Skolem and the löwenheim-skolem theorem: a case study of the philosophical significance of mathematical results

History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (1):75-89 (1985)
The dream of a community of philosophers engaged in inquiry with shared standards of evidence and justification has long been with us. It has led some thinkers puzzled by our mathematical experience to look to mathematics for adjudication between competing views. I am skeptical of this approach and consider Skolem's philosophical uses of the Löwenheim-Skolem Theorem to exemplify it. I argue that these uses invariably beg the questions at issue. I say ?uses?, because I claim further that Skolem shifted his position on the philosophical significance of the theorem as a result of a shift in his background beliefs. The nature of this shift and possible explanations for it are investigated. Ironically, Skolem's own case provides a historical example of the philosophical flexibility of his theorem. Our suspicion ought always to be aroused when a proof proves more than its means allow it. Something of this sort might be called ?a puffed-up proof?. Ludwig Wittgenstein, Remarks on the foundations of mathematics (revised edition), vol. 2, 21
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DOI 10.1080/01445348508837077
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References found in this work BETA
From Frege to Gödel.Jean Van Heijenoort (ed.) - 1967 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Models and Reality.Hilary Putnam - 1980 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 45 (3):464-482.
Mysticism and Logic.Bertrand Russell - 1918 - Dover Publications.
Logic in the Twenties: The Nature of the Quantifier.Warren D. Goldfarb - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (3):351-368.

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