21 found

Year:

  1.  7
    Are Hate Speech Laws Useless? An Appraisal of Eric Heinze’s Arguments.Stéphane Courtois - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):249-269.
    Most Western democracies and international institutions have currently adopted a range of policies aimed at regulating hate speech. However, the kinds of target groups that hate speech regulations seek to protect have not been clearly defined yet. In a series of publications, Eric Heinze has challenged the coherence of such regulations. His core thesis is that hate speech laws have simply no place in longstanding, stable, and prosperous democracies. In this paper, I examine the three main charges Heinze raises against (...)
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  2.  4
    National Injustice, Caring Institutions and Cosmopolitan Motivation.Joshua Hobbs - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):229-248.
    This paper examines the relationship between strategies of cosmopolitan education intended to motivate citizens of affluent countries to care about distant others facing injustice, and injustices within the borders of these affluent countries. I argue that promoting justice within affluent countries and motivating citizens to act to address global injustices, are potentially complementary rather than competing projects. I make two claims. Injustices within national borders can undermine the development of cosmopolitan concern. National institutions delivering health and social care play a (...)
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  3.  13
    Abraham A. Singer: The Form of the Firm: A Normative Political Theory of the Corporation: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, pp. xii + 296, Hardcover $78.00. ISBN: 9780190698348.Chi Kwok - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):401-406.
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  4.  14
    The Empathy Dilemma: Democratic Deliberation, Epistemic Injustice and the Problem of Empathetic Imagination.Catriona Mackenzie & Sarah Sorial - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):365-389.
    One of the challenges facing complex democratic societies marked by deep normative disagreements and differences along lines of race, gender, sexuality, culture and religion is how the perspectives of diverse individuals and social groups can be made effectively present in the deliberative process. In response to this challenge, a number of political theorists have argued that empathetic perspective-taking is critical for just democratic deliberation, and that a well-functioning democracy requires the cultivation in citizens of empathetic skills and virtues. In this (...)
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  5.  2
    Transformative Experimentation, Perspectival Diversity, and the Polycentric Liberal Order.Aylon R. Manor - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):323-338.
    Proponents of political experiments in living, such as Elizabeth Anderson and Ryan Muldoon, often emphasize their potential to generate useful observational data about the relation between social rules and ethically desirable outcomes. This paper highlights another epistemic dimension of political experiments: their potential to transform the cognitive perspectives of participants. I argue that this transformative dimension of experimentation offers an endogenous societal mechanism for increasing perspectival diversity. I explore the implications of this mechanism for institutional design.
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  6.  30
    Why Not Community? An Exploration of the Value of Community in Cohen's Socialism.Lasse Nielsen & Andreas Albertsen - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):303-322.
    The work of prominent analytical Marxist G. A. Cohen provides a vision of socialism which has distributive justice and community at its core. While Cohen's view of distributive justice has been hugely influential, much less has been said about community. This article argues that community plays three distinct roles in Cohen's socialism. One is as an independent value, the second is as a necessary adjacent counterpart to justice, which serves both to restrict and facilitate distributive equality, and the third is (...)
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  7.  2
    The Many Faces of Dignity: Review of Suzy Killmister, Contours of Dignity, Oxford University Press, 2020.Costanza Porro - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):407-412.
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  8.  8
    Genealogical Solutions to the Problem of Critical Distance: Political Theory, Contextualism and the case of Punishment in Transitional Scenarios.Francesco Testini - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):271-301.
    In this paper, I argue that one approach to normative political theory, namely contextualism, can benefit from a specific kind of historical inquiry, namely genealogy, because the latter provides a solution to a deep-seated problem for the former. This problem consists in a lack of critical distance and originates from the justificatory role that contextualist approaches attribute to contextual facts. I compare two approaches to genealogical reconstruction, namely the historiographical method pioneered by Foucault and the hybrid method of pragmatic genealogy (...)
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  9.  3
    The Grounds and Demands of Public Recognition: How Religious Exemptions Corrode Civic Self-Respect.Jocelyn Wilson - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (2):339-363.
    I investigate the normative and conceptual account of the relationship between public recognition and dignitarian, or egalitarian, commitments. I do so through addressing the normative dispute, sparked by legal cases such as Masterpiece Cakeshop, Ltd. v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission and Fulton v. City of Philadelphia, as to whether there are dignitarian grounds for rejecting religious exemptions to antidiscrimination laws. I argue that there are such grounds. Specifically, I argue that, if granted, such exemptions would inflict dignitary harms against LGBTQ (...)
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  10.  18
    Where Democracy Should Be: On the Site(s) of the All-Subjected Principle.Andreas Bengtson - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):69-84.
    In this paper, I set out to defend the claim that a central principle in democratic theory, the all-subjected principle, applies not only when one is subject to a rule by a state but also when one is subject to a rule by a ‘non-state’ unit. I argue that self-government is the value underlying the all-subjected principle that explains why a subjected individual should be included because she is subjected. Given this, it is unfounded to limit the principle to the (...)
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  11.  18
    The Failure of Traditional Environmental Philosophy.Joseph Heath - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):1-16.
    A notable feature of recent philosophical work on climate ethics is that it makes practically no reference to ‘traditional’ environmental philosophy. There is some irony in this, since environmental ethics arose as part of a broader movement within philosophy, starting in the 1960s, aimed at developing different fields of applied philosophy, in order to show how everyday practice could be enriched through philosophical reflection and analysis. The major goal of this paper is to explain why this branch of practical ethics (...)
