Philosophy Compass

ISSN: 1747-9991

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  1.  97
    Phenomenal Grounds of Epistemic Value.Uriah Kriegel - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12888.
    Imagine a zombie world that looks “from the outside” just like ours, but where there is no phenomenal consciousness. Creatures that look like us move about just as we do and make the same noises we do, but nobody experiences or feels anything. How much of the epistemic value that’s exemplified in our world survives in that one? The short answer is: any kind of epistemic value that requires the occurrence of consciousness for its exemplification cannot exist in that world, (...)
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  2. Panpsychism and God.Joanna Leidenhag - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12889.
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  3.  6
    Deep Disagreement (Part 2): Epistemology of Deep Disagreement.Chris Ranalli & Thirza Lagewaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12887.
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  4.  14
    Deep Disagreement (Part 1): Theories of Deep Disagreement.Chris Ranalli & Thirza Lagewaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12886.
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  5.  6
    Deep Disagreement (Part 2): Epistemology of Deep Disagreement.Chris Ranalli & Thirza Lagewaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12887.
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  6.  3
    Deep Disagreement (Part 1): Theories of Deep Disagreement.Chris Ranalli & Thirza Lagewaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (12):e12886.
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  7.  5
    From Molecules to Perception: Philosophical Investigations of Smell.Ann-Sophie Barwich & Barry C. Smith - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (11):e12883.
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  8.  9
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: Animal Sentience.Heather Browning & Jonathan Birch - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (11).
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  9.  24
    Carnap's Philosophy of Mathematics.Benjamin Marschall - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (11):e12884.
  10.  10
    Objectivity in Feminist Epistemology.Briana Toole - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (11):e12885.
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  11.  16
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: The Epistemology of Spacetime.Neil Dewar, Niels Linnemann & James Read - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12875.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 10, October 2022.
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  12.  4
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: Acquaintance.Matt Duncan - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12877.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 10, October 2022.
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  13. Conceptual Engineering: A Road Map to Practice.Manuel Gustavo Isaac, Steffen Koch & Ryan Nefdt - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):1-15.
    This paper discusses the logical space of alternative conceptual engineering projects, with a specific focus on (1) the processes, (2) the targets and goals, and (3) the methods of such projects. We present an overview of how these three aspects interact in the contemporary literature and discuss those alternative projects that have yet to be explored based on our suggested typology. We show how choices about each element in a conceptual engineering project constrain the possibilities for the others, thereby giving (...)
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  14.  7
    Natural Selection's Explanatory Scope.Brian McLoone - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12881.
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  15.  25
    The Role of Memory Science in the Philosophy of Memory.Sarah Robins - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12880.
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  16. Praise.Daniel Telech - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12876.
    One way of being responsible for an action is being praiseworthy for it. But what is the “praise” of which the praiseworthy agent is worthy? This paper provides a survey of answers to this question, i.e. a survey of possible accounts of praise’s nature. It then presents an overview of candidate norms governing our responses of praise. By attending to praise’s nature and appropriateness conditions, we stand to acquire a richer conception of what it is to be, and to regard (...)
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  17.  8
    Cognitive Variation: The Philosophical Landscape.Zina B. Ward - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (10):e12882.
    We do not all make choices, reason, interpret our experience, or respond to our environment in the same way. A recent surge of scientific interest has thrust these individual differences into the spotlight: researchers in cognitive psychology and neuroscience are now devoting increasing attention to cognitive variation. The philosophical dimensions of this research, however, have yet to be systematically explored. Here I make an initial foray by considering how cognitive variation is characterized. I present a central dilemma facing descriptions of (...)
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  18.  9
    Philosophy of Street Art: Identity, Value, and the Law.Andrea Lorenzo Baldini - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  19. Reinforcement Learning: A Brief Guide for Philosophers of Mind.Julia Haas - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    I argue for the role of reinforcement learning in the philosophy of mind. To start, I make several assumptions about the nature of reinforcement learning and its instantiation in minds like ours. I then review some of the contributions of reinforcement learning methods have made across the so-called 'decision sciences.' Finally, I show how principles from reinforcement learning can shape philosophical debates regarding the nature of perception and characterisations of desire.
