Knowledge and asymmetric loss

Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-22 (forthcoming)
  Copy   BIBTEX

Abstract

This paper offers a novel account of practical factor effects on knowledge attributions that is consistent with the denial of contextualism, relativism and pragmatic encroachemt. The account goes as follows. Knowledge depends on factors like safety, reliability or probability. In many cases, it is uncertain just how safe, how reliably formed or how probable the target proposition is. This means that we have to estimate these quantities in order to form knowledge judgements. Such estimates of uncertain quantities are independently known to be affected by pragmatic factors. When overestimation is costlier than underestimation, for instance, we tend to underestimate the relevant quantity to avoid greater losses. On the suggested account, high stakes and other pragmatic factors induce such “asymmetric loss functions” on quantities like safety, reliability and probability. This skews our estimates of these quantities and thereby our judgements about knowledge. The resulting theory is an error-theory, but one that rationlizes the error in question.

Links

PhilArchive



    Upload a copy of this work     Papers currently archived: 74,466

External links

Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server

Through your library

Similar books and articles

Knowledge, Stakes and Error: A Psychological Account.Alexander Dinges - 2019 - Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland: Klostermann.
Testing What’s at Stake: Defending Stakes Effects for Testimony.Michel Croce & Paul Poenicke - 2017 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 36 (3):163-183.
Asymmetries in the Value of Existence.Jacob M. Nebel - 2019 - Philosophical Perspectives 33 (1):126-145.
Stakes, Scales, and Skepticism.Kathryn Francis, Philip Beaman & Nat Hansen - 2019 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 6:427--487.
Reasons, Methods and Results of Using the Strategy of Exhaustion in Asymmetric Wars.Олена Миколаївна Сахань - 2020 - Вісник Нюу Імені Ярослава Мудрого: Серія: Філософія, Філософія Права, Політологія, Соціологія 2 (45):42-55.
Two Kinds of Stakes.Alex Worsnip - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (3):307-324.
Loss of Epistemic Self-Determination in the Anthropocene.Ian Werkheiser - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (2):156-167.
On the Effects of the Loss of Sleep.Thomas Fister Weiskotten - 1925 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (5):363.
On Probabilities and Loss Aversion.Horst Zank - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (3):243-261.
The Winner’s Curse in Auctions with Losses.Matteo Migheli - 2017 - Mind and Society 16 (1-2):113-126.
Justice in Asymmetric Wars: A Contractarian Analysis.Yitzhak Benbaji - 2012 - Law and Ethics of Human Rights 6 (2):172-200.
Explaining the Illusion of Asymmetric Insight.Asbjørn Steglich-Petersen & Mattias Skipper - 2019 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 10 (4):769-786.

Analytics

Added to PP
2021-10-27

Downloads
6 (#1,096,230)

6 months
4 (#171,816)

Historical graph of downloads
How can I increase my downloads?