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  12.  12
    Climate Refugees, Demandingness and Kagan’s Conditional.Nils Holtug - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):33-47.
    In the years to come, a great number of people are going to be displaced due to climate change. Climate refugees are going to migrate to find somewhere more hospitable to live. In light of this, many countries are likely to try to prevent the influx of climate refugees, and more specifically argue that they cannot reasonably be required to take in large numbers of refugees as this is simply too demanding. This objection—the demandingness objection to taking in climate refugees—is (...)
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  13.  14
    The Ethics of Automated Vehicles: Why Self-driving Cars Should not Swerve in Dilemma Cases.Rob Lawlor - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):193-216.
    In this paper, I will argue that automated vehicles should not swerve to avoid a person or vehicle in its path, unless they can do so without imposing risks onto others. I will argue that this is the conclusion that we should reach even if we start by assuming that we should divert the trolley in the standard trolley case. In defence of this claim, I appeal to the distribution of moral and legal responsibilities, highlighting the importance of safe spaces, (...)
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  14.  6
    Come as You Are? Public Reason and Climate Change.Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen & Asbjørn Hauge-Helgestad - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):17-32.
    The likely adverse effects of climate change call for political action. In this paper, we argue that the public reason framework—with its insistence on justifiability to all reasonable citizens, in spite of their profound disagreements—despite initial misgivings recommends itself as a framework for debate and decisions pertaining to climate change. We address two possible stumbling blocks: the exclusion of non-anthropocentric points of view, and the controversy over intergenerational justice. We argue that public reason can deal with these problems. Moreover, we (...)
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  15.  12
    The Union Makes Us Strong, but Does It Make Us Free? A Review of Mark Reiff’s In the Name of Liberty: The Argument for Universal Unionization. [REVIEW]Stanislas Victor Richard - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):217-222.
    Mark Reiff’s book In the Name of Liberty: The Argument for Universal Unionization successfully delivers the promise contained in the title—the case for a version of liberal capitalism where every worker would belong to a union. The argument, based on the greater freedom unions bring to workers, clearly seeks an overlapping consensus, for virtually all major contemporary political philosophies defend freedom. The book especially tries to be appealing to right-libertarians. This review will argue, however, that Reiff takes the ‘liberty’ in (...)
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  16.  6
    Populist Anti-Immigrant Sentiments Taken Seriously: A Realistic Approach.Laura Santi Amantini - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):103-123.
    This essay argues that the illiberal anti-immigrant sentiments which lie behind the success of populist right-wing parties deserve the attention of political theorists working on the ethics of migration, even though such sentiments exceed the boundaries of admissible disagreement on justice in migration. Firstly, populist anti-immigrant sentiments hinder the implementation of liberal democratic immigration policies and thus they represent a feasibility constraint for any liberal ethics of migration, not only the most cosmopolitan ones. Secondly, there are legitimacy reasons why such (...)
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  17.  4
    Review of Allyn Fives, Judith Shklar and the Liberalism of Fear, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 2020, 288 pp. ISBN: 9781526147738. [REVIEW]Zoltán Gábor Szűcs - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):223-227.
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  18.  12
    Libertarianism, Climate Change, and Individual Responsibility.Olle Torpman - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):125-148.
    Much has been written about climate change from an ethical view in general, but less has been written about it from a libertarian point of view in particular. In this paper, I apply the libertarian moral theory to the problem of climate change. I focus on libertarianism’s implications for our individual emissions. I argue that even if our individual emissions cause no harm to others, these emissions cross other people’s boundaries, although the boundary-crossings that are due to our ‘subsistence emissions’ (...)
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  19.  5
    Contracting for Catastrophe:Legitimizing Emergency Constitutions by Drawing on Social Contract Theory.Stefan Voigt - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):149-172.
    States of emergency are declared frequently in all parts of the world. Their declaration routinely implies a suspension of basic constitutional rights. In the last half century, it has become the norm for constitutions to contain an explicit ‘emergency constitution’, i.e., the constitutionally safeguarded rules of operation for a state of emergency. In this paper, I ask whether inclusion of an emergency constitution can be legitimized by drawing on social contract theory. I argue that there are important arguments, both against (...)
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  20.  9
    Realizing Freedom as Non-Domination: Political Obligation in Kant’s Doctrine of Right.Robert Patrick Whelan - 2022 - Res Publica 28 (1):85-101.
    Prominent Kantian scholars, such as Korsgaard and Waldron, claim that the very existence of juridical-political institutions is sufficient to render laws authoritative. Critics argue that this view is unpersuasive as it requires subjects to obey grossly unjust laws. Here, I identify two problems facing scholars who reject the absolutist view of political authority proffered by Korsgaard and Waldron. First, when there is reasonable disagreement regarding a law’s legitimacy the Principle of Right generates contradictory obligations as it commands both disobedience and (...)
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  21.  10
    AI and the Social Sciences: Why All Variables Are Not Created Equal.Catherine Greene - 2022 - Res Publica 1:1-17.
    This article argues that it is far from trivial to convert social science concepts into accurate categories on which algorithms work best. The literature raises this concern in a general way; for example, Deeks notes that legal concepts, such as proportionality, cannot be easily converted into code noting that ‘The meaning and application of these concepts is hotly debated, even among lawyers who share common vocabularies and experiences’ (Deeks in Va Law Rev 104, pp. 1529–1593, 2018). The example discussed here (...)
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