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  20.  24
    Reinforcement Learning: A Brief Guide for Philosophers of Mind.Julia Haas - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  21.  9
    The Bayesian and Classical Approaches to Statistical Inference.Matthew Kotzen - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  22.  7
    The Confucian Ren and Care Debate: Reassessment, Development, and Future Directions.Chenyang Li - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  23.  7
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: The Axiology of Theism: Problems and Prospects.Kirk Lougheed - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  24.  11
    Cosmic Fine‐Tuning, the Multiverse Hypothesis, and the Inverse Gambler's Fallacy.Neil A. Manson - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  25.  6
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: “On the Semantics of Artifactual Kind Terms”.Irene Olivero & Massimiliano Carrara - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  26.  63
    A Mencian Account of Resentment.Daryl Ooi - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    The reactive attitude of ‘resentment’ has been gaining increasing attention within contemporary philosophical literature. However, little attention has been given to the conceptions of resentment in Asian philosophy. In recent years, some philosophers have argued that there is a positive account of resentment in Confucian philosophy. This paper brings a recent Mencian account of resentment in conversation with contemporary philosophical discussions. The conversations revolve around aspects of resentment such as exculpatory conditions, payback, transition, and moral cultivation. The conversation not only (...)
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  27.  3
    Mind‐Body Commerce: Occasional Causation and Mental Representation in Anton Wilhelm Amo.Peter West - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    This paper contributes to a growing body of literature focusing on Anton Wilhelm Amo’s account of the mind-body relation. The first aim of this paper is to provide an overview of that literature, bringing together several interpretations of Amo’s account of the mind-body relation and providing a comprehensive overview of where the debate stands so far. Doing so reveals that commentary is split between those who take Amo to adopt a Leibnizian account of pre-established harmony between mind and body (Smith (...)
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  28.  13
    Unfeigning the Delusion: Antinatalism and the End of Suffering.Robbert Zandbergen - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2022.
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  29.  7
    African Philosophy of Religion: Concepts of God, Ancestors, and the Problem of Evil.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues & Ada Agada - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 8, August 2022.
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  30.  14
    The Neo‐Classical Challenge to Classical Theism.Edward Feser - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 8, August 2022.
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  31.  73
    Bias Towards the Future.Kristie Miller, Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, James Norton, Christian Tarsney & Hannah Tierney - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    All else being equal, most of us typically prefer to have positive experiences in the future rather than the past and negative experiences in the past rather than the future. Recent empirical evidence tends not only to support the idea that people have these preferences, but further, that people tend to prefer more painful experiences in their past rather than fewer in their future (and mutatis mutandis for pleasant experiences). Are such preferences rationally permissible, or are they, as time-neutralists contend, (...)
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  32. Theistic Arguments From Horrendous Evils.Daryl Ooi - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    While the existence of horrendous evils has generally been taken to be evidence against the existence of God, some philosophers have suggested that it may be evidence for the existence of God. This paper introduces three main kinds of theistic arguments from horrendous evils: the argument from objectively horrifying evils, the pragmatic argument from evil, and an argument from reasonable responses. For each of these arguments, I will first reconstruct a standard version of the argument, before suggesting ways the argument (...)
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  33.  14
    Phenomenologists on Perception and Hallucination: Husserl and Merleau‐Ponty.Søren Overgaard - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (8).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 8, August 2022.
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  34.  28
    Logical Pantheism.István Aranyosi - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12857.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  35.  26
    Feminist Philosophy of Humor.Amy Marvin - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12858.
  36.  23
    Recent Work on Traditional Arguments for Theism II.Chad A. McIntosh - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12853.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  37.  49
    Recent Work on Traditional Arguments for Theism I.Chad A. McIntosh - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12854.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  38.  12
    Agent‐Based Models of Scientific Interaction.Dunja Šešelja - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12855.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  39.  19
    Metaphysical Idealism Revisited.Plato Tse - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (7):e12856.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 7, July 2022.
