Hypatia 27 (4):847-863 (2012)
In The Phenomenology of Spirit, Hegel draws out the interdependency of unity and difference. In order to have a unity, there must be differences that compose it, as a unity unifies different elements. At the same time, in unifying these elements, they must not cease to be different from one another, as that would reduce the unity to a simple singularity.In this paper, I take up this interdependency of unity and difference, applying it to gender identities. I follow the psychoanalytically oriented exchange between Judith Butler and Adam Phillips, in which they agree that gender identities are a farce, superimposed upon ungendered subjects, but disagree about the extent to which this artificial binary should be disassembled. Picking up their conversation at this point, I investigate how binary systems of identity can be both injurious and useful. Should they be cast off or does it make sense to keep them? Following this vein of thought, I end with a discussion of good and bad hate, arguing that there is an inescapable need for psychologically productive hate neutralized through empathy
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References found in this work BETA
Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity.Judith Butler - 1990 - Routledge.
The Psychic Life of Power: Theories in Subjection.Judith Butler - 1997 - Stanford University Press.
Getting Smart: Feminist Research and Pedagogy with/in the Postmodern.Patricia Ann Lather - 1991 - Routledge.
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