Arif Ahmed
Cambridge University
The interesting question about modality is not about its extension, but about its point. Everyone can agree that the past is necessary in the Ockhamist sense but not in some ‘modern’ senses, and that the present is necessary in the Ockhamist sense but not in the Scotist sense. But why should it matter? These comments on Pasnau first set out a simple-minded explication in modern terms of some of these fourteenth-century ideas. Then I take issue with Pasnau’s claim that the necessity of the past has something to do with the structure of ‘narrative history’, and Duns Scotus’s claim that the contingency of the present has something to do with human freedom.
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DOI 10.1093/arisup/akaa001
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An Essay on Free Will.Peter Van Inwagen - 1983 - Oxford University Press.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume & A. D. Lindsay - 1958 - Philosophical Quarterly 8 (33):379-380.
Survival and Identity.David K. Lewis - 1976 - In Amelie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), The Identities of Persons. University of California Press. pp. 17-40.
Evidence, Decision and Causality.Arif Ahmed - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.

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