
    How can a person forge a stable ethical identity over time? On one view, ethical constancy means reapplying the same moral rules. On a rival view, it means continually adapting to one's ethical context in a way that allows one to be recognized as the same practical agent. Focusing on his thinking about repetition, I show how Kierkegaard offers a critical perspective on both these views. From this perspective, neither view can do justice to our vulnerability to certain kinds of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8.  5
    On The Virtue of Judging Others.Andrei G. Zavaliy - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (4):396-413.
    An other-directed moral judgement is contrasted with a moral evaluation of one's own behaviour; it is argued that having a capacity to make self-directed moral judgements is at the core of being within morality, while a lack of disposition on the part of a mature individual to judge others is indicative of the corresponding lack with regard to the self-directed evaluations. Our readiness to evaluate the behaviour of others measures the level of our commitment to a system of morality. Consistent (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9.  2
    Sebastian Sunday Grève and Jakub Mácha , Wittgenstein and the Creativity of Language . Xxi + 314, £63. [REVIEW]Mario Brandhorst - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):294-299.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  2
    The Role of the Disquotational Schema in Wittgenstein's Reflections on Truth.Pasquale Frascolla - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):205-222.
    In the first paragraph, the focus is on the early Wittgenstein's conception of truth: the Disquotational Schema is shown to be derivable from the semantic and ontological principles of the picture theory. Then, the article scrutinises the way the Disquotational Schema provides the basis for what the later Wittgenstein takes as a philosophically appropriate description of the practice of making assertions. The general abstract notion of truth makes room for a situated notion of warranted assertibility as the key-notion. Last, the (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  1
    Intuition, Foundationalism and Explanation – a Response to Mounce.A. Knott Hugh - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):282-293.
    Wittgenstein's scant remarks on the roots of language in instinctive behaviour have been both difficult to interpret and controversial, not least because they may seem to incline towards forms of explanation that elsewhere he eschewed. Nevertheless, they are of importance in philosophy, not least because they bear upon age-old questions of foundationalism and concept-formation. In a recent Discussion Note in this journal, H. O. Mounce is not only attracted by but also champions such explanation – though he finds Wittgenstein's own (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. Intuition, Foundationalism and Explanation – a Response to Mounce.A. Knott Hugh - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):282-293.
    Wittgenstein's scant remarks on the roots of language in instinctive behaviour have been both difficult to interpret and controversial, not least because they may seem to incline towards forms of explanation that elsewhere he eschewed. Nevertheless, they are of importance in philosophy, not least because they bear upon age-old questions of foundationalism and concept-formation. In a recent Discussion Note in this journal, H. O. Mounce is not only attracted by but also champions such explanation – though he finds Wittgenstein's own (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  1
    Wittgenstein's Private Language Investigation.Y. Lin Francis - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):257-281.
    In this paper, I first review previous interpretations of Wittgenstein's remarks on private language, revealing their inadequacies, and then present my own interpretation. Basing mainly on Wittgenstein's notes for lectures on private sensations, I establish the following points: ‘remembering the connection right’ means ‘reidentifying sensation-types’; the reason for ‘no criterion of correctness’ is that nothing, especially no inner mechanisms nor external devices, can be utilised by the private speaker to tell whether some sensations are of one type or different types; (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14. Wittgenstein's Private Language Investigation.Y. Lin Francis - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):257-281.
    In this paper, I first review previous interpretations of Wittgenstein's remarks on private language, revealing their inadequacies, and then present my own interpretation. Basing mainly on Wittgenstein's notes for lectures on private sensations, I establish the following points: ‘remembering the connection right’ means ‘reidentifying sensation-types’; the reason for ‘no criterion of correctness’ is that nothing, especially no inner mechanisms nor external devices, can be utilised by the private speaker to tell whether some sensations are of one type or different types; (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  1
    Beyond Just Justice – Creating Space for a Future‐Care Ethic.Ruth Makoff & Rupert Read - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):223-256.
