The Four Points of the Compass

Philosophy 87 (1):79-107 (2012)
Philosophy has four forms: wonder, faith, doubt and scepticism. These are not separate categories, but separate ideal possibilities. Modern academic philosophy has fallen, for several centuries, into an error: which is the error of supposing that philosophy is only what I call doubt. Philosophy may be doubt: indeed, it is part of my argument that this is undeniably one element of, or one possibility in, philosophy; but doubt is only one of four points of the compass. In this essay I indicate the nature of each point of the compass as it has been found in the history of philosophy
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DOI 10.1017/S0031819111000568
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Essays on the Intellectual Powers of Man.Thomas Reid - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
A Treatise of Human Nature.David Hume - 1738 - Oxford University Press.

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