Walter Benjamin y el proyecto (no realizado) de una tesis doctoral sobre el concepto de "tarea infinita" en la filosofía de la historia de Kant

Dianoia 58 (70):89-111 (2013)

En este trabajo se investigan cuáles fueron las razones de Benjamin para proyectar su tesis doctoral sobre el concepto de "tarea infinita" en la filosofía de la historia de Kant, así como los motivos por los que abandonó ese plan. Se destaca la influencia decisiva de Hermann Cohen en este intento, así como las diferencias entre sus concepciones del mesianismo, y se muestra que en los esbozos de aquel proyecto doctoral frustrado se encuentra en germen la aspiración benjaminiana de fundamentar el conocimiento en una concepción mesiánica de la historia. Además, se sostiene que, con este fin, Benjamin reelaboró la noción de "tarea infinita" en relación con una exigencia de redención que fundamenta la esfera cognoscitiva. In this paper we investigate the reasons which led Benjamin to project his doctoral dissertation on the concept of "infinite task" in Kant's philosophy of history, as well as the motives behind his subsequent abandonment of that project. We stress both the crucial influence of Hermann Cohen behind Benjamin's expectations and the differences between their conceptions of messianism. Our aim is to show that the outlines remaining from Benjamin's frustrated doctoral project contain the seeds of his lasting aspiration to lay the foundation of knowledge in a messianic conception of history. With this intention, we maintain, Benjamin interprets the notion on "infinite task" in connection with a demand of redemption that grounds the cognitive sphere
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