    Distributive justice relies on metaphors about spatial distribution. Modelling cross-temporal relations on cross-spatial relations in this way obscures how earlier groups become the later ones. Procedural justice metaphors rely on metaphors of contract and thereby on impartial reasoning. Their dominance is already problematic in the case of contemporary relations, but is even more so in the case of relations across time, where the conditions for later parties are controlled and created by earlier ones. Future generations should not be thought of (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. Beyond Just Justice – Creating Space for a Future‐Care Ethic.Ruth Makoff & Rupert Read - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (3):223-256.
    Distributive justice relies on metaphors about spatial distribution. Modelling cross-temporal relations on cross-spatial relations in this way obscures how earlier groups become the later ones. Procedural justice metaphors rely on metaphors of contract and thereby on impartial reasoning. Their dominance is already problematic in the case of contemporary relations, but is even more so in the case of relations across time, where the conditions for later parties are controlled and created by earlier ones. Future generations should not be thought of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. Lissa McCullough, The Religious Philosophy of Simone Weil: An Introduction . Vii + 264 Pages, Price £62.00 Hb, £15,99 Pb. [REVIEW]Julie Daigle - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):192-195.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  3
    Symptoms of a Misunderstanding in Contemporary Academic Philosophy.Gjertsen Øystein Daae - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):154-169.
    This paper challenges a conception of philosophy that is seldom clearly expressed, yet appears to be prevalent in contemporary academic philosophy. On the website of the American Philosophical Quarterly, some sentences appear that articulate well the essentials of that assumption. This article discusses those sentences and assumes that they may be symptomatic of a widespread blindness to a fundamental aspect of the nature of philosophical study. The first part of the article consists of an analysis and criticism of the sentences (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. Simone Weil, Late Philosophical Writings , . Viii+204, $20 Pb.Christopher Hamilton - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):184-188.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  1
    Atheism and Morality, Guilt and Shame: Why the Moral Complacency of the New Atheism is a Mistake.Tony Lynch & Nishanathe Dahanayake - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):103-120.
    When it comes to morality, the New Atheists appear to think that their rejection of religion, except for the removal of fundamentalist distortions, changes nothing. We think that this is because they have not thought things through. Atheism might not be a threat to shame morality, but it is certainly a threat to guilt morality. Given that there are reasons to doubt the viability today of shame morality, we face a far greater problem if atheism triumphs than the New Atheists (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. A Wittgensteinian Role-Based Account of Assertion.Milić Ivan & Reining Stefan - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):139-153.
    According to an “orthodox” reading proposed by Dummett and more recently endorsed by Lugg and Price, the later Wittgenstein rejects the idea of grouping together certain utterances as a single class of assertions. We offer an alternative commentary on the Philosophical Investigations §§21–24, developing what we call a Wittgensteinian role-based account of assertion. We then examine whether this role-based account can solve the problem of on-stage utterances. In the course of this, the merits of the account are shown and compared (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. Jakub Mácha, Wittgenstein on Internal and External Relations: Tracing All the Connections . 262 Pages. Hardcover ISBN 9781474242141. [REVIEW]Aloisia Moser - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):196-200.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  1
    Kenny's Wrong Formula.Antonio Negro & Carlo Penco - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):170-172.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  2
    Stephen Mulhall, The Great Riddle: Wittgenstein and Nonsense, Theology and Philosophy . Pp Viii + 138, £27.50 Hb.Rist John - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):188-192.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Practical Philosophy.Karsten Schoellner - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):121-138.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Alan Tapper and T. Brian Mooney , Meaning and Morality: Essays on the Philosophy of Julius Kovesi. Studies in Moral Philosophy . Pp. Xii + 222, €101 Hb. [REVIEW]A. Shiner Roger - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (2):173-183.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  5
    The Virtuous Tortoise.David Botting - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):31-39.
    There is no philosophically interesting distinction to be made between inference-rules and premises. That there is such a distinction is often held to follow from the possibility of infinite regress illustrated by Carroll's story of Achilles and the tortoise. I will argue that this is wrong on three separate grounds. Consequently, Carroll's fable provides no motivation to abandon the traditional logical separation of arguments into their premises and conclusions. There is no proposition that must be taken to be a rule (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  2
    Varieties of Objectivity: Reply to De Mesel.Mario Brandhorst - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):64-81.
