Reason and Value [Book Review]

Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):556-558 (1986)

Authors
Deborah Achtenberg
University of Nevada, Reno
Abstract
The title alludes to the central topic of the book, the relation between practical reason and value. We face a dilemma. Either practical reason is purely cognitive and so cannot motivate action, or practical reason is merely a function of an agent's actual desire in which case there can be no objective reasons for action. The stated purpose of the book is to provide a solution to the dilemma, a solution which retains the necessary connection between reason and motivation on the one hand and between reason and value on the other. The solution: All standard acts are done for reasons, for they are all done to satisfy some want. But, reasons for acting are of two kinds, motivating and grounding. Motivating reasons are intentional; a rationally motivated act is one done on the basis of what one takes to be a reason. Grounding reasons are factual; a rationally grounded act is one in which one really has the reason one thinks one has. Motivating reasons have a necessary connection to desire; grounding reasons have a necessary connection to value. But there is no necessary connection between desire and value, since there is none between motivating and grounding reasons. Value, then, is not a mere function of desire: one can be mistaken in one's belief that something is a reason for action; one can have a reason for acting of which one is unaware and which therefore does not generate a desire.
Keywords Catholic Tradition  Contemporary Philosophy  General Interest
Categories No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
ISBN(s) 0034-6632
Options
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy


Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 51,480
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

No references found.

Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Reasons and Motivation.Derek Parfit - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):99–130.
Desires, Reasons, and Causes. [REVIEW]Stephen Darwall - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):436–443.
Desires, Reasons, and Causes.Stephen Darwall - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 67 (2):436-443.
Acting and Believing Under the Guise of Normative Reasons.Keshav Singh - 2019 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 99 (2):409-430.
Précis of What We Owe to Each Other.T. M. Scanlon - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):159-161.
Theories of Practical Reason.Eric Wiland - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (4):450-467.
Reasons for Action.David Sobel & Steven Wall (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
Reason Claims and Contrastivism About Reasons.Justin Snedegar - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (2):231-242.
Practical Reasons and Internalism.Hans Vilhelm Hansen - 1990 - Dissertation, Wayne State University
Précis of What We Owe to Each Other. [REVIEW]T. M. Scanlon - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):159–161.
Knowledge, Explanation, and Motivating Reasons.Dustin Locke - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.

Analytics

Added to PP index
2019-06-10

Total views
3 ( #1,247,306 of 2,330,807 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
3 ( #256,394 of 2,330,807 )

How can I increase my downloads?

Downloads

Sorry, there are not enough data points to plot this chart.

My notes