Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 105 (3):273–294 (2005)

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Peter Adamson
Creighton University
Abstract
Avicenna's notorious claim that God knows particulars only 'in a universal way' is argued to have its roots in Aristotelian epistemology, and especially in the "Posterior Analytics". According to Avicenna and Aristotle as understood by Avicenna, there is in fact no such thing as 'knowledge' of particulars, at least not as such. Rather, a particular can only be known by subsuming it under a universal. Thus Avicenna turns out to be committed to a much more surprising epistemological thesis: even humans know particulars only in a universal way
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DOI 10.1111/j.0066-7373.2004.00114.x
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