    In a previous paper, I argued that the later Wittgenstein did not endorse a realist account of ethics, where a realist account is understood to involve a claim to truth as well as objectivity. In this paper, I respond to a number of critical questions that Benjamin De Mesel raises about that interpretation. I agree with him that just as there are uses for expressions such as “truth”, “fact” and “reality” in ethics, there are uses for expressions such as “objectivity” (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. Lissa McCullough, The Religious Philosophy of Simone Weil: An Introduction . Vii + 264 Pages, Price £62.00 Hb, £15,99 Pb. [REVIEW]Julie Daigle - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  4
    Wittgenstein and Objectivity in Ethics: A Reply to Brandhorst.Benjamin De Mesel - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):40-63.
    In “Correspondence to Reality in Ethics”, Mario Brandhorst examines the view of ethics that Wittgenstein took in his later years. According to Brandhorst, Wittgenstein leaves room for truth and falsity, facts, correspondence and reality in ethics. Wittgenstein's target, argues Brandhorst, is objectivity. I argue that Brandhorst's arguments in favour of truth, facts, reality and correspondence in ethics invite similar arguments in favour of objectivity, that Brandhorst does not recognise this because his conception of objectivity is distorted by a Platonist picture (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  2
    On Continuity: Rush Rhees on Outer and Inner Surfaces of Bodies.Christian Erbacher & Tina Schirmer - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):3-30.
    This article presents an edited excerpt from a hitherto unknown fragmentary treatise by Rush Rhees. In the treatise, Rhees gives his account of the problem of continuity that he had started elaborating before he became acquainted with Wittgenstein. The excerpt, which contains Rhees' original distinction between outer and inner surfaces of bodies, builds on Brentano's theory of the continuum and his doctrine of plerosis. This treatment of continuity sheds light on Rhees' early philosophical development and confirms that even though he (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32.  4
    Symptoms of a Misunderstanding in Contemporary Academic Philosophy.Gjertsen Øystein Daae - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    This paper challenges a conception of philosophy that is seldom clearly expressed, yet appears to be prevalent in contemporary academic philosophy. On the website of the American Philosophical Quarterly, some sentences appear that articulate well the essentials of that assumption. This article discusses those sentences and assumes that they may be symptomatic of a widespread blindness to a fundamental aspect of the nature of philosophical study. The first part of the article consists of an analysis and criticism of the sentences (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  2
    Julia Hermann, On Moral Certainty, Justification and Practice: A Wittgensteinian Perspective . Pp Xiii + 215, £60.00 Hb. [REVIEW]Andrew Gleeson - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):82-88.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Thomas D. Carroll, Wittgenstein Within the Philosophy of Religion . X + 209, Price £60.00 Hb. [REVIEW]Ian Ground - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):89-92.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Simone Weil, Late Philosophical Writings , . Viii+204, $20 Pb. [REVIEW]Christopher Hamilton - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  3
    Atheism and Morality, Guilt and Shame: Why the Moral Complacency of the New Atheism is a Mistake.Tony Lynch & Nishanathe Dahanayake - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    When it comes to morality, the New Atheists appear to think that their rejection of religion, except for the removal of fundamentalist distortions, changes nothing. We think that this is because they have not thought things through. Atheism might not be a threat to shame morality, but it is certainly a threat to guilt morality. Given that there are reasons to doubt the viability today of shame morality, we face a far greater problem if atheism triumphs than the New Atheists (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  1
    Jakub Mácha, Wittgenstein on Internal and External Relations: Tracing All the Connections . 262 Pages. Hardcover ISBN 9781474242141. [REVIEW]Aloisia Moser - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  3
    Kenny's Wrong Formula.Antonio Negro & Carlo Penco - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  2
    Stephen Mulhall, The Great Riddle: Wittgenstein and Nonsense, Theology and Philosophy . Pp Viii + 138, £27.50 Hb. [REVIEW]Rist John - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40. Ronald E. Hustwit, K. Bouwsma: A Philosopher's Journey . X + 228 Pages, Price £53.00 Hb. [REVIEW]David Rozema - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1):93-98.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41. Practical Philosophy.Karsten Schoellner - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Alan Tapper and T. Brian Mooney , Meaning and Morality: Essays on the Philosophy of Julius Kovesi. Studies in Moral Philosophy . Pp. Xii + 222, €101 Hb. [REVIEW]A. Shiner Roger - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 40 (1).
