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  1.  70
    Brain Function on the Basis of Biological Equilibrium - The Triggering Brain (2nd edition).Juergen Stueber - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2023 (2(2)):432-452.
    A model of brain function is presented that is consistently based on the biological principle of equilibrium. The neuronal modules of the cerebral cortex are proposed as units in which equilibrium between incoming signals and the synaptic structure is determined or established. Because of the electromagnetic activity of the brain, the electromagnetic properties of thecells are brought into focus. Due to the synaptic changes of the modules -essentially during sleep -an electromagnetic resting balance between the modules is established. Incoming signals (...)
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  2.  6
    The NeuroPhilosophy of Physics: A Grand Unification of How Brain and Mind Shape Our Perception of the Universe.Roy Barzilai - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    The advancement of modern science, particularly in neuroscience and physics, may have reached the level of knowledge that enables us to be at the cusp of a new grand unified theory of the nature of our mind and how it shapes our perception of reality and evolution of science itself. This grand leap forward requires a paradigm shift towards greater integration of different scientific disciplines under the emerging new field of complex, dynamic systems, such as our brain and the universe, (...)
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  3. In"tarot"ception- Primer, Learning Module, Philosophical Foundations and Application.Jesse Bettinger - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    Perception operates in general according to two causal processes—bottom-up (sensory driven; progressive), and top-down (anticipatory; inferential; with signal progression issuing from expectations about future states). Both are essential to consciousness. Like colors, there are, in essence, three primary modes of perception. Exteroception, interoception and proprioception. The interoceptive faculty of perception refers to the moment-to-moment awareness of the body's interior dynamics in concert with regulatory homeostatic and allostatic operations that furnish a core feature of subjective experience, social navigation and sense-of-self. This (...)
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  4. The Infinite: A Cosmological Model Based on God's Self-consciousness.Sam Breslauer - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    This is the second of a series of three papers intended to recast and extend a philosophical and cosmological model, called the Fractal of Self (FOS) model of consciousness. The focus of this paper is to apply the theological / philosophical principles presented in the first paper, published in NeuroPhilosophy, and demonstrate how these axioms align with many discoveries made in the field of material science. As a result, this model proposes how creation began from a singularity of infinite energy (...)
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  5. The Cartesian Set Theory: A Unifying Theory for Mental Disorders.Andrea Bucci - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    In this essay I want to propose a relative new theory about conscious states, human experience and its application in the study of mental disorders in the broader sense. I will call this theory, which has some similarities with the most famous Cartesian Theatre metaphor by Daniel Dennet, The Cartesian Set Theory. My Cartesian Set Theory try to reveal with the help of some analogies the entire field of human experience and, I retain obvious, the conscious one. Contextually, I will (...)
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  6.  1
    The Dissolution of Dawkins' Riddle Is Not So Hard.Andrea Bucci - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    In this paper, I propose a metaphysics of group selection that solves the conundrum without appealing to the biological research in modern evolutionism but taking it in the background and citing it when needed. In my opinion, the group selection is practically possible and it does not contrast with the other fact, that natural selection involves individuals’ genes only. I propose this metaphysics as a reasoned narration of how the group selection works and I will show how the conundrum can (...)
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  7.  4
    A Theory of the Microdynamics of Occurrent Thought and the Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Herbert Demmin - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    A portion of a phenomenologically based model of thinking and conscious mental states called, A Theory of the Microdynamics of Occurrent Thought (TMDOT), is outlined (Demmin, 2015). Micro phases of occurrent thoughts (OTs) are delineated that consist of phenomenal contents in which a central executive (CE) becomes immersed, followed by one of several transitions of attention characterized by its “face up” or “face down” surfacing from them. The transitions bring about different degrees of consciousness of those contents, ones that reflect (...)
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  8.  21
    The Selfhood-Components Dynamics in the Spectrum of Discrete Normotypical and Pathological Modes (2nd edition).Andrew and Alexander Fingelkurts - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2):402-431.
    In this first-of-its-kind neurophenomenological study we investigated the dynamic configuration and the levels of variability of the “Self”-, “Me”-, and “I”- components that comprise a complex experiential Selfhood across 16 distinct modes covering a range of healthy-normal, altered, and pathological brain states. The phenomenology was addressed by examining the mental structures of subjective self-experience, and for the neurophysiological counterpart, we used electroencephalogram analysis to gather data on three subnets of the self-referential brain network that correspond to the three components of (...)
