Before the early 1990s, accounts of classical American philosophy paid relatively little attention to the work and intellectual contributions of women philosophers. However, as early as 1991, a number of contemporary feminist philosophers and historians began to devote more focused attention to women philosophers whose intellectual achievements had been marginalized or forgotten. One woman philosopher whose contributions have still gone unnoticed is that of American logician, mathematician, and color theorist Christine Ladd-Franklin. This paper argues that Ladd-Franklin's feminist efforts to increase the opportunities for women in professional academia were influenced not only by her work as a woman scientist and her reading of feminist literature but also by her understanding of pragmatism and her interaction with Charles Peirce. Specifically, Ladd-Franklin's arguments to increase academic research positions for women and her criticisms of male-only scientific societies (i) point out how discrimination on the basis of gender violates Peirce's first rule of reason that one ought not block the road to inquiry and (ii) expose the unscientific nature of gender discrimination by contrasting the pragmatic meaning of acquiring a doctorate with the institutional practice of barring women from making intellectual contributions by denying them professorial positions.
Keywords Christine Ladd-Franklin  Feminism  Pragmatism  Peirce  Pragmatic Feminism  Women Classical American Philosophers
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.2979/trancharpeirsoc.49.3.299
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Request removal from index
Revision history

Download options

PhilArchive copy

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy     Papers currently archived: 71,464
External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library

References found in this work BETA

Peirce's Pragmatic Theory of Proper Names.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (3):341-363.
Charles S. Peirce at the Johns Hopkins.Christine Ladd-Franklin - 1916 - Journal of Philosophy 13 (26):715.

View all 8 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

Christine Ladd-Franklin on the Nature and Unity of the Proposition.Kenneth Boyd - 2021 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 30 (2):231-249.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles

Ctitical notices.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1892 - Mind 1 (1):126-132.
Critical Notices.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1890 - Mind (60):559-563.
Minor Logic.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (18):494.
Ueber erythropsie.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1897 - Psychological Review 4 (2):221-223.
The Antilogism - An Emendation.Christine Ladd-Franklin - 1913 - Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):49.
Some Points in Minor Logic.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1904 - Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):13.
Discussion: The Bearing of the After-Image.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (4):396-399.
Zur Hypothese der Sehstoffe und Grundfarben.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1900 - Psychological Review 7 (4):415-417.
Color-Sensation Theory.Christine Ladd Franklin - 1894 - Psychological Review 1 (2):169-171.
Implication and Existence in Logic.Christine Ladd-Franklin - 1912 - Philosophical Review 21 (6):641-665.


Added to PP index

Total views
82 ( #143,333 of 2,520,783 )

Recent downloads (6 months)
1 ( #405,623 of 2,520,783 )

How can I increase my downloads?


My notes