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  1.  25
    Defining Speciesism.Oscar Horta & Frauke Albersmeier - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-9.
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  2.  11
    Nietzsche's Aesthetics.Andrew Huddleston - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-10.
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  3.  7
    Reconceiving the Democratic Boundary Problem.David Miller - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-9.
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  4.  11
    Sufficientarianism1.Liam Shields - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-10.
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  5. Catastrophic Risk.H. Orri Stefánsson - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (11):1-11.
    Catastrophic risk raises questions that are not only of practical importance, but also of great philosophical interest, such as how to define catastrophe and what distinguishes catastrophic outcomes from non-catastrophic ones. Catastrophic risk also raises questions about how to rationally respond to such risks. How to rationally respond arguably partly depends on the severity of the uncertainty, for instance, whether quantitative probabilistic information is available, or whether only comparative likelihood information is available, or neither type of information. Finally, catastrophic risk (...)
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  6.  39
    Fundamentality in Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Physics. Part II: The Philosophy of Physics.Matteo Morganti - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (10):1-14.
  7.  3
    Primitivism in the Zhuangzi : An Introduction.Frank Saunders - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (10):1-10.
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  8.  7
    Confucianism and Daoism: On the Relationship Between the Analects, Laozi, and Zhuangzi, Part II.Paul J. D'Ambrosio - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (9):1-11.
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  9.  11
    Confucianism and Daoism: On the Relationship Between the Analects, Laozi, and Zhuangzi, Part I.Paul J. D'Ambrosio - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (9):1-11.
  10.  3
    Exploring the Term “Harmony” and its Practical Significance in Confucian Classics with Examples Drawn From the Liji.Zhaohui Fang & Thomas McConochie - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (9):1-12.
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  11.  2
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: Consciousness in Sleep: How Findings From Sleep and Dream Research Challenge Our Understanding of Sleep, Waking, and Consciousness.Jennifer M. Windt - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (9):1-4.
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  12. Humeanism About Laws of Nature.Harjit Bhogal - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (8).
    Humeanism about laws of nature is, roughly, the view that the laws of nature are just patterns, or ways of describing patterns, in the mosaic of events. In this paper I survey some of the (many!) objections that have been raised to Humeanism, considering how the Humean might respond. And I consider how we might make a positive case for Humeanism. The common thread running through all this is that the viability of the Humean view relies on the Humean having (...)
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  13.  39
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: Shaftesbury on Persons, Personal Identity and Character Development.Ruth Boeker - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (8).
  14.  13
    Dynamical Systems Theory in Cognitive Science and Neuroscience.Luis H. Favela - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (8).
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  15.  5
    Gloria Anzaldúa as Philosopher: The Early Years.Mariana Alessandri - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
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  16.  6
    Multiculturalism and Vulnerability in the 21st Century: Reviewing Recent Debates and a Way Forward.Frédérick Armstrong - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
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  17.  35
    Ontological Disputes and the Phenomenon of Metalinguistic Negotiation: Charting the Territory.Delia Belleri - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
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  18. The Ontology of Words: Realism, Nominalism, and Eliminativism.James Miller - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
    What are words? What makes two token words tokens of the same word-type? Are words abstract entities, or are they (merely) collections of tokens? The ontology of words tries to provide answers to these, and related questions. This article provides an overview of some of the most prominent views proposed in the literature, with a particular focus on the debate between type-realist, nominalist, and eliminativist ontologies of words.
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  19.  62
    Fundamentality in Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Physics. Part I: Metaphysics.Matteo Morganti - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
    This is the first part of a two-tier overview article on fundamentality in metaphysics and the philosophy of physics. It provides an introduction to the notion of fundamentality in metaphysics, as well as to several related concepts. The key issues in the contemporary debate on the topic are summarised, making systematic reference to the most relevant literature. In particular, various ways in which the fundamental entities and the fundamental structure of reality may be conceived are illustrated and discussed. A final (...)
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  20.  2
    Singularity in the Wake of Slavery: Adriana Cavarero's Ontology of Uniqueness and Alex Haley's Roots.Fanny Söderbäck - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (7).
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  21.  61
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: The Relationship Between Belief and Credence.Elizabeth G. Jackson - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6).
    This guide accompanies the following article(s): Jackson, E., Philosophy Compass 15/6 (2020) pp. 1-13 10.1111/phc3.12668.x.
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  22. The Relationship Between Belief and Credence.Elizabeth G. Jackson - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6):1–13.