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  40.  8
    The Irony of Confucius.Dimitra Amarantidou - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12839.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  41.  26
    Philosophy of Science at Sea: Clarifying the Interpretability of Machine Learning.Claus Beisbart & Tim Räz - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12830.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  42. Modeling and Corpus Methods in Experimental Philosophy.Louis Chartrand - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6).
    Research in experimental philosophy has increasingly been turning to corpus methods to produce evidence for empirical claims, as they open up new possibilities for testing linguistic claims or studying concepts across time and cultures. The present article reviews the quasi-experimental studies that have been done using textual data from corpora in philosophy, with an eye for the modeling and experimental design that enable statistical inference. I find that most studies forego comparisons that could control for confounds, and that only a (...)
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  43.  2
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: Federalism: Contemporary Political Philosophy Issues.Michael Da Silva - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12834.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  44.  59
    Motivated Reasoning and the Ethics of Belief.Jon Ellis - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12828.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  45.  5
    Motivated Reasoning and the Ethics of Belief.Jon Ellis - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12828.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  46.  12
    Distinctively Political Normativity in Political Theory.Eva Erman & Niklas Möller - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12835.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  47.  25
    Distinctively Political Normativity in Political Theory.Eva Erman & Niklas Möller - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12835.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  48.  7
    Mencius and Xunzi on the Legitimate Use of Offensive Force: A Pacifistic Critique of Recent Just War Interpretations.Kurtis Hagen - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12831.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  49.  3
    Mencius and Xunzi on the Legitimate Use of Offensive Force: A Pacifistic Critique of Recent Just War Interpretations.Kurtis Hagen - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12831.
    This essay offers a critical evaluation of competing interpretations of the early Confucian thinkers Xunzi and Mencius regarding their view of the legitimacy of war. First, I briefly describe and critique Daniel Bell’s “just war” interpretation of Mencius, which is relatively permissive regarding the legitimation of war. I then consider and critique the position of Sumner Twiss and Jonathan Chan regarding Mencius’ and Xunzi’s ostensible support for what we call “humanitarian intervention,” which is also made from a just war perspective. (...)
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  50. Imagination in Science.Alice Murphy - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12836.
    While discussions of the imagination have been limited in philosophy of science, this is beginning to change. In recent years, a vast literature on imagination in science has emerged. This paper surveys the current field, including the changing attitudes towards the scientific imagination, the fiction view of models, how the imagination can lead to knowledge and understanding, and the value of different types of imagination. It ends with a discussion of the gaps in the current literature, indicating avenues for future (...)
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  51.  20
    Part V of Spinoza's Ethics: Intuitive Knowledge, Contentment of Mind, and Intellectual Love of God.Kristin Primus - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12838.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  52.  6
    Sincerity ( Cheng ) as a Civic and Political Virtue in Classical Confucian Philosophy.Dawid Rogacz - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12833.
  53.  28
    Primitivist Theories of Truth: Their History and Prospects.Jeremy Wyatt - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (6):e12832.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 6, June 2022.
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  54. Non‐Paradigmatic Punishments.Helen Brown Coverdale & Bill Wringe - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (5):e12824.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  55.  88
    Animal Sentience.Heather Browning & Jonathan Birch - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (5):e12822.
    ‘Sentience’ sometimes refers to the capacity for any type of subjective experience, and sometimes to the capacity to have subjective experiences with a positive or negative valence, such as pain or pleasure. We review recent controversies regarding sentience in fish and invertebrates and consider the deep methodological challenge posed by these cases. We then present two ways of responding to the challenge. In a policy-making context, precautionary thinking can help us treat animals appropriately despite continuing uncertainty about their sentience. In (...)
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  56.  38
    Nature Aesthetics.James M. Dow - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (5):e12829.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  57.  7
    Gender in Necropolitics: Race, Sexuality, and Gendered Death.Ege Selin Islekel - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (5):e12827.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  58.  26
    The Axiology of Theism: Problems and Prospects.Kirk Lougheed - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (5):e12826.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 5, May 2022.
