Philosophy Today

ISSNs: 0031-8256, 2329-8596

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  1.  11
    Language and Silence in the Novels of J. M. Coetzee.María Teresa Álvarez Mateos - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):307-325.
    Silence is reserved for what cannot be verbally expressed. The well-known Wittgensteinian quote summarizes an established understanding of the relationship between language and silence: because language is not enough to account for reality and thinking, it must be transcended by other means of expression, like music or silence. But what if the opposite is the case and silence is not the extension but the precondition of language, the ultimate source of meaning? This paper explores how this is the phenomenological and (...)
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  2.  18
    Foucault, Badiou, and the Courage of Philosophy.Andrey Gordienko - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):289-306.
    While regarding twentieth century French philosophy as a protracted conceptual war, Badiou has largely avoided an encounter with Foucault on the philosophical battlefield. According to Badiou, Foucault constructs a history of systems of thought starting from something other than philosophy (linguistic anthropology, postmodern sophism, democratic materialism) and, in so doing, exits the philosophical battleground. The present essay explores the prospect of rapprochement between these two thinkers, drawing attention to their shared concern with the theme of true life. For Foucault and (...)
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  3.  2
    Goldschmidt and Yiddish Anarchism.Roman Karlović & Peter Bojanić - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):415-424.
    While Hermann Levin Goldschmidt didn’t read Yiddish anarchists, there seems to have been a convergent evolution in their thinking. Goldschmidt’s looking up to Jewish lore as a source of liberating creativity is commonly encountered in Yiddish anarchist texts. His view of action as a constant response to internal and external challenges in the struggle for an open future is developed by Isaac Nachman Steinberg on the basis of nineteenth-century vitalism. Goldschmidt’s theory of anarchist individualism as willed self-limiting solidarity has a (...)
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  4.  8
    Grounding and Limiting Political Corporate Social Responsibility (PCSR) Using a Neo-Aristotelian Approach.Daryl Koehn - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):341-361.
    This paper offers a neo-Aristotelian approach to PCSR aimed at enabling us to more systematically ascertain which sorts of corporate political activities, if any, might be politically acceptable. Part 1 sketches Aristotle’s account of the “political.” Aristotelian politics have at least four key dimensions. When we speak of PCSR, we should, from this Aristotelian perspective, evaluate how specific behaviors accord with or undermine these four aspects of political life. Part 2 of the paper explores which forms of activity by corporations (...)
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  5.  11
    Rethinking Truth and Method in Light of Gadamer’s Later Interpretation of Plato.William Konchak - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):363-380.
    As is well known, Plato was a significant influence on Gadamer’s thought. Nevertheless, Gadamer’s interpretation of Plato changed through the years, and he became increasing sympathetic towards Plato in his later works after 1960’s Truth and Method. This article will examine how Gadamer’s writings on Plato after Truth and Method may inform our interpretation of his magnum opus. I will present the case that this not only leads to rethinking Gadamer’s relation to Plato, but also has wider implications for his (...)
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  6.  9
    The Aristotelian Robot.Eduardo Mendieta & Alan R. Wagner - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):327-340.
    In this essay an engineer and a philosopher, after many conversations, develop an argument for why the Aristotelian version of virtue ethics is the most promising way to develop what we call artificial moral, social agents, i.e. robots. This, evidently, applies to humans as well. There are several claims: first, that humans are not born moral, they are socialized into morality; second, that morality involves affect, emotion, feeling, before it engages reason; third, that how a moral being feels is related (...)
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  7.  12
    The Socratic Moment.Jack Montgomery - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):381-400.
    This essay attempts to rethink what is here called “the Socratic Moment” in Western philosophy, that is, the unique turn that philosophy takes in the early Socratic dialogues of Plato. The essay begins by contesting the traditional view that the goal of Socratic inquiry is to gain irrefutable knowledge of ethical concepts such as courage, justice, friendship, and the holy for the purposes of future action. It argues instead, through a close reading of key passages from Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro, (...)
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  8.  2
    The Challenge of a “Paradoxology”.Sophie Nordmann - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):401-414.