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  9.  2
    Nueophenomenological Oeuvre in Large-Scale Networks: The Neural Dynamics of Subjective Experience.Nathazsha Gande - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    Neurophenomenology is a research program that seeks to integrate the fields of neuroscience and phenomenology for the purpose of investigating the nature of human experience. Contemporary neurocognitive models pertaining to self-regulation and execution suggests that individuals interpret objects they perceive and approach as definite in their experiential encounter. Yet, a comprehensive analysis on the phenomenology of awareness and behavior reveals that during the process of detecting or interacting with objects, we experience them in a convoluted manner that underlies an adversarial (...)
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  10.  1
    The Unreasonable Political Effectiveness of Mathematical Modelling.Susan Pockett - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    Ever since Thomas Malthus used simple mathematics to model the evolution of food production vs the increasing human population of planet Earth and declared that we would very soon eat ourselves out of house and home, politicians have been falling hook, line and sinker for mathematical models. This paper examines how and why the mathematical modelling of complex systems has proved unreasonably effective in convincing mathematically illiterate politicians to take practical measures that have turned out to be disastrous. It then (...)
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  11.  8
    Mental Recognition of Objects via Ramsey Sentences.Arturo Tozzi - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    Dogs display vast phenotypic diversity, including differences in height, skull shape, tail, etc. Yet, humans are almost always able to quickly recognize a dog, despite no single feature or group of features are critical to distinguish dogs from other objects/animals. In search of the mental activities leading human individuals to state “I see a dog”, we hypothesize that the brain might extract meaningful information from the environment using Ramsey sentences-like procedures. To turn the proposition “I see a dog” in a (...)
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  12.  5
    Neurobiology of the Milgram Obedience Experiment.Kudret Eren Yavuz & Sultan Tarlacı - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (2).
    This manuscript presents a comprehensive review of the neurobiology underlying the Milgram Obedience Experiment, a cornerstone in understanding human behavior under authority. Beginning with an examination of traumatic historical events, particularly the Holocaust, the manuscript delves into the psychological underpinnings of obedience. It discusses how individuals, like Adolf Eichmann, rationalized their actions as mere adherence to orders, a phenomenon later empirically studied by Stanley Milgram. Milgram's experiments, conducted at Yale University, demonstrated a startling willingness among ordinary people to inflict harm (...)
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  13.  1
    Physicists Don't Understand Color.Brent Allsop - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    You can demonstrate a subjective quality like redness is different from red light. If you add a device that converts a red signal into a green one, between the retina and the optic nerve, the strawberry will seem green. It’s not about light hitting the retina, it’s about how the signal is processed. In this case, the greenness must be a quality of our conscious knowledge of the strawberry, not of the red light landing on the retina. If you use (...)
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  14.  3
    How Testosterone and Serotonin Drive the Shift in Global Power Dynamics, and Geopolitics of Social Conflict in the Clash of Civilizations.Roy Barzilai - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    The recent atrocious war starting in 2022 between Russia and Ukraine has highlighted the underlying fundamental tensions between the two polar sides of the Eurasian grand supercontinent, connecting Western Europe (and also the United States across the Atlantic Ocean, further west) on one polar side, versus the Far East of Asia where China is centered on the other polar side, and Russia, as a land bridge between them then absorbing influences from both sides through its history over the last millennium. (...)
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  15. The Infinite Self: A Philosophy on the Origin and Nature of Consciousness.Sam Breslauer - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    The origin and nature of consciousness remains a deeply perplexing mystery for material scientists. Many material approaches towards the study of consciousness have been employed but have struggled to scratch beyond the surface of this strange yet intimately familiar phenomenon of the universe. This paper aims to provide a refreshingly new perspective that explains various theological, philosophical and physical interconnections that help solve the puzzle of consciousness. At the heart of this model is the notion that the material universe relies (...)
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  16.  8
    In Search of the Ultimate Model.Melvin Felton - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    In recent years, researchers from a variety of scientific disciplines have begun to notice surprising similarity between the network and topological features of the human brain, or brain-like systems in general, and the picture of the universe emerging out of theoretical physics. In this paper, I discuss some of these recent developments and suggest ways to further investigate structural and dynamical similarities between the human brain and universe. I discuss the impact that a close correspondence between these two systems would (...)
