Law and Philosophy 37 (5):549-575 (2018)

N. P. Adams
University of Virginia
I argue for a new conception of practical authority based on an analysis of the relationship between authority and subject. Commands entail a demand for practical deference, which establishes a relationship of hierarchy and vulnerability that involves a variety of signals and commitments. In order for these signals and commitments to be justified, the subject must be under a preexisting duty, the authority’s commands must take precedence over the subject’s judgment regarding fulfillment of that duty, the authority must accept the position and responsibilities of command, and the authority must be sufficiently trustworthy relative to how vulnerable the subject makes herself by deferring. This results in an instrumentalist conception of practical authority that can be favorably compared to Joseph Raz’s famous service conception. The relational conception’s main advantage is that it focuses on the authority as much as the subject, requiring that the authority accept responsibility for the relationship and be sufficiently trustworthy.
Keywords Authority  Raz  Service Conception
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DOI 10.1007/s10982-017-9323-3
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References found in this work BETA

The Role of Trust in Knowledge.John Hardwig - 1991 - Journal of Philosophy 88 (12):693-708.
Telling as Inviting to Trust.Edward S. Hinchman - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):562–587.
On Telling and Trusting.Paul Faulkner - 2007 - Mind 116 (464):875-902.
Group Testimony? The Making of A Collective Good Informant.Miranda Fricker - 2012 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 84 (2):249-276.

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Citations of this work BETA

Authority, Illocutionary Accommodation, and Social Accommodation.N. P. Adams - 2020 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 98 (3):560-573.
In defense of exclusionary reasons.N. P. Adams - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (1):235-253.

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