    This article takes as its starting point the central place given to contradiction by Hermann Goldschmidt in his book Contradiction Set Free, and it compares his approach with that of the philosopher Vladimir Jankélévitch. At the same time as Goldschmidt, Jankélévitch also assigned a central role to contradiction in thought, so much so that he often referred to his own philosophical method as “paradoxology.” For him, as for Goldschmidt, paradox is the driving force behind thought that is always on the (...)
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  9.  7
    Critique without End(s).Marcus Quent - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):229-243.
    Critique currently leads a life akin to a zombie. It is torn between attempts to surpass it and radical gestures of its dismissal, while moderate forces dwell on the business of inventorying its history. Starting from critique’s historical turn on itself, this essay focuses on destabilization and self-questioning as its essential features. Regarding Adorno’s model, it seeks to locate critique’s focal point before it was split by surpassing and dismissal. This model is still challenging because it is situated at a (...)
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  10.  8
    Object-Oriented Animals.Niki Young - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):245-261.
    In Graham Harman’s Object-Oriented Ontology (OOO), an apparent tension arises between his pursuit of a self-proclaimed “new theory of everything,” or general ontology, and his assertion that any ontology must be able to account for distinctions among various regions of being. This paper delves into this tension between universality and specificity, particularly concerning the question of animal ontology, and examines the potential for constructing an object-oriented animal ontology. By juxtaposing Harman’s perspectives with those of Matthew Calarco and other scholars, I (...)
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  11.  18
    A Systems Theoretic View of Speculative Realism.Martin Zwick - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (2):263-288.
    Recent developments in Continental philosophy have included the emergence of a school of “speculative realism,” which rejects the human-centered orientation that has long dominated Continental thought. Proponents of speculative realism differ on several issues, but many agree on the need for an object-oriented ontology. Some speculative realists identify realism with materialism, while others accord equal reality to objects that are non-material, even fictional. Several thinkers retain a focus on difference, a well-established theme in Continental thought. This paper looks at speculative (...)
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  12.  13
    Hobbes’s Medeas.Arthur Bradley - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):9-25.
    This article explores Thomas Hobbes’s political translations of Euripides’s Medea and, particularly, his representation of the Dionysian ritual of killing and dismembering a sacrificial victim (sparagmos). To answer the question of what forms political theology may take in modernity, I contend that Hobbes seeks to reverse the political theological meaning of ancient Greek sparagmos—which was originally depicted in Euripides as a legitimate religious sacrifice whose objective was to reunify the polis—by turning it into a senseless act of political violence that (...)
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  13. The Dawn of the Phenomenology of Feelings.Thomas Byrne - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):147-165.
    This essay reshapes our understanding of the origin and trajectory of the phenomenology of feelings. In contrast to accepted interpretations, I show that Husserl’s 1896 manuscript “Approval, Value, and Evidence”—and not his 1901 Logical Investigations—is the foundation of his subsequent phenomenology of feelings as it is found in Lectures on Ethics and Value Theory, Ideas I, and other manuscripts. This is for two reasons. First, in the 1896 manuscript—published in Studies Concerning the Structures of Consciousness—Husserl introduces the core problem, which (...)
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  14.  24
    Power’s Two Bodies.Antonio Cerella - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):71-89.
    This article seeks to problematize Agamben’s interpretation of sovereignty in light of the “archaeological method” he uses in his Homo Sacer project. In contrast to Agamben’s exposition, which treats biopolitics as the original and ontological paradigm of Western politics, the essay discusses how, historically, sovereign power has been conceived as a “double body”—transcendent and immanent, sacred and sacrificial, absolute and perpetual—from whose tension conceptual and political metamorphoses of sovereignty arise. The first attribute of sovereignty—absoluteness, on which Agamben has often focused—should (...)
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  15.  11
    William S. Allen, Adorno, Aesthetics, Dissonance: On Dialectics in Modernity.Bryan Counter - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):199-201.
  16.  12
    Perspectives on Modern Islamist Political Theology.Nader El-Bizri - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):91-108.
    This paper addresses the notion of political theology by way of accounting for modern manifestations of transnational Islamism with a particular emphasis on the establishment of theocratic rule through the contemporary political spheres of praxis in Twelver-Shiism (Shīʿa Ithnā-ʿAsharīyya). This is undertaken by way of giving some principal highlights concerning the conceptual aspects that can be accounted for from the standpoint of political theology in the broad context of Islamist fundamentalist movements. A more detailed focus is also presented in this (...)