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  17.  17
    A Critique of Libet and Wegner's Argument Against Free Will.Ferdinard Fosu-Blankson & Husein Inusah - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    The research of Benjamin Libet and Daniel Wegner are groundbreaking works in neuropsychology that make arguments against human freedom. However, Libet’s and Wegner’s arguments are marred with some philosophical inconsistencies including; misconceptions, logical errors, and causal fallacies which seems to emanate from the problem of subjecting the concept of free will to an empirical enquiry only. In this essay, it is argued that empirical enquiry alone limits the study of the role of consciousness and its involvement in decision-making. It is (...)
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  18.  20
    Solving Mind-Body Issues Requires Combining Philosophical Reflection and Empirical Research.Marja-Liisa Kakkuri-Knuuttila - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    This paper argues that to progress with philosophical issues concerning brain-mind relations one needs to combine philosophical reflection and empirical research with theoretical model building. Philosophy and abstract theorizing alone do not carry us far, as will be illustrated by analyzing the views about panpsychism by the quantum physicist David Bohm, who builds his reasoning on quantum mechanical analogies. His reflection around the notion of active information, adopted in his causal interpretation of quantum mechanics to replace the Newtonian notion of (...)
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  19.  30
    David Hume, Causation, and the Problem of Induction.Chris M. Lorkowski - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    Scottish philosopher David Hume provided some of the most novel and important insights into the nature of causation. This article introduces his most important lines of thought regarding cause and effect, specifically, his analysis of causation culminating in his two definitions of causation and the Problem of Induction.
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  20. Some Social Aspects of the Soul of Multiverse Hypothesis: Human Societies and the Soul of Multiverse.Nandor Ludvig - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    As a continuation of this author’s previous cosmological neuroscience papers on the hypothesized Soul of Multiverse and its possible laws, the present work examined the social aspects of four of these laws. The following key aspects were recognized: (1) Knowing about the cosmic Law of Coexistence in Diversity can let our mind respect not only the endless diversity of human beings but also the cohesive force of space-time in which all are connected. This may help realizing the superiority of cooperation (...)
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  21.  3
    What are Conscious Sensations?Susan Pockett - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    Existing theories about the nature of conscious sensations are discussed. The oldest classification system contrasts dualist theories (which say consciousness is an abstract entity) with monist theories (which say consciousness is a concrete entity). A more recent system contrasts process theories ("consciousness is a process, not a thing") with vehicle theories (consciousness is a property of one or more of the things associated with brain processes). The present paper first points out that processes are abstracta, which makes process theories dualist. (...)
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  22.  2
    Theory of Mind, Phenomenology, and the Double Empathy Problem.Elisabetta Angela Rizzo - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    According to some neurocognitive studies, autistic people do not have a theory of mind (ToM); this means that they are unable to interpret the thoughts, beliefs and intentions of others just by observing their behaviour and/or listening to what they say and how they say it. By contrast, researchers from phenomenology claim that autistic people experience issues in earlier forms of intersubjectivity and that in some cases a ToM may be used to compensate for issues in empathy. My purpose is (...)
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  23. Investigation of the Relationship between Anxiety Disorder and Time Perception with Perceptional Paradigm.Hüseyun Oğuzhan Şan, Sultan Tarlacı, Korkut Ulucan, Tolga Polat, Ozlem Ozge Yilmaz & Beste Tacal Aslan - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    Anxiety is a pathological condition, as well as a condition that is continued in nature according to the event and situation to keep the vitality alive. For this reason, it is challenging to examine the relationship between the perception of time and the anxiety disease experienced within the limits of normality. Anxiety is one of the most studied topics today. It is also thought that the physical symptoms of anxiety affect cognitive processes. Anxiety, which is observed either alone or in (...)
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  24.  25
    My Journey to Neurophilosophy: Paul Thagard.Paul Thagard - 2023 - Journal of Neurophilosophy 2 (1).
    Paul Thagard describes how his current work in neurophilosophy grew out of a long series of engagements with philosophy, philosophy of science, cognitive science, neural networks, and theoretical neuroscience. Each of these engagements had cumulative advantages over its predecessors. Neurophilosophy is prospering by applying insights about the workings of the brain to central problems in epistemology, metaphysics, and ethics.
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