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  59.  20
    Federalism: Contemporary Political Philosophy Issues.Michael Da Silva - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  60.  45
    The Epistemology of Spacetime.Neil Dewar, Niels Linnemann & James Read - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  61.  15
    From Care Ethics to Pluralist Care Theory: The State of the Field.Mercer E. Gary - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022. -/- In a moment where needs for care are acute and their provision precarious, feminist care ethics has gained new relevance as a framework for understanding and responding to necessary interdependence. This article reviews and evaluates two long-standing critiques of care ethics in light of this recent research. First, I assess what I call the pluralist feminist critique, or the dispute over the ability of care ethics to address the needs and histories (...)
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  62.  8
    Death in the Zhuangzi: Themes, Arguments, and Interpretations.Pengbo Liu - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
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  63.  13
    A Philosopher's Guide to Multidimensional Equality.Kristi A. Olson - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  64.  8
    Jürgen Habermas and the Public Intellectual in Modern Democratic Life.Peter J. Verovšek - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  65.  69
    Theorizing Social Change.Robin Zheng - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (4):e12815.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 4, April 2022.
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  66.  14
    Teaching and Learning Guide For: African Perspectives on Just War.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (3):e12814.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 3, March 2022.
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  67.  9
    African Perspectives on Just War.Luís Cordeiro-Rodrigues - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (3):e12808.
  68. Political Anger.Myisha Cherry - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12811.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  69.  8
    Approaches to Ethics in the Laozi.Paul J. D’Ambrosio - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12810.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  70.  11
    Identity in Martin‐Löf Type Theory.Ansten Klev - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12805.
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  71.  4
    Identity in Martin‐Löf Type Theory.Ansten Klev - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  72.  54
    Well‐Being, Part 2: Theories of Well‐Being.Eden Lin - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12812.
    Judgments about how well things are going for people during particular periods of time, and about how well people’s entire lives have gone or will go, are ubiquitous in ordinary life. Those judgments are about well-being—or, equivalently, welfare or quality of life. This article examines the concept of well-being and the related concepts of prudential value and disvalue (i.e., goodness or badness for someone). It distinguishes these concepts from ones with which they might be conflated, exhibits some of the roles (...)
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  73.  72
    Well‐Being, Part 2: Theories of Well‐Being.Eden Lin - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12813.
    Theories of well-being purport to identify the features of lives, and of intervals within lives, in virtue of which some people are high in well-being and others are low in well-being. They also purport to identify the properties that make some events or states of affairs good for a person and other events or states of affairs bad for a person. This article surveys some of the main theories of well-being, with an emphasis on work published since the turn of (...)
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  74.  51
    Well‐Being, Part 1: The Concept of Well‐Being.Eden Lin - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2).
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  75. Teaching & Learning Guide For: Carbon Pricing Ethics.Kian Mintz-Woo - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12816.
    This teaching and learning guide accompanies the following article: Mintz-Woo, K., 2022. Carbon Pricing Ethics. Philosophy Compass 17(1):article e12803. doi:10.1111/phc3.12803. [Open access].
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  76.  23
    Critical Phenomenology and the Banality of White Supremacy.Helen Ngo - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (2):e12796.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 2, February 2022.
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  77.  22
    Conciliatory Strategies in Philosophy.Axel Arturo Barceló Aspeitia - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12809.
    In philosophy, as in any other theoretical endeavor, it is not rare to find conflicting but equally well grounded positions. Besides defending one of the positions and criticizing the other, philosophers can opt for pursuing other, more sophisticated, approaches aimed at incorporating the insights, intuitions, and arguments from both sides of the debate into a unified theory: Dialetheism, Analetheism, Gradualism, Pluralism and Relativism. The purpose of this article is to present each strategy's basic argumentative structure, relative strengths, and challenges, trying (...)
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  78.  51
    Acting and Believing on the Basis of Reasons.Christopher Blake-Turner - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12797.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 1, January 2022.
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  79.  14
    Automated Discovery Systems, Part 1: Historical Origins, Main Research Programs, and Methodological Foundations.Piotr Giza - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12800.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 1, January 2022.
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  80.  8
    Automated Discovery Systems, Part 2: New Developments, Current Issues, and Philosophical Lessons in Machine Learning and Data Science.Piotr Giza - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12802.
    Philosophy Compass, Volume 17, Issue 1, January 2022.
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  81.  17
    Revisiting the Criticisms of Rational Choice Theories.Catherine Herfeld - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12774.