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. Immortality in the Christian Physicalistic Theology: A Critical Survey.Hasan Ahmadizade & Tayyebe Gholami - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):1-22.
    Physicalistic Theology is a term that has no exact definition in theologian views. In the 20th century some of Christian thinkers on theology, like Nancy Murphy and Peter van Inwagen, by accepting a Physicalistic approach on human being, tried to analyze the Christian beliefs about human identity and his immortality. This approach today is called Physicalistic Theology. According to this approach, human is not but this physical body itself and so we can simply analyze the immortality problem. In this article (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Non-Realism Approach Wittgenstein's Criticism of Religious Beliefs.Abdolrahim Fatemi - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):179-196.
    In Wittgenstein’s view, religious beliefs use an image; they are commitments which are unshakably everlasting and have the potentiality to give order to whole life. It is hardly based on evidence. Accordingly, they neither receive any assistance from science or philosophy nor receive any damage from them. Nowadays you may observe priests including Don Cupitt who are not realists. This observations stands in sharp contrast with what is held in religious societies. They even contradict with scientific and religious realities which (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. A/Theology: Emphasizing on Inevitability of Theology.Hassan Fathzade & Samira Taheri - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):197-210.
    The age of the sign is essentially theological. The system that is based on a basic concept, a concept that shapes the circulation of signs, is essentially theological. This central concept has named in each thought differently: the reality, essence, existence, truth, God, Logos, Nous, End etc. In This logocentric system, there is a transcendental signified that means and proves the chain of signification. Deconstructive reading of Derrida showed that there is no signified outside of the chain of signification that (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Active Intellect and Perfect Nature in Illuminative Wisdom and Shied Thought.Tahereh Kamalizadeh & Fatemeh Asghari - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):211-230.
    Question: In Islamic philosophy, Active Intellect is Peripatetic tenth intellect. Also in Peripatetic epistemology, Potential human intellect, acts by unification or conjunction with active intellect. This intellective thrust has a wielder and more attractive role in Illuminative wisdom. Meted: The research methodology based on tradition Comparative studies to analyze and adapt votes Gazi Saeed Qummi and votes illuminated Suhrawardi.Results:1- Human’s archetype adjust with Gabriel, in religions and Active Intellect in Illuminative wisdom. 2-Human’s archetype appears as “perfect nature” format during personal (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  1
    A Critique of Frege’s View on the True Essence and the Inessential Properties of Thought.Said Mousavi Karimi & Alireza Maleki - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):265-282.
    Philosophy of language and its problems are among the most important and challengeable topics in contemporary philosophical thought. Discussion about the sense of a sentence is one of these important debates. Gottlob Frege explains the sense of a term as the form of the representation of its reference. He calls the sense of a sentence a “thought” and believes that the reference of a sentence is determined by its truth value. In this article, at first, we develop a new approach (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48. The Nature and Workings of Sacred Intellect From the Perspective of Avicenna.Einollah Khademi & Arefeh Poushian Jouybari - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):61-90.
    Sacred intellect in Avicenna, a degree of rationality in which the highest form of communication is done with the intellectual world. Reasonable time to the times of human rationality is achieved without difficulty, pain and time, only be achieved by applying guess. The owners of Avicenna's top intellects in human beings are sacred and highest prophet for them. These people are the first intelligible human teachers perceive first and put it to other people.. Bu-Ali about how to communicate the power (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Intentionality and Representation in the Dialogue Between Dreyfus and Searle.MohammadHossein MohammadAli Khalaj & Ata Heshmati - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):91-116.
    Dialogue between Dreyfus, as the biggest American commentator of Heidegger and Merleau- Ponty, and Searle, as one of the biggest analytic philosophers, started at the seventies. According to Searle, phenomenology is superficially and blind and has systematic errors. Additionally, in his view the concept of non-representational intention as center of Dreyfus’s phenomenology is inconsistent. But, in our opinion, Dreyfus introduces a consistent concept of non-representational intention, and proposes that Searle does not have a sound understanding of phenomenology. Dreyfus draws a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  7
    Truth of Theoretical Identity Statements in Natural Sciences.Mahmoud Mokhtari - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):231-248.