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  17.  15
    Decision, Choice, Disclosedness.Dario Gentili - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):27-39.
    This paper considers whether the category of sovereign “decision,” as it is used in Carl Schmitt’s Political Theology, has analogies with the paradigm of “choice,” as it is theorized in neoliberalism. Both decision and choice belong to that mode of judgement that “cuts” the field of alternatives into two, into two “extreme” alternatives. This mode of judgment not only presupposes the subject of the decision, but also sets up the terms of the choice, clearly indicating the optimal option. For Schmitt, (...)
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  18.  11
    Power as Gift.Montserrat Herrero - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):55-70.
    The article addresses the question of whether Derrida in his political theology can be considered an “unfaithful” reader of Schmitt. While Derrida does not quote Schmitt’s Political Theology, some of his assertions are reminiscent of Schmitt’s disciplinary use of political theology. Indeed, Schmitt’s account of the relationship between exception, decision, and sovereignty was abundantly discussed in Derrida’s last seminar, The Beast and the Sovereign. Derrida attempts in this seminar to deconstruct the sovereignty of the nation-state and its onto-theologico-political foundation. The (...)
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  19.  33
    The Janus Face of Cosmopolitics.Iwona Janicka - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):129-145.
    Scholars in multispecies ethnography, the ontological turn, new materialisms, science and technology studies (STS), assemblage urbanism and other movements within the posthumanities broadly considered often treat cosmopolitics, initially proposed by Isabelle Stengers and subsequently taken up by Bruno Latour, as a single coherent concept. However, Stengers’s cosmopolitics differs considerably from Latour’s. The difference is most clearly visible in their contrasting positions on the concept of universality. Even though their divergence on universality could be considered a minor philosophical dispute among intellectual (...)
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  20.  17
    Watsuji on Nature: An Auseinandersetzung with Krueger and Lofts.David W. Johnson - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):219-227.
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  21.  4
    Richard Wolin, Heidegger in Ruins: Between Philosophy and Ideology.Sidonie A. I. Kellerer - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):183-192.
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  22. Ontological Deprivation and the Dark Side of Fūdo.Joel Krueger - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):203-209.
  23.  10
    An Auseinandersetzung with David W. Johnson’s Watsuji on Nature: Japanese Philosophy in the Wake of Heidegger.Stephen G. Lofts - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):211-217.
  24.  19
    Political Theology and the Anthropocene.Saul Newman - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):109-127.
    Carl Schmitt’s political theology—which refers to the translation of theological concepts into secular political and legal categories, namely sovereignty and the state of exception—is defined against a background of “metaphysical” constellations where, according to Schmitt, bourgeois individualism and the nihilism of technology have come to dominate the modern age. My argument is that our contemporary age is dominated by a new “metaphysical” constellation—the Anthropocene. This condition—to which the ecological crisis is inextricably related—demands an entirely different kind of political theology to (...)
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  25.  24
    Conceptual Articulations and the Growth of African Languages.Osita Nnajiofor & Maduka Enyimba - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):167-181.
    We argue in this paper that unveiling of concepts is a viable means of promoting the growth of African languages in contemporary African studies. We show that African languages face serious threat of extinction due to neglect from their users and undue influence of colonial languages. We contend that the ratio of indigenous languages used as official languages compared to colonial languages is poor and despicable. The growth of African languages has been stunted due to the multilingual nature of African (...)
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  26.  25
    Ivan Chvatík and Erin Plunkett, editors, The Selected Writings of Jan Patočka: Care for the Soul, trans. Alex Zucker.Josef Novák - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):193-198.
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  27.  15
    Political Theology Put to the Test of the Unexpected.Elettra Stimilli - 2024 - Philosophy Today 68 (1):41-53.
    This essay returns to Jacob Taubes’s messianism in order to short-circuit a contemporary political and conceptual impasse between left- and right-wing Schmittianisms. It first seeks to expose the limits of both Schmitt’s originary political theology and post-war Italian Marxist rehabilitations of Schmitt, which, it is argued, remain caught in the same political-ontological matrix. To answer the question of what (if anything) might come after political theology, the essay turns to Jacob Taubes’s “counter-political theology” in order to find an alternative genealogy (...)
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