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  82. Reasons, Normativity, and Value in Aesthetics.Alex King - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):1-17.
    Discussions of aesthetic reasons and normativity are becoming increasingly popular. This piece outlines six basic questions about aesthetic reasons, normativity, and value and discusses the space of possible answers to these questions. I divide the terrain into two groups of three questions each. First are questions about the shape of aesthetic reasons: what they favour, how strong they are, and where they come from. Second are relational questions about how aesthetic reasons fit into the wider normative landscape: whether they are (...)
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  83.  33
    Sense Perception in the Zhuangzi 莊子.Massimiliano Lacertosa - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12798.
    In this essay I explore the controversial issue of sense perception in the Zhuangzi 莊子. Although scholars have not explicitly addressed this aspect of the Chinese text, a common assumption is that the Zhuangzi proposes a mysticism that undermines sense perception in favour of a transcendent self. After an overview of this interpretation, and after analysing some key passages of the text that deal with heart fasting (xinzhai 心齋), sitting and forgetting (zuowang 坐忘) and skill mastery, I demonstrate that some (...)
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  84. Carbon Pricing Ethics.Kian Mintz-Woo - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12803.
    The three main types of policies for addressing climate change are command and control regulation, carbon taxes (or price instruments), and cap and trade (or quantity instruments). The first question in the ethics of carbon pricing is whether the latter two (price and quantity instruments) are preferable to command and control regulation. The second question is, if so, how should we evaluate the relative merits of price and quantity instruments. I canvass relevant arguments to explain different ways of addressing these (...)
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  85. Philosophical Foundations of Mixed Methods Research.Yafeng Shan - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (1):e12804.
    This paper provides a critical review of the debate over the philosophical foundations of mixed methods research and examines the notion of philosophical foundations. It distinguishes axiology-oriented from ontology-oriented philosophical foundations. It also identifies three different senses of philosophical foundations of mixed methods research. The weak sense of philosophical foundations (e.g., pragmatism) merely allows the possibility of the integration of both quantitative and qualitative methods/data/designs. The moderate sense of philosophical foundations (e.g., transformativism) provide a good reason to use mixed methods (...)
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  86.  26
    Metaphysical Idealism Revisited.Chiu Yui Plato Tse - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17:1-21.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a general survey of the latest development of metaphysical idealism in contemporary Anglo-American philosophy. It consists of five main parts. The first part is a short introduction, it states the position of idealism and its current status in the Anglophone world. The second part focuses on the negative programme of idealism, which challenges physicalism on the problem of matter (2.1) and the problem of consciousness (2.2). The third part illustrates the positive programme (...)
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  87. The Ethics of Partiality.Benjamin Lange - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 1 (8):1-15.
    Partiality is the special concern that we display for ourselves and other people with whom we stand in some special personal relationship. It is a central theme in moral philosophy, both ancient and modern. Questions about the justification of partiality arise in the context of enquiry into several moral topics, including the good life and the role in it of our personal commitments; the demands of impartial morality, equality, and other moral ideals; and commonsense ideas about supererogation. This paper provides (...)
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  88. Normal‐Proper Functions in the Philosophy of Mind.Andrew Rubner - 2022 - Philosophy Compass (7):1-11.
    This paper looks at the nature of normal-proper functions and the role they play in theories of representational content. More specifically: I lay down two desiderata for a theory which tries to capture what's distinctive of normal-proper functions and discuss two prominent theories which claim to satisfy them. I discuss the advantages of having normal-proper functions ground a theory of representational content. And, I look at both orthodox and heterodox versions of such theories.
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  89. Psychological Essentialism and the Structure of Concepts.Eleonore Neufeld - 2022 - Philosophy Compass (5):e12823.
    Psychological essentialism is the hypothesis that humans represent some categories as having an underlying essence that unifies members of a category and is causally responsible for their typical attributes and behaviors. Throughout the past several decades, psychological essentialism has emerged as an extremely active area of research in cognitive science. More recently, it has also attracted attention from philosophers, who put the empirical results to use in many different philosophical areas, ranging from philosophy of mind and cognitive science to social (...)
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