    Sometimes epistemologists theorize about belief, a tripartite attitude on which one can believe, withhold belief, or disbelieve a proposition. In other cases, epistemologists theorize about credence, a fine-grained attitude that represents one’s subjective probability or confidence level toward a proposition. How do these two attitudes relate to each other? This article explores the relationship between belief and credence in two categories: descriptive and normative. It then explains the broader significance of the belief-credence connection and concludes with general lessons from the (...)
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  23. Recent Work on the Proof Paradox.Lewis D. Ross - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6).
    Recent years have seen fresh impetus brought to debates about the proper role of statistical evidence in the law. Recent work largely centres on a set of puzzles known as the ‘proof paradox’. While these puzzles may initially seem academic, they have important ramifications for the law: raising key conceptual questions about legal proof, and practical questions about DNA evidence. This article introduces the proof paradox, why we should care about it, and new work attempting to resolve it.
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  24.  14
    Agnosticism I: Language, Perspectives and Evidence.Sylwia Wilczewska - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (6).
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  25.  10
    Hope in Political Philosophy.Claudia Blöser, Jakob Huber & Darrel Moellendorf - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (5):1-1.
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  26. Non‐Humean Theories of Natural Necessity.Tyler Hildebrand - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (5):1-1.
    Non‐Humean theories of natural necessity invoke modally‐laden primitives to explain why nature exhibits lawlike regularities. However, they vary in the primitives they posit and in their subsequent accounts of laws of nature and related phenomena (including natural properties, natural kinds, causation, counterfactuals, and the like). This article provides a taxonomy of non‐Humean theories, discusses influential arguments for and against them, and describes some ways in which differences in goals and methods can motivate different versions of non‐Humeanism (and, for that matter, (...)
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  27.  15
    Agnosticism II: Actions and Attitudes.Sylwia Wilczewska - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (5):1-1.
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  28.  2
    Rediscovering Li Zehou: From the Perspective of Philosophy of Language.Xiaobo Yang - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (5):1-1.
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  29.  11
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: Theories of Whistleblowing.Emanuela Ceva & Michele Bocchiola - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
    This is a support piece to the Philosophy Compass article "Theories of Whistleblowing." It gives indications for some essential bibliography helpful to design a teaching module on the justification of whistleblowing.
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  30. Microaggression: Conceptual and Scientific Issues.Emma McClure & Regina Rini - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
    Scientists, philosophers, and policymakers disagree about how to define microaggression. Here, we offer a taxonomy of existing definitions, clustering around (a) the psychological motives of perpetrators, (b) the experience of victims, and (c) the functional role of microaggression in oppressive social structures. We consider conceptual and epistemic challenges to each and suggest that progress may come from developing novel hybrid accounts of microaggression, combining empirically tractable features with sensitivity to the testimony of victims.
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  31.  34
    The Ethics of Nudging: An Overview.Andreas T. Schmidt & Bart Engelen - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
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  32.  18
    Consciousness in Sleep: How Findings From Sleep and Dream Research Challenge Our Understanding of Sleep, Waking, and Consciousness.Jennifer M. Windt - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (4).
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  33. Varieties of Plenitude.Maegan Fairchild - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (3).
    Material Plenitude is the view that there is an abundance of coincident objects wherever there is any material object. Although plenitude has garnered increased attention from metaphysicians in recent years, it has yet to be well‐understood beyond its slogan from. The goal of this article is to explore a few places for puzzlement about plenitude; in particular, how we ought to motivate and formulate the target view. I'll suggest along the way that an investigation of plenitude is not merely of (...)
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  34.  16
    Enforcing Immigration Law.Matthew Lister - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (3).
    Over the last few years, an increasingly sophisticated literature devoted to normative questions arising out of the enforcement of immigration law had developed. In this essay, I consider what sorts of constraints considerations of justice and legitimacy may place on the enforcement of immigration law, even if we assume that states have significant discretion in setting their own immigration policies, and that open borders are not required by justice. I consider constraints placed on state or national governments, constraints on enforcement (...)
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  35.  9
    The Categorization of Hispanics in Biomedical Research: US and Latin American Perspectives.Jordan Liz - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (3).
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  36.  5
    Maternity and Migration.Amy Reed‐Sandoval - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (3).
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  37.  14
    The Who, the What, and the How of Forgiveness.Luke Russell - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (3).
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  38.  5
    The Recent Engagement Between Analytic Philosophy and Heideggerian Thought: Logic and Language.Filippo Casati - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (2).
