Philosophy of Science 83 (5):1098-1109 (2016)

Authors
Anna Alexandrova
Cambridge University
Abstract
What makes a measure of well-being valid? The dominant approach today, construct validation, uses psychometrics to ensure that questionnaires behave in accordance with background knowledge. Our first claim is interpretive—construct validation obeys a coherentist logic that seeks to balance diverse sources of evidence about the construct in question. Our second claim is critical—while in theory this logic is defensible, in practice it does not secure valid measures. We argue that the practice of construct validation in well-being research is theory avoidant, favoring a narrow focus on statistical tests while largely ignoring relevant philosophical considerations.
Keywords construct validation  construct validity  coherentism  well-being  psychometrics
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DOI 10.1086/687941
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Can Machines Read Our Minds?Christopher Burr & Nello Cristianini - 2019 - Minds and Machines 29 (3):461-494.
Construct validity in psychological tests – the case of implicit social cognition.Uljana Feest - 2020 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 10 (1):1-24.
Measurement in Science.Eran Tal - 2015 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Happiness.Dan Haybron - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Can Aging Research Generate a Theory of Health?Jonathan Sholl - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (2):1-26.

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