    This article is aimed to rephrase and critique the arguments presented by Joseph LaPorte about the truth of theoretical identity statements in natural sciences. LaPorte is classified as an essentialist who accepts the real kinds, but he denies the essence of the kinds to be discovered. His arguments are based on the vagueness of the terms of kinds. In his view while science progress we convention what is related to the kinds. I evaluate LaPorte's arguments and show they can be (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  51. Leibniz: The Birthplace of Modern Aesthetics.Olya Masoud & Rashtipour Mani - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):157-177.
    Leibniz’s philosophy has been subject to many studies, but few have addressed aesthetic aspects of his theory. What Leibniz has written concerning aesthetic issues is scattered all through his works, and were we to understand his aesthetic ideas we must bring these dispersed parts together for explanation and interpretation. In the present paper, I attempted to extract Leibniz ideas pertaining to aesthetics, and to introduce, on their basis, a unified aesthetic theory of his, and demonstrate the importance of this theory (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  52. Phenomenology of the Aesthetic Experience of Place: Case Study Naqsh-E-Jahan Square.Monireh Panjtani, Yazdan Mansourian & Mahtab Mobini - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):23-60.
    The present study attempts to investigate this concept through a phenomenological study of the lived experience of the visitors of Naghsh-e-Jahan monuments at summer time of 1393. Apart from a comprehensive review of literature on qualitative research methodology, and the architecture of the period, the theoretical foundations of phenomenology and its application in architecture were thoroughly reviewed. Using the phenomenological observation method of Max-Vanen & a semi-structured interview plan, 58 visitors of the historical monuments of Naghsh-e-Jahan were chosen as participants (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  53. The Role of Phenomenology of Merleau- Ponty in Medicine.Somayeh Rafighi & Mohammad Asghari - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):117-140.
    Today, phenomenology, with an emphasis on direct explanations with regard to the lived experience of people is interest of different areas. With emphasis on body, Merleau- Ponty's phenomenology is considered in medical science. In his phenomenology, Merleau- Ponty gives new definition of body and names it lived body. Lived body is against of mechanical body and is the central of subjectivity and being- in- the – world and included all of existential aspects of man. Such definition enable doctors to consider (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  54. Phusis and Nomos in Plato.Sanghdehi Zahra Nouri - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):283-311.
    One of the greatest problems in Plato that appears in different forms in his works is the relation of nomos and phusis. This thesis has been in fifth century B.C as the contradiction of phusis and nomos among big thinkers. In this essay, we tried to investigate the relation of phusis and nomos in Plato’s thoughts according to current theories of the contradiction of these in dialogues Gorgias, Republic and Protagoras. Plato tries to minimize consequences of belief to contradiction of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  55. New Version of Man, God, and World in Descartes’ System of Thought.Shahraeini Seyed Mostafa - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):141-156.
    Descartes is truly named as the father of modern philosophy, but why his philosophy is accompanied with the qualification of “new? The innovation on Cartesian system follows from the fact that he tries to present a innovative picture of Man, God, and World basically different from those found in traditional philosophy. The Cartesian Man differs from the Aristotelian one in that the latter is a rational animal while the former is of two separate, incompatible parts: res cogitans and res extensa. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  56. Aristotle and the Theory of Decision.Leila Shirkhan & Mjid Mollayousefi - 2017 - Philosophical Investigations 11 (20):249-264.
    The term of prohairesis was systematically entered in philosophical debates by Aristotle. This concept is generally translated as intention, will, purpose, choice, purposive choice, rational choice, and deliberative choice that the later seems to be Aristotle’s definition of prohairesis. To understand the internal structure of prohairesiss, we have to understand the conceptions of action, intention, belief, whish, will, and virtues. For Aristotle if an action will be done through a decision, this action is voluntary, but its contrary is not credible. (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
 Previous issues
  
Next issues