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  39.  28
    Naturalism and the Philosophy of Colour Ontology and Perception.Mazviita Chirimuuta - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (2).
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  40.  16
    Tran Duc Thao: Politics and Truth.Russell Ford - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (2).
    The Vietnamese philosopher Tran Duc Thao exerted an important influence over the development of 20th century French philosophy. In articles that stretched across the 1940s, Thao sought to employ the concrete insights of Marxism and dialectical materialism in order to correct and critique the dominant philosophical programs of phenomenology and existentialism. Thao’s pervasive concern was the determination of a basis for truthful action. In two essays – one taken from the beginning of his professional career, the other from near its (...)
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  41. The (Un)Desirability of Immortality.Felipe Pereira & Travis Timmerman - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (2).
    While most people believe the best possible life they could lead would be an immortal one, so‐called “immortality curmudgeons” disagree. Following Bernard Williams, they argue that, at best, we have no prudential reason to live an immortal life, and at worst, an immortal life would necessarily be bad for creatures like us. In this article, we examine Bernard Williams' seminal argument against the desirability of immortality and the subsequent literature it spawned. We first reconstruct and motivate Williams' somewhat cryptic argument (...)
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  42.  8
    Recent Debates on Victims' Duties to Resist Their Oppression.Ashwini Vasanthakumar - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (2).
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  43. The Ethics–Mathematics Analogy.Justin Clarke‐Doane - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
    Ethics and mathematics have long invited comparisons. On the one hand, both ethical and mathematical propositions can appear to be knowable a priori, if knowable at all. On the other hand, mathematical propositions seem to admit of proof, and to enter into empirical scientific theories, in a way that ethical propositions do not. In this article, I discuss apparent similarities and differences between ethical (i.e., moral) and mathematical knowledge, realistically construed -- i.e., construed as independent of human mind and languages. (...)
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  44.  34
    Categories.Javier Cumpa - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
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  45.  17
    Mind‐Wandering: A Philosophical Guide.Zachary C. Irving & Aaron Glasser - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
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  46.  27
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: The Philosophy of Linguistics: Scientific Underpinnings and Methodological Disputes.Ryan Mark Nefdt - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
    This is a teaching guide companion to the main article published in Philosophy Compass. It offers insights into how one might go about designing a course in the philosophy of linguistics at advanced undergrad/graduate level. Readings and possible core questions are included.
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  47. Aesthetic Hedonism and Its Critics.Servaas Van der Berg - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1):e12645.
    This essay surveys the main objections to aesthetic hedonism, the view that aesthetic value is reducible to the value of aesthetic pleasure or experience. Hedonism is the dominant view of aesthetic value, but a spate of recent criticisms has drawn its accuracy into question. I introduce some distinctions crucial to the criticisms, before using the bulk of the essay to identify and review six major lines of argument that hedonism's critics have employed against it. Whether or not these arguments suffice (...)
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  48.  52
    Moral Perception.Preston J. Werner - 2020 - Philosophy Compass 15 (1).
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  49.  7
    Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz on Self‐Control.Sergio Armando Gallegos‐Ordorica - 2020 - Philosophy Compass (10):1-10.
    The Novohispanic nun Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz has not been traditionally considered as a philosopher within the Anglophone philosophical sphere because her writings are primarily poems and plays. In the last three decades, only a few philosophers have engaged with Sor Juana's works. However, their scholarship has focused only on a narrow range of issues, such as Sor Juana's defense of the right of women to be educated, and has neglected other dimensions of her thought, such as her (...)
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  50.  32
    Relational Egalitarianism.Rekha Nath - 2020 - Philosophy Compass (7).
    In the past few decades, there has been a growing literature on relational egalitarianism. Relational egalitarianism is a view on the nature and value of equality. In contrast to the dominant view in recent debates on equality—distributive egalitarianism, on which equality is about ensuring people have or fare the same in some respect—on the relational view, equality is a matter of the terms on which relationships are structured. But what exactly does it mean for people to relate as equals? And (...)
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  51. C‐Theories of Time: On the Adirectionality of Time.Matt Farr - 2020 - Philosophy Compass.
    “The universe is expanding, not contracting.” Many statements of this form appear unambiguously true; after all, the discovery of the universe’s expansion is one of the great triumphs of empirical science. However, the statement is time-directed: the universe expands towards what we call the future; it contracts towards the past. If we deny that time has a direction, should we also deny that the universe is really expanding? This article draws together and discusses what I call ‘C-theories’ of time — (...)
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