Ignorance, Instrumentality, Compensation, and the Problem of Evil

Sophia 52 (1):7-26 (2013)
Abstract
Some theodicists, skeptical theists, and friendly atheists agree that God-justifying reasons for permitting evils would have to have an instrumental structure: that is, the evils would have to be necessary to secure a great enough good or necessary to prevent some equally bad or worse evil. D.Z. Phillips contends that instrumental reasons could never justify anyone for causing or permitting horrendous evils and concludes that the God of Restricted Standard Theism does not exist—indeed, is a conceptual mistake. After considering Phillips’ and other objections in the neighborhood, I argue that the Expanded Theism of Christian theology does forward a God who ‘digs in’ and eternally answers for horrors
Keywords Appeal to ignorance  Horrors  Instrumental reasons  Compensation
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DOI 10.1007/s11841-012-0346-9
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References found in this work BETA

The Nature of Necessity.Alvin Plantinga (ed.) - 1974 - Clarendon Press.
The Last Word.Thomas Nagel - 1997 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Providence and the Problem of Evil.Richard Swinburne - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.

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Citations of this work BETA

Overcoming the Limits of Theodicy: An Interactive Reciprocal Response to Evil.John Culp - 2015 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 78 (3):263-276.

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