Qur’anic Statements and Protocol Sentences of Science Are “Protocol Sentences” of science and “Core Statements” of religion two mutually inconsistent foundations of the same worldview?

Mashhad Al-Allaf
Washington University in St. Louis
In this paper I attempt to reconcile science and religion by appealing to thevery foundation of knowledge in each. Through the analysis of protocolsentences in science and core statements in religion I attempt to show that weare not talking about two mutually inconsistent worldviews; indeed they arejust different methods of structuring the same reality in two differentlanguages because they share the same logic. While the language of scienceis legitimate in world of physical reality, the religious language islegitimate for world of the unseen realm of reality, as well as for physicalreality.An analysis of the epistemological nature of the “basic statements” and“protocol sentences” in the legacy of the Vienna circle: Moritz Schlick andOtto Neurath, shows that their ultimate constituents are not “basic.” Thecontroversy over this issue is essential to contemporary philosophy, becausethe question of “how to justify the truth-value of certain scientific complexstatements” is first of all a question about “truth” and “certainty,” and second,“truth” in science and philosophy is usually discussed within an ontologicalframe, i.e., it reveals the ontological contents of both science and philosophy.Thus, a “foundation” of knowledge is not only an epistemological issue, butalso an ontological one. The title of Schlick’s famous article was “Uber dasFundament der Erkenntins” .Simultaneously and parallel to this I argue that religion has certainstatements that I call “core statements” that constitute the foundation of thelanguage of the non-physical realm of reality. These core statements ofreligion have an epistemological structure that is even more logicallyconsistent than that of scientific knowledge. Proving this will, at least, showthat the system of spirituality cannot be considered as less consistent or lessreliable than that of science
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